PubTransformer

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Hisaki Aiba - Top 30 Publications

Sequential histological findings and clinical response after carbon ion radiotherapy for unresectable sarcoma.

The efficacy of carbon ion radiotherapy (CIRT) for bone and soft tissue sarcoma has been reported recently. Although histological assessment after CIRT requires skilled interpretation, little information is presently available. In this study, we report sequential histological findings after treatment with CIRT, and evaluate the association between these findings and clinical response.

Preoperative evaluation of the efficacy of radio-hyperthermo-chemotherapy for soft tissue sarcoma in a case series.

Radio-hyperthermo-chemo (RHC) therapy, which combines radiotherapy, hyperthermia, and chemotherapy, for malignant soft tissue tumors has been introduced with the aim of decreasing the possibility of local recurrence after surgery. To avoid unnecessary neoadjuvant therapy and to plan the appropriate surgical treatment, surveillance of RHC therapeutic efficacy during treatment is necessary. In this study, we determined the optimal response criteria to evaluate the efficacy of RHC by comparing preoperative images before and after RHC with pathological evaluation of necrosis in the resected tumor.

Anti-tumor effects of a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug zaltoprofen on chondrosarcoma via activating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma and suppressing matrix metalloproteinase-2 expression.

Surgical resection is the only treatment for chondrosarcomas, because of their resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy; therefore, additional strategies are crucial to treat chondrosarcomas. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is a ligand-activated transcription factor, which has been reported as a possible therapeutic target in certain malignancies including chondrosarcomas. In this study, we demonstrated that a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, zaltoprofen, could induce PPARγ activation and elicit anti-tumor effects in chondrosarcoma cells. Zaltoprofen was found to induce expressions of PPARγ mRNA and protein in human chondrosarcoma SW1353 and OUMS27 cells, and induce PPARγ-responsible promoter reporter activities. Inhibitory effects of zaltoprofen were observed on cell viability, proliferation, migration, and invasion, and the activity of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2); these effects were dependent on PPARγ activation and evidenced by silencing PPARγ. Moreover, we showed a case of a patient with cervical chondrosarcoma (grade 2), who was treated with zaltoprofen and has been free from disease progression for more than 2 years. Histopathological findings revealed enhanced expression of PPARγ and reduced expression of MMP2 after administration of zaltoprofen. These findings demonstrate that zaltoprofen could be a promising drug against the malignant phenotypes in chondrosarcomas via activation of PPARγ and inhibition of MMP2 activity.

Clinical outcomes of radio-hyperthermo-chemotherapy for soft tissue sarcoma compared to a soft tissue sarcoma registry in Japan: a retrospective matched-pair cohort study.

Regional hyperthermia is considered to enhance the antitumor effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In this study, we confirmed the efficacy of concomitant radiotherapy, hyperthermia, and chemotherapy (RHC) for neoadjuvant treatment of malignant soft tissue sarcoma (STS). From 1994 to 2013, we performed RHC in 150 patients. This study was limited to 60 patients using the following exclusion criteria: salvage for recurrence or unplanned excision, trunk location, metastasis at initiation, non-STS, and no definitive surgery. As a control group, we collected data from 11,031 patients in the Bone and Soft Tissue Tumor Registry in Japan (BSTT). We performed multivariate logistic regression analysis, and propensity scores were created for comparisons between groups. The primary outcome of this study was to compare oncologic outcomes (5-year local control rate [LC] and overall survival rate [OS]). In the RHC group, two local recurrences (3.3%) occurred, and no patients underwent amputation. Margins of definitive surgery were not identical between groups [wide margins (60.0% vs. 85.3%), marginal margins (28.3% vs. 10.5%), and intralesional margins (7.4% vs. 4.2%), RHC and BSTT groups, respectively, P < 0.001]. After adjustment, the difference in OS was not significant between groups (HR = 1.26, P = 0.532); however, a statistically significant difference in LC was observed (HR = 4.82, P = 0.037). RHC resulted in a high LC at 5 years compared to the BSTT group, and amputation was averted in the RHC group, despite the wider margins in the BSTT group. This indicates that less invasive surgery might be achieved with effective neoadjuvant therapy.

The Efficacy of Wide Resection for Musculoskeletal Metastatic Lesions of Renal Cell Carcinoma.

This study evaluated the outcome of wide resection for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) to the bone or soft tissue.

Spontaneous shrinkage of solitary osteochondromas.

Osteochondromas are the most common benign bone tumors, and thus far, their spontaneous shrinkage is considered a rare phenomenon. This study was designed to investigate the exact ratio of remission to progressive or stable cases and analyze the mechanism of tumor regression on the basis of existing theories.

An unusual case of proximal humeral simple bone cyst in an adult from secondary cystic change.

Simple bone cysts (SBC) have been documented to occur in adults with closed physeal plates, most commonly affecting the calcaneus in this patient subset. Although most authors theorize an association to trauma, etiology of simple bone cysts remains an enigma up to now.

Pathogenesis of Osteosclerotic Change Following Treatment with an Antibody Against RANKL for Giant Cell Tumour of the Bone.

Giant cell tumours (GCTs) of the bone are intermediate tumours that are locally aggressive. Denosumab, an antibody against receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL), was recently developed; however, it induces osteosclerotic change through an unknown mechanism. We determined whether osteosclerotic change could be induced by neoplastic stromal cells of giant cell tumours (GCTs).

Prediction of skeletal-related events in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

Advanced lung cancer frequently causes bone metastasis which can be associated with skeletal-related events (SREs) that may cause significant deterioration of the patient's quality of life (QoL). The Spinal Instability Neoplastic Score (SINS) can be used to assist in standardizing evaluations of neoplastic spinal instability between spinal and non-spine surgeons. This research investigated the association between SREs and SINS for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Conservative treatment for patients with osteoid osteoma: a case series.

Osteoid osteoma is one type of benign bone tumor that may respond to conservative treatment.