PubTransformer

A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

overall survival - Top 30 Publications

Robotic Partial Nephrectomy for Large Renal Masses: A Multi-institutional Series.

To compare perioperative outcomes after RPN for cT2a (7 to <10cm) to cT1 tumors. Robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) for T1 tumors has been shown to be safe, however, evaluation of PN for larger, complex tumors is lacking.

Associations Between Marijuana Use and Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Outcomes: A Systematic Review.

Marijuana use is increasing in the United States, and its effect on cardiovascular health is unknown.

The relation between household income and surgical outcome in the Dutch setting of equal access to and provision of healthcare.

The impact of socioeconomic disparities on surgical outcome in the absence of healthcare inequality remains unclear. Therefore, we set out to determine the association between socioeconomic status (SES), reflected by household income, and overall survival after surgery in the Dutch setting of equal access and provision of care. Additionally, we aim to assess whether SES is associated with cause-specific survival and major 30-day complications.

Inhibitors of Trypanosoma cruzi Sir2 related protein 1 as potential drugs against Chagas disease.

Chagas disease remains one of the most neglected diseases in the world despite being the most important parasitic disease in Latin America. The characteristic chronic manifestation of chagasic cardiomyopathy is the region's leading cause of heart-related illness, causing significant mortality and morbidity. Due to the limited available therapeutic options, new drugs are urgently needed to control the disease. Sirtuins, also called Silent information regulator 2 (Sir2) proteins have long been suggested as interesting targets to treat different diseases, including parasitic infections. Recent studies on Trypanosoma cruzi sirtuins have hinted at the possibility to exploit these enzymes as a possible drug targets. In the present work, the T. cruzi Sir2 related protein 1 (TcSir2rp1) is genetically validated as a drug target and biochemically characterized for its NAD+-dependent deacetylase activity and its inhibition by the classic sirtuin inhibitor nicotinamide, as well as by bisnaphthalimidopropyl (BNIP) derivatives, a class of parasite sirtuin inhibitors. BNIPs ability to inhibit TcSir2rp1, and anti-parasitic activity against T. cruzi amastigotes in vitro were investigated. The compound BNIP Spermidine (BNIPSpd) (9), was found to be the most potent inhibitor of TcSir2rp1. Moreover, this compound showed altered trypanocidal activity against TcSir2rp1 overexpressing epimastigotes and anti-parasitic activity similar to the reference drug benznidazole against the medically important amastigotes, while having the highest selectivity index amongst the compounds tested. Unfortunately, BNIPSpd failed to treat a mouse model of Chagas disease, possibly due to its pharmacokinetic profile. Medicinal chemistry modifications of the compound, as well as alternative formulations may improve activity and pharmacokinetics in the future. Additionally, an initial TcSIR2rp1 model in complex with p53 peptide substrate was obtained from low resolution X-ray data (3.5 Å) to gain insight into the potential specificity of the interaction with the BNIP compounds. In conclusion, the search for TcSir2rp1 specific inhibitors may represent a valuable strategy for drug discovery against T. cruzi.

B Subunit of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin Promotes Tumor Invasion and Predicts Poor Prognosis of Early-Stage Colorectal Cancer.

It is well established that many non-trophoblastic tumors secrete HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) and that such secretion is correlated with the poor prognosis of tumor patients. This study aims to analyze the correlation between β-HCG expression and outcome of colorectal cancer (CRC) and understand its role in CRC pathology Methods: We detected the mRNA and protein expression of β-HCG in human CRC tissues with RT-qPCR and immunohistochemistry, and we compared the clinical-pathological characteristics, prognosis and progression between the β-HCG positive and negative groups. We also generated CRC cell lines with β-HCG over-expression as well as β-HCG stable knockout, and evaluated cell function and mechanism in vitro and in vivo.

Intermittent intense exercise protects against cognitive decline in a similar manner to moderate exercise in chronically stressed mice.

It is well known that regular low or mild exercise helps to improve and maintain cognition. On the other hand, ever thought many people prefer high-intensity exercise (e.g., running, swimming, biking, soccer, basketball, etc.) to get rid of stress or improve their health, the previous studies reported that intense exercise either impairs cognition or has no effect on cognitive function. However, we previously showed that intermittent intense exercise prevents stress-induced depressive behavior in mice in a similar manner to moderate exercise. On the basis of this finding, we investigated the effect of intermittent intense exercise on cognitive deficit in chronically stressed mice. A total of forty mice were evenly divided into control, stressed, stressed with moderate exercise, and stressed with intense exercise groups. The stressed mice were chronically exposed a restraint stress (10 h/day, 6 days/week for 7 weeks). The exercised mice were subjected to intermittent intense or endurance moderate running on the treadmill three times a week. Cognition was evaluated using the Morris water maze test and the object recognition test. Chronic stress decreased cognition, and newborn cell survival and blood vessel density in the hippocampus. However, both regular intense and moderate exercise prevented decrease of cognition, improved newborn cell survival and blood vessel density. These findings suggest that intermittent intense exercise may protect against decrease of cognition in a similar manner to moderate exercise and that both exercise-induced protection of decrease of cognition is closely related to newborn cell survival and angiogenesis in the hippocampus.

CAROTID INTIMA-MEDIA THICKNESS AND ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE TREATMENT: FOCUS ON ANGIOTENSIN II RECEPTOR BLOCKERS.

Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), as assessed by ultrasonography, has been shown to be directly related to cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality independently of conventional risk factors. Thus, CIMT has been proposed as a marker of CV risk and a surrogate end-point for therapeutic interventions. In the present article we will review available literature about CIMT clinical/prognostic significance in order to offer an updated comprehensive information on this topic. In particular, the anti-atherosclerotic effect of angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) in the hypertensive setting will be addressed, based on findings provided by double blind, randomized, prospective studies comparing CIMT longitudinal changes. Our review, including 8 studies totalling 1,154 hypertensive participants, shows that ARBs are as effective as the other classes of antihypertensive drugs in preventing/regressing subclinical carotid damage and that findings supporting their superiority in this field are limited and not univocal. Future studies aimed to clarify the therapeutic impact of ARBs on CIMT changes and their prognostic implications are warranted.

Single-step genomic evaluation improves accuracy of breeding value predictions for resistance to infectious pancreatic necrosis virus in rainbow trout.

The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of breeding values (EBVs) predicted using the traditional pedigree based Best Linear Unbiased Prediction (PBLUP) and the single-step genomic Best Linear Unbiased Prediction (ssGBLUP) for resistance against infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) in rainbow trout. A total of 2278 animals were challenged against IPNV and 768 individuals were genotyped using 57 K single nucleotide polymorphism for rainbow trout. Accuracies for both methods were assessed using five-fold cross-validation. The heritabilities were higher for PBLUP compared to ssGBLUP. The ssGBLUP accuracies outperformed the PBLUP in 7 and 11% for days to death and binary survival, respectively. The ssGBLUP could be an alternative approach to improve the accuracy of breeding values for resistance against infectious pancreatic necrosis virus in rainbow trout, using information from genotyped and non-genotyped animals.

Prognostic Value of Metabolic and Volumetric Parameters of FDG PET in Pediatric Osteosarcoma: A Hypothesis-generating Study.

Purpose To preliminarily assess the potential prognostic value of various fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) parameters before, during, and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT). Materials and Methods Thirty-four patients with osteosarcoma were enrolled prospectively from 2008 to 2012 and underwent FDG PET/computed tomography (CT) imaging before (baseline scan), during (interim scan) and after NCT (posttherapy scan). The study was approved by the institutional review board and informed consent was received from patients. Maximum and peak standardized uptake value (SUVmax and SUVpeak), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) were measured. Predictive value of FDG PET parameters for event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were evaluated. Multivariable Cox regression analysis for EFS and OS was performed by using histologic response and initial presence of metastasis as covariates. Results At baseline scan, SUVpeak, MTV, and TLG were predictive of EFS (P = .006-.03) and OS (P = .001-.03) but not associated with histologic response. At interim and posttherapy scan, SUVmax, SUVpeak, MTV, and TLG were associated with histologic response (P = .0002-.04) and predictive of EFS (P = .004-.02) and OS (P = .001-.03). Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that the FDG PET parameters either at baseline, interim, or posttherapy were independently predictive of EFS and OS. In particular, baseline MTV was an independent predictor of EFS (hazard ratio, 5.0 [95% confidence interval {CI}: 1.5, 16.8]) and OS (hazard ratio, 29.4 [95% CI: 2.2, 392.2]). Conclusion SUVpeak, MTV, and TLG either at baseline, interim, or posttherapy were predictive of EFS and OS and may be useful prognostic biomarkers for osteosarcoma. © RSNA, 2018 Online supplemental material is available for this article.

Glioblastoma: Vascular Habitats Detected at Preoperative Dynamic Susceptibility-weighted Contrast-enhanced Perfusion MR Imaging Predict Survival.

Purpose To determine if preoperative vascular heterogeneity of glioblastoma is predictive of overall survival of patients undergoing standard-of-care treatment by using an unsupervised multiparametric perfusion-based habitat-discovery algorithm. Materials and Methods Preoperative magnetic resonance (MR) imaging including dynamic susceptibility-weighted contrast material-enhanced perfusion studies in 50 consecutive patients with glioblastoma were retrieved. Perfusion parameters of glioblastoma were analyzed and used to automatically draw four reproducible habitats that describe the tumor vascular heterogeneity: high-angiogenic and low-angiogenic regions of the enhancing tumor, potentially tumor-infiltrated peripheral edema, and vasogenic edema. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazard analyses were conducted to assess the prognostic potential of the hemodynamic tissue signature to predict patient survival. Results Cox regression analysis yielded a significant correlation between patients' survival and maximum relative cerebral blood volume (rCBVmax) and maximum relative cerebral blood flow (rCBFmax) in high-angiogenic and low-angiogenic habitats (P < .01, false discovery rate-corrected P < .05). Moreover, rCBFmax in the potentially tumor-infiltrated peripheral edema habitat was also significantly correlated (P < .05, false discovery rate-corrected P < .05). Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated significant differences between the observed survival of populations divided according to the median of the rCBVmax or rCBFmax at the high-angiogenic and low-angiogenic habitats (log-rank test P < .05, false discovery rate-corrected P < .05), with an average survival increase of 230 days. Conclusion Preoperative perfusion heterogeneity contains relevant information about overall survival in patients who undergo standard-of-care treatment. The hemodynamic tissue signature method automatically describes this heterogeneity, providing a set of vascular habitats with high prognostic capabilities. © RSNA, 2018.

Characterisation of the "Frequent Exacerbator Phenotype" in Bronchiectasis.

Exacerbations are key events in the natural history of bronchiectasis, but clinical predictors and outcomes of frequently exacerbating patients are not well described.

Preclinical Explorative Assessment of Dimethyl Fumarate-Based Biocompatible Nanolipoidal Carriers for the Management of Multiple Sclerosis.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurodegenerative disease, where myelin sheath damage occurs due to internal and external factors and it affects especially young population. Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) is a promising agent for MS though associated with concerns like poor brain permeation, multiple dosing and gastro intestinal flushing. The present study attempts to evaluate preclinical performance of specially-designed DMF-based lipoidal-nanoparticles in cuprizone-induced demyelination rodent model. The studies proved the efficacy of lipid-based nanoparticles, containing DMF in once-a-day dosage regimen, over thrice-a-day plain DMF administration on the crucial parameters like motor coordination, grip strength, mortality, body weight and locomotor activity. However, neither blank lipid nor the blank neuroprotective (vitamin A, D and E) loaded nanoparticles were able to elicit any desirable behavioural response during the studies. The histopathological studies showed that the designed once-a-day DMF nanomedicines were well tolerated as well as rejuvenated myelin sheath vis-à-vis plain thrice-a-day regimen. The findings are the "proof of concept" for a biocompatible nanomedicine for MS with a huge promise of effective brain delivery and patient compliance on the grounds of reduction of dosage frequency.

Allostery, Recognition of Nascent Peptidoglycan and Crosslinking of the Cell Wall by the Essential Penicillin-Binding Protein 2x of Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Transpeptidases, members of the penicillin-binding protein (PBP) families, catalyze crosslinking of the bacterial cell wall. This transformation is critical for the survival of bacteria and it is the target of inhibition by -lactam antibiotics. We report herein our structural insights into catalysis by the essential PBP2x of Streptococcus pneumoniae by disclosing a total of four X-ray structures, two computational models based on the crystal structures and molecular-dynamics simulations. The X-ray structures are for the apo PBP2x, the enzyme modified covalently in the active site by oxacillin (a penicillin antibiotic), the enzyme modified by oxacillin in the presence of a synthetic tetrasaccharide surrogate for the cell-wall peptidoglycan and a non-covalent complex of cefepime (a cephalosporin antibiotic) bound to the active site. A pre-requisite for catalysis by transpeptidases, including PBP2x, is the molecular recognition of nascent peptidoglycan strands, which harbor pentapeptide stems. We disclose that the recognition of nascent peptidoglycan by PBP2x takes place by complexation of one pentapeptide stem at an allosteric site located in the PASTA domains of this enzyme. This binding predisposes the third pentapeptide stem in the same nascent peptidoglycan strand to penetration into the active site for the turnover events. The complexation of the two pentapeptide stems in the same peptidoglycan strand is a recognition motif for the nascent peptidoglycan, critical for the cell-wall crosslinking reaction.

New Treatments for Hereditary Angioedema.

Hereditary angioedema is characterized by severe, episodic edema of the subcutaneous and mucosal tissue. The disease carries significant morbidity and mortality due to involvement of the gastrointestinal tract and upper airway. Recent advances in the treatment of hereditary angioedema include new techniques used to isolate and purify human-derived C1 inhibitor, the production of a recombinant form of C1 inhibitor, and the development of drugs that target the kallikrein-kinin pathway. This paper reviews the mechanisms, efficacy, and adverse reactions associated with these medications.

Pathophysiologic Mechanisms and Current Treatments for Cutaneous Sequelae of Burn Wounds.

Burn injuries are a pervasive clinical problem. Extensive thermal trauma can be life-threatening or result in long-lasting complications, generating a significant impact on quality of life for patients as well as a cost burden to the healthcare system. The importance of addressing global or systemic issues such as resuscitation and management of inhalation injuries is not disputed but is beyond the scope of this review, which focuses on cutaneous pathophysiologic mechanisms for current treatments, both in the acute and long-term settings. Pathophysiological mechanisms of burn progression and wound healing are mediated by highly complex cascades of cellular and biochemical events, which become dysregulated in slow-healing wounds such as burns. Burns can result in fibroproliferative scarring, skin contractures, or chronic wounds that take weeks or months to heal. Burn injuries are highly individualized owing to wound-specific differences such as burn depth and surface area, in addition to patient-specific factors including genetics, immune competency, and age. Other extrinsic complications such as microbial infection can complicate wound healing, resulting in prolonged inflammation and delayed re-epithelialization. Although mortality is decreasing with advancements in burn care, morbidity from postburn deformities continues to be a challenge. Optimizing specialized acute care and late burn outcome intervention on a patient-by-patient basis is critical for successful management of burn wounds and the associated pathological scar outcome. Understanding the fundamentals of integument physiology and the cellular processes involved in wound healing is essential for designing effective treatment strategies for burn wound care as well as development of future therapies. Published 2018. Compr Physiol 8:371-405, 2018.

Hemorrhagic Shock and the Microvasculature.

The microvasculature plays a central role in the pathophysiology of hemorrhagic shock and is also involved in arguably all therapeutic attempts to reverse or minimize the adverse consequences of shock. Microvascular studies specific to hemorrhagic shock were reviewed and broadly grouped depending on whether data were obtained on animal or human subjects. Dedicated sections were assigned to microcirculatory changes in specific organs, and major categories of pathophysiological alterations and mechanisms such as oxygen distribution, ischemia, inflammation, glycocalyx changes, vasomotion, endothelial dysfunction, and coagulopathy as well as biomarkers and some therapeutic strategies. Innovative experimental methods were also reviewed for quantitative microcirculatory assessment as it pertains to changes during hemorrhagic shock. The text and figures include representative quantitative microvascular data obtained in various organs and tissues such as skin, muscle, lung, liver, brain, heart, kidney, pancreas, intestines, and mesentery from various species including mice, rats, hamsters, sheep, swine, bats, and humans. Based on reviewed findings, a new integrative conceptual model is presented that includes about 100 systemic and local factors linked to microvessels in hemorrhagic shock. The combination of systemic measures with the understanding of these processes at the microvascular level is fundamental to further develop targeted and personalized interventions that will reduce tissue injury, organ dysfunction, and ultimately mortality due to hemorrhagic shock. Published 2018. Compr Physiol 8:61-101, 2018.

Differences in mortality in a cohort of cocaine use disorder patients with concurrent alcohol or opiates disorder.

To study mortality in a cohort of cocaine use disorder patients, and compare results in those with concurrent alcohol or opiates disorder.

How We Fall Apart: Similarities of Human Aging in 10 European Countries.

We analyze human aging-understood as health deficit accumulation-for a panel of European individuals, using four waves of the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE data set) and constructing a health deficit index. Results from log-linear regressions suggest that, on average, elderly European men and women develop approximately 2.5 % more health deficits from one birthday to the next. In nonlinear regressions (akin to the Gompertz-Makeham model), however, we find much greater rates of aging and large differences between men and women as well as between countries. Interestingly, these differences follow a particular regularity (akin to the compensation effect of mortality) and suggest an age at which average health deficits converge for men and women and across countries. This age, which may be associated with human life span, is estimated as 102 ± 2.6 years.

Evaluation of Antimycobacterial Activity of Higenamine Using Galleria mellonella as an In Vivo Infection Model.

The Phytochemical investigation on MeOH extract on the bark of Aristolochia brasiliensis Mart. & Zucc (Aristolochiaceae) led to the isolation of major compound (1) as light brown grainy crystals. The compound was identified as 1-(4-hydroxybenzyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-6,7-diol (higenamine) on the basis of spectroscopic analysis, including 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy. The compound was evaluated for its antimycobacterial activity against Mycobacterium indicus pranii (MIP), using Galleria mellonella larva as an in vivo infection model. The survival of MIP infected larvae after a single dose treatment of 100 mg/kg body weight of higenamine was 80% after 24 h. Quantitatively the compound exhibited a dose dependent activity, as evidenced by the reduction of colony density from 105 to 103 CFU for test concentrations of 50, 100, 150 and 200 mg/kg body weight respectively. The IC50 value for higenamine was 161.6 mg/kg body weight as calculated from a calibration curve. Further analysis showed that, a complete inhibition of MIP in the G. mellonella could be achieved at 334 mg/kg body weight. Despite the fact that MIP has been found to be highly resistant against isoniazid (INH) in an in vitro assay model, in this study the microbe was highly susceptible to this standard anti-TB drug. The isolation of higenamine from the genus Aristolochia and the method used to evaluate its in vivo antimycobacterial activity in G. mellonella are herein reported for the first time.

Lymphoma epidemiology in Korea and the real clinical field including the Consortium for Improving Survival of Lymphoma (CISL) trial.

Lymphomas are a heterogeneous group of disease entities with well-defined clinical, morphological, immunophenotypic, and cytogenetic characteristics. Moreover, regional and racial differences have been reported in their incidence and subtype compositions. Here, we reviewed the epidemiology of lymphomas and summarized the recent achievements in specific subtypes prevalent in Korean population, focusing on clinical studies conducted by the Consortium for Improving Survival of Lymphoma (CISL) of the Korean Society of Hematology Lymphoma Working Party (KSH-LWP).

Multiple small bowel perforations due to invasive aspergillosis in a patient with acute myeloid leukemia: case report and a systematic review of the literature.

Invasive aspergillosis (IA) represents a major cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients. Involvement of the gastrointestinal tract by Aspergillus is mostly reported as part of a disseminated infection from a primary pulmonary site and only rarely as an isolated organ infection.

Translational neonatology research: transformative encounters across species and disciplines.

This paper explores the laborious and intimate work of turning bodies of research animals into models of human patients. Based on ethnographic research in the interdisciplinary Danish research centre NEOMUNE, we investigate collaboration across species and disciplines, in research aiming at improving survival for preterm infants. NEOMUNE experimental studies on piglets evolved as a platform on which both basic and clinical scientists exercised professional authority. Guided by the field of multi-species research, we explore the social and material agency of research animals in the production of human health. Drawing on Anna Tsing's concept of "collaborative survival", we show that sharing the responsibility of the life and death of up to twenty-five preterm piglets fostered not only a collegial solidarity between basic and clinical scientists, but also a transformative cross-fertilization across species and disciplines-a productive "contamination"-facilitating the day-to-day survival of piglets, the academic survival of scientists and the promise of survival of preterm infants. Contamination spurred intertwined identity shifts that increased the porosity between the pig laboratory and the neonatal intensive care unit. Of particular significance was the ability of the research piglets to flexibly become animal-infant-patient hybrids in need of a united effort from basic and clinical researchers. However, 'hybrid pigs' also entailed a threat to the demarcation between humans and animals that consolidates the use of animals in biomedical research, and efforts were continuously done to keep contamination within spatial limits. We conclude that contamination facilitates transformative encounters, yet needs spatial containment to materialize bench-to-bedside translation.

Seagrass collapse due to synergistic stressors is not anticipated by phenological changes.

Seagrasses are globally declining and often their loss is due to synergies among stressors. We investigated the interactive effects of eutrophication and burial on the Mediterranean seagrass, Posidonia oceanica. A field experiment was conducted to estimate whether shoot survival depends on the interactive effects of three levels of intensity of both stressors and to identify early changes in plants (i.e., morphological, physiological and biochemical, and expression of stress-related genes) that may serve to detect signals of imminent shoot density collapse. Sediment burial and nutrient enrichment produced interactive effects on P. oceanica shoot survival, as high nutrient levels had the potential to accelerate the regression of the seagrass exposed to high burial (HB). After 11 weeks, HB in combination with either high or medium nutrient enrichment caused a shoot loss of about 60%. Changes in morphology were poor predictors of the seagrass decline. Likewise, few biochemical variables were associated with P. oceanica survival (the phenolics, ORAC and leaf δ34S). In contrast, the expression of target genes had the highest correlation with plant survival: photosynthetic genes (ATPa, psbD and psbA) were up-regulated in response to high burial, while carbon metabolism genes (CA-chl, PGK and GADPH) were down-regulated. Therefore, die-offs due to high sedimentation rate in eutrophic areas can only be anticipated by altered expression of stress-related genes that may warn the imminent seagrass collapse. Management of local stressors, such as nutrient pollution, may enhance seagrass resilience in the face of the intensification of extreme climate events, such as floods.

Superpredator proximity and landscape characteristics alters nest site selection and breeding success of a subordinate predator.

Selecting nesting habitat that minimizes predation risk but maximizes foraging success is one of the most important decisions in avian life history. This takes on added complexity when a predator is faced with the challenge of avoiding fellow predators. We assessed the importance of local and landscape vegetation, food abundance, and predation risk on nest site selection and nest survival in a subordinate raptor (Mississippi Kite; Ictinia mississippiensis) nesting in proximity to two superpredators, Red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis) and Great horned owl (Bubo virginianus). All three species nested in trees in a grassland landscape. In this landscape, kites favored upland trees and shrubs, avoiding their more typical riparian forest association elsewhere in the species' range. Compared to random conditions, kites selected nest sites with high tree density and more closed canopy in the surrounding area. Mississippi Kite selection was not related to food abundance but could be explained by the presence of superpredators (i.e., hawks and owls) selecting riparian woodland for their nests. Nest survival declined with proximity to superpredator nesting sites. Overall, our study demonstrates how landscape structure and superior predators shapes predation risk for subordinate predators. Our results emphasize the importance of spatial heterogeneity in presenting opportunities for subordinate predators to coexist in a landscape with important superpredators.

Plant regeneration via direct somatic embryogenesis from leaf explants of Tolumnia Louise Elmore 'Elsa'.

Tolumnia genus (equitant Oncidium) is a group of small orchids with vivid flower color. Thousands of hybrids have been registered on Royal Horticulture Society and showed great potential for ornamental plant market. The aim of this study is to establish an efficient method for in vitro propagation.

Early prediction of triple negative breast cancer response to cisplatin treatment using diffusion-weighted MRI and 18F-FDG-PET.

We evaluated the potential of diffusion-weighted MRI (DW-MRI) and 18F-FDG-PET for the early prediction of a triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) response to cisplatin.

Impact on disease-free survival of the duration of ovarian function suppression, as postoperative adjuvant therapy, in premenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer: a retrospective single-institution study.

Although tamoxifen (TAM) plus ovarian function suppression (OFS) is considered as a standard adjuvant treatment for premenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer, the optimal duration of OFS has not yet been established. This retrospective study was designed to assess the duration of OFS and the impact of the duration of OFS on the DFS in these patients.