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Sofia Rivera - Top 30 Publications

Concerns about cardiotoxicity in the HERA trial.

Bimodal fluorescence/129Xe NMR probe for molecular imaging and biological inhibition of EGFR in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

Although Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) is one of the main causes of cancer death, very little improvement has been made in the last decades regarding diagnosis and outcomes. In this study, a bimodal fluorescence/129Xe NMR probe containing a xenon host, a fluorescent moiety and a therapeutic antibody has been designed to target the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptors (EGFR) overexpressed in cancer cells. This biosensor shows high selectivity for the EGFR, and a biological activity similar to that of the antibody. It is detected with high specificity and high sensitivity (sub-nanomolar range) through hyperpolarized 129Xe NMR. This promising system should find important applications for theranostic use.

Time dependent modulation of tumor radiosensitivity by a pan HDAC inhibitor: abexinostat.

Despite prominent role of radiotherapy in lung cancer management, there is an urgent need for strategies increasing therapeutic efficacy. Reversible epigenetic changes are promising targets for combination strategies using HDAC inhibitors (HDACi). Here we evaluated on two NSCLC cell lines, the antitumor effect of abexinostat, a novel pan HDACi combined with irradiation in vitro in normoxia and hypoxia, by clonogenic assays, demonstrating that abexinostat enhances radiosensitivity in a time dependent way with mean SER10 between 1.6 and 2.5 for A549 and H460. We found, by immunofluorescence staining, flow cytometry assays and western blotting, in abexinostat treated cells, increasing radio-induced caspase dependent apoptosis and persistent DNA double-strand breaks associated with decreased DNA damage signalling and repair. Interestingly, we demonstrated on nude mice xenografts that abexinostat potentiates tumor growth delay in combined modality treatments associating not only abexinostat and irradiation but also when adding cisplatin. Altogether, our data demonstrate in vitro and in vivo anti-tumor effect potentiation by abexinostat combined with irradiation in NSCLC. Moreover, our work suggests for the first time to our knowledge promising triple combination opportunities with HDACi, irradiation and cisplatin which deserves further investigations and could be of major interest in the treatment of NSCLC.

A phase 1 dose-escalation study of the oral histone deacetylase inhibitor abexinostat in combination with standard hypofractionated radiotherapy in advanced solid tumors.

Current treatments for advanced solid tumors tend to be only palliative. Although radiotherapy is administered with a curative intent, radioresistance and dose-limiting toxicities pose limitations to treatment. Abexinostat, an oral pan-histone deacetylase inhibitor, demonstrated enhanced sensitivity to radiation in various solid tumor cell lines. We conducted an exploratory, phase 1, dose-escalation study of abexinostat in combination with standard hypofractionated radiotherapy in patients with advanced solid tumors treated in a palliative setting. Among 58 treated patients, the median age was 61.5 years (range, 20-82); 47% of the patients had M1 stage disease, and 95% had received previous chemotherapy alone or chemotherapy in combination with surgery and/or radiotherapy. The recommended phase 2 dose was determined to be 90 mg/m2 (140 mg). Of the 51 patients evaluable for response, best overall response was 8% (1 complete response [CR], 3 partial responses [PRs]), and best loco-regional response was 12% (1 CR and 5 PRs) at a median follow-up of 16 weeks. Of note, patients with target or non-target brain lesions showed encouraging responses, with 1 patient achieving a best loco-regional response of CR. Treatment-emergent grade ≥3 adverse events (AEs) were few, with most common being thrombocytopenia (17%), lymphopenia (12%), and hypokalemia (7%). Six patients (10%) discontinued treatment due to AEs. No grade ≥3 prolongation of the QTc interval was observed, with no treatment discontinuations due to this AE. Oral abexinostat combined with radiotherapy was well tolerated in patients with advanced solid tumors. The combination may have potential for treatment of patients with brain lesions.

Prognostic assessment and systemic treatments of invasive local relapses of hormone receptor-positive breast cancer.

The rate of local recurrences, after breast-conserving surgery or mastectomy for hormone receptor-positive (HR+) breast cancer, has dramatically changed in last decades, due to advances in surgical and radiation techniques and a more extensive use of adjuvant systemic treatments. However, the occurrence of local recurrences remains a major predictor for distant metastasis and is responsible for increased cancer-specific death. It has been estimated that 1 in 4 HR+ and HR-ipsilateral breast recurrences leads to widespread metastatic disease, with an annual mortality rate of 10% in the first 5 years. Nevertheless, very few studies have been conducted to evaluate the optimal care of purely HR+ local relapses of breast cancer, after surgical removal. In this review we have highlighted the available knowledge on prognostic assessment and systemic treatment for women experiencing local relapses of HR+ breast cancers, underlying unsolved questions and controversial clinical aspects.

Assessment of the novel online delineation workshop dummy run approach using FALCON within a European multicentre trial in cervical cancer (RAIDs).

Online delineation workshops (ODW) permit training of geographically dispersed participants. The purpose is to evaluate the methodology of an ODW using FALCON to harmonize delineation within a European multicentre trial on locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC).

Evaluation of the Theoretical Teaching of Postgraduate Radiation Oncology Medical Residents in France: a Cross-Sectional Study.

This study's purpose was to have residents evaluate Radiation Oncology (RO) theoretical teaching practices in France. An anonymous electronically cross-functional survey on theoretical teaching practices in the RO residents was conducted by (i) collecting data from residents in the medical faculties in France, (ii) comparing the data across practices when possible and (iii) suggesting means of improvement. A total of 103 out of 140 RO residents responded to the survey (73.5% response rate). National, inter-university, university and internships courses do not exist in 0% (0), 16.5% (17), 53.4% (55) and 40.8% (42) of residents, respectively. Residents need additional training due to the shortage of specialised postgraduate degree training (49.5% (51)), CV enhancement to obtain a post-internship position (49.5% (51)) or as part of a career plan (47.6% (49)). The topics covered in teaching to be improved were the following: basic concept 61.2% (63), advanced concept 61.2 (63) and discussion of frequent clinical cases 50.5% (52). The topics not covered in teaching to be improved were the following: the development of career (66.0% (68)), medical English (56.3% (58)), the organisation of RO speciality (49.5% (51)) and the hospital management of RO department (38.8% (40)). This is the first national assessment of theoretical teaching of RO residents in France.

The challenge of rapid diagnosis in oncology: Diagnostic accuracy and cost analysis of a large-scale one-stop breast clinic.

Rapid diagnosis is a key issue in modern oncology, for which one-stop breast clinics are a model. We aimed to assess the diagnosis accuracy and procedure costs of a large-scale one-stop breast clinic.

Randomized phase 2 neoadjuvant trial evaluating anastrozole and fulvestrant efficacy for postmenopausal, estrogen receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative breast cancer patients: Results of the UNICANCER CARMINA 02 French trial (UCBG 0609).

Treatment strategies for locally advanced breast cancer in elderly patients too frail to receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy and the introduction of new classes of drugs in the early 2000s have led to the consideration of endocrine therapy as a neoadjuvant treatment for younger hormone receptor (HR)-positive, postmenopausal patients not eligible for primary breast-conserving surgery (BCS).

Radiation-induced CD8 T-lymphocyte Apoptosis as a Predictor of Breast Fibrosis After Radiotherapy: Results of the Prospective Multicenter French Trial.

Monocentric cohorts suggested that radiation-induced CD8 T-lymphocyte apoptosis (RILA) can predict late toxicity after curative intent radiotherapy (RT). We assessed the role of RILA as a predictor of breast fibrosis (bf +) after adjuvant breast RT in a prospective multicenter trial.

Dosimetric Effects of the Interfraction Variations during Whole Breast Radiotherapy: A Prospective Study.

The aim of this work was to assess the dosimetric impact of the interfraction variations during breast radiotherapy.

In Regard to Vaidya et al.

Salvage high-dose-rate brachytherapy for esophageal cancer in previously irradiated patients: A retrospective analysis.

To evaluate outcomes after exclusive salvage high-dose-rate (HDR) intraluminal esophageal brachytherapy given to previously irradiated patients with recurrent esophageal cancer.

New challenge of developing combined radio-drug therapy.

Combined modality treatment can be used to improve control of the local disease at the expense of increased toxicity. Several randomized trials have demonstrated that this combined modality therapy is better than radiotherapy alone or chemotherapy alone in the treatment of locally advanced diseases. Several new targets as well as potential new radio-sensitizers have been identified. To speed-up the process of developing new combined modality treatments, good preclinical models for optimization of the ratio between efficacy and toxicity and a well established methodology within a network of advanced high-tech laboratories and clinical departments devoted to early phase trials, are mandatory. The Synergy of Targeted Agents and Radiation Therapy (STAR) platform of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) is gathering these tools.

Impact of radical surgery on outcome in locally advanced breast cancer patients without metastasis at the time of diagnosis.

In the era of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)FDG-PET/CT), more patients are being diagnosed with N3M0 disease. The objective of this study was to assess the prognostic impact of radical lymph node surgery (RLNS) in patients with locally advanced breast cancer classified as lymph node N3 disease according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 2002 in whom there is no known distant metastasis and in the context of multimodal therapy.

First results of the preoperative accelerated partial breast irradiation (PAPBI) trial.

The aim of this study is to assess the toxicity and cosmetic outcome of preoperative accelerated partial breast irradiation (PAPBI) for breast cancer patients with low risk on local recurrence.

Individualizing adjuvant radiotherapy in patients with breast cancer: let's not get ahead of ourselves.

Four years with FALCON - an ESTRO educational project: achievements and perspectives.

Variability in anatomical contouring is one of the important uncertainties in radiotherapy. FALCON (Fellowship in Anatomic deLineation and CONtouring) is an educational ESTRO (European SocieTy for Radiation and Oncology) project devoted to improve interactive teaching, the homogeneity in contouring and to compare individual contours with endorsed guidelines or expert opinions. This report summarizes the experience from the first 4 years using FALCON for educational activities within ESTRO School and presents the perspectives for the future.

Post-chemoradiation intraoperative electron-beam radiation therapy boost in resected locally advanced rectal cancer: long-term results focused on topographic pattern of locoregional relapse.

Patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) have a dismal prognosis. We investigated outcomes and risk factors for locoregional recurrence (LRR) in patients treated with preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT), surgery and IOERT.

Evaluation of early response to concomitant chemoradiotherapy by interim 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging in patients with locally advanced oesophageal carcinomas.

The best way to assess the response to chemoradiotherapy of locally advanced oesophageal carcinomas is not known. We used (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT to evaluate the metabolic response during chemoradiotherapy and tried to correlate this response to survival.

Role of conservative (palliative) care-only in the management of advanced malignant pleural mesothelioma.

Despite new aggressive therapeutical options for advanced malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), benefits to survival remain limited. Moreover, deleterious effects of high-dose chemotherapy and aggressive surgery are well-known. Outcomes of untreated patients are usually not reported, and whether a treatment can be delayed or avoided is still an open question. We discuss here two clinical cases and with conservative (palliative) management alone for advanced MPM [corrected].

Association of radiotherapy and hormonotherapy in locally advanced prostate cancer.

Combination of radiotherapy and androgen deprivation is now considered as the standard of care for patients with a localized prostate cancer but poor prognostic factors. Two groups of randomized trials have led to this recommendation. Some have compared radiotherapy alone versus hormonal treatment and radiotherapy: these trials demonstrated, now with a long follow-up, an improvement in 10-year survival for the combined treatment. Three recent trials compared androgen deprivation alone or combined with radiotherapy; a benefit in survival was also demonstrated in favour of the combination. Some questions remained concerning the optimal duration of hormonal treatment, in view of its potential side effects. Patients in the intermediate prognostic groups could receive a short-term androgen deprivation, but those with a high Gleason score must be treated with a long-term hormonal treatment. Modalities of radiotherapy, regarding volumes and dose must also be precised in the next years.

Cardiovascular prevention of cognitive decline.

Midlife cardiovascular risk factors, including diabetes, hypertension, dyslipemia, and an unhealthy lifestyle, have been linked to subsequent incidence, delay of onset, and progression rate of Alzheimer disease and vascular dementia. Conversely, optimal treatment of cardiovascular risk factors prevents and slows down age-related cognitive disorders. The impact of antihypertensive therapy on cognitive outcome in patients with hypertension was assessed in large trials which demonstrated a reduction in progression of MRI white matter hyperintensities, in cognitive decline and in incidence of dementia. Large-scale database correlated statin use and reduction in the incidence of dementia, mainly in patients with documented atherosclerosis, but clinical trials failed to reach similar conclusions. Whether a multitargeted intervention would substantially improve protection, quality of life, and reduce medical cost expenditures in patients with lower risk profile has not been ascertained. This would require appropriately designed trials targeting large populations and focusing on cognitive decline as a primary outcome endpoint.

Lung cancer stem cell: new insights on experimental models and preclinical data.

Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer death. Understanding lung tumors physiopathology should provide opportunity to prevent tumor development or/and improve their therapeutic management. Cancer stem cell (CSC) theory refers to a subpopulation of cancer cells, also named tumor-initiating cells, that can drive cancer development. Cells presenting these characteristics have been identified and isolated from lung cancer. Exploring cell markers and signaling pathways specific to lung CSCs may lead to progress in therapy and improve the prognosis of patients with lung cancer. Continuous efforts in developing in vitro and in vivo models may yield reliable tools to better understand CSC abilities and to test new therapeutic targets. Preclinical data on putative CSC targets are emerging by now. These preliminary studies are critical for the next generation of lung cancer therapies.

Novel anti-metastatic action of cidofovir mediated by inhibition of E6/E7, CXCR4 and Rho/ROCK signaling in HPV tumor cells.

Cervical cancer is frequently associated with HPV infection. The expression of E6 and E7 HPV oncoproteins is a key factor in its carcinogenicity and might also influence its virulence, including metastatic conversion. The cellular mechanisms involved in metastatic spread remain elusive, but pro-adhesive receptors and their ligands, such as SDF-1alpha and CXCR4 are implicated. In the present study, we assessed the possible relationship between SDF-1alpha/CXCR4 signaling, E6/E7 status and the metastatic process. We found that SDF-1alpha stimulated the invasion of E6/E7-positive cancer cell lines (HeLa and TC-1) in Matrigel though CXCR4 and subsequent Rho/ROCK activation. In pulmonary metastatic foci generated by TC-1 cells IV injection a high proportion of cells expressed membrane-associated CXCR4. In both cases models (in vitro and in vivo) cell adhesion and invasion was abrogated by CXCR4 immunological blockade supporting a contribution of SDF-1alpha/CXCR4 to the metastatic process. E6 and E7 silencing using stable knock-down and the approved anti-viral agent, Cidofovir decreased CXCR4 gene expression as well as both, constitutive and SDF-1alpha-induced cell invasion. In addition, Cidofovir inhibited lung metastasis (both adhesion and invasion) supporting contribution of E6 and E7 oncoproteins to the metastatic process. Finally, potential signals activated downstream SDF-1alpha/CXCR4 and involved in lung homing of E6/E7-expressing tumor cells were investigated. The contribution of the Rho/ROCK pathway was suggested by the inhibitory effect triggered by Cidofovir and further confirmed using Y-27632 (a small molecule ROCK inhibitor). These data suggest a novel and highly translatable therapeutic approach to cervix cancer, by inhibition of adhesion and invasion of circulating HPV-positive tumor cells, using Cidofovir and/or ROCK inhibition.

Successful mitigation of delayed intestinal radiation injury using pravastatin is not associated with acute injury improvement or tumor protection.

To investigate whether pravastatin mitigates delayed radiation-induced enteropathy in rats, by focusing on the effects of pravastatin on acute cell death and fibrosis according to connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) expression and collagen inhibition.