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Transcatheter aortic valve implantation - Top 30 Publications

Quantification of Aortic Valve Calcification on Contrast-enhanced CT of Patients prior to Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation.

To develop a formula enabling the quantification of aortic valve calcification (AVC) on contrast-enhanced CT of patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).

Avoidance of urinary catheterization to minimize in-hospital complications after transcatheter aortic valve implantation: An observational study.

Contemporary transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) devices and approach present opportunities to review historical practices initially informed by early treatment development and cardiac surgery. The avoidance of urinary catheterization in the older TAVI population is a strategy to minimize in-hospital complications. The purpose of the study was to explore elimination-related complications following the phased implementation of a default strategy of avoiding urinary catheterization in patients undergoing transfemoral (TF) TAVI.

The riddle of thrombocytopenia following transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

Percutaneous closure of symptomatic large tricuspid paravalvular regurgitation using two muscular VSD occluders.

Paravalvular leaks are common following valve replacement surgery. Majority are benign and do not require any active intervention. However, occasionally severe paravalvular regurgitation can produce heart failure and/or hemolysis, needing closure of the defect. It is more commonly associated with aortic and mitral prosthesis, symptomatic tricuspid paravalvular regurgitation being a rare entity. In this report we present the successful percutaneous transcatheter closure of a large paravalvular tricuspid regurgitation in a 59-year old lady with history of multiple previous operations. The elongated crescent-shaped defect was closed using two muscular VSD devices without any residual leak and without hampering the bio-prosthetic tricuspid valve function. Patient had transient complete heart block during the procedure which recovered later. There was marked improvement in the symptomatic status of the patient at discharge (NYHA IV to NYHA II), which was sustained at follow-up.

Emboli and cognitive state in surgical vs. transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

Background Neurologic complications and neurocognitive impairment due to cerebral emboli are common following heart surgery. This study aimed to compare the number of emboli detected in the middle cerebral artery in open aortic valve replacement, apical and femoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement, and also to test for an association between the number of emboli captured in each procedure and changes in the patient's cognitive state. Methods Forty-four patients were enrolled in the study, 36 of whom were included in the final analyses: 14 underwent open aortic valve replacement, 2 had femoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement, and 10 had apical transcatheter aortic valve replacement. The number of emboli was detected by middle cerebral artery intraoperative transcranial Doppler ultrasound. The day before the elective surgery and 6-12 weeks later, all patients underwent neurocognitive evaluations by the Mini-Mental State Examination; the difference was tested for an association with the number of emboli. Results Open aortic valve replacement resulted in a significantly greater number of emboli (8555, range 2999-12489) than apical (1962, range 521-3850) or femoral (1220, range 948-1946) transcatheter approaches ( p = 0.003). Both transcatheter approaches yielded a comparable amount of emboli ( p = 0.798). No significant association was observed between the change in Mini-Mental State Examination score and the mean number of emboli ( r = 0.026; p = 0.907). Conclusions Compared to transcatheter aortic valve replacement, more cerebral emboli are detected during surgical aortic valve replacement; however, this does not appear to adversely affect a patient's cognitive state.

A case of SAPIEN XT valve fallen into left ventricle during valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

Late transcatheter heart valve embolization is a rare but life-threatening complication of transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Surgical intervention is performed for most cases, but some cases were treated by valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve implantation. We describe a patient in whom a 29-mm Edwards SAPIEN XT valve migrated into the left ventricular outflow tract 41 days after the initial implantation. We tried to perform valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve implantation using a transfemoral approach. As soon as the second transcatheter heart valve touched the first implanted valve, it fell into the left ventricle. Immediate surgical intervention was required. The first valve was removed, and surgical aortic valve replacement was successfully performed. In conclusion, we should choose surgical aortic valve replacement for late transcatheter heart valve embolization. Even if we need to treat by catheter intervention, transapical approach may be better.

Incidence, indications and predicting factors of permanent pacemaker implantation after transcatheter aortic valve implantation: A retrospective study.

As the number of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedures is constantly increasing, it is important to consider common complications, such as pacemaker (PM) implantation, and their specific risk factors.

Routine CT angiography to detect severe coronary artery disease prior to transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

Patients undergoing TAVR undergo routine CT angiography (CTA) to assess aorto-iliac pathology and annular dimensions. While coronary CTA may exclude severe CAD in younger patients, its efficacy in defining CAD severity prior to TAVR may be limited. We retrospectively studied 50 consecutive patients undergoing both invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and routine pre-TAVR CTA. Severe CAD was defined as ≥50% stenosis by quantitative coronary angiography and compared to a blinded CTA visual estimation of ≥50% stenosis. The analysis was confined to four segments: left main and three proximal to mid major coronaries to maximize myocardial territory at risk. Coronary assessment was performed using standard reconstructed ECG phases from pre-TAVR chest CTA on a Philips 256 iCT scanner. Nearly ¾ of patients were ≥75 years old, 57% were female, half were diabetic and 45% had prior PCI. By ICA, 49% had significant coronary calcification. The incidence of severe proximal to mid vessel CAD by ICA was 39%. Similarly, a third of patients required PCI prior to TAVR. CTA was unable to exclude severe proximal to mid vessel CAD in 88% of patients in all four segments: non-diagnostic CTA readings were mainly due to calcification (60%) or motion artifact (28%). Non-diagnostic coronary CTA readings ranged from 25 to 72% according to segment analyzed: only the left main segment had diagnostic quality CTA in the majority of patients (p < 0.01). PCI is performed frequently prior to TAVR based upon invasive coronary angiographic assessment. Routine chest CTA algorithms do not provide adequate diagnostic information to exclude severe CAD, primarily due to severe coronary calcification in the TAVR population.

Do apples equal oranges in access for transcatheter aortic valve replacement?

Cerebral protection for transcatheter aortic valve implantation: A no brainer?

Prognostic impact of anemia and iron-deficiency anemia in a contemporary cohort of patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

Anemia is frequent in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with a strong negative prognostic impact. The prevalence and prognosis of anemia and separately of iron-deficiency anemia in contemporary patients are unclear.

New generation devices for transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement are superior compared with last generation devices with respect to VARC-2 outcome.

New generation devices for transcatheter aortic valve replacement have been optimized to improve clinical outcome. We compared procedural, in-hospital, 30 days and 12 months outcome of the new generation repositionable Boston Lotus Valve and the balloon-expandable Edwards Sapien 3 valve with the last generation self-expandable Medtronic CoreValve and the balloon-expandable Edwards Sapien XT. Between 2010 and 2015 consecutive patients treated with the Medtronic CoreValve (N = 100), Edwards Sapien XT (N = 100), Edwards Sapien S3 (N = 100) and Boston Lotus device (N = 100) were enrolled. There was no moderate or severe AR with the new generation devices as compared with 11.5% with last generation devices (p < 0.01). None or trace aortic regurgitation was lowest with the Lotus valve. Pacemaker implantation due to II° or III° atrioventricular block was comparable for the self-expandable CoreValve (21%) and the mechanically deployed Lotus Valve (23%) and lower for the Sapien 3 (15%) and XT valve (8%; p < 0.01). Early safety endpoint at 30 days (21 vs. 9%, p < 0.01), major vascular complications (12 vs. 2.5%, p < 0.01), all-cause mortality (9.5 vs. 2%, p < 0.01) and rate of disabling and non-disabling stroke (7.5 vs. 3.5%, p < 0.01) were significantly lower with the new generation devices. In multivariate analyses, valve type was an independent predictor for 30 days early safety endpoint and 12 months all-cause mortality. TAVR with the new generation Edwards Sapien 3 and Boston Lotus valves was associated with no moderate and severe aortic regurgitation, significantly lower major vascular complications and a significant improvement in 30 days and 12 months outcome.Clinicaltrials.gov NCT02162069.

Reply: Permanent Pacemaker Implantation Following Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement.

Permanent Pacemaker Implantation Following Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement.

Conduction Abnormalities and Permanent Pacemaker Implantation After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Using the Repositionable LOTUS Device: The United Kingdom Experience.

The authors report the incidence of pacemaker implantation up to hospital discharge and the factors influencing pacing rate following implantation of the LOTUS bioprosthesis (Boston Scientific, Natick, Massachusetts) in the United Kingdom.

Evaluating Evolving Technologies in a Time of Rapid Change: The Case of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement.

Trends and Outcomes of Off-Label Use of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: Insights From the NCDR STS/ACC TVT Registry.

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for severe aortic stenosis in patients who cannot undergo surgery and for patients at high operative risk. Use of TAVR for off-label indications has not been previously reported.

Surgical aortic valve replacement for stenosis of TAVI device.

We here report the case of a stenosis of the CoreValve(®) system due to reduced mobility of prosthesis cusps for which a surgical replacement of the aortic valve was proposed. The exact mechanism leading to this impaired mobility of the leaflets is yet to be determined. We also underline the fact a transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) device can be replaced by a surgical replacement without excessive operative risks despite the patient being initially considered as high-risk.

Final 5-year clinical and echocardiographic results for treatment of severe aortic stenosis with a self-expanding bioprosthesis from the ADVANCE Study.

The ADVANCE study was designed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with a self-expanding bioprosthesis in real-world patients with symptomatic, severe aortic stenosis at high surgical risk for valve replacement.

Radiopaque Marker Addition During Aortic Root Replacement With the Use of a Freestyle Porcine Bioprosthesis.

Aortic root replacement is indicated for aortic root aneurysm, small aortic root, and most root abscesses. This report describes the placement of a radiopaque marker during aortic root replacement using a Freestyle porcine bioprosthesis. This marker is a useful landmark during fluoroscopy for transcatheter valve-in-valve aortic valve replacement in the event of bioprosthesis degeneration.

Structural Valve Deterioration of a Subcoronary Implanted Stentless Bioprosthesis: How to Treat?

We present a case of transcatheter valve-in-valve replacement performed because of structural valve deterioration of a subcoronary implanted stentless aortic bioprosthesis. A 23-mm self-expandable transcatheter heart valve (THV) with supraannular seating was chosen. The procedure was performed with the patient under conscious sedation. After anchoring and partial valve deployment, the patient experienced an acute onset of angina. The angiogram showed left main coronary artery obstruction. Prompt resheathing and retrieval of the THV was performed, and the procedure was aborted. Subsequently, an open-heart redo operation was performed by the use of a sutureless aortic bioprosthesis, with satisfactory hemodynamic and clinical results.

Delayed Management of Partial Aortic Valve Avulsion After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement.

We report a case of delayed treatment of a partial aortic valve leaflet avulsion during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and its successful management by a percutaneous snare retrieval technique. Post-TAVR transesophogeal echocardiography showed an avulsed native valve leaflet. We deferred retrieval of the mass with anticoagulant agents. One month later, a 30-mm EN-Snare was used to snare the mass. This case report demonstrates that the management of an avulsed aortic valve leaflet can be safely deferred with the use of an anticoagulant agent. Snare retrieval of the avulsed valve can be achieved under local anesthesia with close neurological monitoring.

Transatlantic Editorial on Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement.

Transatlantic editorial on transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement in a patient with Werner syndrome.

Feasibility of transcatheter aortic valve replacement in low-risk patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis: Rationale and design of the Low Risk TAVR (LRT) study.

Safety and effectiveness of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in low-risk patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis have not yet been established.

Investigating the Suitability of Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Polymer in Transcatheter Valve Applications.

The current delivery size of transcatheter aortic valves, limited by the thickness of their pericardial leaflets, correlates with a high prevalence of major vascular complications. Polyurethane valves can be developed to a fraction of the thickness of pericardial valves through the addition of carbon nanotubes to reinforce their leaflets. This study investigates the suitability of a novel carbon nanotube reinforced leaflet to reduce the delivery profile of transcatheter aortic valves. Carbon nanotube polyurethane composites were developed with thicknesses of 50 μm and their mechanical properties were determined in relation to various environmental effects. The composites demonstrated improvements to the material stiffness, particularly at increasing strain rates compared to the neat polymer. However, increasing nanotube concentrations significantly decreased the fatigue life of the composites. Key findings highlighted a potential for carbon nanotube reinforcement in valve replacement which experience very high strain rates during the cardiac cycle. Further testing is needed to achieve a strong nanotube-matrix interface which will prolong the cyclic fatigue life and further strengthen tensile properties. Testing on the durability and haemocompatibility of these composite heart valves are ongoing.

Outcomes of Transcatheter and Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement in Patients on Maintenance Dialysis.

the introduction of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) expanded definitive therapy of aortic stenosis to many high-risk patients, but it has not been fully evaluated in the dialysis population.

Effect of ascending aortic dimension on acute procedural success following self-expanding transcatheter aortic valve replacement: A multicenter retrospective analysis.

Self-expanding (SE) valves are characterized with long stent frame design and the radial force of the device exists both in the inflow and outflow level. Therefore, we hypothesized that device success of SE-valves may be influenced by ascending aortic dimensions (AAD). The aim of this study was to determine the influence of AAD on acute device success rates following SE transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).

Repositionable and retrievable Lotus Valve System for the treatment of bicuspid aortic stenosis: is it time to treat all valves?

For a long time, a bicuspid valve has been considered a contraindication to transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) due to worse procedural results. Currently available technologies are changing the scenario, with initial experiences reporting much better results with second-generation devices. Areas covered: This review will analyze the risk and potential pitfalls of TAVI on bicuspid valves and will try ascertain how the use of a new-generation fully repositionable device, the Lotus Valve System (LVS), could improve procedural and clinical results in bicuspid anatomies. Expert commentary: The LVS offers relevant potential advantages that could be helpful in bicuspid anatomies: its mechanical controlled expansion can reduce the risk of elliptical deployment; its adaptive seal may reduce final paravalvular leak and give the possibility of checking the final result before final deployment, with the opportunity of fully resheating or repositioning, which is crucial to minimize malpositioning and abolish final residual gradients. Although limited in population, preliminary data show good outcomes with LVS on bicuspid anatomies. Future studies are to be encouraged to confirm whether this device could be considered the first choice in this challenging anatomy and whether clinical outcomes, in presence of an excellent procedural result, could be ever compared to those obtained with surgery.