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Feng-Tao Liu - Top 30 Publications

Evaluation of PDQ-8 and its relationship with PDQ-39 in China: a three-year longitudinal study.

Parkinson's disease is characterized by motor and non-motor symptoms with wide ranging impacts on the health-related quality of life. The 39-item Parkinson's disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39) is the most widely used PD-specific health-related quality-of-life questionnaire. The short-form 8-item Parkinson's disease Questionnaire (PDQ-8) was found to produce results similar to that of the PDQ-39 cross-culturally. However, there is no evaluation of the PDQ-8 in the mainland of China.

A homozygous missense variant in HSD17B4 identified in a consanguineous Chinese Han family with type II Perrault syndrome.

Perrault syndrome is a rare multisystem disorder that manifests with sensorineural hearing loss in both sexes, primary ovarian insufficiency in females and neurological features. The syndrome is heterogeneous both genetically and phenotypically.

Associations between cognitive impairment and motor dysfunction in Parkinson's disease.

Numerous studies have been carried out to explore the potential association between neurologic deficits and variable clinical manifestations of Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of our study was to investigate the association between cognitive performance and motor dysfunction in Chinese patients with PD.

Olfaction in Parkin carriers in Chinese patients with Parkinson disease.

Olfactory identification was reported to be better among PD (Parkinson disease) patients with Parkin mutations, but previous studies didn't eliminate the interference of other PD related genes on olfaction, and whether olfaction of Parkin mutations patients was better in Chinese population was still unknown.

The heterozygous R1441C mutation of leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 gene in a Chinese patient with Parkinson disease: A five-year follow-up and literatures review.

Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 gene (LRRK2) was recognized associated with both familial and sporadic Parkinson Disease (PD). Seven missense mutations (G2019S, R1441C, R1441G, R1441H, Y1699C, I2020T, N1437H) of it have been confirmed disease- causing. They were common among Caucasian PD patients, but rarely reported in Asian, especially in Chinese Han population.

Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of hybrids of β-carboline and salicylic acid as potential anticancer and apoptosis inducing agents.

A novel series of hybrids (7a-l, 8a-l) from β-carboline and salicylic acid (SA) were designed and synthesized, and their in vitro biological activities were evaluated. Most of the hybrids displayed potent antiproliferative activity against five cancer cell lines in vitro, showing potencies superior to 5-FU and harmine. In particular, compound 8h selectively inhibited proliferation of liver cancer SMMC-7721 cells but not normal liver LO2 cells, and displayed greater inhibitory selectivity than intermediate 5h and SA. 8h also induced cancer cell apoptosis in an Annexin V-FITC/propidium iodide flow cytometry assay, and triggered the mitochondrial/caspase apoptosis by decreasing mitochondrial membrane potential which was associated with up-regulation of Bax, down-regulation of Bcl-2 and activation levels of the caspase cascade in a concentration-dependent manner. Our findings suggest that the β-carboline/SA hybrids may hold greater promise as therapeutic agents for the intervention of human cancers.

Odor Identification Test in Idiopathic REM-Behavior Disorder and Parkinson's Disease in China.

Olfactory dysfunction is common in Parkinson's disease (PD) and idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (iRBD), which is a risk factor in the development of PD. However, a few studies have conflicting results when comparing dysosmia in the patients with iRBD and PD. There is no study investigating the olfactory function in Chinese patients with iRBD. Additionally, the Sniffin' Sticks screening 12 test (SS-12) contains several odors that are not familiar to people in different cultures.

Objective and quantitative assessment of motor function in Parkinson's disease-from the perspective of practical applications.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder with high morbidity because of the coming aged society. Currently, disease management and the development of new treatment strategies mainly depend on the clinical information derived from rating scales and patients' diaries, which have various limitations with regard to validity, inter-rater variability and continuous monitoring. Recently the prevalence of mobile medical equipment has made it possible to develop an objective, accurate, remote monitoring system for motor function assessment, playing an important role in disease diagnosis, home-monitoring, and severity evaluation. This review discusses the recent development in sensor technology, which may be a promising replacement of the current rating scales in the assessment of motor function of PD.

Toward precision medicine in Parkinson's disease.

Precision medicine refers to an innovative approach selected for disease prevention and health promotion according to the individual characteristics of each patient. The goal of precision medicine is to formulate prevention and treatment strategies based on each individual with novel physiological and pathological insights into a certain disease. A multidimensional data-driven approach is about to upgrade "precision medicine" to a higher level of greater individualization in healthcare, a shift towards the treatment of individual patients rather than treating a certain disease including Parkinson's disease (PD). As one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases, PD is a lifelong chronic disease with clinical and pathophysiologic complexity, currently it is treatable but neither preventable nor curable. At its advanced stage, PD is associated with devastating chronic complications including both motor dysfunction and non-motor symptoms which impose an immense burden on the life quality of patients. Advances in computational approaches provide opportunity to establish the patient's personalized disease data at the multidimensional levels, which finally meeting the need for the current concept of precision medicine via achieving the minimal side effects and maximal benefits individually. Hence, in this review, we focus on highlighting the perspectives of precision medicine in PD based on multi-dimensional information about OMICS, molecular imaging, deep brain stimulation (DBS) and wearable sensors. Precision medicine in PD is expected to integrate the best evidence-based knowledge to individualize optimal management in future health care for those with PD.

Fasudil, a Rho kinase inhibitor, promotes the autophagic degradation of A53T α-synuclein by activating the JNK 1/Bcl-2/beclin 1 pathway.

Accumulation of α-synuclein (α-syn) is pivotally implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson׳s disease (PD), and enhancing its clearance might be a promising strategy in PD treatment. It has recently been shown that Rho kinase (ROCK) activation is involved in many neurodegenerative diseases, and some ROCK inhibitors might promote the degradation of abnormal protein aggregates. However, it is not known if fasudil, the only ROCK inhibitor available in clinical setting, could promote the degradation of α-syn, and ameliorate the α-syn induced neurotoxicity. In this regard, we investigated the effect of fasudil on neurite injury caused by A53T α-syn overexpression and the implicated pathway it might mediate. In the current study, we found that under the condition of A53T α-syn overexpression, the neurite outgrowth decreased significantly with the increasing expression of ROCK2. Fasudil, the ROCK inhibitor, ameliorated such neurotoxicity and promoted the clearance of A53T α-syn. Its underlying mechanism was supported by that fasudil could increase the macroautophagy activation via JNK 1 and Bcl-2 phosphorylation and beclin 1/Vps34 complex formation. Taken together, fasudil might be able to provide a novel and promising strategy for PD treatment by enhancing α-syn clearance and activating the JNK 1/Bcl-2/beclin 1 pathway.

Involvement of mortalin/GRP75/mthsp70 in the mitochondrial impairments induced by A53T mutant α-synuclein.

Mutations and excessive accumulation of α-synuclein (α-syn) can lead to the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons, indicating a pivotal role of α-syn in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). Although how α-syn contributes to PD is still elusive, mitochondrial impairments have been reported to be implicated in. Mortalin, a molecular chaperone mainly located in mitochondria, has been linked to the pathogenesis of PD in recent studies. Moreover, some proteomics studies indicate that mortalin is associated with PD-related proteins, including α-syn. Therefore it is of interest to understand the function of mortalin in the mitochondrial disruption induced by A53T α-syn overexpression. The present study modulated the expression of mortalin and detected the effect of mortalin on the mitochondrial impairments induced by A53T α-syn in SH-SY5Y cells. Our data revealed that A53T α-syn could disrupt mitochondrial dynamics and increase the neuronal susceptibility to neurotoxin rotenone. The expression of mortalin decreased significantly in dopaminergic cells overexpressing A53T α-syn; furthermore, the down-regulation of mortalin could attenuate the disrupted mitochondrial dynamics by reducing α-syn translocation to mitochondria, suggesting that a compensatory mechanism of mortalin might be implicated in the pathogenesis of PD.

Trehalose alleviates PC12 neuronal death mediated by lipopolysaccharide-stimulated BV-2 cells via inhibiting nuclear transcription factor NF-κB and AP-1 activation.

Inflammation is implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). Trehalose is a disaccharide which exhibits a variety of effects like anti-aggregation, autophagy enhancement in PD. It has also been known to suppress inflammation in many experimental models, involving endotoxin shock, murine dry eye and subarachnoid hemorrhage. However, whether trehalose has an anti-inflammation effect on PD is largely unknown. In the present study, we found trehalose inhibited generation of interleukin-1β, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, and nitric oxide in the conditioned medium released from lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated BV-2 cells. LPS-induced nuclear transcription factors of NF-κB and AP-1 activation were also inhibited by trehalose. Then the conditioned medium of BV-2 cells was applied to PC12 neurons. As a result, both MTT and LDH indicated that trehalose decreased PC12 neuronal death. TUNEL assay showed that trehalose suppressed apoptosis of PC12 neurons. These results implied that trehalose exerted a protective effect on PC12 neurons against the neurotoxic effect triggered by BV-2 microglial activation through inhibiting NF-κB and AP-1 activation and inflammatory mediators and cytokines production in BV-2 cells.

Ubiquinone-quantum dot bioconjugates for in vitro and intracellular complex I sensing.

Quantum dots (QDs) have attracted increasing interest in bioimaging and sensing. Here, we report a biosensor of complex I using ubiquinone-terminated disulphides with different alkyl spacers (QnNS, n = 2, 5 and 10) as surface-capping ligands to functionalise CdSe/ZnS QDs. The enhancement or quenching of the QD bioconjugates fluorescence changes as a function of the redox state of QnNS, since QDs are highly sensitive to the electron-transfer processes. The bioconjugated QnNS-QDs emission could be modulated by complex I in the presence of NADH, which simulates an electron-transfer system part of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, providing an in vitro and intracellular complex I sensor. Epidemiological studies suggest that Parkinson's patients have the impaired activity of complex I in the electron-transfer chain of mitochondria. We have demonstrated that the QnNS-QDs system could aid in early stage Parkinson's disease diagnosis and progression monitoring by following different complex I levels in SH-SY5Y cells.

A novel approach for the resection of low rectal cancer.

Our novel approach is a hybrid between cylindrical abdominoperineal resection and single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS). We report the clinical application of this technique and present preliminary data that shows this approach to be an effective tool for resection of low rectal cancer.

Application of surgical robotic system in patients with gastric cancer: a report of 120 cases.

To evaluate the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of robotic gastrectomy for gastric cancer using da Vinci surgical system.

Effect of trehalose on PC12 cells overexpressing wild-type or A53T mutant α-synuclein.

Accumulation of α-synuclein (α-Syn) is a common pathology for both familiar and sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD), enhancing its clearance might be a promising strategy for treating PD. To assess the potential of trehalose in this regard, we investigated its effect on the PC12 cells overexpressing wild type (WT) or A53T mutant α-Syn and the implicated pathway it might mediated. We observed that trehalose promoted the clearance of A53T α-Syn but not WT α-Syn in PC12 cells, and confirmed the increased LC3 and Lysotracker RED positive autolysosomes by using lysotracker and LC3 staining, the enhanced expression of LC3-II in Western blot, and more autophagosomes under Transmission Electron Microscope in a dose dependent manner after the trehalose treatment. The activation of autophagy can be alleviated by applying macroautophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA). In addition, degradation of A53T and WT α-Syn was blocked after Ubiquitin Proteasome System (UPS) inhibitor (MG132) was applied in those PC12 cells overexpressing A53T or WT α-Syn, suggesting that A53T α-Syn could be degraded by both UPS and macroautophagy. But the effect of trehalose on A53T α-Syn is mainly mediated through the macroautophagy pathway, which is not a dominant way for WT α-Syn clearance. Further in vivo research will be needed to verify the effectiveness of trehalose in treating PD.

Fast track rehabilitation programme enhances functional recovery after laparoscopic colonic resection.

Fast track (IT) rehabilitation programmes have demonstrated advantages over traditional perioperative care after open colonic surgery; however. their contribution in recovery after laparoscopic colonic surgery is not clearly defined. This study was conducted to estimate the value of FT rehabilitation programme in laparoscopic colonic resections.

Robotic-assisted laparoscopic colectomy for colon cancer: a report of 13 cases.

To investigate the safety and feasibility of robotic-assisted laparoscopic colectomy for colonic cancer.

Heterochromatin protein 1 deleted chromo domain decreases gene silencing of transgene in mouse.

The heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) regulates epigenetic gene silencing by promoting and maintaining chromatin condensation. To decrease gene silencing, the chromo domain (CD) in the M31 (the main HP1 in mouse) was deleted by site-directed mutagenesis. Vector pcDNA3.1(+)/M31-DeltaCD, in which the M31-DeltaCD is driven by the CMV promoter, and vector pcDNA3.1(+)/P1A3-M31-DeltaCD, in which the M31-DeltaCD is driven by a goat ss-casein promoter were constructed. The former vector was transfected into a murine fibroblast cell line, which can express enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). EGFP expression, which was determined by flow cytometric analysis, increased approximately 80% in the transfected cells. After injection of the latter vector into transgenic mouse mammary glands, which can express human clotting factor IX (hFIX), the hFIX expression level in the mouse milk increased approximately 40-60% and hFIX in one mouse milk was maintained at a high concentration for over 10 days.

Mammary gland dual-expression construct containing prolactin and foreign DNAs can promote the expression of foreign proteins in mammary cells.

To investigate the feasibility in the promotion of the expression of foreign proteins, such as human lactinferrin (hLF) and thrombopoietin (TPO), in the transgenic animals-mammary gland bioreactor by bovine prolactin (bPRL), two types of mammary gland dual-expression vectors containing bPRL and foreign DNAs were constructed. In one type of vector, both foreign and bPRL DNAs were linked by internal ribosome entry site (IRES) which shared one goat 6.7 kb of beta-casein promoter; while in the other type of vector, the transcriptions of the foreign gene as well as bPRL were respectively directed by 6.7 kb goat beta-casein promoter and 2.0 kb of goat beta-casein promoter. After transfection of the vectors with lipofectin method, the expression of foreign proteins were measured by RT-PCR as well as ELISA assay. The results showed that bPRL could obviously promote the expression of foreign proteins (hLF and TPO) in cultured cells. The hLF expression level was increased from 12.6 microg/L to 18.4 microg/L and 37.2 microg/L in the COS-7 cells (African green monkey kidney cell) (P<0.05), and from 13.7 microg/L to 20.7 microg/L and 19.9 microg/L in the HC-11 cells (epithelial cell of mouse mammary gland) (P<0.05) by two vectors, respectively. TPO expression level was increased from 572 ng/L to 1340 ng/L in the COS-7 cell (P<0.05), and from 783 ng/L to 1040 ng/L in the HC-11 cell (P<0.05) by the vector which have two promoters. This work indicate that bovine prolactin can effectively increase the expression of foreign genes in mammal cells.