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Tatsuyuki Nishikawa - Top 30 Publications

Long-term Outcomes of a Dose-reduction Trial to Decrease Late Gastrointestinal Toxicity in Patients with Prostate Cancer Receiving Soft Tissue-matched Image-guided Intensity-modulated Radiotherapy.

We experienced an unexpected high incidence of gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity in patients undergoing image-guided intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IG-IMRT) using helical tomotherapy in our initial 2.2 Gy/fraction schedule for prostate cancer; hence, a dose-reduction trial from 2.2 Gy to 2 Gy/fraction was conducted using modified planning target volume (PTV) contouring.

Interfractional Rectal Displacement Requiring Repeated Precaution Did Not Correlate to Biochemical Control and Rectal Toxicity in Patients with Prostate Cancer Treated with Image-guided Intensity-modulated Radiation Therapy.

To investigate the correlation between frequency of action level of interfractional rectal displacement requiring repeated precaution in patients with prostate cancer and late toxicity from image-guided intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IG-IMRT) using helical tomotherapy.

A prospective clinical trial of tumor hypoxia imaging with 18F-fluoromisonidazole positron emission tomography and computed tomography (F-MISO PET/CT) before and during radiation therapy.

To visualize intratumoral hypoxic areas and their reoxygenation before and during fractionated radiation therapy (RT), (18)F-fluoromisonidazole positron emission tomography and computed tomography (F-MISO PET/CT) were performed. A total of 10 patients, consisting of four with head and neck cancers, four with gastrointestinal cancers, one with lung cancer, and one with uterine cancer, were included. F-MISO PET/CT was performed twice, before RT and during fractionated RT of approximately 20 Gy/10 fractions, for eight of the 10 patients. F-MISO maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax) of normal muscles and tumors were measured. The tumor-to-muscle (T/M) ratios of F-MISO SUVmax were also calculated. Mean SUVmax ± standard deviation (SD) of normal muscles was 1.25 ± 0.17, and SUVmax above the mean + 2 SD (≥1.60 SUV) was regarded as a hypoxic area. Nine of the 10 tumors had an F-MISO SUVmax of ≥1.60. All eight tumors examined twice showed a decrease in the SUVmax, T/M ratio, or percentage of hypoxic volume (F-MISO ≥1.60) at approximately 20 Gy, indicating reoxygenation. In conclusion, accumulation of F-MISO of ≥1.60 SUV was regarded as an intratumoral hypoxic area in our F-MISO PET/CT system. Most human tumors (90%) in this small series had hypoxic areas before RT, although hypoxic volume was minimal (0.0-0.3%) for four of the 10 tumors. In addition, reoxygenation was observed in most tumors at two weeks of fractionated RT.

PMRT(post-mastectomy radiation therapy).

A phase I study of S-1 with concurrent radiotherapy in elderly patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer.

A phase I study was performed to evaluate dose-limiting toxicity and the recommended dose for the oral fluoropyrimidine S-1 administered concurrently with thoracic radiotherapy (TRT) in elderly (≥ 70 years of age) patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer.

Randomized clinical trial of postoperative strontium-90 radiation therapy for pterygia: treatment using 30 Gy/3 fractions vs. 40 Gy/4 fractions.

Postoperative adjuvant treatment with strontium-90 radiation therapy (RT) is a proven technique for reducing the recurrence of pterygium. This randomized trial was conducted to evaluate whether a total dose of 40 Gy provides a better local control rate than a total dose of 30 Gy for surgically resected pterygia.

Definitive radiation therapy for moderately advanced laryngeal cancer: effects of accelerated hyperfractionation.

The purpose of this retrospective study was to analyze the results of accelerated hyperfractionation for patients with moderately advanced (T2 and T3) laryngeal cancer.

A two-step intensity-modulated radiation therapy method for nasopharyngeal cancer: the Kinki University experience.

The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical results of our adaptive radiation therapy scheme of a two-step intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) method for nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) at Kinki University Hospital.