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physical examination - Top 30 Publications

A Case of IVIG-Induced Aseptic Chemical Meningitis.

Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is a commonly used and generally well-tolerated medication. Common side effects include flu-like symptoms such as fevers, headaches, myalgia, fatigue, and nausea. One of the more rare side effects is aseptic meningitis, with a reported incidence rate of around 0.067 percent of all IVIG infusions. In this paper, we describe a 47-year-old female patient with a history of myasthenia gravis who presented with a headache, neck pain, and neck stiffness while undergoing IVIG infusions for a myasthenia crisis. On admission day, the patient was afebrile with stable vital signs. A physical examination revealed nuchal rigidity and tenderness with no focal neurological deficits. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology noted an elevated white blood cell (WBC) count of 1,138 cells/μL with a neutrophil predominance (96 percent). CSF red blood cell count was unremarkable at 1 cell/μL. The patient's IVIG infusions were stopped, suspecting chemical meningitis. Given the markedly elevated CSF WBC count with neutrophil predominance, she was started on vancomycin and ceftriaxone to also cover for bacterial meningitis. The patient's meningeal signs and symptoms significantly improved 24 hours after admission. Given the clear temporal relationship to IVIG administration and the rapid improvement of symptoms, IVIG-induced aseptic meningitis is strongly suspected. The patient's antibiotics were discontinued. Forty-eight hours after stopping IVIG and 24 hours after discontinuing antibiotics, her meningitis symptoms completely resolved with the use of analgesics alone. The patient was then discharged uneventfully. CSF viral and bacterial studies, including a gram stain and cultures, did not result in anything noteworthy. Our case presents an interesting diagnostic dilemma where drug-induced (IVIG) aseptic meningitis mimics bacterial meningitis clinically and on CSF analysis. The clear temporal relationship to IVIG administration and the rapid resolution of symptoms upon stopping the drug can aid in the diagnosis of this rare event and help doctors avoid the use of unnecessary antibiotic therapy.

Superior Ophthalmic Vein Thrombosis: The Role of Anticoagulation.

To report a case of superior ophthalmic vein thrombosis (SOVT) and review the available literature to assess if anticoagulation is warranted in all cases of SOVT.

Prolactinoma in a Dog.

A 12-year-old male Yorkshire Terrier was presented because of decreased appetite. Physical examination revealed mammary gland swelling and galactorrhea. Contrast-enhanced computed tomographic scanning of the skull indicated an enlarged pituitary gland, compatible with a pituitary tumor. The serum prolactin concentration was markedly elevated. One week after the start of treatment with the dopamine agonist cabergoline, the serum prolactin concentration normalized and the galactorrhea resolved. Cabergoline was administered for approximately 4 months and then discontinued. Subsequently, serum prolactin concentration increased again, and mammary gland swelling and galactorrhea reappeared. The dog was euthanized 10 months after the first detection of the galactorrhea because of problems not directly related to pituitary disease. Postmortem examination revealed an infiltrative adenoma of the pituitary gland with immunolabeling for prolactin. The clinical and histopathologic findings indicated the diagnosis of a functional prolactinoma in a male dog.

Diagnosis of inguinal hernia by prone- vs. supine-position computed tomography.

The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of prone-position computed tomography (CT) for detecting and classifying inguinal hernia relative to supine-position CT before laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair.

Early Single-Sport Specialization: A Survey of 3090 High School, Collegiate, and Professional Athletes.

Youth participation in organized sports in the United States is rising, with many athletes focusing on a single sport at an increasingly younger age.

Angiomyofibroblastoma of the vulva diagnosed preoperatively: A case report.

A 50-year-old woman (gravida 2, para 2) first noticed a small nodule in the right labium majus 2 years prior to the initial visit to the Hachinohe Red Cross Hospital (Hachinohe, Japan), which had gradually increased in size. On physical examination, a well-circumscribed, elastic, firm, goose egg-sized, subcutaneous mass protruding from the right labium majus was identified. On magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the lesion was hypointense on T1-weighted images and was well-circumscribed, strongly enhanced and homogeneous on gadolinium-enhanced images, measuring 7.5×4 cm. The same tumor had measured 2.6 cm on an MRI performed 6 years earlier. Based on the clinical course and imaging findings, angiomyofibroblastoma was diagnosed and surgical resection of the tumor was performed. The tumor was well-circumscribed and highly vascular. The intraoperative blood loss was 70 ml. Histopathologically, the tumor cells were concentrated around blood vessels, were spindle-shaped to oval with mild atypia, and were positive for vimentin, desmin, neural cell adhesion molecule (N-CAM), CD-34, estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor, and negative for S-100. Based on these findings, the diagnosis of angiomyofibroblastoma was confirmed. Angiomyofibroblastoma is a benign mesenchymal tumor that occurs in the female external genitalia. Differentiation of this tumor from aggressive angiomyxoma, a fast-growing infiltrative malignancy that occurs in the same region, may be challenging. The diagnosis of angiomyofibroblastoma is usually based on the histopathological findings of the resected specimen. The present case is of value, as the angiomyofibroblastoma was successfully diagnosed preoperatively based on the clinical course and imaging findings.

Factors Associated With Psycho-Cognitive Functions in Patients With Persistent Pain After Surgery for Femoral Neck Fracture.

The aim of the study was to address issues arising from fracture of the femoral neck in elderly individuals, the prevalence of which continues to increase in Japan. The prevalence is increasing in Japan and there have been many reports on physical functions such as prevention of a fall. However, there have been a few studies that focus on psycho-cognitive functions. We must examine factors in patients with fractured femur necks to develop methods to assist affected patients. The current study aimed to examine factors associated with psycho-cognitive functions after surgery for fractured femoral neck in the Japanese elderly.

CT findings and features of postoperative abdominal infection patients with pancreatic carcinoma.

To investigate the values of Computed Tomography (CT) in diagnosing postoperative pancreatic surgeryabdominalinfection and its efficacy and to provide a reasonable method for the diagnosis of abdominal infection.

Effects of blood lipid stability on progression of carotid atherosclerosis.

To evaluate the effects of blood lipid stability on progression of carotid atherosclerosis.

APP/Aβ structural diversity and Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis.

The amyloid cascade hypothesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) proposes amyloid- β (Aβ) is a chief pathological element of dementia. AD therapies have targeted monomeric and oligomeric Aβ 1-40 and 1-42 peptides. However, alternative APP proteolytic processing produces a complex roster of Aβ species. In addition, Aβ peptides are subject to extensive posttranslational modification (PTM). We propose that amplified production of some APP/Aβ species, perhaps exacerbated by differential gene expression and reduced peptide degradation, creates a diverse spectrum of modified species which disrupt brain homeostasis and accelerate AD neurodegeneration. We surveyed the literature to catalog Aβ PTM including species with isoAsp at positions 7 and 23 which may phenocopy the Tottori and Iowa Aβ mutations that result in early onset AD. We speculate that accumulation of these alterations induce changes in secondary and tertiary structure of Aβ that favor increased toxicity, and seeding and propagation in sporadic AD. Additionally, amyloid-β peptides with a pyroglutamate modification at position 3 and oxidation of Met35 make up a substantial portion of sporadic AD amyloid deposits. The intrinsic physical properties of these species, including resistance to degradation, an enhanced aggregation rate, increased neurotoxicity, and association with behavioral deficits, suggest their emergence is linked to dementia. The generation of specific 3D-molecular conformations of Aβ impart unique biophysical properties and a capacity to seed the prion-like global transmission of amyloid through the brain. The accumulation of rogue Aβ ultimately contributes to the destruction of vascular walls, neurons and glial cells culminating in dementia. A systematic examination of Aβ PTM and the analysis of the toxicity that they induced may help create essential biomarkers to more precisely stage AD pathology, design countermeasures and gauge the impacts of interventions.

Delayed Diagnosis of Acromegaly in the Context of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder due to Symptoms Mimicking Known Psychotropic Medication Side Effects.

Acromegaly is caused by elevated secretion of human growth hormone, which is frequently because of intracranial tumors. This diagnosis is fairly uncommon with an incidence of 3 to 4 cases per million patients per year. We are presenting a case of acromegaly diagnosed in an active duty Chief Petty Officer.

Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in a Saudi Arabian Soldier Stationed in the United States.

Leishmaniasis is a common parasitic disease seen in many parts of the world, especially in areas where current U.S. and international forces are deployed. Approximately 350 million people are thought to be at risk of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) with an annual incidence of 1.5 million cases. Over 90% of cutaneous infections with Leishmania occur in the Middle East, Brazil, and Peru. Outbreaks of CL may occur in military personnel deployed to endemic areas. Since the incubation period for symptomatic CL ranges from weeks to months, symptoms may not appear until well after returning to the United States. As operations continue to expand globally, the exposure and concern for leishmaniasis persists for military physicians. We describe localized CL in a previously healthy male in an effort to help medical personnel identify leishmaniasis on the basis of cutaneous lesions alone, as well as increase diagnostic suspicion when treating patients in nonendemic areas.

Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries Associated With Military Survival Swim Training.

Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries are relatively common injuries associated with athletic activities and high-energy trauma. Posterolateral corner (PLC) injuries frequently accompany injury to the PCL. Diagnosis can be challenging and requires a comprehensive history and physical examination. Patients frequently report vague, nonspecific symptoms and the mechanism of injury is often useful in localizing injured structures. Two of the more common mechanisms for PCL injury include a direct blow to the proximal anterior tibia with the knee flexed, as well as a significant knee hyperextension injury. With a PCL tear, patients rarely describe an audible "pop" that is commonly reported in ACL injuries. On physical exam, a frequent finding in PCL tears is a loss of 10 to 20° of knee flexion. Although the most common clinical tests for PCL tears include the posterior drawer test, the posterior sag sign, and the quadriceps active test, there is a lack of high-quality diagnostic accuracy studies.

Limb graft occlusion following endovascular aortic repair: Incidence, causes, treatment and prevention in a study cohort.

The present study investigated the incidence, causes, treatment and prevention of limb graft occlusion following endovascular aortic repair (EVAR). A total of 66 cases of abdominal aortic aneurysm receiving EVAR at our department from January 2005 to December 2013 were enrolled. After EVAR, patients received routine antiplatelet therapy of 75 mg PLAVIX for 6 months and then 100 mg Aspirin for another 6 months by oral administration. According to previous clinical experiences, antiplatelet therapy is able to effectively reduce the incidence of iliac occlusion after EVAR. A total of 61 bifurcated grafts and 5 aortauniilac grafts (127 limbs in total) were used. Physical examination, ankle-brachial-index and computer tomographic angiography were performed at 10 days, at 3, 6 and 12 months and annually thereafter. It was found that 7 limbs in 7 patients (10.6% of patients, 5.5% of limbs) were occluded between 20 days and 12 months (average, 7.8±5.3 months) after EVAR. Acute and severe ischemia was found in 2 cases, claudication was in found 3 cases, asthenia in both legs was found in 1 case and 1 case was asymptomatic. Femoral-femoral bypass, femoral-femoral bypass and stenting, aorto-iliac/femoral bypass, thrombectomy and conservative treatment were performed in 1 patient each and thrombectomy together with stenting was performed in 2 cases. Limb graft occlusion was not rare after EVAR. Treatment of this complication included surgery and endovascular therapy such as bypass, thrombectomy and thrombolysis. In conclusion, aggressive pre-emptive treatment including angioplasty and stenting prevented occlusion in certain cases.

Wellness among African-American and Caucasian students attending a predominantly White institution.

The wellness movement is growing on college campuses; however, the examination of race is lacking. We examined aspects of physical and emotional well-being as a function of race in 197 college students at a predominantly White institution. Results revealed racial differences on diet, F(1, 196) = 7.537, p = 0.007 and resilient coping, F(1, 196) = 8.614, p = 0.004. Furthermore, regression analyses revealed that the association between stress and coping was moderated by race ( F(1, 196) = 8.196, p = 0.005), demonstrating that Whites and Blacks experience and cope with stressors in differing ways. Findings of this study suggest that race is an influential factor of wellness and subsequent well-being in college students.

Severe Yellow fever vaccine-associated disease: a case report and current overview.

History and physical examination A 56-year-old man developed high fever with severe headaches, fatigue, impaired concentration skills, and an exanthema 5 days after a yellow fever (YF) vaccination. Laboratory tests Liver enzymes and YF antibody titers were remarkably elevated. YF vaccine virus was detected in urine by PCR. Diagnosis and therapy Initially, severe YF vaccine-associated visceral disease was suspected and treated symptomatically. Clinical Course His fever ceased after 10 days in total, no organ failure developed. However, postencephalitic symptoms persisted with fatigue and impaired concentration, memory, and reading skills and partly incapability to work for over 3 months. A diagnosis was made of suspected YF vaccine-associated neurotropic disease. Conclusion Severe vaccine-derived adverse effects need to be considered in the indication process for YF vaccination.

An Unusual Presentation of an Unusual Disease: Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum.

We report a case of spontaneous pneumomediastinum with unusual clinical presentation. The most common symptoms of spontaneous mediastinum are chest pain and shortness of breath. Our patient presented with neck swelling and change in voice, an unusual presentation for spontaneous pneumothorax. A 30-year-old previously healthy man presented with complaints of neck swelling and hoarseness of voice beginning after an intense coughing spell. He had no other complaints. He denied any trauma to the chest, nausea, vomiting, recent air travel, scuba diving or recreational drug use. His vital signs were stable with an O2 saturation of 97 percent on room air. Chest examination was remarkable for palpable crepitus over lower neck as well as bilateral upper and mid anterior chest. Chest radiograph as well as chest computed tomography (CT) demonstarted a massive pneumomediastinum with free air dissecting throughout the soft tissues of the neck. The patient was admitted for observation. Neck swelling and hoarseness of voice resolved in less than 24 hours with conservative management of cough. He was discharged without incident. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is an uncommon, self-limiting condition in which air is present in the mediastinum with no obvious precipitating factor. Cough, inhaled drugs, physical exercise, labor, and diabetic ketoacidosis have been reported to trigger spontaneous pneumomediastinum. Our patient developed the condition after an intense coughing spell following smoking cessation. CT scan is considered gold standard for the diagnosis. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is characterized by spontaneous recovery and can be treated with short period of observation and symptomatic management.

Certain Dietary Habits Contribute to the Functional Dyspepsia in South China Rural Area.

BACKGROUND Functional dyspepsia (FD) refers to a group of upper gastrointestinal syndromes, subdivided into two types: postprandial distress syndrome (PDS) and epigastric pain syndrome (EPS). The etiology of FD remains unclear; however, unhealthy dietary habit is one potential underlying cause. We aim to explore the association of poor dietary habits with FD and its subtypes. MATERIAL AND METHODS A validated epidemiological questionnaire was designed to investigate dietary habits and gastrointestinal syndromes. Citizens in the Baotun community of Dongguan were invited to complete the study questionnaire. All participants were asked to undergo a physical examination and a blinded physician interview. The study was conducted from June 2015 to June 2016. FD was diagnosed using ROME III criteria. The association between investigated dietary habits and dyspeptic symptoms were explored. RESULTS There were 1,304 adult residents recruited for the study survey; 165 residents had existing organic dyspepsia (OD), 203 residents were diagnosed with FD, and the other 936 participants, who were without dyspeptic symptoms or functional gastrointestinal diseases, were regarded as the control group. Subtype diagnosis indicated 61 participants had EPS, 66 participants had PDS, and 76 participants had coexisting EPS and PDS. Unhealthy dietary habits were more prevalent in the FD group than in the control groups (75.86% versus 37.50%; p<0.001). FD was found to be associated with irregular mealtime, dining out, fatty food, sweet food, and coffee (p<0.05). The impact of each dietary factor varied with FD subtypes. CONCLUSIONS Certain types of dietary habits were positively correlated with the prevalence of FD. FD subtypes showed relatively different associations with dietary factors.

Cardiovascular risk factors and mortality in children with chronic kidney disease.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) begins early in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and its progression is determined by the presence of single or multiple cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs).

What Is the Diagnostic Accuracy of the Duck Walk Test in Detecting Meniscal Tears?

Clinical weightbearing provocation tests, like the duck walk test, may be of value in diagnosing or screening for medial meniscal tears. However, evidence of the diagnostic accuracy of the duck walk test is lacking.

Chest circumference and birth weight are good predictors of lung function in preschool children from an e-waste recycling area.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between birth weight, chest circumference, and lung function in preschool children from e-waste exposure area. A total of 206 preschool children from Guiyu (an e-waste recycling area) and Haojiang and Xiashan (the reference areas) in China were recruited and required to undergo physical examination, blood tests, and lung function tests during the study period. Birth outcome such as birth weight and birth height were obtained by questionnaire. Children living in the e-waste-exposed area have a lower birth weight, chest circumference, height, and lung function when compare to their peers from the reference areas (all p value <0.05). Both Spearman and partial correlation analyses showed that birth weight and chest circumference were positively correlated with lung function levels including forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1). After adjustment for the potential confounders in further linear regression analyses, birth weight, and chest circumference were positively associated with lung function levels, respectively. Taken together, birth weight and chest circumference may be good predictors for lung function levels in preschool children.

Painless swollen calf muscles of a 75-year-old patient caused by bilateral venous malformations.

A 75-year-old man presented with knee pain due to medial osteoarthritis of the knee in the orthopedic outpatient clinic. Conservative treatment was started with steroid infiltration. Besides his knee complaint reported a bilateral painless swollen calf muscle without traumatic cause, and also without any pain at night, fever or medical illness. On physical examination the soleus muscle had a swollen aspect in both calfs. The skin appeared normal without deformities and the arterial pulsations were intact. An X-ray did not show abnormalities in the tibia. Magnetic resonance imaging of the legs revealed bilateral multiple saccular intramuscular venous malformations involving the soleus muscle. Intramuscular venous malformations in skeletal muscles are rare, especially when the occurrence is bilateral. Bilateral venous malformations have the potential to be missed because of the intramuscular localization. Symptoms of intramuscular venous malformation can be often mild and overlap with non-exercise related compartment syndrome, claudication, lymphedema and post thrombotic syndrome or muscle strains.

Large endocardial rheumatoid nodules: a case report and review of the literature.

Rheumatoid nodules occur frequently in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and are the most common cutaneous manifestation of the disease. Although uncommon, rheumatoid nodules may also occur on cardiac valves, where they may be large and clinically significant. They may embolize and cause stroke. They may cause regurgitant murmurs, or they may result in valvular destruction. Echocardiographically, they may mimic an atrial myxoma or appear as a vegetation. We present a patient with seronegative rheumatoid arthritis who developed an acute embolic stroke; he had peripheral stigmata of infective endocarditis on physical examination and echocardiography revealed a mitral valve vegetation. We illustrate that these findings were due to a large, highly destructive mitral valve rheumatoid nodule. We review the literature on macroscopic endocardial nodules and emphasize their diverse clinical behavior.

Ultrasonographic evaluation of enthesitis in patients with ankylosing spondylitis.

The aim of this study was to assess sensitivity and responsiveness of power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS) in detecting enthesitis for ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients compared to clinical examinations. Twenty AS patients initiating etanerceptunderwent clinical and PDUS examinations of six bilateral entheseal sites at baseline and after 1, 2 and 3 months of treatment. Clinical and PDUS examinations identified at least one entheseal lesion in nine (45%) and 19 (95%) patients, respectively. Furthermore, of 240 entheseal sites examined in these 20 patients, PDUS detected 123 entheseal lesions (51.3% of sites), compared with only 47 entheseal lesions (19.6%) detected by clinical examination (P<0.05). The entheseal lesions found on PDUS were most commonly identified by calcification (33.3%), tendon edema (29.2%), abnormal blood flow (25.8%), a thickened tendon (22.1%), cortical irregularity (12.9%), bony erosions (9.6%) and bursitis at the tendon insertion to the bone cortex (7.1%). Improvements in clinical symptoms and laboratory parameters, and significant decreases in PDUS scores were observed following treatment with etanercept. Improvements in PDUS scores continued during follow-up in patients who entered remission following treatment. In conclusion, PDUS improves detection of structural and inflammatory abnormalities of the enthesis in AS compared to physical examination. In addition, PDUS may be useful inascertaining medications.

Pulmonary Pharmacokinetics of Colistin Following Administration of Dry Powder Aerosols in Rats.

Colistin has been administered via nebulization for the treatment of respiratory tract infections. Recently, dry powder inhalation (DPI) has attracted increasing attention. The current study aimed to investigate the pharmacokinetics (PK) of colistin in epithelial lining fluid (ELF) and plasma following DPI and intravenous (IV) administration in healthy Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were given colistin as DPI intratracheally (0.66 and 1.32 mg base/kg) or IV injection (0.66 mg base/kg). Histopathological examination of lung tissue was performed at 24 h. Colistin concentrations in both ELF and plasma were quantified and a population PK model was developed and compared to a previously published PK model of nebulized colistin in rats. A two-compartment structural model was developed to describe the PK of colistin in both ELF and plasma following pulmonary or IV administration. The model-estimated clearance from the central plasma compartment was 0.271 L/h/kg (standard error [SE] = 2.51%). Transfer of colistin from the ELF compartment to the plasma compartment was best described by a first-order rate constant (CLELF,Plasma= 4.03 × 10(-4) L/h/kg, SE = 15%). DPI appeared to have a faster rate of absorption (Tmax,DPI ≤10 min) than nebulization (Tmax,Neb 20-30 min), but similar systemic bioavailability (∼46.5% [SE = 8.43%]). Histopathological examination revealed no significant differences in inflammation in lung tissues between the two treatments. Our findings suggest that colistin DPI is a promising alternative to nebulization considering similar PK and safety profiles. The PK and histopathological information obtained are critical for the development of optimal aerosolized colistin regimens against Gram-negative lung infections.

Does CT help in predicting preepiglottic space invasion in laryngeal carcinoma?

Evaluating preepiglottic space involvement in laryngeal cancer by CT may lead misinterpretation. We sought to understand the causes of misinterpretation in evaluating the preepiglottic space by CT and assessed the effects of misinterpretation in treatment plans of patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas.

Dorsoradial Instability of the Thumb Metacarpophalangeal Joint: A Biomechanical Investigation.

To define the role of the dorsal capsule and associated dorsal fibrocartilage (DFC) and their interactions with the radial collateral ligament (RCL) as a thumb metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint stabilizer.

Etiologies and management of cutaneous flushing: Nonmalignant causes.

The flushing phenomenon may represent a physiologic or a pathologic reaction. Although flushing is usually benign, it is prudent that the physician remains aware of potentially life-threatening conditions associated with cutaneous flushing. A thorough investigation should be performed if the flushing is atypical or not clearly associated with a benign underlying process. The diagnosis often relies on a pertinent history, review of systems, physical examination, and various laboratory and imaging modalities, all of which are discussed in the 2 articles in this continuing medical education series. This article reviews flushing associated with fever, hyperthermia, emotions, menopause, medications, alcohol, food, hypersensitivity reactions, rosacea, hyperthyroidism, dumping syndrome, superior vena cava syndrome, and neurologic etiologies.

A falls prevention programme to improve quality of life, physical function and falls efficacy in older people receiving home help services: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

Falls and fall-related injuries in older adults are associated with great burdens, both for the individuals, the health care system and the society. Previous research has shown evidence for the efficiency of exercise as falls prevention. An understudied group are older adults receiving home help services, and the effect of a falls prevention programme on health-related quality of life is unclear. The primary aim of this randomised controlled trial is to examine the effect of a falls prevention programme on quality of life, physical function and falls efficacy in older adults receiving home help services. A secondary aim is to explore the mediating factors between falls prevention and health-related quality of life.

Health and function assessments in two adjacent Danish birth cohorts of centenarians: Impact of design and methodology.

Using the results from measures of functional ability, cognitive and physical performance from two adjacent birth cohorts of 100-year-old adults, we aimed to elucidate the possible impact of difference in participation rates, design, and interviewer mode. Participants were birth cohort members born in 1910 (DK-1910) and 1911-12 (DK-1911). Both surveys used the same assessment instruments, but the design was different, and data collection was carried out by trained survey agency interviewers in DK-1910 and trained nurses in DK-1911. Participation rate in DK-1911 (49.8 % (251/504)) was lower than in DK-1910 (66.9 % (273/408)) (p < 0.001). The proportion of interviews with the participant answering alone or mainly alone was significantly higher in DK-1911 (77 %) than in DK-1910 (56 %), and the proportion living in nursing home was significantly lower (44 vs. 54 %, respectively). Higher proportions of DK-1911 independently performed all activities of daily living (ADL) compared to DK-1910, but only significantly for toileting, bathing, and feeding (all p < 0.01). Mini-mental state examination (MMSE) score was higher in DK-1911 than in DK-1910 (23.5 vs. 21.0; p < 0.001). Handgrip strength, gait speed, and chair stand were almost similar. DK-1911 participants had significantly better one-year survival than DK-1911 non-participants and DK-1910 participants and non-participants (p = 0.001). These results suggest that lower participation rate entails selection towards healthier participants in terms of ADL and cognitive functioning. Caution is warranted when comparing studies of centenarians with different participation rates, design, and interviewer mode, and further studies of these methodological issues are required.