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Zheng Tang - Top 30 Publications

Fibronectin Glomerulopathy: A Rare Autosomal Dominant Glomerular Disease.

Therapeutic Mechanism of Glucocorticoids on Cellular Crescent Formation in Patients With Antiglomerular Basement Membrane Disease.

This study aimed to explore the therapeutic mechanism of glucocorticoids (GCs) in antiglomerular basement membrane disease.

Performance limitations in thieno3,4-cpyrrole-4,6-dione-based polymer:ITIC solar cells.

We report a systematic study of the efficiency limitations of non-fullerene organic solar cells that exhibit a small energy loss (Eloss) between the polymer donor and the non-fullerene acceptor. To clarify the impact of Eloss on the performance of the solar cells, three thieno[3,4-c]pyrrole-4,6-dione-based conjugated polymers (PTPD3T, PTPD2T, and PTPDBDT) are employed as the electron donor, which all have complementary absorption spectra compared with the ITIC acceptor. The corresponding photovoltaic devices show that low Eloss (0.54 eV) in PTPDBDT:ITIC leads to a high open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 1.05 V, but also to a small quantum efficiency, and in turn photocurrent. The high Voc or small energy loss in the PTPDBDT-based solar cells is a consequence of less non-radiative recombination, whereas the low quantum efficiency is attributed to the unfavorable micro-phase separation, as confirmed by the steady-state and time-resolved photoluminescence experiments, grazing-incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering, and resonant soft X-ray scattering (R-SoXS) measurements. We conclude that to achieve high performance non-fullerene solar cells, it is essential to realize a large Voc with small Eloss while simultaneously maintaining a high quantum efficiency by manipulating the molecular interaction in the bulk-heterojunction.

Chemical Selectivity at Grain Boundary Dislocations in Monolayer Mo1-xWxS2 Transition Metal Dichalcogenides.

Grain boundaries (GBs) are unavoidable crystal defects in polycrystalline materials and significantly influence their properties. However, the structure and chemistry of GBs in 2D transition metal dichalcogenide alloys have not been well established. Here we report significant chemical selectivity of transition metal atoms at GB dislocation cores in Mo1-xWxS2 monolayers. Different from classical elastic field-driven dislocation segregation in bulk crystals, the chemical selectivity in the 2D crystals originates prominently from variation of atomic coordination numbers at dislocation cores. This observation provides atomic insights into the topological effect on the chemistry of crystal defects in 2D materials.

Coagulopathy associated with poor prognosis in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma patients after curative resection.

As a rare type of liver cancer, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) has become an increasingly important malignancy and continues to present significant therapeutic challenges. Since coagulopathy is associated with poor prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and prognostic factors of ICC after curative resection were still not clear, we aim to analyze the characteristics of ICC patients with coagulopathy and its correlation to prognosis. From January 2000 to June 2011, 541 ICC patients, after curative resection, were enrolled in our study. Survival curves were depicted by the Kaplan-Meier method and analyzed by the log-rank test. The Cox proportional hazard regression was adopted for multivariate survival analysis. Student's t test was performed to analyze the difference between the coagulopathy group and the normal group. The correlation between coagulation parameters and prognosis was also evaluated. The incidence rate of at least one coagulation parameter abnormality was 22.6% (122/541) while PT was the most common factor (8.87%, 48/541). The one-year survival rate of patients with coagulopathy was significantly lower than that of patients with normal coagulation (p < 0.01). In a univariate analysis, patients with prolonged PT was associated with shortened DFS (p < 0.05). Meanwhile, PT was negatively correlated with pre-albumin level. TNM stage, CA19-9, GGT, and pre-albumin level were independent prognostic factors of DFS in the multivariate analysis. In conclusion, the incidence rate of coagulopathy of ICC patients is lower than HCC patients. Prolonged PT, advanced TNM stage, low pre-albumin level, and high CA19-9 and GGT level were correlated with high recurrence rate and poor prognosis.

Polymer:Fullerene Bimolecular Crystals for Near-Infrared Spectroscopic Photodetectors.

Spectroscopic photodetection is a powerful tool in disciplines such as medical diagnosis, industrial process monitoring, or agriculture. However, its application in novel fields, including wearable and biointegrated electronics, is hampered by the use of bulky dispersive optics. Here, solution-processed organic donor-acceptor blends are employed in a resonant optical cavity device architecture for wavelength-tunable photodetection. While conventional photodetectors respond to above-gap excitation, the cavity device exploits weak subgap absorption of intermolecular charge-transfer states of the intercalating poly[2,5-bis(3-tetradecylthiophen-2-yl)thieno[3,2-b]thiophene] (PBTTT):[6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) bimolecular crystal. This enables a highly wavelength selective, near-infrared photoresponse with a spectral resolution down to 14 nm, as well as dark currents and detectivities comparable with commercial inorganic photodetectors. Based on this concept, a miniaturized spectrophotometer, comprising an array of narrowband cavity photodetectors, is fabricated by using a blade-coated PBTTT:PCBM thin film with a thickness gradient. As an application example, a measurement of the transmittance spectrum of water by this device is demonstrated.

Profiling Proteinic Changes Induced by Vildagliptin Treatment in a Mouse Lung Transplantation Model: The Role of Kininogen-1.

BACKGROUND This study investigated the protective effects of pharmaceutical CD26/dipeptidylpeptidase-4 (CD26/DPP-4) inhibitor in lung transplantation (LTx). Changes in protein expression associated with the treatment were screened and identified to evaluate the role of kininogen-1 in early-term ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury after LTx. MATERIAL AND METHODS Orthotopic single LTx was performed in syngeneic C57BL/6 mice, with a pharmaceutical CD26/DPP-4 inhibitor (vildagliptin, subcutaneous injection, 10 mg/kg, every 12 h) administered to the investigational group. All donors were perfused and preserved with low potassium dextran (LPD). Grafts were harvested at 60 h post-transplantation after 8 h of cold ischemia. Myeloperoxidase activity and wet/dry weight ratio were measured, followed by histopathological examination. Proteins were separated, analyzed, and identified using proteomics and database searches. The target proteins were validated by Western blot. Immunohistochemical studies were performed in the same lung specimen locus. RESULTS Investigational group (IN) versus control group (CON) comparison showed decreased myeloperoxidase enzymatic activity, as well as decreased edema and interstitial-alveolar inflammation. Proteomics results revealed 78 spots with significant differences in abundance between the 2 groups. Fifteen proteins were identified. Kininogen-1 was up-regulated in CON and down-regulated in IN, with contrasting results for the heat shock protein 70. Immunohistochemical results revealed significantly different staining with kininogen-1 in alveolar macrophages and inflammatory cells. CONCLUSIONS Combined vildagliptin and LPD significantly ameliorated I/R injury after LTx. This treatment may change local pulmonary protein levels. Moreover, proper application of proteins such as kininogen-1 may enhance the protective effects against I/R injury during transplantation.

Statistical Modeling and Prediction for Tourism Economy Using Dendritic Neural Network.

With the impact of global internationalization, tourism economy has also been a rapid development. The increasing interest aroused by more advanced forecasting methods leads us to innovate forecasting methods. In this paper, the seasonal trend autoregressive integrated moving averages with dendritic neural network model (SA-D model) is proposed to perform the tourism demand forecasting. First, we use the seasonal trend autoregressive integrated moving averages model (SARIMA model) to exclude the long-term linear trend and then train the residual data by the dendritic neural network model and make a short-term prediction. As the result showed in this paper, the SA-D model can achieve considerably better predictive performances. In order to demonstrate the effectiveness of the SA-D model, we also use the data that other authors used in the other models and compare the results. It also proved that the SA-D model achieved good predictive performances in terms of the normalized mean square error, absolute percentage of error, and correlation coefficient.

Enhanced removal of bisphenol-AF by activated carbon-alginate beads with cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide.

Adsorption removal of bisphenol-AF (BPAF) from aqueous solutions by synthesized activated carbon-alginate beads (AC-AB) with cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) has been studied using two ways. The traditional method (two-step) first synthesized CTAB-modified AC-AB (AC-AB-CTAB), then used it to remove BPAF by adsorption. And one-step method dispersed AC-AB and CTAB in wastewater, followed by the removal of BPAF accompanied with the synthesis of AC-AB-CTAB. The one-step method showed a better performance than the two-step method, achieving a maximum removal of BPAF with 284.6mg/g. Kinetic studies and adsorption isotherms indicated that adsorption process of BPAF on AC-AB by the one-step method could be expressed by a pseudo-second-order model and a Dubinin-Ashtakhov (D-A) isotherm, respectively. The effects of pH, ionic strength, and inorganic ions on BPAF adsorption were also investigated. Furthermore, hydrophobic interactions, hydrogen bonds, and π-π electron donor-acceptor (EDA) interactions were discussed to explain the enhanced adsorption behavior of BPAF on AC-AB with CTAB. The findings verified the effectiveness of AC-AB for the removal of BPAF from wastewater and its high stability within five regeneration cycles.

The role of bradykinin in lung ischemia-reperfusion injury in a rat lung transplantation model.

To investigate the role of bradykinin in a rat lung transplantation (LTx) model and preliminarily discuss the relationship between bradykinin and CD26/DPP-4.

Coral-Shaped MoS2 Decorated with Graphene Quantum Dots Performing as a Highly Active Electrocatalyst for Hydrogen Evolution Reaction.

We report a new CVD method to prepare coral-shaped monolayer MoS2 with a large amount of exposed edge sites for catalyzing hydrogen evolution reaction. The electrocatalytic activities of the coral-shaped MoS2 can be further enhanced by electronic band engineering via decorated with graphene quantum dot (GQD) decoration. Generally, GQDs improve the electrical conductivity of the MoS2 electrocatalyst. First-principles calculations suggest that the coral [email protected] is a zero-gap material. The high electric conductivity and pronounced catalytically active sites give the hybrid catalyst outstanding electrocatalytic performance with a small onset overpotential of 95 mV and a low Tafel slope of 40 mV/dec as well as excellent long-term electrocatalytic stability. The present work provides a potential way to design two-dimensional hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) electrocatalysts through controlling the shape and modulating the electric conductivity.

Mechanism and performance for adsorption of 2-chlorophenol onto zeolite with surfactant by one-step process from aqueous phase.

To decrease the power, material, and time consumption in wastewater treatment, a one-step process was performed to remove 2-chlorophenol (2-CP) from aqueous phase using zeolite and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). Compared with the traditional two-step process, the one-step process used in this study achieved almost eight times higher 2-CP adsorption capacity within a shorter time and maintained high removal efficiencies (around 65%) in reuse tests, thus becoming an efficient and economically acceptable alternative process. For the one-step process, the kinetic data fitted well with a nonlinear pseudo-second-order model, and the isotherm data fitted well with the Dubinin-Astakhov (DA) model. The uptake of 2-CP was highly dependent on pH, increasing in the pH range of 3-6. The enhanced 2-CP removal in a one-step adsorption process can be explained by the larger amount of surfactant loading (≥0.056mmol/g), as determined from the total organic carbon (TOC) and zeta potential. Due to the formation of a loose CTAB bilayer, the hydrophobic partition and the interaction with the positively charged "head" of CTAB bilayers were decisive for the enhancement of pollutant adsorption. Therefore, organic pollutants could be removed from water alongside the synthesis of hydrophobic zeolite in a one-step process, which is a promising technology for the in-situ treatment of organic wastewater.

Disturbed P53-MDM2 Feedback Loop Contributes to Thoracic Aortic Dissection Formation and May be a Result of TRIM25 Overexpression.

The development of thoracic aortic dissection (TAD) is attributed to a broad range of degenerative, genetic, structural, oxidative, apoptotic, and acquired disease states. In this study, we examined the role of the disturbed p53-MDM2 (murine double minute 2) feedback loop in the formation of TAD, and one of a potential feedback loop regulator, TRIM25 (tripartite motif protein-25).

Quality of Life and Its Association with Physical Activity among Different Types of Cancer Survivors.

The main goal of this study was to compare the quality of life (QOL) and its association with physical activity (PA) among patients diagnosed with different types of cancer. Based on the results, we tentatively present suggestions for the cancer health care model.

Is chronic hepatitis B infection a protective factor for the progression of advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma? An analysis from a large multicenter cohort study.

Whether the progression of advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients could be affected by HBV exposure remains to be determined. Therefore, we conducted this study to assess the effect of HBV infection on PDAC progression among a large cohort in China.

Experimental and First-Principles Investigation of MoWS2 with High Hydrogen Evolution Performance.

Electrochemically splitting water for hydrogen evolution has attracted a lot attention and developed into a promising approach to produce hydrogen energy. Searching for high-activity and economical electrocatalysts to replace Pt-based catalysts remains a great challenge. In this paper, we reported a concise and effective strategy to fabricate the novel MoWS2 composite for use as the electrocatalyst through a hydrothermal method for the first time. The final obtained MoWS2 composite demonstrated a well-defined hierarchical structure and established that its densely stacked nanopetals act as the active sites in the corresponding hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) processes. Experimental results show that the composites can deliver a clearly promoted HER activity and are superior to the pure structure. In order to give a more in-depth explanation, we also performed a first-principles calculation to further survey the electronic properties, compound form, and HER mechanism of different structures. The charge distribution of MoWS2 composite indicates that electrons can directionally transfer from WS2 to the neighboring MoS2 and form an "electron-rich" configuration, which is beneficial to increase the HER rate and promote the overall performance. This thorough research will not only provide new thought to the analyses and elucidation of the inner mechanism of the HER process for this kind of two-dimensional composite but also guide further work on the basis of experimental and calculation results.

Diketopyrrolopyrrole Polymers with Thienyl and Thiazolyl Linkers for Application in Field-Effect Transistors and Polymer Solar Cells.

Conjugated polymers consisting of diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) units have been successfully applied in field-effect transistors (FETs) and polymer solar cells (PSCs), while most of the DPP polymers were designed as symmetric structures containing identical aromatic linkers. In this manuscript, we design a new asymmetric DPP polymer with varied aromatic linkers in the backbone for application in FETs and PSCs. The designation provides the chance to finely adjust the energy levels of conjugated polymers so as to influence the device performance. The asymmetric polymer exhibits highly crystalline properties, high hole mobilities of 3.05 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) in FETs, and a high efficiency of 5.9% in PSCs with spectra response from 300 to 850 nm. Morphology investigation demonstrates that the asymmetric polymer has a large crystal domain in blended thin films, indicating that the solar cell performance can be further enhanced by optimizing the microphase separation. The study reveals that the asymmetric design via adjusting the aromatic linkers in DPP polymers is a useful route toward flexible electronic devices.

Correlation between Chemical Dopants and Topological Defects in Catalytically Active Nanoporous Graphene.

The interplay between chemical dopants and topological defects plays a crucial role in electrocatalysis of doped graphene. By systematically tuning the curvatures, thereby the density of topological defects, of 3D nanoporous graphene, the intrinsic correlation of topological defects with chemical doping contents and dopant configurations is revealed, shining lights into the structural and chemical origins of HER activities of graphene.

Associations between Diabetes and Quality of Life among Breast Cancer Survivors.

We aimed to investigate the associations between diabetes and quality of life (QOL) among breast cancer survivors.

Community diversity, structure and carbon footprint of nematode food web following reforestation on degraded Karst soil.

We examined community diversity, structure and carbon footprint of nematode food web along a chronosequence of T. Sinensis reforestation on degraded Karst. In general, after the reforestation: a serious of diversity parameters and community indices (Shannon-Weinier index (H'), structure index (SI), etc.) were elevated; biomass ratio of fungivores to bacterivores (FFC/BFC), and fungi to bacteria (F/B) were increased, and nematode channel ratio (NCR) were decreased; carbon footprints of all nematode trophic groups, and biomass of bacteria and fungi were increased. Our results indicate that the Karst aboveground vegetation restoration was accompanied with belowground nematode food web development: increasing community complexity, function and fungal dominance in decomposition pathway, and the driving forces included the bottom-up effect (resource control), connectedness of functional groups, as well as soil environments.

High photocatalytic performance of a type-II α[email protected] heterojunction: from theory to experiment.

For the first time, a systematic study using density functional theory (DFT) has been employed to survey the synergistic effect of α[email protected] with the aim of gaining insights into the role of this heterogeneous structure in a relevant photocatalytic reaction. The geometry, electronic structures and the band edge positions of the α[email protected] composite were computed to explore the characteristics of the heterojunction. This revealed that the established heterogeneous structure could facilitate the separation of the photoinduced carriers into two parts around the interface. The photoinduced electron carriers injected into the conduction band minimum (CBM) of α-MoO3 from the CBM of MoS2 while the hole carriers transferred from the valence band maximum (VBM) of α-MoO3 to the VBM of MoS2. This separation process could markedly restrain the photogenerated electron-hole pair recombination and was further verified by photocurrent and photoluminescence (PL) surveys. Based on the results obtained from computation, we then synthesized the α[email protected] hybrid [email protected] structure via a facile two-step hydrothermal method. A reasonable formation mechanism of this [email protected] structured composite was proposed. The enhanced photocatalytic performance originated from the synergistic effect between α-MoO3 and MoS2. On the one hand, the unique structural characteristics of the composite possessed massive MoS2 spheres closely attached to α-MoO3 rods. On the other hand, the staggered type-II band formation also contributed to the effective separation of photoinduced carriers and thus the corresponding photocatalytic activity was far superior to that of the pristine α-MoO3/MoS2 structures. In brief, the general analyses could fully explain the inner mechanism for the improved photocatalytic activity of the composite structure and provide a reference for the research of composite structures in the future.

Significance of mast cell renal infiltration in patients with anti-GBM nephritis.

To investigate the role of mast cells (MCs) renal infiltration in the progression of human anti-GBM nephritis, 38 patients diagnosed with anti-GBM nephritis were enrolled. Renal biopsies were performed. Immunohistochemistry was conducted to detect MCs in renal tissues. Patients were divided into group 1 (MCs <50 mm(-2), n = 18) and group 2 (MCs ≥50 mm(-2), n = 20) according to the infiltrating renal MC count. The clinical-pathological indices were compared. And, correlation between MCs and the clinical-pathological indices was analyzed. Patients of group 2 had more severe renal dysfunctions, expressed as higher levels of serum creatinine (SCr 8.95 ± 3.66 vs. 4.75 ± 2.73 mg/dL, p < 0.001), urine retinol-binding protein (RBP 29.8 ± 13.9 vs. 15.7 ± 11.5 mg/dL, p = 0.005), and lower urinary osmotic pressure. Pathologically, patients of group 2 had a higher percentage of fibrous/fibrocellular crescents (66.7 ± 21.9 vs. 47.0 ± 33.6%, p = 0.037) but a lower percentage of cellular crescents. More CD8 (268 mm(-2) vs. 180 mm(-2), p = 0.045) and CD68 (268 mm(-2) vs. 180 mm(-2), p = 0.045) positive cells infiltrating the interstitium were observed in group 2. Furthermore, renal MCs correlated significantly with the total number of crescents and the tubular interstitial CD8 and CD68 positive cells. And, the number of MCs was associated with the histological types. The renal function was significantly different between the two groups at presentation. However, at 3 and 6 month follow-up, the patient outcome was associated with the histological types. Our study showed that MC infiltrations were associated with chronic lesions in anti-GBM nephritis and may be involved in the loss of renal function with pathological changes.

Accuracy of McMonnies Questionnaire as a Screening Tool for Chinese Ophthalmic Outpatients.

To evaluate the accuracy of the McMonnies questionnaire (MQ) as a screening tool for dry eye (DE) among Chinese ophthalmic outpatients.

Charge-Transfer Induced High Efficient Hydrogen Evolution of MoS2/graphene Cocatalyst.

The MoS2 and reduced graphite oxide (rGO) composite has attracted intensive attention due to its favorable performance as hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) catalyst, but still lacking is the theoretical understanding from a dynamic perspective regarding to the influence of electron transfer, as well as the connection between conductivity and the promoted HER performance. Based on the first-principles calculations, we here clearly reveal how an excess of negative charge density affects the variation of Gibbs free energy (ΔG) and the corresponding HER behavior. It is demonstrated that the electron plays a crucial role in the HER routine. To verify the theoretical analyses, the MoS2 and reduced graphite oxide (rGO) composite with well defined 3-dimensional configuration was synthesized via a facile one-step approach for the first time. The experimental data show that the HER performance have a direct link to the conductivity. These findings pave the way for a further developing of 2-dimension based composites for HER applications.

Peritoneal dialysis treatment for severe lupus nephritis patients complicated with essential organ dysfunction.

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in patients with severe lupus nephritis (LN) complicated with organ dysfunction. In total, 13 severe LN patients complicated with multiple-organ dysfunction, who underwent PD treatment between November 2003 and September 2010, were enrolled in the study. Six patients received methylprednisolone pulse therapy due to lupus activity and progressive renal failure. These patients were complicated with severe edema, cardiac insufficiency and severe hypoalbuminemia. PD was applied to the patients, followed by the administration of immunosuppressants. Patients were followed-up to review the parameters of renal function, the immunological indexes and the systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index. The results indicated that the general state of health was markedly improved following PD treatment, with edema abatement and improvement of heart function and physical strength. Serum creatinine levels significantly decreased from 6.3±1.6 to 2.6±1.0 mg/dl. A total of 10 cases ceased PD treatment during the follow-up, while three cases continued PD to the end of the follow-up period. The levels of albumin and hemoglobin exhibited a marked increase from 29.7±5.7 to 35.2±5.5 g/l and 8.7±1.8 to 9.8±1.8 g/l, respectively. There was one case of peritonitis, one case of peritoneal leakage and two cases of pneumonia. Therefore, PD may be a successful treatment method for severe LN patients complicated with essential organ dysfunction. PD not only improved the symptoms of edema and heart failure, but also played an important role in preserving residual renal function and improving the nutritional state of the patients. Thus, PD can be considered as a treatment option for patients with severe LN associated with acute kidney injury, however, selecting a suitable immunosuppressant during PD treatment is essential.

Nanoporous Graphene with Single-Atom Nickel Dopants: An Efficient and Stable Catalyst for Electrochemical Hydrogen Production.

Single-atom nickel dopants anchored to three-dimensional nanoporous graphene can be used as catalysts of the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in acidic solutions. In contrast to conventional nickel-based catalysts and graphene, this material shows superior HER catalysis with a low overpotential of approximately 50 mV and a Tafel slope of 45 mV dec(-1) in 0.5 M H2SO4 solution, together with excellent cycling stability. Experimental and theoretical investigations suggest that the unusual catalytic performance of this catalyst is due to sp-d orbital charge transfer between the Ni dopants and the surrounding carbon atoms. The resultant local structure with empty C-Ni hybrid orbitals is catalytically active and electrochemically stable.

Comorbid chronic diseases and their associations with quality of life among gynecological cancer survivors.

Many gynecological cancer survivors (GCS) have comorbid chronic diseases (CCD). This study was to estimate the impacts of CCD on quality of life (QOL) in GCS.

Etiology and Outcome of Crescentic Glomerulonephritis From a Single Center in China: A 10-Year Review.

The disease spectrum of crescentic glomerulonephritis (GN) has been described in only a few previous studies, and detailed epidemiologic data from China are unavailable to date.

Elevated expression of FoxM1 promotes the tumor cell proliferation in hepatocellular carcinoma.

The Forkhead box M1 (FoxM1) transcription factor plays crucial roles in multiple biological processes, including cell proliferation, differentiation, migration, and transformation. Recent studies have reported that aberrant expression of FoxM1 was found in a variety of human cancers. However, the expression pattern of FoxM1 and its clinical significance in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have not been well characterized to date. In this study, the expression of FoxM1 was evaluated in 46 pairs of human HCC, the adjacent non-tumorous liver tissues, and 12 pairs of normal liver tissues by immumohistochemistry. FoxM1 expression was upregulated in the HCC (76.09 %) compared with non-tumorous liver tissues (39.13 %) and normal liver tissues (8.33 %) (P < 0.05). FoxM1 expression was significantly associated with tumor stage, tumor size, tumor number, integrality of tumor encapsulation, tumor thrombus, and AFP level (P < 0.05). Functionally, enforced expression of FoxM1 in HCC cell line (HHCC) remarkably enhanced cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. Further analysis of cell cycle-related molecules showed that FoxM1 overexpression increased expressions of cyclin B1 and cyclin D1 but reduced expressions of p27(Kip1) and p21(Cip1). Our findings suggest that FoxM1 overexpression promotes HCC cell proliferation by cell cycle regulation, which is a potential target for hepatocellular carcinoma therapy.

Optimal azimuthal orientation for Si(111) double-crystal monochromators to achieve the least amount of glitches in the hard X-ray region.

Simulations of the periods, split regularities and mirror symmetries of the glitch pattern of a Si(111) crystal along with the azimuthal angles are presented. The glitch patterns of Si(111) double-crystal monochromators (DCMs) are found to be the superposition of the two sets of glitch patterns from the two crystals. The optimal azimuthal orientation ϕ1,2 = [(2n+1)π]/6 (n = 0, ±1, ±2…) for Si(111) DCMs to achieve the least amount of glitches in the hard X-ray region has been suggested.