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survivors - Top 30 Publications

The Effect on Bone Outcomes of Home-based Exercise Intervention for Prostate Cancer Survivors Receiving Androgen Deprivation Therapy: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

Cancer treatment-induced bone loss has important long-term effects in prostate cancer survivors (PCSs) receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), but little is known about preventive interventions.

Clinical Effect of Rebound Hyperthermia After Cooling Postcardiac Arrest: A Meta-Analysis.

Rebound hyperthermia (RH) is frequently seen after completion of targeted temperature management (TTM) in comatose survivors of cardiac arrest. However, its clinical significance is not well understood. Previous studies analyzing the association of RH with clinical outcome have reported conflicting results. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to examine the impact of RH after completion of TTM in patients postcardiac arrest. We reviewed six studies that evaluated the incidence of RH (T > 38°C) with documentation of outcome based on the presence of hyperthermia. We reviewed all six articles and extracted the data for mortality and neurological outcome. A total of 729 patients were analyzed for neurological outcome and 950 patients were analyzed for mortality. RH was found to be associated with a significantly worse neurological outcome (odds ratio [OR] 1.55; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.13-2.14). RH was not significantly associated with a higher mortality (OR 1.31; 95% CI 1.00-1.72). We also analyzed three studies totaling 206 patients for neurological outcomes and mortality that included patients with severe RH (T > 38.5°C). Severe RH was found to be associated with significantly worse neurological outcome (OR 1.92, 95% CI 1.28-1.90) and significantly worse mortality (OR 2.22, 95% CI 1.50-3.29). RH is common after completion of TTM in comatose patients because of cardiac arrest and is associated with poor neurological outcomes. The clinical impact of RH is likely proportional to the magnitude of RH.

Age and Cancer Treatment Are Related to Receiving Treatment Summaries and Survivorship Care Plans in Female Young Adult Cancer Survivors.

The study determined factors associated with patient-reported receipt of survivorship care plans and/or treatment summaries (SCP/TS). Two hundred forty female young adult cancer survivors ages 18-44 completed a web-based survey that included self-report on receiving SCP/TS. Mean age was 32.8 (standard deviation 5.8) years; 20% were diagnosed with cancer at age <21. Only 47% reported receipt of SCP/TS. Age <21 at diagnosis (odds ratio [OR] 2.0, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.0-3.9), chemotherapy (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.2-4.6), central nervous system radiation (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.1-5.6), and bone marrow transplantation (OR 7.2, 95% CI 1.5-33.3) were significantly associated with higher odds of SCP/TS receipt. Improved integration of TS and SCP into cancer survivorship care is needed.

Relative validity of a brief Fat and Fibre Behaviour Questionnaire in a population of overweight and obese breast cancer survivors: A note of caution.

Dietary intake assessment is often difficult in research contexts because of time and resource constraints and participant burden. Valid, reliable and brief assessments of dietary behaviour are needed. Additionally, examination of instrument performance in a variety of populations is needed. This study assessed relative validity and responsiveness to change of the Fat and Fibre Behaviour Questionnaire (FFBQ) in a population of breast cancer survivors compared with dietary intake measured by 24-hour recalls.

A systematic review of peer mentoring interventions for people with traumatic brain injury.

This systematic review sought evidence concerning the effectiveness of peer mentoring for people with traumatic brain injury.

Clinical value of ST-segment change after return of spontaneous cardiac arrest and emergent coronary angiography in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: Diagnostic and therapeutic importance of vasospastic angina.

We investigated the association between initial ST-segment change after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and the incidence of acute coronary lesions in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), and clinical outcomes of patients with OHCA caused by vasospastic angina pectoris (VSA).

Intermittent versus continuous renal replacement therapy in acute methanol poisoning: comparison of clinical effectiveness in mass poisoning outbreaks.

Intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) is the modality of choice in the extracorporeal treatment (ECTR) of acute methanol poisoning. However, the comparative clinical effectiveness of intermittent versus continuous modalities (CRRT) is unknown. During an outbreak of mass methanol poisoning, we therefore studied the effect of IHD versus CRRT on mortality and the prevalence of visual/central nervous system (CNS) sequelae in survivors.

Assessment of hepatitis B virus antibody titers in childhood cancer survivors.

Pediatric patients suffering from cancer are at risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and its related complications even though it is considered a vaccine preventable disease. Little is known of the effects of chemotherapy, and even less is known regarding the impact of HBV booster on HBV antibody titers. It is the purpose of this study to investigate and measure the prevalence of the antihepatitis B surface antibodies (HBsAb) in childhood cancer survivors after completion of their chemotherapy treatment and to further evaluate survivors' response to a single booster dose of HBV vaccine. This observational, cross-sectional retrospective study included 43 patients, of which 37 (86%) were found to be seronegative (HBsAb titer <10 mIU/ml). The notable result was that, of the seronegative patients who received a booster dose of HBV vaccine, 90% of the tested cases exhibited a successful raising of HBsAb titers >10 mIU/ml.

Stroke survivors' levels of community reintegration, quality of life, satisfaction with the physiotherapy services and the level of caregiver strain at community health centres within the Johannesburg area.

Stroke survivors are discharged home before they are functionally independent and return home with activity limitations that would not be manageable without a caregiver.

Sudan ebolavirus long recovered survivors produce GP-specific Abs that are of the IgG1 subclass and preferentially bind FcγRI.

Ebolavirus is a highly lethal pathogen, causing a severe hemorrhagic disease with a high fatality rate. To better understand immune correlates of protection by virus specific IgG, we investigated the evolution of the Fcγ receptors (FcγRs)-activating capabilities of antiviral IgG in serum samples of long recovered survivors. To this end, longitudinal serum samples from survivors of Sudan ebolavirus (SUDV) infection, studied over years, were examined for the presence of Ebola-GP specific IgG subclasses, and for their binding to FcγRs. We developed a cell-based reporter system to quantitate pathogen-specific antibody binding to FcγRIIIA, FcγRIIA, FcγRIIB and FcγRI. With this system, we demonstrate that anti-GP-specific stimulation of the FcγRI reporter by survivors' sera was substantially high one year after acute infection, with a slight reduction in activity over a decade post infection. We further demonstrate that GP-specific IgG1 is by far the seroprevalent subclass that retained and even enhanced its presence in the sera, over ten years post infection; the prevalence of other GP-specific IgG subclasses was considerably reduced over time. In accordance, GP-specific FcγRI reporter response and GP-specific total IgG1 subclass correlated in the studied group of Ebola survivors. These observations are important for further informing Ebola vaccine and therapeutic development.

Anxiety Among Adolescent Survivors of Pediatric Cancer.

The purpose of this review was to synthesize current knowledge about anxiety among adolescent survivors of pediatric cancer and highlights areas for future research.

Outcomes of ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction Complicated by Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (from the Los Angeles County Regional System).

The objective of this study was to evaluate the time to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and the outcome for patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) complicated by out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). In this regional system, all patients with STEMI and/or OHCA with return of spontaneous circulation were transported to STEMI Receiving Centers. The outcomes registry was queried for patients with STEMI with underwent primary PCI from April 2011 to December 2014. Patients with STEMI complicated by OHCA were compared with a reference group of STEMI without OHCA. The primary end point was the first medical contact-to-device time. Of 4,729 patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI, 422 patients (9%) suffered OHCA. Patients with OHCA were on average 2 years (95% confidence interval 0.7 to 3.0) older and had a slightly higher male predominance. The first medical contact-to-device time was longer in STEMI with OHCA compared with STEMI alone (94 ± 37 vs. 86 ± 34 minutes, p < 0.0001). In-hospital mortality was higher after OHCA, 38% versus 6% in STEMI alone, odds ratio 6.3 (95% confidence interval 5.3 to 7.4). Among OHCA survivors, 193 (73%) were discharged with a cerebral performance category score of 1 or 2. In conclusion, despite longer treatment intervals, neurologic outcome was good in nearly half of the surviving patients with STEMI complicated by OHCA, suggesting that these patients can be effectively treated with primary PCI in a regionalized system of care.

Pregnancy and child health outcomes in pediatric and young adult leukemia and lymphoma survivors: a systematic review.

As long-term survival is high for children and young adults diagnosed with leukemia and lymphoma, delineating maternal, fetal and offspring health risks is important to their family planning. This systematic review examined data comparing these health risks between leukemia and lymphoma survivors and women without a history of cancer. Following a search of Embase, PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane, and Web of Science, 142 articles were screened and 18 were included in this review. No higher risks of spontaneous abortion, maternal diabetes and anemia, stillbirth, birth defects, or childhood cancer in offspring were observed in survivors compared to controls. Important to counseling and clinical care, live birth rates were lower, while preterm birth and low birth weight risks were modestly higher in survivors compared to controls. Findings were largely reassuring but highlight the lack of data on maternal cardiopulmonary risks, differential risk by cancer treatment type, and interventions to decrease these risks.

The course of fear of cancer recurrence: Different patterns by age in breast cancer survivors.

To examine the time course and predictors of fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) in breast cancer survivors over a period of 18 months after initial surgery.

Proton Beam Radiotherapy and Concurrent Chemotherapy for Unresectable Stage III Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: Final Results of a Phase 2 Study.

Proton beam radiotherapy (PBT) has the potential to reduce toxic effects in the definitive management of locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but long-term prospective data are lacking.

Follicle Stimulating Hormone is an accurate predictor of azoospermia in childhood cancer survivors.

The accuracy of Follicle Stimulating Hormone as a predictor of azoospermia in adult survivors of childhood cancer is unclear, with conflicting results in the published literature. A systematic review and post hoc analysis of combined data (n = 367) were performed on all published studies containing extractable data on both serum Follicle Stimulating Hormone concentration and semen concentration in survivors of childhood cancer. PubMed and Medline databases were searched up to March 2017 by two blind investigators. Articles were included if they contained both serum FSH concentration and semen concentration, used World Health Organisation certified methods for semen analysis, and the study participants were all childhood cancer survivors. There was no evidence for either publication bias or heterogeneity for the five studies. For the combined data (n = 367) the optimal Follicle Stimulating Hormone threshold was 10.4 IU/L with specificity 81% (95% CI 76%-86%) and sensitivity 83% (95% CI 76%-89%). The AUC was 0.89 (95%CI 0.86-0.93). A range of threshold FSH values for the diagnosis of azoospermia with their associated sensitivities and specificities were calculated. This study provides strong supporting evidence for the use of serum Follicle Stimulating Hormone as a surrogate biomarker for azoospermia in adult males who have been treated for childhood cancer.

New-Onset Heart Failure and Mortality in Hospital Survivors of Sepsis-Related Left Ventricular Dysfunction.

The association between new-onset left ventricular (LV) dysfunction during sepsis with long-term heart failure outcomes is lesser understood.

A mixed methods study to explore the supportive care needs of breast cancer survivors.

Needs assessment is the essence of quality cancer survivorship care. The aim of this study was to explore the supportive care needs of breast cancer survivors (BCS) in the first five years post-treatment.

Respiratory sinus arrhythmia in the fourth decade of life depends on birth weight and the DRD4 gene: Implications for understanding the development of emotion regulation.

The long allele of the DRD4 gene can confer different behavioral and emotional phenotypes depending upon environmental exposure, although the physiological changes underlying these phenotypes are not fully known. We sought to extend this work by assessing the interaction of the DRD4 gene and exposure to perinatal adversity (indexed by extremely low birth weight [ELBW]) on resting respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), a neurophysiological measure of emotion regulation, in adulthood.

Resilience and the rehabilitation of adult spinal cord injury survivors: A qualitative systematic review.

To synthesise the qualitative research evidence that explored how survivors of adult spinal cord injury experience and make sense of resilience.

The Intensive Care Medicine research agenda on critically ill oncology and hematology patients.

Over the coming years, accelerating progress against cancer will be associated with an increased number of patients who require life-sustaining therapies for infectious or toxic chemotherapy-related events. Major changes include increased number of cancer patients admitted to the ICU with full-code status or for time-limited trials, increased survival and quality of life in ICU survivors, changing prognostic factors, early ICU admission for optimal monitoring, and use of noninvasive diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. In this review, experts in the management of critically ill cancer patients highlight recent changes in the use and the results of intensive care in patients with malignancies. They seek to put forward a standard of care for the management of these patients and highlight important updates that are required to care for them. The research agenda they suggest includes important studies to be conducted in the next few years to increase our understanding of organ dysfunction in this population and to improve our ability to appropriately use life-saving therapies or select new therapeutic approaches that are likely to improve outcomes. This review aims to provide more guidance for the daily management of patients with cancer, in whom outcomes are constantly improving, as is our global ability to fight against what is becoming the leading cause of mortality in industrialized and non-industrialized countries.

Successful haploidentical stem cell transplantation with prophylactic administration of liposomal amphotericin B after invasive pulmonary zygomycosis.

A 54-year-old woman with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) achieved complete remission by induction chemotherapy, but developed zygomycosis after consolidation therapy. As zygomycosis could not be cured by liposomal amphotericin B and micafungin, left lower lobectomy was performed. As AML relapsed 7 months after onset, she received haploidentical stem cell transplantation under administration of liposomal amphotericin B. Despite experiencing severe acute graft-versus-host disease, she remains alive with no relapse of either zygomycosis or AML.

Factors associated with increased pancreatic enzymes in septic patients: a prospective study.

The perfusion of splanchnic organs is deeply altered in patients with septic shock. The aim of the study is to identify the predictive factors of septic shock-induced increase of serum lipase and amylase and to assess and evaluate its prognostic impact.

The Elevation of Cardio-Ankle Vascular Index in a Patient With Malignant Lymphoma Treated With a Combination Therapy of Rituximab and Cyclophosphamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine, and Prednisolone.

An increased risk of arteriosclerosis has been noted in cancer survivors. Currently, there are only a few reports available that consider the risk of arteriosclerosis in patients treated with chemotherapy. Patients with an advanced stage B-cell malignant lymphoma are typically treated with a combination therapy of rituximab and cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (R-CHOP). Complications such as diabetes mellitus (DM), hyperlipidemia (HL), and osteoporosis due to prednisolone and cardiotoxicity due to anthracyclines are well known. However, there are no studies that have investigated the link between R-CHOP therapy and arteriosclerosis. We discussed a patient with follicular lymphoma who was evaluated using cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) as an arterial stiffness parameter during R-CHOP therapy in this report. She achived complete remission after the eighth course therapy without complications such as hypertension (HT), HL, DM, and infection. This patient showed elevated CAVI with new plaque formation in the carotid arteries after the end of chemotherapy. These data indicate that R-CHOP therapy may progress the arteriosclerosis.

Surviving the Holocaust: Socio-demographic Differences Among Amsterdam Jews.

This study determined the victimisation rate among Amsterdam Jews and socio-demographic differences in surviving the Holocaust. After linking a registration list of over 77,000 Jewish inhabitants in 1941 to post-war lists of Jewish victims and survivors, the victimisation rate lies between 74.3 and 75.3 %. Differences in survival chances and risk of being killed are examined by using multivariable logistic and Cox regression analyses. While male Jews had a reduced risk of death, in the end their survival chances hardly differed from females. Though Jews aged 6-14 and 31-50 initially had a lower risk of death, in the end compared with Jews aged 15-30 they had lower survival chances, just as Jews aged 50+. For Jews aged 0-5, it was the other way around. Immigrants showed better survival chances than native Jews. German Jews showed better survival chances than Dutch Jews, but Polish and other Jewish nationals showed highest survival chances. Jews who had abandoned Judaism had better survival chances than Jews belonging to an Israelite congregation. Divorced, widowed and unmarried adult Jews had better survival chances than married Jews and their children; Jews married to non-Jews, however, had one of the highest survival chances. Jews in the two highest social classes had better survival chances than jobless Jews. These findings indicate that survival was not random but related to socio-demographic characteristics. This sheds light on demographic consequences of conflict and violence: Nazi persecution reduced the Amsterdam Jewish community drastically, and socio-demographic differences in survival impacted the post-war Jewish population structure.

Therapeutic targeting of HMGB1 during experimental sepsis modulates the inflammatory cytokine profile to one associated with improved clinical outcomes.

Sepsis remains a significant health burden and a major clinical need exists for therapeutics to dampen the excessive and uncontrolled immune activation. Nuclear protein high mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1) is released following cell death and is a late mediator in sepsis pathogenesis. While approaches targeting HMGB1 have demonstrated reduced mortality in pre-clinical models of sepsis, the impact of HMGB1 blockade on the complex septic inflammatory milieu and the development of subsequent immunosuppression remain enigmatic. Analysis of plasma samples obtained from septic shock patients established an association between increased HMGB1 and non-survival, higher APACHE II scores, and increased pro-inflammatory cytokine responses. Pre-clinically, administration of neutralising ovine anti-HMGB1 polyclonal antibodies improved survival in murine endotoxaemia and caecal ligation and puncture-induced sepsis models, and altered early cytokine profiles to one which corresponded to patterns observed in the surviving patient cohort. Additionally, anti-HMGB1 treated murine sepsis survivors were significantly more resistant to secondary bacterial infection and exhibited altered innate immune cell phenotypes and cytokine responses. These findings demonstrate that anti-HMGB1 antibodies alter inflammation in murine sepsis models and reduce sepsis mortality without potentiating immunosuppression.

A unique T cell receptor amino acid sequence selected by HTLV-I Tax301-309-specific cytotoxic T-cells in HLA-A24:02(+) asymptomatic carriers and adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma patients.

We previously reported that the T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire of HTLV-I Tax301-309-specific CD8(+) cytotoxic T-cells (Tax-CTLs) was highly restricted and a particular amino acid sequence motif, "PDR", was conserved among HLA-A*24:02(+) ATL patients who have undergone allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Furthermore, we found that donor-derived PDR+CTLs selectively expanded in ATL long-term HSCT survivors with strong CTL activity against HTLV-I. On the other hand, the TCR repertoires in Tax-CTL of asymptomatic HTLV-I carriers (ACs) remain unclear. In this study, we directly identified the DNA sequence of complementarity determining region 3 (CDR3) of TCR-β chain of Tax301-309-CTLs at the single-cell level and compared not only TCR repertoires but also the frequencies and phenotypes of Tax-CTL between ACs and ATL patients. We did not observe any essential difference in the frequencies of Tax301-309-CTLs between ACs and ATL patients. In the single-cell TCR repertoire analysis of Tax-CTLs, 1458 Tax-CTLs and 140 clones were identified in this cohort. Tax-CTLs showed highly restricted TCR repertoires with a strongly biased usage of BV7, and "PDR", the unique motif in TCR-β CDR3, was exclusively observed in all ACs and ATL patients. However, there was no correlation between PDR+CTL frequencies and HTLV-I proviral load (PVL). In conclusion, we have identified, for the first time, a unique amino acid sequence, "PDR", as a public TCR-CDR3 motif against Tax in HLA-A*24:02(+) HTLV-I-infected individuals. Further investigations are warranted to elucidate the role of the PDR+ CTL response in the progression from carrier state to ATL.IMPORTANCE ATL is an aggressive T-cell malignancy caused by HTLV-I virus infection. The HTLV-I virus regulatory protein Tax aggressively promotes the proliferation of HTLV-I-infected lymphocytes and is also a major target antigen for CD8(+) CTLs. In our previous evaluation of Tax-CTL, we found that a unique amino acid sequence motif, "PDR", in CDR3 of TCR-β chain of Tax-CTLs was conserved among ATL patients after allo-HSCT. Furthermore, the PDR+Tax-CTL clones selectively expanded and showed strong cytotoxic activities against HTLV-I. On the other hand, it remains unclear how Tax-CTL repertoire exists in ACs. In this study, we comprehensively compared Tax-specific TCR repertoires at the single-cell level between ACs and ATL patients. Tax-CTLs showed highly restricted TCR repertoires with a strongly biased usage of BV7, and "PDR", the unique motif in TCR-β CDR3, was conserved in all ACs and ATL patients, regardless of clinical subtype in HTLV-1 infection.

Interleukin-1 receptor in seizure susceptibility after traumatic injury to the pediatric brain.

Epilepsy after pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with poor quality of life. This study aimed to characterize post-traumatic epilepsy in a mouse model of pediatric brain injury, and to evaluate the role of interleukin-1 (IL-1) signaling as a target for pharmacological intervention. Male mice received a controlled cortical impact or sham surgery at postnatal day 21, approximating a toddler-aged child. Mice were treated acutely with an IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra; 100 mg/kg s.c.) or vehicle. Spontaneous and evoked seizures were evaluated from video-EEG recordings. Behavioral assays tested for functional outcomes, post-mortem analyses assessed neuropathology, and brain atrophy was detected by ex vivo magnetic resonance imaging. At 2 weeks and 3 months post-injury, TBI mice showed an elevated seizure response to the convulsant pentylenetetrazol compared to sham mice, associated with abnormal hippocampal mossy fiber sprouting. A robust increase in IL-1β and IL-1 receptor were detected after TBI. IL-1Ra treatment reduced seizure susceptibility 2 weeks after TBI compared to vehicle, and a reduction in hippocampal astrogliosis. In a chronic study, IL-1Ra-TBI mice showed improved spatial memory at 4 months post-injury. At 5 months, most TBI mice exhibited spontaneous seizures during a 7 day video-EEG recording period. At 6 months, IL-1Ra-TBI mice had fewer evoked seizures compared to vehicle controls, coinciding with greater preservation of cortical tissue. Findings demonstrate this model's utility to delineate mechanisms underlying epileptogenesis after pediatric brain injury, and provide evidence of IL-1 signaling as a mediator of post-traumatic astrogliosis and seizure susceptibility.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENTEpilepsy is a common cause of morbidity after traumatic brain injury in early childhood. However, a limited understanding of how epilepsy develops, particularly in the immature brain, likely contributes to the lack of efficacious treatments. In this preclinical study, we first demonstrate that a mouse model of traumatic injury to the pediatric brain reproduces many neuropathological and seizure-like hallmarks characteristic of epilepsy. Secondly, we demonstrate that targeting the acute inflammatory response reduces cognitive impairments, the degree of neuropathology, and seizure susceptibility, after pediatric brain injury in mice. These findings provide evidence that inflammatory cytokine signaling is a key process underlying epilepsy development after an acquired brain insult, which represents a feasible therapeutic target to improve quality of life for survivors.

Predictors of mortality in Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).

We evaluated the clinical characteristics, cytokine/chemokine concentrations, viral shedding and antibody kinetics in 30 patients with Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), including 6 non-survivors admitted to 3 MERS-designated hospitals. Old age, low albumin, altered mentality and high pneumonia severity index score at admission were risk factors for mortality. In addition, severe signs of inflammation at initial presentation (at hospital days 1-4), such as high inducible protein-10 (p=0.0013), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (p=0.0007) and interleukin 6 (p=0.0007) concentrations, and poor viral control (high viral load at hospital days 5-10, p<0.001) without adequate antibody titres (low antibody titre at hospital days 11-16, p=0.07) during the course of disease, were associated with mortality.

Marburg virus survivor immune responses are Th1 skewed with limited neutralizing antibody responses.

Until recently, immune responses in filovirus survivors remained poorly understood. Early studies revealed IgM and IgG responses to infection with various filoviruses, but recent outbreaks have greatly expanded our understanding of filovirus immune responses. Immune responses in survivors of Ebola virus (EBOV) and Sudan virus (SUDV) infections have provided the most insight, with T cell responses as well as detailed antibody responses having been characterized. Immune responses to Marburg virus (MARV), however, remain almost entirely uncharacterized. We report that immune responses in MARV survivors share characteristics with EBOV and SUDV infections but have some distinct differences. MARV survivors developed multivariate CD4(+) T cell responses but limited CD8(+) T cell responses, more in keeping with SUDV survivors than EBOV survivors. In stark contrast to SUDV survivors, rare neutralizing antibody responses in MARV survivors diminished rapidly after the outbreak. These results warrant serious consideration for any vaccine or therapeutic that seeks to be broadly protective, as different filoviruses may require different immune responses to achieve immunity.