PubTransformer

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Hyuck-Jun Yoon - Top 30 Publications

Evaluation of the impact of statin therapy on the obesity paradox in patients with acute myocardial infarction: A propensity score matching analysis from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry.

The phenomenon of obesity paradox after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has been reported under strong recommendation of statin therapy. However, the impact of statin therapy on this paradox has not been investigated. This study investigated the impact of statin therapy on 1-year mortality according to obesity after AMI. A total of 2745 AMI patients were included from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry after 1:4 propensity score matching analysis (n = 549 for nonstatin group and n = 2196 for statin group). Primary and secondary outcomes were all-cause and cardiac death, respectively. During 1-year follow-up, the incidence of all-cause (8.4% vs 3.7%) and cardiac (6.2% vs 2.3%) death was higher in nonstatin group than in statin (P < .001, respectively). In nonstatin group, the incidence of all-cause (7.2% vs 9.0%) and cardiac (5.5% vs 6.5%) death did not differ significantly between obese and nonobese patients. However, in statin group, obese patients had lower 1-year rate of all-cause (1.7% vs 4.8%) and cardiac (1.2% vs 2.9%) death (P < .05, respectively), and lower cumulative rates by Kaplan-Meier analysis of all-cause and cardiac death compared with nonobese patients (log-rank P < .05, respectively). The overall risk of all-cause death was significantly lower in obese than in nonobese patients only in statin group (hazard ratio: 0.35; P = .001). After adjusting for confounding factors, obesity was independently associated with decreased risk of all-cause death in statin group. In conclusion, the greater benefit of statin therapy for survival in obese patients is further confirmation of the obesity paradox after AMI.

Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Deferred Coronary Lesions according to Disease Severity Assessed by Fractional Flow Reserve.

Data on the clinical outcomes in deferred coronary lesions according to functional severity have been limited. This study evaluated the clinical outcomes of deferred lesions according to fractional flow reserve (FFR) grade using Korean FFR registry data. Among 1,294 patients and 1,628 lesions in Korean FFR registry, 665 patients with 781 deferred lesions were included in this study. All participants were consecutively categorized into 4 groups according to FFR; group 1: ≥ 0.96 (n = 56), group 2: 0.86-0.95 (n = 330), group 3: 0.81-0.85 (n = 170), and group 4: ≤ 0.80 (n = 99). Primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization. The median follow-up period was 2.1 years. During follow-up, the incidence of MACE in groups 1-4 was 1.8%, 7.6%, 8.8%, and 13.1%, respectively. Compared to group 1, the cumulative rate by Kaplan-Meier analysis of MACE was not different for groups 2 and 3. However, group 4 had higher cumulative rate of MACE compared to group 1 (log-rank P = 0.013). In the multivariate Cox hazard models, only FFR (hazard ratio [HR], 0.95; P = 0.005) was independently associated with MACE among all participants. In contrast, previous history of percutaneous coronary intervention (HR, 2.37; P = 0.023) and diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) (HR, 2.35; P = 0.015), but not FFR, were independent predictors for MACE in subjects with non-ischemic (FFR ≥ 0.81) deferred coronary lesions. Compared to subjects with ischemic deferred lesions, clinical outcomes in subjects with non-ischemic deferred lesions according to functional severity are favorable. However, longer-term follow-up may be necessary.

Discrepancy between frequency domain optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound in human coronary arteries and in a phantom in vitro coronary model.

This purpose of this study is to evaluate, concomitantly with quantitative coronary angiography (QCA), the potential discrepancy between frequency domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) measurements in a phantom coronary model and in human coronary arteries within and outside stented segments.

Angiographically minimal but functionally significant coronary lesion confirmed by optical coherence tomography.

Two-Year Safety and Efficacy of Biodegradable Polymer Drug-Eluting Stent Versus Second-Generation Durable Polymer Drug-Eluting Stent in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction: Data from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry (KAMIR).

Despite improved long-term safety of biodegradable polymer (BP) drug-eluting stents (DES) compared to first-generation durable polymer (DP) DES, data on the safety and efficacy of BP-DES compared with second-generation (2G) DP-DES in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are limited.

Significance of apical cavity obliteration in apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterised by apical systolic obliteration and is associated with atrial fibrillation (AF), stroke, heart failure (HF), and mortality. We investigated whether apical obliteration of the left ventricular (LV) cavity could have an unfavourable impact on the clinical course of apical HCM.

Usefulness of Frequency Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Compared with Intravascular Ultrasound as a Guidance for Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

To compare outcomes and rates of optimal stent placement between optical coherence tomography (OCT) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Comparison of 2-year mortality according to obesity in stabilized patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus after acute myocardial infarction: results from the DIAMOND prospective cohort registry.

After acute myocardial infarction (AMI), the replicated phenomenon of obesity paradox, i.e., obesity appearing to be associated with increased survival, has not been evaluated in stabilized (i.e., without clinical events within 1 month post AMI) Asian patients with diabetes mellitus (DM).

OCT-Defined Morphological Characteristics of Coronary Artery Spasm Sites in Vasospastic Angina.

The aim of this study was to define the morphological features of coronary artery spasm sites using optical coherence tomography (OCT) in patients with vasospastic angina (VSA).

Usefulness of combined intravascular ultrasound parameters to predict functional significance of coronary artery stenosis and determinants of mismatch.

Efficacy of combined intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) parameters in functional significance prediction and discrepancy between IVUS and fractional flow reserve (FFR) have not been well defined. This study therefore aimed to: 1) evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of combined IVUS parameters, namely minimal lumen area (MLA) and percent plaque burden (%PB), in functional significance prediction of coronary artery stenosis; and 2) define factors that affect the relation between FFR value and IVUS parameters.

A lotus root-like appearance in carotid stenosis on optical coherence tomography.

An 82-year-old man visited the outpatient clinic of our stroke centre because of dizziness. He had a previous history of stroke without definite sequelae. Severe stenosis in the left proximal internal carotid artery (ICA) was seen on Doppler sonography. Conventional angiography revealed focal severe stenosis with 'string sign' in the left proximal ICA and delayed distal run off. Optical coherence tomography showed multiple channels surrounding a narrowed central lumen (lotus root-like appearance). Carotid stent placement with a protection device was done without complications. The patient was discharged in good condition 5 days after the procedure.

A lotus root-like appearance in carotid stenosis on optical coherence tomography.

An 82-year-old man visited the outpatient clinic of our stroke centre because of dizziness. He had a previous history of stroke without definite sequelae. Severe stenosis in the left proximal internal carotid artery (ICA) was seen on Doppler sonography. Conventional angiography revealed focal severe stenosis with 'string sign' in the left proximal ICA and delayed distal run off. Optical coherence tomography showed multiple channels surrounding a narrowed central lumen (lotus root-like appearance). Carotid stent placement with a protection device was done without complications. The patient was discharged in good condition 5 days after the procedure.

Atrial septal defect with normal pulmonary arterial pressure in adult cyanotic patient.

A 22-year-old male presented with recurrent stroke, central cyanosis, and dyspnea. Transesophageal echocardiography and cardiac catheterization revealed bidirectional shunt flow through atrial septal defect (ASD) without pulmonary arterial hypertension. The orifice of inferior vena cava facing towards ASD opening led partially right to left shunt resulting in cyanosis with normal pulmonary arterial pressure.

Characteristics of function-anatomy mismatch in patients with coronary artery disease.

Coronary lesions with mismatched functional and anatomical significance are not uncommon. We assessed the accuracy and predictors of mismatch between fractional flow reserve (FFR) and quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) analyses in patients with coronary lesions.

A comparison of tissue prolapse with optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound after drug-eluting stent implantation.

The aim of this study was to compare the detection rate of tissue prolapse (TP) in optical coherence tomography (OCT) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation and evaluate clinical implication of TP at 2 years after percutaneous coronary intervention. In spite of the superiority of OCT in the aspect of resolution when it was compared to IVUS, there was little data about the superiority of OCT in detecting TP. And there has been controversy about the clinical significance of TP. We enrolled 38 patients who treated with DES implantation. OCT and IVUS measurements were performed in stented segments immediately after percutaneous coronary intervention. We matched OCT and IVUS images one by one, and analyzed TP quantitatively in both measurements. Thirty patients (78.9 %) were followed-up for 2 years to evaluate clinical outcome of TP. TP was detected in 95 % of stented lesions by OCT and 45 % of stented lesions by IVUS among 40 stented lesions in 38 patients. The best cut-off values of the area, depth and burden of TP on OCT for the detection of TP on IVUS were 0.17 mm(2), 0.17 mm and 1.98 %, respectively. There was no statistically significant relation between TP and major adverse cardiac event during hospitalization and 2-year follow-up.

Long-term outcomes of simple crossover stenting from the left main to the left anterior descending coronary artery.

Although complex bifurcation stenting in patients with non-left main (LM) bifurcation lesions has not yielded better clinical outcomes than simpler procedures, the utility of complex bifurcation stenting to treat LM bifurcation lesions has not yet been adequately explored.

Association between Doppler flow of atrial fibrillatory contraction and recurrence of atrial fibrillation after electrical cardioversion.

Left atrial fibrillatory contraction (Afc) flow can be frequently observed interspersed between two successive mitral E waves in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that Afc is related to the maintenance of sinus rhythm after electrical cardioversion for AF.

Efficacy and safety of antiplatelet-combination therapy after drug-eluting stent implantation.

Combination single-pill therapy can improve cost-effectiveness in a typical medical therapy. However, there is a little evidence about the efficacy and tolerability of combination single-pill antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES).

Left ventricular twist and ventricular-arterial coupling in hypertensive patients.

Left ventricular (LV) twist is usually influenced by LV hypertrophy resulting from hypertension or vascular stiffness. Vascular stiffness would increase arterial elastance (Ea), whereas LV end-systolic stiffness (Ees) could be influenced by LV hypertrophy. Therefore, in hypertensive patients, we assessed the extent to which ventricular-arterial coupling (VAC; Ea/Ees) affects LV twist, which may be a compensatory mechanism for systolic dysfunction.

Long-term outcomes of intravascular ultrasound-guided implantation of bare metal stents versus drug-eluting stents in primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

While drug-eluting stents (DESs) have shown favorable outcomes in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) compared to bare metal stents (BMSs), there are concerns about the risk of stent thrombosis (ST) with DESs. Because intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance may help optimize stent placement and improve outcomes in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients, we evaluated the impact of IVUS-guided BMS versus DES implantation on long-term outcomes in primary PCI.

Fever after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction is associated with adverse outcomes.

Fever is a common finding after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, its prognostic value is not validated yet.

The efficacy of the cystatin C based glomerular filtration rate in the estimation of safe contrast media volume.

The risk of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is significantly influenced by baseline renal function and the amount of contrast media (CM). We evaluated the usefulness of the cystatin C (CyC) based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFRCyC) in the prediction of CIN and to determine the safe CM dosage.

Association of cardio-ankle vascular index with diastolic heart function in hypertensive patients.

Arterial stiffness is an important risk factor of impaired left ventricular (LV) diastolic function as well as systolic dysfunction. The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) and the ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) can evaluate arteriosclerosis. We analyzed the relationship between arterial stiffness and diastolic function, and then compared the two methodologies to assess which method could serve as a more informative tool for diastology. In total, 136 patients with hypertension underwent 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) and echocardiography including ventricular arterial coupling (VAC). Arterial stiffness was estimated using both CAVI and AASI derived from ABPM. Patients were classified into LV diastolic dysfunction and normal function groups. Those with diastolic dysfunction had a higher CAVI and AASI. Aside from LV torsion, mitral inflow parameters, tissue Doppler velocities and VAC showed a significantly greater association with CAVI, relative to AASI. The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that CAVI [area under the curve (AUC) = 0.869, p < 0.001] provided significantly more favorable accuracy for diastolic dysfunction compared with AASI (AUC = 0.672, p = 0.004). Multiple logistic regression analyses showed that CAVI [Odds ratio (OR) = 5.1, p = 0.009] had a greater association with diastolic dysfunction, relative to age, systolic blood pressure or AASI (OR = 1.4, p = 0.043). This study indicates that CAVI clinically provides diastolic functional information much better in hypertensive patients than AASI.

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection diagnosed by intravascular ultrasound and followed up by cardiac computed tomography.

Impact of home-based exercise training with wireless monitoring on patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

Recent studies have suggested a favorable effect of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on patients with cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of home-based exercise training with wireless monitoring on acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A total of 55 ACS patients undergoing PCI were randomly divided into home based exercise training with wireless monitoring cardiac rehabilitation (CR, n = 26) and usual care (UC, n = 29). Exercise capacity and quality of life (QOL) were evaluated at baseline and after 12 weeks. Change of metabolic equivalent of the tasks, maximal exercise time and QOL were significantly increased (+2.47 vs +1.43, P = 0.021; +169.68 vs +88.31 sec, P = 0.012; and +4.81 vs +0.89, P = 0.022, respectively), and the change of submaximal rate pressure product, and of submaximal rate of perceived exertion were significantly decreased (-28.24 vs -16.21, P = 0.013; and -1.92 vs -1.62, P = 0.018, respectively) in the CR group compared to the UC group after 12 weeks. CR using home-based exercise training with wireless monitoring led to improvement of exercise capacity and QOL relative to conventional care in ACS patients undergoing PCI. Our findings suggest that early scheduled CR may be considered in ACS patients undergoing PCI.

Potentials of cystatin C and uric acid for predicting prognosis of heart failure.

Few studies have explored the clinical potentials of combined Cystatin C (Cys) and uric acid (UA) in heart failure (HF). The authors evaluated Cys and UA as predictors of clinical outcomes compared with conventional renal biomarkers. This prospective cohort study included 587 HF patients presenting with dyspnea. At admission, Cys, UA, and other renal measures including serum urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (Cr), and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were obtained. The primary endpoint was the composite of cardiac death and rehospitalization for worsening HF. During a 25-month median follow-up period, 68 patients experienced clinical outcomes: 9 cardiac deaths and 59 HFs. They showed higher BUN and Cr values and lower GFR. Within these parameters, Cys and UA had the most favorable area under the curves, and patients with Cys ≥0.8 mg/L and UA ≥6.6 mg/dL showed more frequent events. The net reclassification improvement analysis showed the combination of Cys and UA had a greater incremental effect for cardiac prognosis. On multivariate Cox hazard analysis, Cys and UA were independent predictive markers for clinical outcomes. In HF patients presenting with dyspnea, Cys and UA appear to be more useful predictors of clinical events than other renal measures.

Acute Stent Thrombosis and Heparin Induced Thrombocytopenia in a Patient With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

Heparin is an essential drug in the treatment of acute coronary syndrome and it is used during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT), albeit a serious complication of heparin therapy characterized by thrombocytopenia and high risk for venous and arterial thrombosis, has rarely been previously reported during PCI. We report a case of an acute stent thrombosis due to an unusual cause, HIT during primary PCI, in a patient with acute myocardial infarction.

Association of promoter region single nucleotide polymorphisms at positions -819C/T and -592C/A of interleukin 10 gene with ischemic heart disease.

Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is a disease characterized by ischemia of the heart muscle, usually due to coronary artery disease. Interleukin-10 (IL10) is a proinflammatory cytokine known to protect endothelial function. In this study, we investigated the association of promoter region polymorphisms of the IL10 gene with IHD.

Optimization of stent deployment by intravascular ultrasound.

Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is a useful diagnostic method that provides valuable information in addition to angiography regarding the coronary vessel lumen, dimensions, plaque burden, and characteristics. The major use of IVUS in coronary intervention is to guide interventional strategies and assess optimal stent deployment. Since the introduction of the drug-eluting stent (DES), concerns about restenosis have decreased. However, high-risk lesion subsets are being routinely treated with DESs, and the incidence of suboptimal results after stent deployment, such as stent underexpansion, incomplete stent apposition, edge dissection, geographic miss, and the risk of stent thrombosis, have correspondingly increased. Thus, optimization of stent deployment under IVUS guidance may be clinically important. In this review, we focus on the potential role of IVUS in stent optimization during percutaneous coronary intervention and its clinical benefits.

Trends in Oral Anticoagulation Therapy Among Korean Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: The KORean Atrial Fibrillation Investigation.

Anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) such as warfarin provides effective stroke prophylaxis in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We conducted a large multicenter survey of Korean patients with AF to determine trends in VKA use.