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Myung-Ho Jeong - Top 30 Publications

Statin has more protective effects in AMI patients with higher plasma BNP or NT-proBNP level, but not with lower left ventricular ejection fraction.

The benefit of statin therapy in patients with higher grades of heart failure has yet to be determined. The present study investigated whether statin therapy affects major composite outcomes (MCOs) and all-cause mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) within 1 year after AMI, according to their plasma natriuretic peptide (NP) levels and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF).

Gallic Acid Reduces Blood Pressure and Attenuates Oxidative Stress and Cardiac Hypertrophy in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats.

Gallic acid (GA) has been reported to have beneficial effects on cancer, vascular calcification, and diabetes-induced myocardial dysfunction. We hypothesized that GA controls hypertension via oxidative stress response regulation in an animal model for essential hypertension. Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were administered GA for 16 weeks. GA treatment lowered elevated systolic blood pressure in SHRs through the inhibition of vascular contractility and components of the renin-angiotensin II system. In addition, GA administration reduced aortic wall thickness and body weight in SHRs. In SHRs, GA attenuated left ventricular hypertrophy and reduced the expression of cardiac-specific transcription factors. NADPH oxidase 2 (Nox2) and GATA4 mRNA expression was induced in SHR hearts and angiotensin II-treated H9c2 cells; this expression was downregulated by GA treatment. Nox2 promoter activity was increased by the synergistic action of GATA4 and Nkx2-5. GA seems to regulate oxidative stress by inhibiting the DNA binding activity of GATA4 in the rat Nox2 promoter. GA reduced the GATA4-induced Nox activity in SHRs and angiotensin II-treated H9c2 cells. GA administration reduced the elevation of malondialdehyde levels in heart tissue obtained from SHRs. These findings suggest that GA is a potential therapeutic agent for treating cardiac hypertrophy and oxidative stress in SHRs.

Prognostic significance of non-chest pain symptoms in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Chest pain is an essential symptom in the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). One-third of patients with ACS present atypically, which can influence their receiving timely lifesaving therapy.

Gallic acid attenuates pulmonary fibrosis in a mouse model of transverse aortic contraction-induced heart failure.

Gallic acid, a trihydroxybenzoic acid found in tea and other plants, attenuates cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, and hypertension in animal models. However, the role of gallic acid in heart failure remains unknown. In this study, we show that gallic acid administration prevents heart failure-induced pulmonary fibrosis. Heart failure induced in mice, 8weeks after transverse aortic constriction (TAC) surgery, was confirmed by echocardiography. Treatment for 2weeks with gallic acid but not furosemide prevented cardiac dysfunction in mice. Gallic acid significantly inhibited TAC-induced pathological changes in the lungs, such as increased lung mass, pulmonary fibrosis, and damaged alveolar morphology. It also decreased the expression of fibrosis-related genes, including collagen types I and III, fibronectin, connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), and phosphorylated Smad3. Further, it inhibited the expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related genes, such as N-cadherin, vimentin, E-cadherin, SNAI1, and TWIST1. We suggest that gallic acid has therapeutic potential for the treatment of heart failure-induced pulmonary fibrosis.

Benefit of Vasodilating β-Blockers in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Nationwide Multicenter Cohort Study.

Although current guidelines recommend β-blocker after acute myocardial infarction (MI), the role of β-blocker has not been well investigated in the modern reperfusion era. In particular, the benefit of vasodilating β-blocker over conventional β-blocker is still unexplored.

Differences in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry Compared with Western Registries.

The Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry (KAMIR) is the first nationwide registry that reflects current therapeutic approaches and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) management in Korea. The results of the KAMIR demonstrated different risk factors and responses to medical and interventional treatments. The results indicated that the incidence of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) was relatively high, and that the prevalence of dyslipidemia was relatively low with higher triglyceride and lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) rates were high for both STEMI and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) with higher use of drug-eluting stents (DESs). DES were effective and safe without increased risk of stent thrombosis in Korean AMI patients. Triple antiplatelet therapy, consisting of aspirin, clopidogrel, and cilostazol, was effective in preventing adverse clinical outcomes after PCI. Statin therapy was effective in Korean AMI patients, including those with very low levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and those with cardiogenic shock. The KAMIR score had a greater predictive value than Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) and Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) scores for long-term mortality in AMI patients. Based on these results, the KAMIR will be instrumental for establishing new therapeutic strategies and effective methods for secondary prevention of AMI and guidelines for Asian patients.

Multiple giant calcified aneurysms of three coronary arteries.

24-Hour blood pressure response to lower dose (30 mg) fimasartan in Korean patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension.

Fimasartan is an angiotensin type 1 receptor blocker (ARB) which has comparable efficacy and tolerability with other ARBs. The aim of this study was to evaluate 24-hour blood pressure (BP) lowering efficacy and the tolerability of the low dose fimasartan compared with valsartan in patients with mild to moderate hypertension.

Development of Novel Drug-Eluting Stents for Acute Myocardial Infarction.

Delayed arterial healing at culprit sites after drug-eluting stent (DES) placement for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is associated with increased risk of late stent thrombosis. The Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry was established in commemoration of the 50(th) anniversary of Korea Circulation Society. Between November 2005 and December 2016, more than 62,000 patients were registered from 50 primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) centers in Korea. DES in AMI may be safe and effective, however, there is concern about increased stent thrombosis after DES implantation in AMI patients, requiring longer-term dual anti-platelet therapy to reduce the risk of late stent thrombosis. Device innovation is needed to overcome issues such as stent thrombosis and restenosis by using new coating materials with biocompatible polymers, different coating methods using non-polymer techniques, bioabsorbable stents and pro-healing stents. In this review article, we describe the current usage of DES in AMI in Korea and introduce novel DES uses in development for patients with AMI. We have developed many types of DES in our research laboratory. Abciximab-coated stents inhibited platelet thrombi and restenosis. Furthermore, anti-oxidants (carvedilol, probucol and alpha-lipoic acid) were used for stent coating. Currently we are developing novel DESs using polymer-free and natural binding techniques, peptide coating stents, gene-and-drug delivery, bioabsorbable stents using 3D printing, endothelial progenitor cell capturing stents to promote reendothelialization and reduce stent thrombosis. New DESs in development may be safe and effective in preventing late stent thrombosis and restenosis in patients with AMI.

Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial: harmonising optimal strategy for treatment of coronary artery stenosis - coronary intervention with next-generation drug-eluting stent platforms and abbreviated dual antiplatelet therapy (HOST-IDEA) trial.

We have recently seen the introduction of newer generation drug-eluting stents with ultrathin struts that use advanced polymer technologies. However, the efficacy and safety of these newest stents have not yet been fully explored. In addition, there are still controversies over the optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after stent implantation, particularly for ultrathin stents with the newest polymer technologies.

Randomized Prospective Comparison of Everolimus-Eluting vs. Sirolimus-Eluting Stents in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention - 3-Year Clinical Outcomes of the EXCELLENT Randomized Trial.

Everolimus-eluting stents (EES) have equivalent short-term angiographic and clinical outcomes to sirolimus-eluting stents (SES), but EES may be superior to SES with regard to long-term clinical safety. We report the 3-year clinical outcomes of EES and SES from the prospective EXCELLENT Randomized Trial (NCT00698607).Methods and Results:We randomly assigned 1,443 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention 3:1 to receive EES and SES, respectively. We investigated endpoints including target lesion failure (TLF) and individual clinical outcomes including stent thrombosis (ST) at 3 years. For EES and SES, the TLF rate was 4.82% and 4.12% (risk ratio [RR], 1.16, 95% CI: 0.65-2.06, P=0.62), respectively. Results were similar in other efficacy endpoints including target lesion revascularization. For safety endpoints, rate of all-cause death was significantly lower for EES (1.67%) than SES (3.57%; RR, 0.46; 95% CI: 0.23-0.94, P=0.03), while the incidence of cardiac death or myocardial infarction was numerically lower in EES. On 1-year landmark analysis, rates of all-cause death and major adverse cardiovascular events were significantly lower for EES than SES. Definite or probable ST was numerically 3-fold higher for SES (1.37%) compared with EES (0.46%).

Impact of Postprocedural TIMI Flow on Long-Term Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction.

This study aimed to evaluate the clinical prognostic implications of postprocedural Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow in acute myocardial infarction patients. A total of 2796 ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and 1720 non ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients treated in 8 hospitals affiliated with the Catholic University of Korea and Chonnam National University Hospital were analyzed. The study populations were divided according to the final TIMI flow. The primary outcome were the major adverse cardiac events (MACE), defined as a composite of cardiac deaths (CD), nonfatal myocardial infarctions (MI), and target lesion revascularization (TLR). Over a median follow-up of 3.3 years (minimum 2 to maximum 5 years), MACE and CD occurred more frequently in STEMI patients with TIMI ≤ 2 group than those with TIMI 3 (MACE: adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.962; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.513 to 2.546, P < 0.001, CD: aHR, 3.154, CI 2.308 to 4.309, P < 0.001). However, there was no significant difference between the two subgroups in NSTEMI (aHR, 0.932; 95% CI 0.586 to 1.484, P = 0.087). In STEMI patients, good postprocedural TIMI flow after PCI was associated with favorable clinical outcomes. And the effect of poor TIMI flow in STEMI was on death, not the components of MACE. Meanwhile, postprocedural TIMI flow had no effect on long-term outcomes in NSTEMI patients.

Comparison of Fixed-dose Combinations of Amlodipine/Losartan Potassium/Chlorthalidone and Amlodipine/Losartan Potassium in Patients With Stage 2 Hypertension Inadequately Controlled With Amlodipine/Losartan Potassium: A Randomized, Double-blind, Multicenter, Phase III Study.

The goal of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of fixed-dose combinations of amlodipine/losartan potassium/chlorthalidone (A/L/C) and A/L in Korean patients with stage 2 hypertension inadequately controlled by A/L.

Intramyocardial Injection of Stem Cells in Pig Myocardial Infarction Model: The First Trial in Korea.

Although cell therapy is emerged for cardiac repair, its efficacy is modest by intracoronary infusion. Therefore, we established the intramyocardial delivery technique using a left ventricular (LV) mapping system (NOGA® XP) using 18 pigs. After adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ATSCs) were delivered intramyocardially to porcine infarcted heart, LV ejection fraction (EF) was increased, and LV chamber size was decreased. We proved the therapeutic effect of intramyocardial injection of ATSC through a LV mapping system in the porcine model for the first time in Korea. The adoption of this technique may accelerate the translation into a clinical application in the near future.

Author's reply.

Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors versus angiotensin II receptor blockers in acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients with diabetes mellitus undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is an important factor of adverse cardiovascular events in acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibitors is associated with improved clinical outcomes, however, there are limited data comparing the effectiveness of two different RAAS inhibitors in STEMI patients with DM undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES).

Transradial versus transfemoral intervention in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients in Korean population.

Transradial intervention (TRI) is becoming the preferred method over transfemoral intervention (TFI) because TRI is associated with lower incidence of major bleeding and vascular complications. However, there has been limited published data regarding the clinical outcomes of TRI versus TFI in Korean patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

Evaluation of the impact of statin therapy on the obesity paradox in patients with acute myocardial infarction: A propensity score matching analysis from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry.

The phenomenon of obesity paradox after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has been reported under strong recommendation of statin therapy. However, the impact of statin therapy on this paradox has not been investigated. This study investigated the impact of statin therapy on 1-year mortality according to obesity after AMI. A total of 2745 AMI patients were included from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry after 1:4 propensity score matching analysis (n = 549 for nonstatin group and n = 2196 for statin group). Primary and secondary outcomes were all-cause and cardiac death, respectively. During 1-year follow-up, the incidence of all-cause (8.4% vs 3.7%) and cardiac (6.2% vs 2.3%) death was higher in nonstatin group than in statin (P < .001, respectively). In nonstatin group, the incidence of all-cause (7.2% vs 9.0%) and cardiac (5.5% vs 6.5%) death did not differ significantly between obese and nonobese patients. However, in statin group, obese patients had lower 1-year rate of all-cause (1.7% vs 4.8%) and cardiac (1.2% vs 2.9%) death (P < .05, respectively), and lower cumulative rates by Kaplan-Meier analysis of all-cause and cardiac death compared with nonobese patients (log-rank P < .05, respectively). The overall risk of all-cause death was significantly lower in obese than in nonobese patients only in statin group (hazard ratio: 0.35; P = .001). After adjusting for confounding factors, obesity was independently associated with decreased risk of all-cause death in statin group. In conclusion, the greater benefit of statin therapy for survival in obese patients is further confirmation of the obesity paradox after AMI.

Effects of statin therapy on clinical outcomes after acute myocardial infarction in patients with advanced renal dysfunction: A propensity score-matched analysis.

Lipid lowering therapy is widely used for the prevention of cardiovascular complications after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, some studies show that this benefit is uncertain in patients with renal dysfunction, and the role of statins is based on the severity of renal dysfunction. In this study, we investigated the impact of statin therapy on major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) and all-cause mortality in patients with advanced renal dysfunction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) after AMI.

Masked inherited primary arrhythmia syndromes in sudden cardiac death patients accompanied by coronary vasospasm.

Coronary vasospasms are one of the important causes of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Provocation of coronary vasospasms can be useful, though some results may lead to false positives, with patients potentially experiencing recurrent SCD despite appropriate medical treatments. We hypothesized that it is not coronary vasospasms but inherited primary arrhythmia syndromes (IPAS) that underlie the development of SCD.

Blood Pressure Targets and Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction.

The optimal blood pressure (BP) target in patients with a history of acute myocardial infarction (MI) remains as a subject of debate. The 'J curve phenomenon' has been suggested as a target for BP control, however, it is unclear whether this phenomenon can be applied to MI patients. We analyzed patients with acute MI and investigated whether the 'J curve phenomenon' exists in this population.

Polymer-free sirolimus-eluting stents in a large-scale all-comers population.

The objective of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of a polymer-free sirolimus coated, ultrathin strut drug-eluting stent (PF-SES) in an unselected patient population with a focus on acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Furthermore, stable coronary artery disease (CAD) with short (≤6 months) versus long (>6 months) dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) were also studied.

Carotid plaque rather than intima-media thickness as a predictor of recurrent vascular events in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

To investigate the impacts of carotid plaque and intima-media thickness (IMT) on future vascular events (VEs) in the patients with acute ischemic stroke.

Efficacy and Tolerability of Combination Therapy Versus Monotherapy with Candesartan and/or Amlodipine for Dose Finding in Essential Hypertension: A Phase II Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind Clinical Trial.

Intensive blood pressure (BP) lowering is important for the treatment of hypertension; however, it has been a challenge to achieve target BP in many patients. The purpose of this study was to explore the optimal dosage of a fixed-dose combination of candesartan cilexetil (CAN) and amlodipine besylate (AML), by examining the tolerability and efficacy of CAN/AML combination therapy compared with those of monotherapy with either drug in patients with essential hypertension.

Bilirubin coating attenuates the inflammatory response to everolimus-coated stents.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of bilirubin- and/or everolimus (EVL)-coated stents to prevent arterial neointimal hyperplasia and inflammation in vitro and in vivo. The stents were prepared by spray coating bare metal stents (BMS) with bilirubin and/or EVL. Study groups were divided into (1) BMS, (2) bilirubin-coated stents (BES), (3) commercialized stents (Synergy™; EES), and (4) bilirubin/EVL-coated stents (B-EES). The coating thickness and drug release rates were comparable to previous reports (i.e., <4 µm thickness and 50% drug release in 7 days). Smooth muscle cell migration was inhibited in both EVL-containing groups (20.5 ± 3.80% in EES and 18.4 ± 2.55% in B-EES) compared to the non-EVL-containing groups (78.0 ± 6.41% in BMS and 76.1 ± 4.88% in BES) (n = 10, p < 0.05). Stents were randomly implanted to 40 coronary arteries in 20 pigs and subjected to various analyses after 4 weeks of implantation. As results, the inflammation score was dramatically increased in the EES group (2.1 ± 0.42) compared to that of the other groups (1.5 ± 0.55, 1.3 ± 0.23, and 1.5 ± 0.27 for BMS, BES, and B-EES, respectively, n = 10, p < 0.05). Immunofluorescence analysis revealed that inflammation was prevented in the bilirubin-containing groups (BES and B-EES). However, the percent area of restenosis was decreased in the EVL-containing groups (20.5 ± 4.11% for EES and 18.4 ± 3.61% for B-EES) compared to the non-EVL-containing groups (32.3 ± 6.41% for BMS and 29.6 ± 5.95% for BES, n = 10, p < 0.05). The percent areas of restenosis determined by histopathology, optical coherence tomography, and micro-computed tomography were consistent. In addition, the stent was barely covered in the EES and B-EES groups at 4 weeks postimplantation. These dual drug-coated stents may be especially beneficial to patients who have an increased risk of inflammation. These stents have great potential for use in cardiovascular applications. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2017.

Atrial Fibrillation on Admission Is Related With Higher Mortality in ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Patients.

The prognostic significance of atrial fibrillation (AF) on mortality in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients is not clearly understood. To elucidate the clinical significance of AF on mortality for 1 year in STEMI patients, we retrospectively analyzed the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry (KAMIR) database, which spans January 2008 to September 2010 and includes 14,329 patients with acute myocardial infarction. We selected 5,556 patients with marked ECG rhythm (NSR, normal sinus rhythm or AF) on emergency room arrival, < 12 hours of symptom onset, and who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) within 90 minutes of arriving at the hospital. Patients who had been followed-up for at least for 1 year were analyzed (2,636 of NSR, 119 of AF). At enrollment, AF patients were older (70.7 versus 65.5 years, P < 0.001) and had lower systolic blood pressure (120.6 versus 125.9 mmHg, P = 0.050), a higher heart rate (80.4 versus 75.6/minute, P = 0.009), and a higher rate of Killip III, IV (25.0 versus 14.2%, P = 0.002). Patients with AF showed clearly higher all-cause mortality (22.7 versus 9.5%, HR 2.51, 95%CI 1.68~3.76, P < 0.001) and cardiac death rate (17.7 versus 7.5%, HR 2.49, 95%CI 1.59~3.90, P < 0.001) at 1 year after admission compared patients with NSR. AF induced significantly higher all-cause mortality and cardiac mortality rate in STEMI patients who were appropriately revascularized with primary PCI compared to NSR at 1 year.

Interactions between pro-inflammatory cytokines and statins on depression in patients with acute coronary syndrome.

Pro-inflammatory cytokines are associated with the development of depression and statins exert anti-inflammatory and antidepressant effects. The present study aimed to investigate associations between interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-18 and depression in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and potential interactions between statin use and pro-inflammatory cytokines on depression in this population.

Comparison of prasugrel versus clopidogrel in Korean patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing successful revascularization.

Although there have been several reports that prasugrel can improve clinical outcomes, the efficacy and safety of prasugrel is unknown in Korean patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing successful revascularization.

Efficacy and safety of pitavastatins in patients with acute myocardial infarction: Livalo in Acute Myocardial Infarction Study (LAMIS) II.

We evaluated the efficacy and safety and influence on glucose tolerance by different doses of pitavastatins in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients.

Longitudinal impact of anxiety on depressive outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome: Findings from the K-DEPACS study.

This study investigated the impact of anxiety evaluated within 2 weeks of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) episode on depressive outcomes at a 1-year follow-up assessment. In 828 ACS patients, anxiety was determined by Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-anxiety subscale at baseline, and DSM-IV depressive disorders and depressive symptoms were evaluated both at baseline and follow-up. Anxiety at baseline was significantly associated with depressive disorder at the follow-up and less improvement in depressive symptoms over 1-year. Anxiety had negative longitudinal impacts on depressive outcomes of ACS, and therefore evaluation of anxiety could be recommended in recently developed ACS patients.