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Chen Chen - Top 30 Publications

Toxicokinetics of Deltamethrin: Dosage Dependency, Vehicle Effects, and Low-Dose Age-Equivalent Dosimetry in Rats.

There is increasing concern that infants and children may be at increased risk of neurological effects of pyrethroids, the most widely used class of insecticide. The objectives of this investigation were to: (1) characterize the dose-dependent toxicokinetics (TK) of deltamethrin (DLM) for exposures ranging from environmentally-relevant to acutely toxic; (2) determine the influence of an aqueous versus oil vehicle on oral absorption and bioavailability; and (3) determine whether DLM exhibits low-dose, age-equivalent internal dosimetry. Serial arterial plasma samples were obtained for 72 h from adult, male Sprague-Dawley rats given 0.05-5.0 mg DLM/kg as an oral bolus in corn oil (CO). DLM exhibited linear, absorption rate-limited TK. Increases in Cmax and AUCо∞ were directly proportional to dose. Oral bioavailability was quite limited. The vehicle and its volume had modest effect on the rate and extent of systemic absorption in adult rats. Postnatal day (PND) 15, 21 and 90 (adult) rats received 0.10, 0.25 or 0.50 mg DLM/kg orally in CO and were sacrificed periodically for plasma, brain and liver collection. Age-dependent differences between PND 15 and 90 plasma Cmax and AUC●24 values progressively diminished as the dose decreased, but there was a lack of low dose age equivalence in these brain and liver dosimeters. Other maturational factors may account for the lack of the low-dose age equivalence in brain and liver. This investigation provides support for the premise that the relatively low metabolic capacity of immature subjects may be adequate to eliminate trace amounts of DLM and other pyrethroids from the plasma.

MUC1 overexpression predicts worse survival in patients with non-small cell lung cancer: evidence from an updated meta-analysis.

Previous studies on the prognostic role of MUC1 expression in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remain controversial. We conducted a meta-analysis to appraise the clinicopathological and prognostic effect of MUC1 in NSCLC patients.

The role of cage height on the flexibility and load sharing of lumbar spine after lumbar interbody fusion with unilateral and bilateral instrumentation: a biomechanical study.

One- and two-level lumbar interbody fusion with unilateral instrumentation is as effective as that with bilateral instrumentation. The height of the interbody cage influences the operated segment stability and the fusion technique success. The purpose of this research was to determine the effect of the fusion cage height (i.e. long and short) on both the stability (based on flexibility measures) and load sharing of the unilateral and bilateral instrumented transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) technique.

Genome-wide identification of long non-coding RNA genes and their association with insecticide resistance and metamorphosis in diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella.

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is a class of noncoding RNA >200 bp in length that has essential roles in regulating a variety of biological processes. Here, we constructed a computational pipeline to identify lncRNA genes in the diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella), a major insect pest of cruciferous vegetables. In total, 3,324 lncRNAs corresponding to 2,475 loci were identified from 13 RNA-Seq datasets, including samples from parasitized, insecticide-resistant strains and different developmental stages. The identified P. xylostella lncRNAs had shorter transcripts and fewer exons than protein-coding genes. Seven out of nine randomly selected lncRNAs were validated by strand-specific RT-PCR. In total, 54-172 lncRNAs were specifically expressed in the insecticide resistant strains, among which one lncRNA was located adjacent to the sodium channel gene. In addition, 63-135 lncRNAs were specifically expressed in different developmental stages, among which three lncRNAs overlapped or were located adjacent to the metamorphosis-associated genes. These lncRNAs were either strongly or weakly co-expressed with their overlapping or neighboring mRNA genes. In summary, we identified thousands of lncRNAs and presented evidence that lncRNAs might have key roles in conferring insecticide resistance and regulating the metamorphosis development in P. xylostella.

Comparative study of two immunity-related GTPase genes in Chinese soft-shell turtle reveals their molecular characteristics and functional activity in immune defense.

The immunity-related GTPases (IRGs) are a family of proteins that play critical roles in innate resistance to intracellular pathogens. The number and diversity of IRG genes differ greatly in different species. Although IRG proteins have been well studies in mammals, they remain poorly characterized in lower vertebrates. In this study, we cloned two IRG genes, PsIRG5 and PsIRG8, from the Chinese soft-shelled turtle and compared their characterization and functional activity with mammalian IRGs. The PsIRG5 is a gene of 1896 bp that encodes a protein of 413 amino acid and PsIRG8 is 1543 bp in length encoding another 413 aa protein. Sequence alignment between all turtle IRG-like genes and mammalian IRGs showed that both PsIRG5 and PsIRG8 were conserved with mammalian GKS IRGs, while PsIRG5 appeared a closer evolutionary relationship with mammalian GMS IRGs. The expression and subcellular characterization revealed that PsIRG5 was dramatically upregulated under Aeromonas hydrophila challenge and exhibited co-localization with lysosomes in cells; whereas PsIRG8 was downregulated and has no distinct localization. Functional activity assay demonstrated that PsIRG5 plays a role in autophagy induction and IFN-γ contributes to enhance the induction, since it has IFN-inducible elements in its promoter region. These data above unravel the molecular characterization and functional activity of IRGs in lower vertebrate for the first time and will provide insights into the comparative immunity and evolutionary relationships of IRGs between mammals and reptiles.

Short-term exposures to PM2.5 and cause-specific mortality of cardiovascular health in China.

Many multi-center epidemiological studies have robustly examined the acute health effects of exposure to low concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) on cardiovascular mortality in developed counties. However, data limitations have resulted in few related studies being conducted in developing counties with high levels of PM2.5 exposure. In recent years, people in China with a heavy cardiovascular disease burden have been exposed to particularly high levels of PM2.5.

An ultra-sensitive fluorescent "Turn On" biosensor for glutathione and its application in living cells.

In this work, an effective controlled-release biosensor based on Au nanocages (AuNCs) capped with disulfide-containing DNA molecular gates was developed for ultra-sensitive and highly selective detection of glutathione (GSH). Oligonucleotides containing the S-S bonds were assembled on the surface of the AuNCs by means of electrostatic interactions in order to inhibit the release of fluorescent molecules such as Rhodamine B (RhB) loaded by AuNCs. In the presence of GSH, due to the specific cleavage of S-S bonds in disulfide-containing single-stranded DNAs (ssDNAs) as well as their subsequent departure from the surface of AuNCs, the pores could be opened, and then the dye molecules would be released from AuNCs. The concentration of GSH ranged from 1.0 × 10(-12) to 6.0 × 10(-10) M could be detected. The developed amplification strategy based on the controlled-release of fluorescent molecules reached an extraordinary sensitivity of GSH. A detection limit of as low as 4.8 × 10(-13) M with an excellent selectivity toward GSH could be achieved. The results of fluorescence microscopy imaging of GSH in living cells indicate that the fabricated system is an efficient controlled-release biosensor in response to intracellular target molecules and predict its potential use for in situ molecular imaging in living systems.

Improvement in the Bonding of Y-TZP by Room-temperature Ultrasonic HF Etching.

To investigate the effects of room-temperature etching with hydrofluoric acid (HF) in the presence and absence of ultrasonic irradiation on the bonding of yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals (Y-TZP) to resin.

Ectrodactyly in a Chinese patient born to a mother with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder.

NMOSD develops primarily in women of childbearing age, and several previous studies have shown that the disorder may increase the risk of miscarriage. However, there are no reports, to our knowledge, of fetal malformation, other than neonatal hydrocephalus, related to NMOSD. We report a 30-year-old woman who experienced recurrent neuritis and who was seropositive for AQP4-IgG. She became pregnant, and the fetus was found to have ectrodactyly. Histological analysis of the placenta showed moderate inflammatory infiltration; however, whether fetal malformation in NMOSD is related to inflammation and AQP4-IgG remains to be determined.

Genomic Analysis of the ASMT Gene Family in Solanum lycopersicum.

Acetylserotonin methyltransferase (ASMT) is the last enzyme of melatonin biosynthesis and may play a rate-limiting role in the melatonin production of plants. In this study, systematic analysis of the ASMT gene family in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum Mill) has been presented by the integration of the structural features, phylogenetic relationships, exon/intron configuration, and expression profile during growth and development, as well as biotic stresses. The results revealed that the tomato genome encoded a minimum of 14 members, containing three probable encoded pseudogenes. Chromosome mapping indicated that the family had probably expanded via tandem duplication events. Genome-wide RNA-seq and qRT-PCR based gene expression analysis revealed that almost half of the SlASMT genes were expressed in at least one of the experimental stages studied and also showed differential accumulation. Furthermore, the tandem duplicated SlASMT genes showed differential expression levels, which indicated probable functional divergence during the course of the evolution. Finally, this study also determined that some SlASMT genes were induced by multiple pathogens. The results suggested that these genes could be involved in tomato plant response to biotic stresses.

Use of a rapid reverse-transcription recombinase aided amplification assay for respiratory syncytial virus detection.

In this study, a rapid reverse-transcription recombinase aided amplification (RT-RAA) assay was developed to detect respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) subgroups A and B, respectively. The reaction was performed at 39°C in less than 30min. The analytical sensitivities of RSVA and RSVB at 95% probability by probit regression analysis were 38copies per reaction and 35 copies per reaction, respectively, and no cross reactions with other related respiratory viruses were observed. The RT-RAA assay was further utilized to detect and subgroup 306 clinical specimens and the results showed that 79(25.82%, 79/306) samples were positive for RSV, of those 16(20.25%, 16/79) were identified as RSVA and 63(79.75%, 63/79) were RSVB, which is completely consistent with the results obtained by RSV RT-qPCR assay. In conclusion, the developed RAA assay will be of benefit as a faster, sensitive and specific alternative tool for detection of RSV.

Higher triglyceride level predicts hyperuricemia: A prospective study of 6-year follow-up.

Despite abundant evidence indicating that higher triglyceride (TG) levels are associated with increased risks of hyperuricemia (HUA), it is unclear whether TG levels can independently predict the incidence of HUA.

Latent Membrane Protein 1 Is a Novel Determinant of Epstein-Barr Virus Genome Persistence and Reactivation.

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous gammaherpesvirus that persistently infects humans, with nearly 95% seropositivity in adults. Infection in differentiating epithelia is permissive, but EBV-associated nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) tumors harbor a clonal and nonproductive latent infection. However, in explanted NPC cultures and epithelial cell lines, episomal EBV genomes are frequently lost. The resulting unstable infection has hampered efforts to study the determinants of EBV persistence and latency in epithelial oncogenesis. The EBV nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA1) protein is required for tethering EBV episomes to cellular DNA and for mitotic segregation to daughter cells. Expression of EBNA1 does not ensure faithful partitioning of EBV episomes or replicons, suggesting that additional regulatory mechanisms have yet to be elucidated. The EBV latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is an oncogenic signaling protein expressed in latent and lytic cycles. This study identified that LMP1 contributes to the loss of EBV genomes in latently infected cells and promotes differentiation-induced lytic replication in a polarized air-liquid interface (ALI) culture model. Deletion of LMP1 in recombinantly infected 293 cells promoted the retention of EBV genomes in passaged cells, which was in part localized to a conserved PXQXT motif in the C-terminal signaling domain (CTAR1). Additionally, knockdown of LMP1 in the recombinantly infected NPC cell line HK1 resulted in decreased induction of lytic proteins and infectious EBV titers. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that in epithelial infections, regulation of LMP1 mechanisms may be a determinant of infection outcome and a potential risk factor for EBV persistence in preneoplastic cells. IMPORTANCE Latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is a constitutively active oncogenic signaling protein encoded by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Despite monoclonal infection in cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), it has been difficult to reconcile the heterogeneous LMP1 protein levels detected in tumor cells. The LMP1 protein is a pleiotropic signaling protein with oncogenic potential. Findings from this study are consistent with the hypothesis that LMP1 has a role distinct from that of oncogenesis that facilitates the viral life cycle by promoting an unstable but productive infection in differentiating epithelia.

Incidence of asymptomatic neurosyphilis in serofast Chinese syphilis patients.

More new diagnosed syphilis cases were reported in china, the incidence and relevant factors of asymptomatic neurosyphilis (ANS) in serofast syphilis patients were unclear. Clinical and laboratory data of 402 Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) negative, serofast syphilis patients, who underwent lumbar puncture at the Peking University Ditan Teaching Hospital between September 2008 and August 2016, were collected. Incidence of ANS was verified and the relevant factors were further analyzed. According to the ANS criteria, 139 (34.6%) patients had ANS. Of these, 40 (28.8%) had reactive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), rapid plasma reagin (RPR) positive, 115 (82.7%) had CSF white blood cell (WBC) count > 5 × 10(6)/L, 28 (20.1%) had CSF protein concentration > 45 mg/dL (without other neurological diseases). Patients aged 51-60 years, of non-Han ethnicity, with serum RPR titer 1:32 and ≥ 1:64 were 2.28-fold, 9.11-fold, 5.12-fold and 5.69-fold, respectively, more likely to have ANS. The incidence of ANS was 34.6% among Chinese serofast syphilis patients. Age, ethnicity and serum RPR titer were associated with high risk of ANS.

Extraperitoneal laparoscopic resection for retroperitoneal lymphatic cysts: initial experience.

To assess the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic retroperitoneal resection for retroperitoneal lymphatic cysts.

Tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside modulates amyloid precursor protein processing via activation of AKT-GSK3β pathway in cells and in APP/PS1 transgenic mice.

Alternative splicing of amyloid precursor protein (APP) exon 7 generates the isoforms containing a Kunitz protease inhibitor (KPI) domain. APP-KPI levels in the brain are correlated with amyloid beta (Aβ) production. Here, we determined the effect of Tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside (TSG) on the AKT-GSK3β pathway. We found GSK3β increased APP-KPI inclusion level and interacted with the splicing factor ASF. TSG was intragastrically administered to 5-month-old APP/PS1 transgenic mice for 12 months. We found that the activated the AKT-GSK3β signaling pathway suppressed APP-KPI inclusion. Moreover, TSG treatment attenuated amyloid deposition in APP/PS1 mice. This study demonstrates the neuroprotective effect of TSG on APP expression, suggesting that TSG may be beneficial for AD prevention and treatment.

Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 regulates mitochondrial function in pancreatic β-cells.

Mitochondrial metabolism plays an essential role in the regulation of insulin release and glucose homeostasis. Evidence demonstrated that the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) participates in the regulation of glucose metabolism, however, its role in mitochondrial metabolism remains unclear. The purpose of our study was to determine if ACE2 can regulate mitochondrial function in pancreatic β-cells. We found that ACE2 over-expression restored glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) in the presence of H2O2 in INS-1 cells. PCR array demonstrated that ACE2 over-expression up-regulated 67 mitochondria-related genes in INS-1 cells. In pancreatic islets, ACE2 ablation attenuated intracellular calcium influx with a decrease in GSIS. Ace2(-/y) mice islets exhibited impaired mitochondrial respiration and lower production of ATP, along with decreased expression of genes involved in mitochondrial oxidation. In islets from db/db mice, ACE2 over-expression increased intracellular calcium influx and restored impaired mitochondrial oxidation, potentially causing an increase in GSIS. These results shed light on the potential roles of ACE2 in mitochondrial metabolism, moreover, may improve our understanding of diabetes.

Conformational Bias by a Removable Silyl Group: Construction of Bicyclon.3.1alkenes via Ring Closing Metathesis.

We herein report a novel strategy based on a conformationally controlled RCM by a removable silyl group, which allows the facile synthesis of various bicyclo[n.3.1]alkenes, especially a set of highly strained bicyclo[5.3.1]alkenes. Further derivatizations of the silyl group and the resultant double bond of bicyclo[5.3.1]undecene 2f enabled a concise synthesis of A-B-C ring skeleton of taxol. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations suggest that the introduction of a bulky silyl group at C-5 position of the 1,3-dialkenylcyclohexanol substrates dramatically lowers the energy bias gap between diaxial conformers (to RCM) and diequatorial conformers (to cross metathesis), thereby favoring the expected RCM reaction to give the challenging bridged molecules.

Control of evaporation by geometry in capillary structures. From confined pillar arrays in a gap radial gradient to phyllotaxy-inspired geometry.

Evaporation is a key phenomenon in the natural environment and in many technological systems involving capillary structures. Understanding the evaporation front dynamics enables the evaporation rate from microfluidic devices and porous media to be finely controlled. Of particular interest is the ability to control the position of the front through suitable design of the capillary structure. Here, we show how to design model capillary structures in microfluidic devices so as to control the drying kinetics. This is achieved by acting on the spatial organization of the constrictions that influence the invasion of the structure by the gas phase. Two types of control are demonstrated. The first is intended to control the sequence of primary invasions through the pore space, while the second aims to control the secondary liquid structures: films, bridges, etc., that can form in the region of pore space invaded by the gas phase. It is shown how the latter can be obtained from phyllotaxy-inspired geometry. Our study thus opens up a route toward the control of the evaporation kinetics by means of tailored capillary structures.

Structural basis for arginine methylation-independent recognition of PIWIL1 by TDRD2.

The P-element-induced wimpy testis (PIWI)-interacting RNA (piRNA) pathway plays a central role in transposon silencing and genome protection in the animal germline. A family of Tudor domain proteins regulates the piRNA pathway through direct Tudor domain-PIWI interactions. Tudor domains are known to fulfill this function by binding to methylated PIWI proteins in an arginine methylation-dependent manner. Here, we report a mechanism of methylation-independent Tudor domain-PIWI interaction. Unlike most other Tudor domains, the extended Tudor domain of mammalian Tudor domain-containing protein 2 (TDRD2) preferentially recognizes an unmethylated arginine-rich sequence from PIWI-like protein 1 (PIWIL1). Structural studies reveal an unexpected Tudor domain-binding mode for the PIWIL1 sequence in which the interface of Tudor and staphylococcal nuclease domains is primarily responsible for PIWIL1 peptide recognition. Mutations disrupting the TDRD2-PIWIL1 interaction compromise piRNA maturation via 3'-end trimming in vitro. Our work presented here reveals the molecular divergence of the interactions between different Tudor domain proteins and PIWI proteins.

Rethinking the Educator Portfolio: An Innovative Criteria-Based Model.

Academic medical centers struggle to achieve parity in advancement and promotions between educators and discovery-oriented researchers in part because of narrow definitions of scholarship, lack of clear criteria for measuring excellence, and barriers to making educational contributions available for peer review. Despite recent progress in expanding scholarship definitions and identifying excellence criteria, these advances are not integrated into educator portfolio (EP) templates or curriculum vitae platforms.

Stable graphene-two dimensional multiphase perovskite heterostructure phototransistors with high gain.

Recently two dimensional (2D) organic-inorganic perovskites emerge as an alternative material for their 3D counterparts in photovoltaic applications with improved moisture resistance. Here, we report a stable, high-gain phototransistor consisting of a monolayer graphene on hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) covered by a 2D multiphase perovskite heterostructure, which was realized using a newly developed two-step ligand exchange method. In this phototransistor, the multiple phases with varying bandgap in 2D perovskite thin films are aligned for the efficient electron-hole pair separation, leading to a high responsivity of ~10(5) A W(-1) at 532 nm. Moreover, the designed phase alignment method aggregates more hydrophobic butylammonium cations close to the upper surface of the 2D perovskite thin film, preventing the permeation of moisture and enhancing the device stability dramatically. In addition, faster photoresponse and smaller 1/f noise observed in the 2D perovskite phototransistors indicate a smaller density of deep hole traps in the 2D perovskite thin film compared with their 3D counterparts. These desirable properties not only improve the performance of the phototransistor, but also provide a new direction for the future enhancement of the efficiency of 2D perovskite photovoltaics.

Hollow N-Doped Carbon Spheres with Isolated Cobalt Single Atomic Sites: Superior Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction.

The search for a low-cost, ultrastable, and highly efficient non-precious metal catalyst substitute for Pt in the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is extremely urgent, especially in acidic media. Herein, we develop a template-assisted pyrolysis (TAP) method to obtain a unique Co catalyst with isolated single atomic sites anchored on hollow N-doped carbon spheres (ISAS-Co/HNCS). Both the single sites and the hollow substrate endow the catalyst with excellent ORR performance. The half-wave potential in acidic media approaches that of Pt/C. Experiments and density functional theory have verified that isolated Co sites are the source for the high ORR activity because they significantly increase the hydrogenation of OH* species. This TAP method is also demonstrated to be effective in preparing a series of ISAS-M/HNCS, which provides opportunities for discovering new catalysts.

Association of serum gamma-glutamyltransferase and C-reactive proteins with neuromyelitis optica and multiple sclerosis.

Many studies have demonstrated that serum gamma glutamyltransferase (GGT) within normal range might be an early marker of oxidative stress. However the role of GGT in neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and multiple sclerosis (MS) is unknown.

Global Proteome Analysis Links Lysine Acetylation to Diverse Functions in Oryza Sativa.

Lysine acetylation (Kac) is an important protein post-translational modification in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Herein, we report the results of a global proteome analysis of lysine acetylation and its diverse functions in rice (Oryza sativa). We identified 1353 Kac sites in 866 proteins in rice seedlings. A total of 11 Kac motifs are conserved, and 45% of the identified proteins are localised to the chloroplast. Among all acetylated proteins, 38 Kac sites are combined in core histones. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that Kac occurs on a diverse range of proteins involved in a wide variety of biological processes, especially photosynthesis. Protein-protein interaction networks of the identified proteins provided further evidence that Kac contributes to a wide range of regulatory functions. Furthermore, we demonstrated that the acetylation level of histone H3 (lysine 27 and 36) is increased in response to cold stress. In summary, our approach comprehensively profiles the regulatory roles of Kac in the growth and development of rice. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Emergence of carbapenem-resistant hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae.

Biochemical aspirin resistance is associated with increased stroke severity and infarct volumes in ischemic stroke patients.

To explore the correlation of aspirin resistance (AR) with clinical stroke severity and infarct volume using diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in 224 Chinese ischemic stroke patients who were taking aspirin before stroke onset. In those patients, the median age was 64 years (IQR, 56-75 years), and males accounting for 54.9%(123)of the total subjects. Fifty of 224 enrolled patients (22.3%; 95% confidence interval (CI), 16.9% to 27.7%) showed AR. In the median regression model, significant increase was estimated in NIHSS score of 0.04 point for every 1-point increase in aspirin reaction units (ARU) (95% CI, 0.02 to 0.06; P<0.001). Diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI)-measured infarct volume were significantly higher in patients with AR as compared with those with AS [13.21 (interquartile ranges [IQR], 8.51-23.88) vs.4.26 (IQR, 1.74-11.62); P<0.001). Furthermore, a statistically significant increase was also measured in NIHSS score of 0.05 point for every 1-point increase in ARU in the median regression model (95% CI, 0.03 to 0.08; P<0.001). The median DWI infarct volume was significantly larger in the highest ARU quartile when compared to that in the low 3 quartiles (P<0.001). In conclusion, stroke patients with AR indicated higher risk of severe strokes and large infarcts compared to patients in the aspirin-sensitive group.

Do patients with oxyphilic cell papillary thyroid carcinoma have a poor prognosis? Analysis of the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results database 2004-2013 with propensity score matching.

The prognosis of oxyphilic cell papillary thyroid carcinoma (OCPTC) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognosis of OCPTC and provide a new perspective on treatment guidelines for these patients. We investigated a large cohort of DTC patients from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database between 2004 and 2013. Patient mortality was examined by Kaplan-Meier analyses with log-rank tests and Cox proportional hazards regression analyses. In the study cohort, the rate of cancer-specific mortality per 1000 person-years for OCPTC was lower than that for classic papillary thyroid cancer (CPTC) and follicular thyroid cancer (FTC). According to the multivariate Cox regression model, the cancer-specific and all-cause mortality rates of OCPTC were similar to that of CPTC and FTC. The cancer-specific survival rate in patients with OCPTC was higher than that in patients with FTC, but similar to patients with CPTC, after matching for influential factors using propensity score matching analysis. The unanticipated prognosis provided new implications for the treatment of patients with OCPTC.

Rapid detection of unconjugated estriol in the serum via superparamagnetic lateral flow immunochromatographic assay.

Unconjugated estriol (uE3) is one of the main naturally occurring estrogens that plays an important role in growth and development of the fetus. Usually, the level of uE3 is very low in men and non-pregnant women, but in pregnant women, the level of estriol has been found to be quite high. Therefore, the combination of uE3, AFP, and hCG is now widely used for Down Syndrome screening as a triple marker. Here, we developed a superparamagnetic lateral flow immunochromatographic assay to quantitatively detect uE3. The detection limit of this assay was 0.86 nmol/L and the linear range for the determination of uE3 was from 1 to 100 nmol/L. The detection time was 15 min and the assay had very low cross-reactivity with estrone (E1), estradiol (E2), and progesterone. The coefficient of variation (CV) of intra- and inter-assay ranged from 5% to 13%. The magnetic signals were stable under 37 °C within 7 d. Moreover, the concentrations of uE3 measured by lateral flow immunochromatographic assay in 230 serum samples collected from pregnant women at the Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital had a good correlation with those measured by time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay (R = 0.946).

The genetic polymorphism and expression profiles of NLRP3 inflammasome in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia.

NLRP3 inflammasome has been recently reported as an important risk factor in the development of cancer. But the relationship between polymorphisms of NLRP3 inflammasome related genes and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is rarely reported. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the association of five genetic polymorphisms (NLRP3, IL-1β, IL-18, CARD8 and NF-κB) in 267 CML patients and 344 healthy controls. We found that the AT genotype of CARD8 (rs2043211) was significantly higher compared to TT genotype in high and intermediate risk CML patients. IL-1β (rs16944) polymorphism in early molecular response at 6 months was marginally different, with more GG and less AA genotype in BCR-ABL(IS) >1% group. IL-18 (rs1946518) polymorphism was significantly different with more GG genotype in BCR-ABL(IS) >1% group at 6 months. We also demonstrated that WBC count of newly diagnosed patients carrying AG genotype was significantly higher than that of GG or AA genotype of IL-1β (rs16944). The onset age of patients carrying ins/ins genotype of NF-κB (rs28362491) was significantly older than that of ins/del and del/del genotype. Moreover, IL-1β or NLRP3 mRNA expression was decreased and IL-18 mRNA expression was increased significantly in CML patients compared with controls. In conclusion, the genetic polymorphisms of NLRP3 inflammasome may be served as potential predictors for CML.