A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

Hyo-Soo Kim - Top 30 Publications

Evaluation of the impact of statin therapy on the obesity paradox in patients with acute myocardial infarction: A propensity score matching analysis from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry.

The phenomenon of obesity paradox after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has been reported under strong recommendation of statin therapy. However, the impact of statin therapy on this paradox has not been investigated. This study investigated the impact of statin therapy on 1-year mortality according to obesity after AMI. A total of 2745 AMI patients were included from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry after 1:4 propensity score matching analysis (n = 549 for nonstatin group and n = 2196 for statin group). Primary and secondary outcomes were all-cause and cardiac death, respectively. During 1-year follow-up, the incidence of all-cause (8.4% vs 3.7%) and cardiac (6.2% vs 2.3%) death was higher in nonstatin group than in statin (P < .001, respectively). In nonstatin group, the incidence of all-cause (7.2% vs 9.0%) and cardiac (5.5% vs 6.5%) death did not differ significantly between obese and nonobese patients. However, in statin group, obese patients had lower 1-year rate of all-cause (1.7% vs 4.8%) and cardiac (1.2% vs 2.9%) death (P < .05, respectively), and lower cumulative rates by Kaplan-Meier analysis of all-cause and cardiac death compared with nonobese patients (log-rank P < .05, respectively). The overall risk of all-cause death was significantly lower in obese than in nonobese patients only in statin group (hazard ratio: 0.35; P = .001). After adjusting for confounding factors, obesity was independently associated with decreased risk of all-cause death in statin group. In conclusion, the greater benefit of statin therapy for survival in obese patients is further confirmation of the obesity paradox after AMI.

Risk of Early Adverse Events After Clopidogrel Discontinuation in Patients Undergoing Short-Term Dual Antiplatelet Therapy: An Individual Participant Data Analysis.

The study sought to evaluate the presence of a clinically relevant rebound phenomenon after dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) discontinuation in randomized trials.

Efficacy and tolerability of two different formulations of atorvastatin in Korean patients with hypercholesterolemia: a multicenter, prospective, randomized clinical trial.

This study was designed to compare the efficacy and tolerability of the generic formulation (Atorva(®)) and the reference formulation (Lipitor(®)) of atorvastatin, both at a dosage of 20 mg once daily.

Atorvastatin prevents endothelial dysfunction in high glucose condition through Skp2-mediated degradation of FOXO1 and ICAM-1.

The 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor atorvastatin has been reported to exert vasculo-protective action in diabetes. We investigated the vasculo-protective mechanism of atorvastatin by evaluating its effect on two major pathogenic molecules, FOXO1 and ICAM1, mediated by S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (Skp2) in diabetic endothelial dysfunction. APPROACH AND RESULTS: [1] FOXO1: Hyperglycemic condition increased FOXO1 protein level in endothelial cells, which was reversed by atorvastatin. This atorvastatin effect was obliterated by treatment of protease inhibitor, suggesting that atorvastatin induces degradation of FOXO1. Immunoprecipitation showed that atorvastatin facilitated the binding of Skp2 to FOXO1, leading to ubiquitination and degradation of FOXO1. [2] ICAM-1: Increased ICAM1 in high glucose condition was reduced by atorvastatin. But this effect of atorvastatin was obliterated when Skp2 was inhibited, suggesting that atorvastatin enhances binding of Skp2 to ICAM1 leading to degradation. Actually, ubiquitination and degradation of ICAM-1 were reduced when Skp2 was inhibited. In vitro monocyte adhesion assay revealed that atorvastatin reduced monocyte adhesion on endothelial cells in high glucose condition, which was reversed by Skp2 knock-down.

Predictors of candesartan's effect on vascular reactivity in patients with coronary artery disease.

Endothelial dysfunction and arterial stiffness have a prognostic value on adverse long-term outcomes in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. We evaluated the efficacy on vascular reactivity of candesartan and analyzed predictors to control the candesartan's effect on vascular reactivity in CAD patients.

Erratum: The Practice Pattern of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Korea: Based on Year 2014 Cohort of Korean Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (K-PCI) Registry.

[This corrects the article on p. 320 in vol. 47, PMID: 28567082.].

How far have we come with bioresorbable vascular scaffolds, and where should we go?

Characteristics and outcomes of medically managed patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes: Insights from the multinational EPICOR Asia study.

Many patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS) are medically managed without coronary revascularization. The reasons vary and may impact prognosis.

Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffolds - Are We Facing a Time of Crisis or One of Breakthrough?

Current 2nd-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) have dramatically improved clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention for coronary artery disease. However, DES implantation has major long-term limitations related to the permanent presence of foreign material in the coronary artery. Bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) were designed to overcome this limitation of permanent metal-based DES. However, because of immature manufacturing technology, BVS have several drawbacks, such as the thicker strut, poor deliverability, poor radio-opacity, poor radial strength, and cumbersome procedure to meet the principle of PSP (Preparation, Sizing, and Post-dilatation). Initial studies indicated that BVS outcomes were non-inferior to those of current DES and recent follow-up data of trials have revealed an additional critical drawback, higher rate of scaffold thrombosis, on the top of the existing limitations of BVS. Thus attention must be paid to the appropriate BVS-specific implantation protocols (i.e., PSP), as well as adequate intensity and duration of dual antiplatelet therapy. In any case, current BVS need further technical evolution to replace current metallic DES in routine clinical use.

Comparison of prasugrel versus clopidogrel in Korean patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing successful revascularization.

Although there have been several reports that prasugrel can improve clinical outcomes, the efficacy and safety of prasugrel is unknown in Korean patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing successful revascularization.

Long-term Safety and Efficacy of New-Generation Drug-Eluting Stents in Women With Acute Myocardial Infarction: From the Women in Innovation and Drug-Eluting Stents (WIN-DES) Collaboration.

Women with acute myocardial infarction (MI) undergoing mechanical reperfusion remain at increased risk of adverse cardiac events and mortality compared with their male counterparts. Whether the benefits of new-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) are preserved in women with acute MI remains unclear.

Treatment for in-stent restenosis using drug-eluting balloon: Importance of procedural optimization rather than device itself.

A laboratory association between hemoglobin and VerifyNow P2Y12 reaction unit: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

VerifyNow P2Y12 assay is used widely to evaluate residual platelet reactivity in patients taking P2Y12 receptor antagonists. However, a laboratory association between VerifyNow P2Y12 reaction unit (PRU) and hemoglobin, which might lead to wrong interpretation of the data, is reported. We performed these systematic review and meta-analysis to clearly define the relationship between PRU and hemoglobin and to elucidate whether the relationship, if any, is a true biological association or is just a laboratory error.

Global position paper on cardiovascular regenerative medicine.

The Current Status of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Korea: Based on Year 2014 Cohort of Korean Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (K-PCI) Registry.

Although several multicenter registries have evaluated percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures in Korea, those databases have been limited by non-standardized data collection and lack of uniform reporting methods. We aimed to collect and report data from a standardized database to analyze PCI procedures throughout the country.

The Practice Pattern of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Korea: Based on Year 2014 Cohort of Korean Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (K-PCI) Registry.

Appropriate use criteria (AUC) was developed to improve the quality of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, these criteria should consider the current practice pattern in the country where they are being applied.

Predictors of poor clinical outcomes after successful chronic total occlusion intervention with drug-eluting stents.

The aim of this study was to identify the prognostic predictors for the worse clinical outcomes after a successful chronic total occlusion (CTO) intervention with drug-eluting stents.

Benefits of Statin Therapy in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction With Serum Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol ≤ 50 mg/dl.

Previous trials have found that statin therapy reduces low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level and the risk of cardiovascular events. However, the benefit of statin therapy in patients with baseline LDL-C levels ≤ 50 mg/dl is less clear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess whether patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) who have baseline LDL-C levels ≤ 50 mg/dl would benefit from statin therapy in real-world clinical practice. We analyzed the clinical data of 1,048 patients (67.3 ± 12.6 years, 69.6% men) with AMI, who had baseline LDL-C levels ≤ 50 mg/dl from the Korean Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry data between November 2005 and May 2014. They were divided into 2 groups based on whether they were prescribed statins or not at discharge (statin and nonstatin group, n = 738 and 310, respectively). The primary end point was the major adverse cardiac event (MACE), defined as the composite of all-cause mortality, recurrent myocardial infarction, and repeated percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting. MACE occurred in 9.2% of the statin group versus 19.6% in the nonstatin group during the 12-month follow-up. Statin therapy significantly reduced the risk of MACE (hazard ratio [HR] 0.60, 95% CI 0.39 to 0.94, p = 0.025) and coronary artery bypass grafting (HR 0.27, 95% CI 0.08 to 0.96, p = 0.043). There was a trend of reduced cardiac death in the statin group compared with the nonstatin group (HR 0.52, 95% CI 0.26 to 1.02, p = 0.059). Statin therapy for patients with AMI with LDL-C levels ≤ 50 mg/dl was associated with improved outcomes. Therefore, statin therapy is feasible and effective, even in AMI patients with extremely low levels of LDL-C.

Bleeding-Related Deaths in Relation to the Duration of Dual-Antiplatelet Therapy After Coronary Stenting.

Although some randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and meta-analyses have suggested that prolonged dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) may be associated with increased mortality, the mechanistic underpinnings of this association remain unclear.

Outcomes in Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement for Bicuspid Versus Tricuspid Aortic Valve Stenosis.

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is being increasingly performed in patients with bicuspid aortic valve stenosis (AS).

Derivation and validation of the predicting bleeding complications in patients undergoing stent implantation and subsequent dual antiplatelet therapy (PRECISE-DAPT) score: a pooled analysis of individual-patient datasets from clinical trials.

Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin plus a P2Y12 inhibitor prevents ischaemic events after coronary stenting, but increases bleeding. Guidelines support weighting bleeding risk before the selection of treatment duration, but no standardised tool exists for this purpose.

A randomized clinical trial comparing long-term clopidogrel vs aspirin monotherapy beyond dual antiplatelet therapy after drug-eluting coronary stent implantation: Design and rationale of the Harmonizing Optimal Strategy for Treatment of coronary artery stenosis-Extended Antiplatelet Monotherapy (HOST-EXAM) trial.

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been developed by drug-eluting stent (DES), but stent implantation has brought the issue of stent thrombosis and optimal antiplatelet therapy. Guidelines recommend at least 6- to 12 months of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin and a P2Y12 receptor inhibitor such as clopidogrel. Beyond DAPT after PCI with DES, however, there has been still a debate for antiplatelet regimen. Therefore, we report on the upcoming HOST-EXAM trial (NCT02044250), which will evaluate the efficacy and safety of aspirin and clopidogrel monotherapies beyond DAPT after DES implantation.

Preoperative Serum Alkaline Phosphatase and Clinical Outcome of Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery.

Serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is related to vascular calcification. In a recent study on percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with a drug-eluting stent, higher ALP was associated with poor clinical outcomes in terms of mortality, myocardial infarction, and stent thrombosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between preoperative ALP and clinical outcome of off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB).Methods and Results:We retrospectively enrolled and reviewed a total of 1,335 patients who underwent OPCAB. Patients were divided into tertiles based on preoperative serum ALP (<60, 60-76, and >76 IU/L). As preoperative ALP increased, the HR of mortality remained constant after adjusting for confounders. On Cox proportional hazards regression analysis, there was no association between ALP and all-cause mortality. The adjusted HR for all-cause mortality for the middle tertile was 0.882 (95% CI: 0.592-1.314, P=0.537), and 0.915 (95% CI: 0.605-1.383, P=0.672) for the highest tertile. In addition, no associations between ALP and cardiovascular mortality, myocardial infarction, revascularization, or major adverse cardiac events were found.

Shedding light on the DARC knight as a guardian of hematopoietic stem cell quiescence.

Protein-Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Ameliorate Cognitive Dysfunction and Reduce Aβ Deposition in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease.

Transplantation of stem cells into the brain attenuates functional deficits in the central nervous system via cell replacement, the release of specific neurotransmitters, and the production of neurotrophic factors. To identify patient-specific and safe stem cells for treating Alzheimer's disease (AD), we generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) derived from mouse skin fibroblasts by treating protein extracts of embryonic stem cells. These reprogrammed cells were pluripotent but nontumorigenic. Here, we report that protein-iPSCs differentiated into glial cells and decreased plaque depositions in the 5XFAD transgenic AD mouse model. We also found that transplanted protein-iPSCs mitigated the cognitive dysfunction observed in these mice. Proteomic analysis revealed that oligodendrocyte-related genes were upregulated in brains injected with protein-iPSCs, providing new insights into the potential function of protein-iPSCs. Taken together, our data indicate that protein-iPSCs might be a promising therapeutic approach for AD. Stem Cells Translational Medicine 2017;6:293-305.

Identification of the early and late responder genes during the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells from mouse fibroblasts.

The generation of induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC), a substitute for embryonic stem cell (ESC), requires the proper orchestration of a transcription program at the chromatin level. Our recent approach for the induction of pluripotent stem cells from fibroblasts using protein extracts from mouse ESCs could overcome the potential tumorigenicity risks associated with random retroviral integration. Here, we examine the epigenetic modifications and the transcriptome of two types of iPSC and of partially reprogrammed iPSCs (iPSCp) generated independently from adult cardiac and skin fibroblasts to assess any perturbations of the transcription program during reprogramming.

Clinical impact of admission hyperglycemia on in-hospital mortality in acute myocardial infarction patients.

Acute hyperglycemia on admission is common in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients regardless of diabetic status, and is known as one of prognostic factors. However, the effect of hyperglycemia on non-diabetic patients is still on debate.

Three, six, or twelve months of dual antiplatelet therapy after DES implantation in patients with or without acute coronary syndromes: an individual patient data pairwise and network meta-analysis of six randomized trials and 11 473 patients.

We sought to determine whether the optimal dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) duration after drug-eluting stent (DES) placement varies according to clinical presentation.

Comparison of outcomes after treatment of in-stent restenosis using newer generation drug-eluting stents versus drug-eluting balloon: Patient-level pooled analysis of Korean Multicenter in-Stent Restenosis Registry.

Studies comparing the drug-eluting balloon (DEB) with contemporary drug-eluting stent (DES) in the treatment of in-stent restenosis (ISR) have been scarce. We compared that the efficacy and safety of contemporary DES versus DEB in unselected, real world patients of ISR occurred in bare-metal stent or DES.

Strategy to Prime the Host and Cells to Augment Therapeutic Efficacy of Progenitor Cells for Patients with Myocardial Infarction.

Cell therapy in myocardial infarction (MI) is an innovative strategy that is regarded as a rescue therapy to repair the damaged myocardium and to promote neovascularization for the ischemic border zone. Among several stem cell sources for this purpose, autologous progenitors from bone marrow or peripheral blood would be the most feasible and safest cell-source. Despite the theoretical benefit of cell therapy, this method is not widely adopted in the actual clinical practice due to its low therapeutic efficacy. Various methods have been used to augment the efficacy of cell therapy in MI, such as using different source of progenitors, genetic manipulation of cells, or priming of the cells or hosts (patients) with agents. Among these methods, the strategy to augment the therapeutic efficacy of the autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) by priming agents may be the most feasible and the safest method that can be applied directly to the clinic. In this review, we will discuss the current status and future directions of priming PBMCs or patients, as for cell therapy of MI.