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Shaoqing Shi - Top 30 Publications

Accuracy of interleukin-27 assay for the diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy: A PRISMA-compliant meta-analysis.

The concentration of interleukin-27 (IL-27) in pleural effusions was found to be increased in tuberculous pleurisy and several studies have investigated the diagnostic value of IL-27 for tuberculous pleural effusions (TPEs), but the results varied a lot. We conducted the present study to comprehensively evaluate the diagnostic value of IL-27 for TPE.

CRTC2 promotes non-small cell lung cancer A549 migration and invasion in vitro.

CRTC2 is highly expressed in lung cancer and contributes to lung cancer pathogenesis; however, whether CRTC2 promotes lung cancer metastasis remains unknown. In the present study, we investigated the role of CRTC2 in lung cancer metastasis in vitro.

Primary clear cell carcinoma of the trachea: A CARE-compliant case report.

Primary clear cell carcinoma of the lung is a rare condition, and presentation as an endotracheal lesion is even more unusual. In this report, we present a patient with clear cell carcinoma occurring in the trachea, which obstructed the tracheal lumen and lead to the respiratory distress.

Diagnostic accuracy of tumor necrosis factor-alpha assay for tuberculous pleurisy: A PRISMA-compliant meta-analysis.

The diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy is difficult and traditional methods are not always helpful. Many studies have focused on the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) assay in pleural effusion for the diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy, but the results remain controversial. This meta-analysis was conducted to determine the overall diagnostic accuracy of TNF-α.

Genetic variance of transforming growth factor β2 gene in conotruncal heart defects.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between two haplotype-tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs6658835 and rs10495098) of TGF-β2 and conotruncal heart defects (CTDs).

Understanding the photophysical properties of chiral dinuclear Re(i) complexes and the role of Re(i) in their complexes.

Chiral transition metal complexes not only have large nonlinear optical (NLO) response but also meet the non-centrosymmetric requirement of second-order NLO materials. Therefore, chiral transition metal complexes become very active in the NLO area. Recently, the second-order NLO response of chiral dinuclear Re(i) complex 2 has been found to be 1.5 times larger than that of KH2PO4 (KDP) based on experimental measurement. However, its NLO origin has not been determined and a structure-property relationship has not been established at the microscopic level, which are very important to further improve the performance. It is found that charge transfer from metal to ligand is mainly responsible for its NLO origin. Based on complex 2, the designed complexes have remarkably large second-order NLO activity. For instance, the designed complex 9 has a very large second-order NLO response value (115.81 × 10(-30) esu), which is about 668 times larger than the organic molecule urea. Moreover, time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) calculations have been used to investigate their UV-Vis/CD spectra. The simulated circular dichroism (CD) spectra of the complex 2 are in good agreement with the experimental ones, which can be used to assign the absolute configurations (ACs) of chiral dinuclear Re(i) complexes with high confidence. The electronic absorption wavelengths, electron transition properties, and the second-order NLO responses strongly depend on the nature of substituent, different ligands (pyridine and isoquinoline) and their combinations. Based on NBO analysis, the interactions between [Re(CO)3Cl] fragments and ligands are of n →σ* character.

Autophagy-Mediated Degradation of IAPs and c-FLIP(L) Potentiates Apoptosis Induced by Combination of TRAIL and Chal-24.

Combination chemotherapy is an effective strategy for increasing anticancer efficacy, reducing side effects and alleviating drug resistance. Here we report that combination of the recently identified novel chalcone derivative, chalcone-24 (Chal-24), and TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) significantly increases cytotoxicity in lung cancer cells. Chal-24 treatment significantly enhanced TRAIL-induced activation of caspase-8 and caspase-3, and the cytotoxicity induced by combination of these agents was effectively suppressed by the pan-caspase inhibitor z-VAD-fmk. Chal-24 and TRAIL combination suppressed expression of cellular FLICE (FADD-like IL-1β-converting enzyme)-inhibitory protein large (c-FLIP(L)) and cellular inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (c-IAPs), and ectopic expression of c-FLIP(L) and c-IAPs inhibited the potentiated cytotoxicity. In addition, TRAIL and Chal-24 cooperatively activated autophagy. Suppression of autophagy effectively attenuated cytotoxicity induced by Chal-24 and TRAIL combination, which was associated with attenuation of c-FLIP(L) and c-IAPs degradation. Altogether, these results suggest that Chal-24 potentiates the anticancer activity of TRAIL through autophagy-mediated degradation of c-FLIP(L) and c-IAPs, and that combination of Chal-24 and TRAIL could be an effective approach in improving chemotherapy efficacy.

Synergistic anticancer effect of cisplatin and Chal-24 combination through IAP and c-FLIPL degradation, Ripoptosome formation and autophagy-mediated apoptosis.

Drug resistance is a major hurdle in anticancer chemotherapy. Combined therapy using drugs with distinct mechanisms of function may increase anticancer efficacy. We have recently identified the novel chalcone derivative, chalcone-24 (Chal-24), as a potential therapeutic that kills cancer cells through activation of an autophagy-mediated necroptosis pathway. In this report, we investigated if Chal-24 can be combined with the frontline genotoxic anticancer drug, cisplatin for cancer therapy. The combination of Chal-24 and cisplatin synergistically induced apoptotic cytotoxicity in lung cancer cell lines, which was dependent on Chal-24-induced autophagy. While cisplatin slightly potentiated the JNK/Bcl2/Beclin1 pathway for autophagy activation, its combination with Chal-24 strongly triggered proteasomal degradation of the cellular inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (c-IAPs) and formation of the Ripoptosome complex that contains RIP1, FADD and caspase 8. Furthermore, the cisplatin and Chal-24 combination induced dramatic degradation of cellular FLICE (FADD-like IL-1β-converting enzyme)-inhibitory protein large (cFLIPL) which suppresses Ripoptosome-mediated apoptosis activation. These results establish a novel mechanism for potentiation of anticancer activity with the combination of Chal-24 and cisplatin: to enhance apoptosis signaling through Ripoptosome formation and to release the apoptosis brake through c-FLIPL degradation. Altogether, our work suggests that the combination of Chal-24 and cisplatin could be employed to improve chemotherapy efficacy.

Single nucleotide polymorphisms in PDCD6 gene are associated with the development of cervical squamous cell carcinoma.

The programmed cell death 6 (PDCD6), discovered as a proapoptotic calcium-binding protein, has recently been found dysregulated in tumors of various origin and contributed to cancer cell viability. The aim of this study was to determine whether SNPs in PDCD6 are associated with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC). Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method was used to genotype two tag SNPs (rs3756712 and rs4957014) of PDCD6 in 328 CSCC patients and 541 controls. Significantly increased CSCC risks were found to be associated with T allele of rs3756712 and G allele of rs4957014 (P = 0.017, OR = 1.320, and P = 0.007, OR = 1.321, respectively). CSCC risks were associated with these two SNPs in different genetic model (P = 0.04, OR = 1.78 for rs3756712 in a recessive model, and P = 0.006, OR = 2.01 for rs4957014 in a codominant model, respectively). Results of stratified analyses revealed that rs4957014 is associated with parametrial invasion of CSCC (P = 0.044, OR = 1.414). Our results suggest that these two tag SNPs of PDCD6 are associated with CSCC, indicating that PDCD6 may play an important role in the pathogenesis of CSCC.

Retaining MKP1 expression and attenuating JNK-mediated apoptosis by RIP1 for cisplatin resistance through miR-940 inhibition.

The elucidation of chemoresistance mechanisms is important to improve cancer patient survival. In this report, we investigated the role and mechanism through which receptor-interacting protein 1 (RIP1), a mediator in cell survival and death signaling, participates in cancer's response to chemotherapy. In lung cancer cells, knockdown of RIP1 substantially increased cisplatin-induced apoptotic cytotoxicity, which was associated with robust JNK activation. The expression of the JNK inactivating phosphatase, MKP1, was substantially reduced in RIP1 knockdown cells. Although MKP1 protein stability was not altered by RIP1 suppression, the synthesis rate of MKP1 was dramatically reduced in RIP1-suppressed cells. Furthermore, we found that the expression of miR-940 was substantially increased in RIP1 knockdown cells. Knockdown of miR-940 restored MKP1 expression and attenuated cisplatin-induced JNK activation and cytotoxicity. Importantly, ectopic expression of MKP1 effectively attenuated cisplatin-induced JNK activation and cytotoxicity. In addition, activation of the JNK upstream signaling kinase, MKK4, was also potentiated in RIP1 knockdown cells. Altogether, our results suggest that RIP1 contributes to cisplatin resistance by suppressing JNK activation that involves releasing miR-940-mediated inhibition of MKP1 and suppressing activation of MKK4. Intervention targeting the RIP1/miR-940/MKP1/JNK pathway may be used to sensitize platinum-based chemotherapy.

Receptor-interacting protein 1 increases chemoresistance by maintaining inhibitor of apoptosis protein levels and reducing reactive oxygen species through a microRNA-146a-mediated catalase pathway.

Although receptor-interacting protein 1 (RIP1) is well known as a key mediator in cell survival and death signaling, whether RIP1 directly contributes to chemotherapy response in cancer has not been determined. In this report, we found that, in human lung cancer cells, knockdown of RIP1 substantially increased cytotoxicity induced by the frontline anticancer therapeutic drug cisplatin, which has been associated with robust cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation and enhanced apoptosis. Scavenging ROS dramatically protected RIP1 knockdown cells against cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity. Furthermore, we found that, in RIP1 knockdown cells, the expression of the hydrogen peroxide-reducing enzyme catalase was dramatically reduced, which was associated with increased miR-146a expression. Inhibition of microRNA-146a restored catalase expression, suppressed ROS induction, and protected against cytotoxicity in cisplatin-treated RIP1 knockdown cells, suggesting that RIP1 maintains catalase expression to restrain ROS levels in therapy response in cancer cells. Additionally, cisplatin significantly triggered the proteasomal degradation of cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein 1 and 2 (c-IAP1 and c-IAP2), and X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) in a ROS-dependent manner, and in RIP1 knockdown cells, ectopic expression of c-IAP2 attenuated cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity. Thus, our results establish a chemoresistant role for RIP1 that maintains inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) expression by release of microRNA-146a-mediated catalase suppression, where intervention within this pathway may be exploited for chemosensitization.

Variations in the PDCD6 gene are associated with increased uterine leiomyoma risk in the Chinese.

Programmed cell death 6 (PDCD6) participates in T cell receptor, Fas, and glucocorticoid-induced programmed cell death. To test the relationship between PDCD6 polymorphisms and uterine leiomyomas (UL) risk, we investigated the association of two SNPs (rs4957014 and rs3756712) in PDCD6 with UL risk in a case-control study of 295 unrelated premenopausal UL patients and 436 healthy postmenopausal control subjects in a population of China. Genotypes of the two SNPs were determined with the use of PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay. Significantly increased UL risks were found to be associated with the T allele of rs4957014 and the T allele of rs3756712 (p=0.016, odds ratio [OR]=1.325, 95% confidence intervals [CI]=1.053-1.668 for rs4957014; p<0.0001, OR=1.898, 95% CI=1.457-2.474 for rs3756712, respectively). Increased UL risks were associated with them in different genetic models. The present study provided evidence that rs4957014 and rs3756712 are associated with UL risk, the results indicated that genetic polymorphisms in PDCD6 may contribute to the development of UL.

Association of genetic variations in RTN4 3'-UTR with risk of uterine leiomyomas.

This pilot case-control study was conducted to test the hypothesis that the TATC (rs71682890) and CAA (rs34917480) insertion/deletion polymorphisms of RTN4 3'-UTR are associated with the susceptibility to uterine leiomyoma (UL). The study recruited 286 premenopausal women with UL and 450 unrelated postmenopausal women not presenting the disease as control subjects. The polymorphisms of rs71682890 and rs34917480 were genotyped with the method of polymerase chain reaction polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PCR - PAGE). No statistically significant association was observed between the TATC insertion/deletion polymorphism and UL risk. However, increased UL risk was identified to be significantly associated with CAA insertion/deletion polymorphism in the recessive and codominant model. The present study provided evidence for the first time that CAA polymorphism in RTN4 3'-UTR, but not TATC polymorphism may be involved in susceptibility to UL.

Analysis of IL-17 gene polymorphisms in Chinese patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.

Cardiomyopathy is one of the major causes of sudden death and/or progressive heart failure. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), comprising 60% of the cases of identified cardiomyopathy, is the most common form of heart muscle disease. Interleukin 17 (IL-17) is a proinflammatory cytokine that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various diseases. To evaluate the influence of IL-17A and IL-17F gene polymorphisms on the risk of DCM, a case-control study was conducted in a Chinese Han population. The TaqMan® SNP Genotyping Assay was used to genotype the SNP rs2275913 of IL-17A and SNP rs763780 of IL-17F in 288 DCM patients and 421 ethnicity-matched controls. No significant difference in genotypic and allelic frequencies between DCM patients and control subjects was observed. However, Results of stratified analysis revealed that rs763780 was associated with male DCM patients in a dominant genetic model (p=0.031, OR=1.83, 95% CI=1.04-3.22). Our results suggest that the tested two IL-17 SNPs, rs2275913 and rs763780, are not found to be associated with DCM in the Chinese population studied.

Association between two genetic variants of CD226 gene and Cervical Squamous Cell Carcinoma: a case-control study.

Cervical carcinoma is a common gynecologic tumor severely influencing the health and life quality of women worldwide. CD226, a costimulatory molecule, is mainly participated in the activation and differentiation of T cells. Recent studies have investigated the association between two genetic variants (rs763361 and rs727088) of CD226 gene and many diseases. In order to evaluate whether these two variants are associated with Cervical Squamous Cell Carcinoma (CSCC), a case-control study including 349 CSCC patients and 380 unrelated healthy controls was carried out to determine the genotypes of these two variants by using the methods of polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and DNA sequencing methods. Significantly increased CSCC risk was observed to be associated with G allele of rs727088 locus (OR=1.422, 95% CI=1.129-1.792). We have also observed that increased CSCC risk was statistically associated with rs727088 polymorphism in a dominant model (OR=1.41, 95% CI=1.05-1.89). Results of stratified analysis revealed that both rs763361 and rs727088 polymorphisms were not associated with clinical characters. Collectively, this study supports that rs727088 polymorphism may contribute to increased CSCC susceptibility.

Association between two single nucleotide polymorphisms of PDCD6 gene and increased endometriosis risk.

Programmed cell death 6 (PDCD6), a calcium binding protein of the penta EF-hand protein family, and its receptors are involved in regulation of apoptosis pathways. To evaluate the relationship between genetic polymorphisms of PDCD6 gene and endometriosis (ED) risk, we investigated the association of two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of PDCD6 gene (rs4957014 and rs3756712) in 220 endometriosis patients and 386 unrelated healthy controls. The genotypes of these two SNPs were determined by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and DNA sequencing methods. Significantly increased endometriosis risk was observed to be associated with G allele of rs4957014 locus (OR=1.31, 95% CI=1.03-1.69). We have also observed increased ED risk was statistically associated with rs4957014 polymorphism in a dominant model (OR=1.52, 95% CI=1.09-2.13). Although no association has been found between ED risk and the allele frequencies of rs3756712 locus (a marginal P=0.066, OR=1.27, 95% CI=0.98-1.65), but in a dominant model, increased endometriosis risk was significantly associated with rs3756712 polymorphism (OR=1.54, 95% CI=1.11-2.17). In conclusion, the current study indicates that PDCD6 gene may be a new susceptibility gene to endometriosis.

Association between IL17 polymorphisms and risk of cervical cancer in Chinese women.

Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is a proinflammatory cytokine that is associated with inflammation, autoimmune disorders, and even tumors. Previous studies revealed that a large group of human malignant tumors have abnormally high IL-17 expression. In the present study, we analyzed two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IL17A (rs2275913) and IL17F (rs763780) in 311 cervical cancer patients and 463 controls using TaqMan assays. Our results indicated that the frequencies of AA genotype and A allele of rs2275913 were significantly different between the cervical cancer patients and controls (P = 0.008, OR = 1.32, 95% CI, 1.07-1.62). Stratified analyses revealed that the polymorphism of rs2275913 was also associated with positive peritumor intravascular cancer emboli and high clinical stage. The genotype and allele frequencies of rs763780 did not show any difference between patients and controls or relate to patient clinical characteristics. Collectively, these findings suggested that IL17 gene polymorphism rs2275913 was associated with the susceptibility as well as positive peritumor intravascular cancer emboli and high clinical stage of cervical cancer in Chinese women.

Interleukin-17 gene polymorphisms are associated with bladder cancer in a Chinese Han population.

Interleukin-17 (IL-17) has been shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammation and autoimmune disorders, and to be elevated in several types of cancer. The present study analyzed polymorphisms in IL-17 gene and their impact on the pathogenesis of bladder cancer. The TaqMan® SNP Genotyping Assay was used to genotype the SNP rs2275913 of IL-17A and SNP rs763780 of IL-17F in 301 bladder cancer patients and 446 ethnicity-matched healthy controls. The frequencies of AA genotype and A allele of rs2275913, as well as TT genotype and T allele of rs763780 in the bladder cancer patients were significantly higher than that of controls, indicating that both of these two SNPs were associated with bladder cancer (P = 0.003, OR = 1.37, 95% CI = 1.12-1.69 for allele A of rs2275913, and P = 0.018, OR = 1.46, 95% CI = 1.07-2.00 for allele T of rs763780, respectively). Results of stratified analysis revealed that rs2275913 was associated with male, non-smokers, and invasion of bladder cancer, while rs763780 was associated with invasion of bladder cancer. Our results suggested that the SNP rs2275913 of IL-17A and SNP rs763780 of IL-17F were associated with the development, as well as gender, smoking status and tumor stage of bladder cancer.

The G894T polymorphism on endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene is associated with increased coronary heart disease among Asia population: evidence from a Meta analysis.

Growing studies have revealed the underlying association between eNOS 894G/T (rs1799983) polymorphism and coronary heart disease (CHD) among Asia population. Results from these studies remained conflicting. We conducted this meta-analysis to estimate the overall CHD risk of eNOS 894G/T polymorphism regarding Asia population.

Genetic variation in RTN4 3'-UTR and susceptibility to cervical squamous cell carcinoma.

Recent studies have suggested that RTN4 is a multifunctional gene, including inhibition of axonal regeneration, vascular remodeling, apoptosis, and tumor suppression. The TATC and CAA insertion/deletion polymorphisms of RTN4 3'-UTR have been linked to schizophrenia, depression, and dilated cardiomyopathy. To test whether these two polymorphisms are associated with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC), in this research, by using polymerase chain reaction-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, we determined the genotypes of the TATC and CAA polymorphisms in 336 CSCC patients and 450 unrelated control subjects. Allele frequencies of TATC and CAA polymorphisms were not significantly different between CSCC patients and control subjects (odds ratio [OR]=1.22, 95% confidence interval [CI]=0.98-1.50 for TATC; OR=0.95, 95% CI=0.76-1.18 for CAA). Decreased CSCC risk was associated with TATC polymorphism in a recessive model (OR=0.49, 95% CI=0.30-0.77), while no significant association was observed between CAA polymorphism and CSCC in different genetic models. Results of stratified analysis revealed that both TATC and CAA polymorphisms were associated with high clinical stage, and CAA polymorphism was also associated with positive parametrial invasion (OR=0.69, 95% CI=0.48-0.98). The present study provides evidence that TATC and CAA insertion/deletion polymorphisms are associated with CSCC, indicating that genetic variation in RTN4 3'-UTR contributes to the susceptibility to CSCC. It is necessary to confirm these findings in ethnically different populations and with a larger sample.

Theoretical study on photophysical properties of phenolpyridyl boron complexes.

Organoboron complexes have potential application in organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs). Our group has synthesized four phenolpyridyl boron complexes (Inorg. Chem. 2006, 45, 2788), which can function as an electron transport materials (ETM), white and blue emitters, and exhibit high efficiency and stability. To reveal the relationship between the properties and structures of these functional materials, theoretical analysis of spectral properties and electronic structures of these complexes was systematically characterized with the B3LYP and 6-31G* basis set. The calculated absorption and emission spectra of these systems are in good agreement with the experimental ones. It is clear seen that these transitions are charge transferred along 2,6-bis(2-hydroxyphenyl)pyridyl boron moiety, and the contribution of boron atom in these compounds to the main transition orbitals is vanishingly small. The substitution of methyl and methoxyl for hydrogen does not change the absorption wavelengths and transition natures, but influences the radioactive efficiencies and electron transport properties, which are observed and discussed in detail. Furthermore, large red shifts of fluorescence are caused by replacing the hydrogen with CN or NO2 groups, which indicates that they are potential candidates as green-light-emitting materials. These results are favorable to further understanding the photophysical properties of this kind of complexes.