PubTransformer

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Beata Osuch - Top 30 Publications

New directions in cervical cancer prophylaxis worldwide and in Poland - Case study of the Polish rural female population.

Cervical cancer is one of the most frequent malignant neoplasms in females. Such neoplasms can be almost completely eliminated by means of adequate primary and secondary prophylaxis. The most developed countries focus their attention on the improvement of prophylaxis systems, test quality, and efficacy improvement, as well as on the expansion of the primary prophylaxis. In Poland, the discussions focus on the improvement of the malfunctioning population programme.

Photodynamic therapy in the treatment of vulvar lichen sclerosus.

Vulvar lichen sclerosus is a chronic and incurable disease that causes various unpleasant symptoms and serious consequences.

High frequency of allelic loss at the BRCA1 locus in ovarian cancers: clinicopathologic and molecular associations.

BRCA1 dysfunction may occur by different mechanisms that are rarely evaluated concomitantly. We aimed to analyze BRCA1 germline mutations, loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and promoter methylation in unselected ovarian carcinomas in the context of their clinicopathologic characteristics and other molecular changes. BRCA1 mutations were analyzed in 257 carcinomas using single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP), heteroduplex, and sequencing methods. LOH at the BRCA1 locus was screened for in 180 cancers. Methylation analysis was performed for 241 tumors using quantitative methylation specific PCR (qMSP). BRCA1 alterations, comprising germline mutations, allelic loss, and/or aberrant promoter methylation, were found in 77.6% (125/161) of ovarian carcinomas. Patients with germline mutations were younger than non-carriers (P < 0.0001). Germline mutations and LOH were associated with advanced stages (P=0.009, P < 0.0001), high tumor grade (P=0.005, P < 0.0001), and TP53 mutations (P=0.003, P < 0.0001, for mutations and LOH, respectively). LOH was also associated with the serous histological type (P=0.004) and PIK3CA amplification (P=0.003). Aberrant promoter methylation was associated with LOH (P=0.017) and absence of germline mutations (P=0.037). The high frequency of LOH at the BRCA1 locus suggests that LOH may be an important mechanism of BRCA1 deficiency in ovarian carcinomas. Tumors with various BRCA1 alterations have a similar phenotype of high-grade, high-stage carcinomas with frequent TP53 mutations.

Nuclear survivin expression is a positive prognostic factor in taxane-platinum-treated ovarian cancer patients.

Survivin is an inhibitor of apoptosis and a regulator of mitotic progression. TP53 protein is a negative transcriptional regulator of survivin. The aim of our study was to evaluate the clinical significance of survivin expression in advanced stages ovarian cancer with respect to the TP53 status.

Menstrual dysfunction in anorexia nervosa.

One of the symptoms of anorexia nervosa (a.n.) is cessation of pubescence or secondary amenorrhea. Their origin in anorexia nervosa is multifactorial, partly resulting from starvation-induced hipogonadism. Amenorrhea in a.n. may persist despite weight recovery and is often related to osteoporosis. The authors' present causes of amenorrhea and its persisting in a.n., pointing to the factors influencing prognosis according to resumption of menses. They also review reports of hormonal replacement therapy in this group of patients.

Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA in human leiomyomas.

Growth factors play a major role in the pathogenesis of uterine myomas. The aim of this study was to evaluate vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mRNA expression during leiomyoma growth at different phases of the menstrual cycle with RT-PCR.

Therapeutic management of acoustic neurinoma during twin pregnancy: a case report.

Acoustic neuromas belong to relatively rare illnesses in pregnant women. A gradual worsening of the symptoms presents a serious challenge for an obstetrician, neurosurgeon and anesthesiologist, who must work together to provide a successful outcome for mother and newborn.

From premature birth to cardiac surgery - severe heart failure due to infective endocarditis in pregnancy - a case report.

A 25-year-old woman, gravida 2, para 1, without any previous medical history was admitted to the hospital because of the signs and symptoms of fetal distress. After a caesarean section the woman developed an acute heart failure. Echocardiography demonstrated massive vegetations attached to aortic and mitral valves with their destruction. Surgical treatment was performed immediately. The postoperative period was complicated by chronic atrioventricular third degree heart block, requiring implantation of a pacemaker. Finally the woman was discharged from hospital and is followed regularly in the out-patient cardiac clinic.