PubTransformer

A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

- Top 30 Publications

A 5-year randomized trial on the safety and efficacy of pimecrolimus in atopic dermatitis: a critical appraisal - author response.

Reporting of conflicts of interest in oral presentations at medical conferences: a delegate-based prospective observational study.

To assess the prevalence, location, presentation and consistency of conflict of interest statements in oral presentations at medical conferences DESIGN: Prospective, delegate-based observational study SAMPLE: 201 oral presentations at 5 medical conferences in 2016 MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Presence of a conflict of interest statement, its location within the presentation and its duration of display. Concordance between conflict of interest disclosures in oral presentations and written abstracts or meeting speaker information RESULTS: Conflict of interest statements were present in 143/201 (71%) presentations (range for conferences 26%-100%). 118 of the 141 evaluable statements (84%) were reported on a specific slide. Slides containing conflict of interest statements were displayed for a median (IQR) 2 s (1-5), range for conferences 1.25-7.5 s. Duration of display was shorter when the slide contained only the conflict of interest statement, 2 s (1-3.5), than when it contained other information, 8 s (3-17), but was not affected by type of presentation or whether a conflict of interest was disclosed. When a conflict of interest was disclosed, 27/84 (32%) presenters discussed an aspect of it. Discordance between the presence of a conflict of interest disclosure in the oral presentation and written formats occurred for 22% of presentations.

Does psychedelic drug use reduce risk of suicidality? Evidence from a longitudinal community-based cohort of marginalised women in a Canadian setting.

This study aimed to longitudinally investigate whether ever having used a psychedelic drug can have a protective effect on incidence of suicidality among marginalised women.

The Author Replies.

Reply to: Kappos et al. (2017) Validating Facial Aesthetic Surgery Results with the FACE-Q.

Bulla Down Endoscopic Sphenoidotomy.

Surgical approach to the sphenoid sinus is still one of the most challenging steps in sinus surgery. The author describes a novel, simple, and safe technique to access sphenoid sinus to manage isolated sphenoid pathologies or approach skull base by removing the bulla ethmoidalis and temporarily lateralizing the middle turbinate during endoscopic sinus surgery. The current approach provides an effective method to access the sphenoid sinus without increasing morbidity and avoids unnecessary possible complications associated with turbinates' resection.

Neck Surgery Under Local Anesthesia.

The value of local anesthesia (LA) is widely recognized in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Many procedures can be performed with the use of local anesthetic alone, instilled at or near the site of surgery.The author presents a patient with neck tumor, where the tumor removal was managed under LA at outpatient clinic. Treatment and postoperative period was routine.Neck surgery under LA in outpatient environment shows a great potential in adequately selected patients.

Why Human Milk and Not Breast Milk Among Other Changes: 2018 Author Guideline Updates.

Creating a Learning Culture for Medical Consortia in China.

In China's recent health care reforms, both individuals and organizations have shown an ever-growing desire and demand for new knowledge and skills. A health care delivery system (HCDS) should explore new ways for creating a learning organization (LO) and should organically combine HCDS culture construction with the LO construction to build a cultural atmosphere that is conducive to the development of the LO. This article describes the implementation phase, characteristics, and realization strategy of an HCDS construction for the ultimate purpose of enhancing HCDS cohesion, solidarity, and sustainable development.

Clinical Data Warehouse: An Effective Tool to Create Intelligence in Disease Management.

Clinical business intelligence tools such as clinical data warehouse enable health care organizations to objectively assess the disease management programs that affect the quality of patients' life and well-being in public. The purpose of these programs is to reduce disease occurrence, improve patient care, and decrease health care costs. Therefore, applying clinical data warehouse can be effective in generating useful information about aspects of patient care to facilitate budgeting, planning, research, process improvement, external reporting, benchmarking, and trend analysis, as well as to enable the decisions needed to prevent the progression or appearance of the illness aligning with maintaining the health of the population. The aim of this review article is to describe the benefits of clinical data warehouse applications in creating intelligence for disease management programs.

Separation and Enrichment of Lectin from Zihua Snap-Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) Seeds by PEG 600-Ammonium Sulfate Aqueous Two-Phase System.

A fast and efficient method based on a polyethylene glycol (PEG) 600/(NH₄)₂SO₄ aqueous two-phase system for extracting lectin from Zihua snap-bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) seeds was established. According to a Box-Behnken design (BBD), involving four factors at three levels each subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and response surface analysis, the protein recovery and the purification factor of lectin in the top phase were used as the response values of the variance analysis to acquire the multivariate quadratic regression model. SDS-PAGE electrophoresis and the hemagglutination test were used to detect the distribution of lectin in the aqueous two-phase system (ATPS). The obtained data indicated that lectin was preferentially partitioned into the PEG-rich phase, and the ATPS, composed of 15% (NH₄)₂SO₄ (w/w), 18% PEG 600 (w/w), 0.4 g/5 g NaCl and 1 mL crude extract, showed good selectivity for lectin when the pH value was 7.5. Under the optimal conditions, most of the lectin was assigned to the top phase in the ATPS, and the hemagglutination activity of the purified lectin in the top phase was 3.08 times that of the crude extract. Consequently, the PEG 600/(NH₄)₂SO₄ aqueous two-phase system was an effective method for separating and enriching lectin directly from the crude extract of Zihua snap-bean seeds.

Author Agreement.

Progress of pain assessment and analgesia strategy for mechanical ventilation patients.

Standardized pain assessment is a precondition of appropriate analgesia for mechanical ventilation patients. However, routine pain assessment rates remain very low in intensive care unit (ICU). Behavioral pain scale (BPS) and critical-care pain observation tool (CPOT) can be used to assess pain in mechanical ventilation patients who are unable to report pain by themselves. No matter what strategy we taken, analgesia-first sedation should be used in priority. Meanwhile, patient-centered and goal-directed sedation strategy should be adopted based on the individual condition.If condition permits, patients should be maintained in light states of sedation as long as possible, because this is associated with improved clinical outcomes. Humanistic care, multidisciplinary cooperation and comprehensive training are also important components of a perfect analgesia strategy.

Effect of sedation on respiratory function of patients undergoing mechanical ventilation.

Sedation and analgesia for ventilated patients is an important treatment in intensive care unit (ICU). Patients receiving mechanical ventilation therapy comfortably and safely can improve patient-ventilator synchrony, reduce ventilation-related lung injury (VILI), improve compliance, decrease oxygen consumption and stress, prevent accidents, and reduce the incidence of complications and mortality in critical patients. Although sedation may protect lung function, it also has a greater impact on respiratory function. Therefore, based on domestic and overseas related researches about sedation therapy in ventilated patients, we expounded on the effects of sedation therapy, different sedatives and different sedative methods on respiratory function of ventilated patients. The effects of sedation improving patient-ventilator synchrony or protecting pulmonary function as well as problems about inhibition of spontaneous respiration or delayed extubation were discussed to provide references for sedation treatment in patients with mechanical ventilation.

Progress of mechanical ventilation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Mechanical ventilation is regarded as an effective means of replacing artificial ventilation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and has been widely used in the treatment of cardiac arrest (CA) patients. However, there are still some controversial issues remaining to be settled, such as the assessment of the effectiveness of mechanical ventilation, the selection of the optimal oxygen concentration (FiO2), tidal volume (VT), respiratory frequency, and mode of ventilation during the CPR process. The pros and cons of positive pressure ventilation are also inconclusive. We reviewed and summarized the related research in recent years, and recommended that the intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) of volume controlled with small VT (6-7 mL/kg), low ventilation rates (10 times/min), and pure oxygen could be applied during the mechanical ventilation of CPR. The best mechanical ventilation strategy still needs further experimental researches to discover and explore.

Important role of interleukin-35 in infectious diseases and its significance.

Infectious diseases are resulted from the invasion of an organism's body tissues by multiple disease-causing agents. It has been demonstrated that the occurrence and development of infectious diseases are closely associated with the functional status of immune system. Cytokines play significant roles in modulating the host immune response to the clearance of pathogenic microorganisms and maintaining immune homeostasis. Interleukin-35 (IL-35), as a newly identified member of IL-12 family, exerts suppressive effect on immune response by means of a specific pattern. With the progress of research in recent years, IL-35 might serve as an essential contributor in the immunopathogensis of vast infectious diseases, including hepatitis B, sepsis, tuberculosis and parasite infection, which simultaneously appear to be closely related to the severity, progression as well as prognosis of the illness. Apparently, IL-35 is regarded as a potent and promising anti-inflammatory cytokine in clinical application; its potential value may shed light on the therapeutic strategies for infectious diseases. Herein, we mainly review the potential role and its mechanism of IL-35 in the pathogenesis of infectious diseases.

A case of large pulmonary embolism in trunk and branches with main manifestation of syncope, vomiting and shock.

Pulmonary embolism (PE) refers to the endogenous or exogenous emboli blocking pulmonary trunk or branches, causing clinical and pathophysiological syndrome of pulmonary circulation disorder, the incidence rate is high. Sometimes PE patients were lack of specific symptoms and signs, or without any symptoms, which often result in misdiagnosis, un-timely diagnosis, and the delay of treatment. A PE case with syncope, vomiting and shock, which was proved to be pulmonary artery trunk and branch wide embolism later, was presented so as to improve the understanding of the disease.

Application of self made guidance for difficult gastric tube placement in patients with artificial airway.

To use evidence-based nursing on patients with artificial airway to the practice of stomach tube, and to evaluate the self made guidance for difficult gastric tube placement in patients with artificial airway.

Evaluation of the effect of a new fixation tape for tracheal catheter in intensive care patients.

To evaluate the effect of a new type of fixation tape for tracheal catheter in intensive care patients.

Effects of small RNA interference targeting mammalian target of rapamycin on paraquat-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats.

To investigate the effects of small RNA interference targeting mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) expression on paraquat-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats.

Role of phosphorylated Moesin in the injury of pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells of rats and its mechanism.

To investigate the role of phosphorylated Moesin (p-Moesin) in the injury of pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) of rats induced by tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and to approach the impact of Rac1 signal pathway on Moesin phosphorylation.

Correlation between APACHE II scores and delirium probability of senile severe pneumonia patients undergoing invasive mechanical ventilation.

To investigate the correlation between acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) scores and delirium probability of senile severe pneumonia patients undergoing invasive mechanical ventilation (MV).

Application of lung ultrasound examination in severe high altitude pulmonary edema.

To investigate the application value of lung ultrasonic on severe high altitude pulmonary edema.

PK/PD of vancomycin in patients with severe acute pancreatitis combined with augmented renal clearance.

To evaluate the serum trough concentration and the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) of vancomycin in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), and analyze the effect of vancomycin continuous infusion for optimizing the characteristics of its PK/PD.

Epidemiology characteristics of crawfish related rhabdomyolysis in Nanjing, 2016: a multicenter retrospective investigation.

To investigate the epidemiology characteristics of crawfish related rhabdomyolysis (RM) in Nanjing, 2016.

Analysis of characteristics of bacteria in respiratory tract infection in 2013-2016 in Heibei 3A hospital: a single-center report of 7 497 patients.

To analyze the changes and characteristics of respiratory tract bacteria in Hebei 3A Hospital, and to provide new rationale for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

Role of serum S1P levels during asthma attack in the evaluation of asthma severity.

To observe the changes of serum sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) level in asthmatic patients with different severity of bronchial asthma, and to explore the evaluation value of S1P on the severity of asthma.

Clinical value of angiogenin in predicting the prognosis of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

To explore the relationship between angiogenin-1/2 (Ang-1/2) and clinical parameters of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), and to assess the value of Ang-1/2 in predicting the prognosis of patients with IPF.

Application of injection test in confirming the ideal position of esophageal balloon catheter.

To evaluate the safety and feasibility of injection test which is used to locate esophageal balloon catheter.

Preliminary evaluation of sequential therapy by high flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy following endotracheal tube extubation in mechanically ventilated patients.

To evaluate the feasibility and effect of sequential treatment by the heated humidified high flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC) in mechanically ventilated patients following endotracheal tube extubation.