PubTransformer

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palliative care - Top 30 Publications

Family behaviours that have an impact on the self-management activities of adults living with Type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-synthesis.

To identify family behaviours that adults with Type 2 diabetes' perceive as having an impact on their diabetes self-management.

Withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatment: The Canadian Critical Care Society position paper.

Psychometric validation of the needs assessment tool: progressive disease in interstitial lung disease.

The inter-rater/test-retest reliability and construct validity of a palliative care needs assessment tool in interstitial lung disease (NAT:PD-ILD) were tested using NAT:PD-ILD-guided video-recorded consultations, and NAT:PD-ILD-guided consultations, and patient and carer-report outcomes (St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ)-ILD, Carer Strain Index (CSI)/Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool (CSNAT)). 11/16 items reached at least fair inter-rater agreement; 5 items reached at least moderate test-retest agreement. 4/6 patient constructs demonstrated agreement with SGRQ-I scores (Kendall's tau-b, 0.24-20.36; P<0.05). 4/7 carer constructs agreed with the CSI/CSNAT items (kappa, 0.23-20.53). The NAT:PD-ILD is reliable and valid. Clinical effectiveness and implementation are to be evaluated.

The management of diagnosed heart failure in older people in primary care.

Heart failure (HF) is a common condition affecting predominantly older people. Symptoms include breathlessness and fatigue, and can significantly reduce quality of life. HF rarely occurs in isolation, with most patients having several co-existing diseases requiring multiple medications. There is a large evidence base for treatment of HF with reduced ejection fraction, or HFrEF; however, many of the trials did not include older people with multimorbidity so their findings should be applied to this group with some caution. The evidence for treatment of HF with preserved ejection fraction, or HFpEF, is much less well established in all age groups. Older people with HF are usually managed in primary care with input from specialist HF teams when needed. General practitioners are trained to take a generalist approach, which allows them to deliver holistic, person-centred care. The wider multidisciplinary team is also important during the patient's HF journey, with a particular need to consider palliative care towards the end of life. This article summarises the important aspects of HF management in older people from the perspective of primary care.

Thoracic Surgery Considerations in the Mentally Ill or Handicapped Patient.

Increasing prevalence of mentally ill and handicapped populations requiring surgical thoracic interventions has brought to light their worse associated morbidity and mortality. Baseline functional status, caretaker environment, and mental limitations in day to day life have an impact in the short and long term from these interventions. Aggressive perioperative care, multispecialty approach, technical aspects, palliative procedures, and ethical considerations all play a part in improving outcomes. In this article real cases are presented illustrating points of care and situations for discussion.

Denosumab Therapy for Refractory Hypercalcemia Secondary to Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Skin in Epidermolysis Bullosa.

Hypercalcemia secondary to malignancy is rare in children and the majority is caused by tumor-produced parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP). We report a case of hypercalcemia refractory to bisphosphonate and corticosteroid therapy, but responsive to denosumab. A 17-year-old boy with epidermolysis bullosa (EB) and advanced squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the left leg was referred with severe hypercalcemia (serum calcium, 4.2 mmol/L). The serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) was 0.7 pmol/L (1.1 - 6.9 pmol/L). The hypercalcemia was initially managed with hyperhydration, prednisolone and pamidronate. Following two infusions of pamidronate (1 mg/kg/dose), serum calcium fell to 2.87 mmol/L. However the hypercalcemia relapsed within a week (serum calcium, 3.61 mmol/L) needing aggressive management with intravenous fluids, prednisolone and two further doses of pamidronate. The serum calcium fell to 2.58 mmol/L over the first 4 days, but rose to 3.39 mmol/L 3 days later. As the hypercalcemia was refractory to bisphosphonate treatment, a trial dose of subcutaneous denosumab (60 mg) was administered following which the calcium fell to 2.86 mmol/L within 24 h and normocalcemia was sustained 4 days later. We report a case of refractory hypercalcemia secondary to malignant SCC, which responded well to denosumab therapy. To our knowledge, this is the first case of hypercalcemia of malignancy in an adolescent managed with denosumab.

Patients' and Health Care Providers' Evaluation of Quality of Life Issues in Advanced Cancer Using Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Palliative Care Module (FACIT-Pal) Scale.

To examine the agreement of Health Care Providers (HCPs) and patients' evaluation of quality of life on the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness therapy - Palliative care module (FACIT-Pal) scale.

Ultrasound-guided Central Venous Catheterization for Home Parenteral Nutrition and Hydratation in Advanced Incurable Cancer Patients: Results of A Prospective Observational Study.

Most patients with advanced cancer are frequently malnourished and frequently they develop decreased oral fluid intake and dehidratation. Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is an increasingly used therapy for patients with advanced cancer. A central venous access device is often an essential component allowing parenteral nutrition and hidratation. However central venous catheter (CVC) insertion represents a risk for pneumothorax or other mechanical complications. This study aimed to determine the reduction of risks related to central venous catheter positionement in the setting of cancer patients with palliative programm.

Poor Accrual in Palliative Research Studies: An Update From the Rapid Response Radiotherapy Program.

In June 2003, the Rapid Response Radiotherapy Program (RRRP) implemented changes to recruitment strategies in attempts to increase patient accrual to research studies. Such modifications included the use of a dedicated research assistant to screen for and identify eligible study patients, the introduction of more appropriate inclusion criteria, and the switch towards telephone interviews to minimize patient burden. The purpose of this study is to provide an update on patient accrual in the RRRP.

Functional Interference due to Pain Following Palliative Radiotherapy for Bone Metastases Among Patients in Their Last Three Months of Life.

To compare the self-reported ratings of functional interference caused by pain between patients who did and did not respond to palliative radiotherapy for bone metastases during their last three months of life.

The Hopeless Case? Palliative Cryoablation and Cementoplasty Procedures for Palliation of Large Pelvic Bone Metastases.

Metastases to the bone are common in cancer patients, and it has been estimated that up to 50% of patients with pelvic bone metastases will not achieve adequate pain control with medications alone. This has led to a paradigm shift over recent years towards the use and development of minimally invasive image-guided treatment options for palliation of bony metastases. Despite these developments, large metastatic lesions are still often considered to be "hopeless cases" that would garner little to no benefit from image-guided intervention. This study is the first large series to describe the novel use of combination percutaneous cryoablation and cementoplasty for palliation of such large metastases to the pelvis.

The authors reply.

Aligning Intention and Effect: What Can We Learn From Family Members' Responses to Condolence Letters?

Understanding patient requirements for technology systems that support pain management in palliative care services: A qualitative study.

Approaches to pain management using electronic systems are being developed for use in palliative care. This article explores palliative care patients' perspectives on managing and talking about pain, the role of technology in their lives and how technology could support pain management. Face-to-face interviews were used to understand patient needs and concerns to inform how electronic systems are developed. A total of 13 interviews took place with a convenience sample of community-based patients with advanced cancer receiving palliative care through a hospice. Data were analysed using framework analysis. Four meta-themes emerged: Technology could be part of my care; I'm trying to understand what is going on; My pain is ever-changing and difficult to control; and I'm selective about who to tell about pain. Patients described technology as peripheral to existing processes of care. To be relevant, systems may need to take account of the complexity of a patient's pain experience alongside existing relationships with health professionals.

Ipsilateral shoulder pain in patients following lung resection in the decubitus position.

The purpose of this study was to examine the frequency, influencing factors, and clinical course of shoulder pain in patients following lung resection.

Adaptation and validation of the VOICES (SF) questionnaire - for evaluation of end-of-life care in Sweden.

Instruments for evaluating end-of-life care by voicing experiences of family members have previously been lacking in Sweden. The objective of this study was therefore to adapt and validate the VOICES (SF) questionnaire to evaluate quality of end-of-life care in Sweden. The VOICES (SF) [Views of Informal Carers - Evaluation of Services (Short form)] is a questionnaire about bereaved relatives' experiences of care in the last three months of life of a deceased family member.

Visceral Crisis Means Short Survival Among Patients With Luminal A Metastatic Breast Cancer: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Patients with visceral crisis from luminal metastatic breast cancer (mBC) are often treated with palliative chemotherapy. No studies have analyzed the aggressiveness of the care in visceral crisis from luminal mBC patients. The objective of this study was to assess practices in this setting in a university medical oncology department.

4-Nitroquinoline 1-Oxide-Induced Tongue and Esophagus Carcinogenesis in Obese and Diabetic TSOD Mice.

Obesity and diabetes mellitus are associated with lifestyle-related carcinogenesis. They are also risk factors of esophageal adenocarcinoma, but there are only a few reports on association between obesity/diabetes and development of squamous cell carcinoma in the oral cavity and esophagus. In this study, we therefore aimed to determine whether obesity and diabetes affect oral and esophageal carcinogenesis using model mice of obesity and diabetes, the Tsumura Suzuki obese diabetes (TSOD) and Tsumura Suzuki non-obesity (TSNO) control mice, which were treated with 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4-NQO) to produce tongue and esophageal carcinomas.

Mobile Interventional Stroke Teams Lead to Faster Treatment Times for Thrombectomy in Large Vessel Occlusion.

Endovascular recanalization treatment for acute ischemic stroke is a complex, time-sensitive intervention. Trip-and-treat is an interhospital service delivery model that has not previously been evaluated in the literature and consists of a shared mobile interventional stroke team that travels to primary stroke centers to provide on-site interventional capability. We compared treatment times between the trip-and-treat model and the traditional drip-and-ship model.

Parents' advice to healthcare professionals working with children who have spinal muscular atrophy.

To explore parents' advice to healthcare professionals working with children with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA).

A mixed methods analysis of quality of life among late-life patients diagnosed with chronic illnesses.

Quality of life (QOL) is an important consideration for people living with advancing chronic conditions. Palliative care providers speak about how, despite physical decline in late life, many patients report growth and meaning in other domains. This mixed methods study uses QOL survey responses to explore domain trajectories and interview data to explore how patients with advancing chronic conditions experience distinct QOL domains.

Decline of Physical Activity in Terminally Ill Patients Could Be Useful for Predicting Short-Term Survival.

Although it is recommended that all terminally ill patients receive advance care planning (ACP), this is occasionally challenging because of the difficulty in predicting survival. There are some indexes for predicting survival, but few are accurate, especially at the terminal stages of illness.

Implementing the Cross-Disciplinary Subject Palliative Care - Lecture's Perspective.

Introduction In 2009, palliative care was introduced as a mandatory subject in the undergraduate medical curriculum in Germany. Despite all efforts to integrate this subject into the curriculum, research suggests substantial differences and deficits in the quality of education between the medical schools. The aim of this research was to find out promoting as well as impedimental aspects of implementing palliative care in the medical training program. By this, a suitable framework in terms of content and structure for palliative care teaching should be extracted. Methods We performed guided interviews with 15 of the in total 36 lecturers responsible for the implementation of palliative care teaching at their respective medical schools. We focused on content, design and methods of implementation within the palliative care curriculum. Data was evaluated by content analysis according to Meuser and Nagel. Results We found that a lack of recognition of this subject within the medical faculties, coupled with entrenched structures of an already packed syllabus, were considered to be most relevant for the given heterogeneity in the implementation process. Deficits in personnel, financial and time resources also contributed to the perceived deficits. Faced with these difficulties, inner- and cross-faculty teamwork and support, extracurricular activities as well as external funds have proven to be important resources. Discussion To promote the implementation process, medical faculties need established palliative care structures that meet the interests and needs of the students more effectively. Analysis of structural needs (for instance, the amount of apprenticeships and teachings units) would be an important step to prove political claims. Moreover, the development of suitable and resource-saving teaching and assessment methods should be promoted.

Critical Lessons From High-Value Oncology Practices.

Cancer care is expensive. Cancer care provided by practice organizations varies in total spending incurred by patients and payers during treatment episodes and in quality of care, and this unnecessary variation contributes to the high cost.

The importance of family caregiving to achieving palliative care at home: a case report of end-of-life breast cancer in an area struck by the 2011 Fukushima nuclear crisis: A case report.

The primary setting of palliative care has shifted from inpatient care to patients' residences. Family caregiving is essential for patients with life-limiting illnesses to receive palliative care at home, however little information is available regarding potential interventions to achieve palliative homecare for those without sufficient support from family members in various settings, including disasters.

In Response to "Medical Assistance in Dying in Canada".

Primary Thromboprophylaxis in Individuals without Cancer Admitted to a Geriatric Palliative Care Unit.

The prevalence of individuals with advanced noncancer disease is increasing on palliative care units (PCUs), but there are no current guidelines to direct venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis decisions in these individuals. The aim of this study was to compare primary VTE prophylaxis in elderly adults with advanced noncancer diagnoses with that of those with advanced cancer on a dedicated geriatric PCU.

Disruptions in sleep-wake cycles in community-dwelling cancer patients receiving palliative care and their correlates.

Significant disruptions in sleep-wake cycles have been found in advanced cancer patients in prior research. However, much remains to be known about specific sleep-wake cycle variables that are impaired in patients with a significantly altered performance status. More studies are also needed to explore the extent to which disrupted sleep-wake cycles are related to physical and psychological symptoms, time to death, maladaptive sleep behaviors, quality of life and 24-h light exposure. This study conducted in palliative cancer patients was aimed at characterizing patients' sleep-wake cycles using various circadian parameters (i.e. amplitude, acrophase, mesor, up-mesor, down-mesor, rhythmicity coefficient). It also aimed to compare rest-activity rhythm variables of participants with a performance status of 2 vs. 3 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group scale (ECOG) and to evaluate the relationships of sleep-wake cycle parameters with several possible correlates. The sample was composed of 55 community-dwelling cancer patients receiving palliative care with an ECOG of 2 or 3. Circadian parameters were assessed using an actigraphic device for seven consecutive 24-h periods. A light recording and a daily pain diary were completed for the same period. A battery of self-report scales was also administered. A dampened circadian rhythm, a low mean activity level, an early mean time of peak activity during the day, a late starting time of activity during the morning and an early time of decline of activity during the evening were observed. In addition, a less rhythmic sleep-wake cycle was associated with a shorter time to death (from the first home visit) and with a lower 24-h light exposure. Sleep-wake cycles are markedly disrupted in palliative cancer patients, especially, near the end of life. Effective non-pharmacological interventions are needed to improve patients' circadian rhythms, including perhaps bright light therapy.

Palliative care in residential aged care: An overview.

To measure how care needs, health and length of stay in permanent residential aged care differs by assessed need for palliative care.