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telehealth - Top 30 Publications

Attitudes Toward e-Health: The Otolaryngologists' Point of View.

Online communication and the number of e-health applications have noticeably increased. However, little is known about the otolaryngologists' use behavior and their attitudes toward the potential of e-health. The aims of the study were to evaluate the documentation, information, and communication technologies used by otolaryngologists and to get a better understanding of their attitudes toward the potential of e-health for cross-sectoral patient care.

Telepsychiatry for Children and Adolescents: A Review of the PROMETTED Project.

Telemedicine for children and adolescents is a public health topic, and since 2009 in France, the legal framework defines practical modalities. Some children with Attention Deficit with or without Hyperactivity Disorder, social anxiety, or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) can be easily engaged within a teleconsultation model. Literature suggests new opportunities to facilitate the care process for the ASD person and his family: diagnosis with the use of validated instruments and parental accompaniment.

Integrative Assessment of Congestion in Heart Failure Throughout the Patient Journey.

Congestion is one of the main predictors of poor patient outcome in patients with heart failure. However, congestion is difficult to assess, especially when symptoms are mild. Although numerous clinical scores, imaging tools, and biological tests are available to assist physicians in ascertaining and quantifying congestion, not all are appropriate for use in all stages of patient management. In recent years, multidisciplinary management in the community has become increasingly important to prevent heart failure hospitalizations. Electronic alert systems and communication platforms are emerging that could be used to facilitate patient home monitoring that identifies congestion from heart failure decompensation at an earlier stage. This paper describes the role of congestion detection methods at key stages of patient care: pre-admission, admission to the emergency department, in-hospital management, and lastly, discharge and continued monitoring in the community. The multidisciplinary working group, which consisted of cardiologists, emergency physicians, and a nephrologist with both clinical and research backgrounds, reviewed the current literature regarding the various scores, tools, and tests to detect and quantify congestion. This paper describes the role of each tool at key stages of patient care and discusses the advantages of telemedicine as a means of providing true integrated patient care.

Potential applications of telenephrology to enhance global kidney care.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important public health issue that increasingly affects more patients globally and is associated with adverse clinical consequences with huge economic impact. Effective management of patients with CKD requires delivery of kidney care in a primary care setting where possible and at a higher level with a nephrologist when necessary to improve outcomes. In many instances and for various reasons, it is not possible to follow this pathway of care delivery. With improving telecommunication technologies worldwide, it is hoped that increasing utilisation of electronic communication devices can be used to facilitate kidney care to improve the quality of care delivered to patients, especially those who live in remote regions. Kidney care and therefore outcomes for patients with CKD is often compromised due to lack of access to a nephrologist, either because of distance or shortage of nephrologists, high proportion of patients being unaware they have CKD, lack of population screening for early detection of CKD and risk factors and prevention programmes and poor patient adherence and absence of appropriate CKD management strategies. Telenephrology can play a significant role in addressing these factors and therefore can be leveraged to improve CKD outcomes globally, especially in low to middle-income countries. This paper provides an overview on the potential role of telenephrology in enhancing access to and quality of care delivered to patients with CKD to improve outcomes.

Tourette syndrome and other chronic tic disorders: an update on clinical management.

The management of Tourette syndrome (TS) and other chronic tic disorders occurs in multiple stages and begins with comprehensive assessment and complex psychoeducation. Behavioral and pharmacological interventions (second stage) are needed when tics cause physical or psychosocial impairment. Deep brain stimulation surgery or experimental therapies represent the third stage. Areas covered: Discussed are recent advances in assessment and therapy of chronic tic disorders, encompassing the three stages of intervention, with the addition of experimental, non-invasive brain stimulation strategies. A PubMed search was performed using as keywords: 'tic disorders', 'Tourette syndrome', 'assessment', 'rating scales', 'behavioral treatment', 'pharmacological treatment', 'deep brain stimulation', 'transcranial magnetic (or current) stimulation', and 'transcranial current stimulation'. More than 300 peer-reviewed articles were evaluated. The studies discussed have been selected on the basis of novelty and impact. Expert commentary: Comprehensive assessment of tic disorders and psychoeducation are crucial to a correct active management approach. Behavioral treatments represent first line of active interventions, with increasing potential offered by telehealth. Antipsychotics and alpha agonists remain first line pharmacological interventions for tics, although VMAT-2 inhibitors appear promising. Deep brain stimulation is a potential option for medically refractory, severely disabled patients with tics, but age and target selection require further investigation.

European Academy of Neurology - European Stroke Organisation consensus statement and practical guidance for pre-hospital management of stroke.

Reduction of delay between onset and hospital arrival and adequate pre-hospital care of persons with acute stroke are important for improving chances of a favorable outcome. The objective is to recommend evidence-based practices for the management of patients with suspected stroke in the pre-hospital setting. The GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) methodology was used to define the key clinical questions. An expert panel then reviewed the literature, established the quality of the evidence, and made recommendations. Despite very low quality of evidence we strongly recommend educational campaigns to increase awareness of immediately calling emergency medical services. We found moderate quality evidence to support strong recommendations for the training of emergency medical personnel in recognizing the symptoms of a stroke, and implementation of a pre-hospital 'code stroke' including highest priority dispatch, pre-hospital notification, and rapid transfer to the closest 'stroke-ready' center. We found insufficient evidence to recommend a pre-hospital stroke scale to predict large vessel occlusion. Despite very low quality of evidence we recommend restoring normoxia in patients with hypoxia, and refrain from blood pressure lowering drugs and treating hyperglycemia with insulin. There is insufficient evidence to recommend the routine use of mobile stroke units delivering intravenous thrombolysis at the scene. Because only feasibility studies have been reported, no recommendations can be provided for pre-hospital telemedicine during ambulance transport. These guidelines inform on the contemporary approach to patients with suspected stroke in the pre-hospital settings. Further studies, preferably randomized controlled trials, are required to examine the impact of particular interventions on quality parameters and outcome. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Impact of an Electronic Health Record-Integrated Personal Health Record on Patient Participation in Health Care: Development and Randomized Controlled Trial of MyHealthKeeper.

Personal health record (PHR)-based health care management systems can improve patient engagement and data-driven medical diagnosis in a clinical setting.

Rethinking Prehospital Stroke Notification: Assessing Utility of Emergency Medical Services Impression and Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale.

Although prehospital stroke notification has improved stroke treatment, incorporation of these systems into existing infrastructure has resulted in new challenges. The goal of our study was to design an effective prehospital notification system that allows for early and accurate identification of patients presenting with acute stroke.

Composition and variation of respiratory microbiota in healthy military personnel.

Certain occupational and geographical exposures have been associated with an increased risk of lung disease. As a baseline for future studies, we sought to characterize the upper respiratory microbiomes of healthy military personnel in a garrison environment. Nasal, oropharyngeal, and nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from 50 healthy active duty volunteers eight times over the course of one year (1107 swabs, completion rate = 92.25%) and subjected to pyrosequencing of the V1-V3 region of 16S rDNA. Respiratory bacterial taxa were characterized at the genus level, using QIIME 1.8 and the Ribosomal Database Project classifier. High levels of Staphylococcus, Corynebacterium, and Propionibacterium were observed among both nasal and nasopharyngeal microbiota, comprising more than 75% of all operational taxonomical units (OTUs). In contrast, Streptococcus was the sole dominant bacterial genus (approximately 50% of all OTUs) in the oropharynx. The average bacterial diversity was greater in the oropharynx than in the nasal or nasopharyngeal region at all time points. Diversity analysis indicated a significant overlap between nasal and nasopharyngeal samples, whereas oropharyngeal samples formed a cluster distinct from these two regions. The study produced a large set of pyrosequencing data on the V1-V3 region of bacterial 16S rDNA for the respiratory microbiomes of healthy active duty Service Members. Pre-processing of sequencing reads showed good data quality. The derived microbiome profiles were consistent both internally and with previous reports, suggesting their utility for further analyses and association studies based on sequence and demographic data.

Accuracy of Smartphone-Based Pulse Oximetry Compared with Hospital-Grade Pulse Oximetry in Healthy Children.

Pulse oximetry, a ubiquitous, noninvasive method to monitor oxygen saturation (SpO2), requires larger, nonportable equipment. Smartphone pulse oximeter applications (apps) provide a portable, cost-effective option, but are untested in children. We hypothesize that smartphone pulse oximetry will not be inferior to standard pulse oximetry measured in healthy children.

Assessment of Ileostomy Output Using Telemedicine: A Feasibility Trial.

Ileostomies are a routine part of the care of patients with rectal cancer, but are associated with significant risk for dehydration, readmission, and acute kidney injury. Telemedicine has proven beneficial in decreasing readmission in chronic medical illnesses, but its utility in patients with an ileostomy is not well studied.

Preparing for the Future of Rare Diseases.

Members of the rare disease community have devoted significant financial and personnel resources to address the numerous issues surrounding rare diseases. The past has been devoted to developing an emphasis on rare diseases including an emphasis on research studies or locating information on rare diseases and the requirements and limitations of conducting clinical trials with small patient populations. The expanded role of patient advocacy organizations and patient engagement in all aspects of clinical research continues to gain acceptance within the research community. The future will require a greater understanding and interpretation of available information from multiple sources including electronic health records and big data sources. The pipeline of potential orphan products continues to grow significantly and holds great promise for novel interventions due to advances in clinical trial design and data analyses. Expanding diagnostic procedures with improved sequencing methods will speed up the diagnosis or rare diseases. Accepting agreed upon nomenclature and codification of rare diseases will assist in differentiating diseases and identifying selected sub-populations of rare diseases. Improvements in patient recruitment and increased flexibility in the product review and approval procedures by regulatory agencies will facilitate product approvals. Children particularly will need help and assistance dealing with feelings of isolation from their peers due to their rare disease. During the transition from childhood to adolescence to adult, difficulties of fitting in with peers and not wanting to be different are a major concern. In response to increasing costs of treatments, Value-Based Care is gaining greater acceptance by the reimbursement and the payer community as a basis for payment for interventions. Mobile Health (M-health) Technologies have the potential to revolutionize how clinical research is conducted in the future. Wearable devices, remote sensors, and the development of mobile device applications (apps) will all assist in constant monitoring of patients for safety and efficacy of approved and investigational compounds. Tele Health and Tele Medicine may provide the necessary access to expert clinicians with a better understanding of individual rare diseases. The future promises great advances and even greater personalized treatments with the introduction of novel treatments and approaches to care.

A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of a Technology-Based Approach for Preventing Excess Weight Gain during Pregnancy among Women with Overweight.

Overweight/obesity and excess weight gain during pregnancy are associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Few interventions have been effective in limiting gestational weight gain among women with overweight or obesity. This pilot, randomized clinical trial compared treatment as usual (TAU) to a lifestyle modification program delivered via phone for the prevention of excess gestational weight gain in women who had overweight or obesity.

Smartphone-based imaging of the corneal endothelium at sub-cellular resolution.

This aim of this study was to test the feasibility of smartphone-based specular microscopy of the corneal endothelium at a sub-cellular resolution. Quantitative examination of endothelial cells is essential for evaluating corneal disease such as determining a diagnosis, monitoring progression and assessing treatment. Smartphone-based technology promises a new opportunity to develop affordable devices to foster quantitative examination of endothelial cells in rural and underserved areas. In our study, we incorporated an iPhone 6 and a slit lamp to demonstrate the feasibility of smartphone-based microscopy of the corneal endothelium at a sub-cellular resolution. The sub-cellular resolution images allowed quantitative calculation of the endothelial cell density. Comparative measurements revealed a normal endothelial cell density of 2978 cells/mm2 in the healthy cornea, and a significantly reduced cell density of 1466 cells/mm2 in the diseased cornea with Fuchs' dystrophy. Our ultimate goal is to develop a smartphone-based telemedicine device for low-cost examination of the corneal endothelium, which can benefit patients in rural areas and underdeveloped countries to reduce health care disparities.

Evaluation of a Clinical Pharmacist-Led Multidisciplinary Antidepressant Telemonitoring Service in the Primary Care Setting.

Guidelines recommend patient follow-up within 2 weeks of antidepressant initiation or uptitration to minimize treatment discontinuation and suicidal ideation risks; however, time constraints and lack of systematic processes remain barriers in primary care. A pharmacist-led multidisciplinary telemonitoring service aimed to address these barriers. This was a retrospective, observational study of adults with depression initiated or uptitrated on an antidepressant between May and October 2016. Outcomes included the proportion of eligible patients successfully contacted, adherence, adverse effects, suicidal ideations, and pharmacist interventions. Clinical pharmacists successfully reached 258 of 380 (68%) patients and provided follow-up in 298 calls. Patients endorsed antidepressant nonadherence during 56 (19%) calls, adverse effects in 81 (27%) calls, and suicidal ideations in 13 (4%) calls. Pharmacists provided 109 total interventions for 102 patients. The clinical pharmacist-led multidisciplinary antidepressant telemonitoring service is an alternative resource to monitor patients after antidepressant initiation or titration in primary care settings.

Using Telemedicine to Address Crowding in the ED.

Some health systems are piloting telemedicine solutions in the ED to address crowding and decrease patient wait times. One new program, implemented at the Lisa Perry Emergency Center at New York Presbyterian (NYP) Weill Cornell Medical Center in New York, involves offering low-acuity patients the option of visiting an off-site physician via telemedicine hookup. Administrators note that the approach can get patients in and out of the ED within 30 minutes, and patients have thus far been highly satisfied with the approach. However, an earlier telemedicine program piloted at the University of San Diego Health System’s (UCSD) Hillcrest Hospital in 2013 got bogged down due to administrative and insurance reimbursement hurdles, although the approach showed enough promise that there is interest in restarting the program. In the NYP program, patients are identified as appropriate candidates for the program at triage. They can opt to be seen remotely or through traditional means in the ED’s fast-track section. Administrators note that patients with complex problems requiring extensive workups are not suitable for the telemedicine approach. The most challenging aspect of implementing a successful telemedicine program in the ED is getting the workflows right, according to administrators. An earlier ED-based telemedicine program piloted at UCSD ran into difficulties because the model required the involvement of two physicians, and some insurers did not want to pay for the telemedicine visits. However, patients were receptive.

Relative risk of home hemodialysis attrition in patients using a telehealth platform.

Home hemodialysis (HHD) facilitates increased treatment frequency, which may improve patient outcomes. However, attrition due to technique failure limits the clinical effectiveness of the modality. Nx2me Connected Health is a telehealth platform that enables ongoing assessment of HHD patients using NxStage equipment, and that may reduce patient burden. We aimed to assess whether use of Nx2me was associated with risk of HHD attrition.

Teleconsultation in type 1 diabetes mellitus (TELEDIABE).

The growing incidence of diabetes and the need to contain healthcare costs empower the necessity to identify new models of care. Telemedicine offers an acknowledged instrument to provide clinical health care at a distance, increasing patient compliance and the achievement of therapeutical goals. The objective was to test the feasibility and the efficacy in the improvement of the glycemic control of the teleconsultation for patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Implementation and Evaluation of an Economic Model for Telestroke: Experience from Virtuall, France.

Telestroke is recognized as a safe and time-efficient way of treating stroke patients. However, admission centers (spokes) are subject to financial charges which can make them reluctant to join the system. We implemented and assessed an economic model supporting our telestroke system, Virtuall, France, which includes one expert center (hub) and six spokes.

Assessing Mobile Health Capacity and Task Shifting Strategies to Improve Hypertension Among Ghanaian Stroke Survivors.

There has been a tremendous surge in stroke prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa. Hypertension (HTN), the most potent, modifiable risk factor for stroke, is a particular challenge in sub-Saharan Africa. Culturally sensitive, efficacious HTN control programs that are timely and sustainable are needed, especially among stroke survivors. Mobile health (mHealth) technology and task-shifting offer promising approaches to address this need.

Burn care and rehabilitation in Australia: health professionals' perspectives.

To understand health professionals' perspectives of burn care and rehabilitation.

Use of a Telehealth System to Enhance a Home Exercise Program for a Person With Parkinson Disease: A Case Report.

This case addresses feasibility of a home-based telehealth system to enhance home exercise program (HEP) adherence for a patient with Parkinson disease (PD). We describe START-System for Technology-Augmented Rehabilitation and Training-and discuss outcomes after integrating START into the HEP component of an established therapy protocol, Lee Silverman Voice Technique BIG (LSVT BIG).

Stroke Detector: Ultrasound and telemedicine could allow paramedics to confirm stroke.

Internet-Generation Nursing Students' View of Technology-Based Health Care.

Today's nursing school applicants are considered "digital natives." This study investigated students' views of new health care technologies.

Use of telehealth in the delivery of comprehensive care for patients with haemophilia and other inherited bleeding disorders.

Advances in technology such as telemedicine (TM) have made access to cost-effective, quality health care feasible for remote patients. TM is especially well suited for patients with chronic disorders such as haemophilia and related haemostatic disorders that benefit not only from more frequent interaction with care providers at a specialized haemophilia treatment center but also from consultations with other specialists. Telehealth refers to a broader application of TM and includes non-clinical services such as education, provider training, administrative meetings etc. Collaboration with the local primary care provider for management and implementation is key for successful and sustainable TM. This review article provides an overview of types of telemedicine, technical aspects, its benefits and challenges and focuses on the applicability of this technology to persons with bleeding and other blood disorders. Examples of TM strategies, process flow of TM clinic and experiences at the authors haemophilia treatment center (HTC) setting are shared. In addition, mobile health (mHealth) and electronic health (eHealth), both a part of telehealth, and their applications are briefly described. Clearly, widespread adoption of this technology will not only enhance care of patients but will enable more people, especially in underserved areas, to receive specialty care.

Coaching parents to assess and treat self-injurious behaviour via telehealth.

The application of telehealth technology to conduct functional analysis (FA) and functional communication training (FCT) is emerging for children with developmental disabilities and behaviour support needs. The current study was designed to extend FA + FCT for self-injurious behaviour by using telehealth in home with parents as interventionists receiving real-time remote coaching. Two families with school-aged boys with developmental disabilities associated with intellectual disability participated, one with cerebral palsy and the other with autism spectrum disorder. Results indicated that parent-implemented FA + FCT via telehealth was effective for reducing self-injurious behaviour and increasing mands (communication requests) for both children. Both families successfully implemented the FA + FCT protocol with 95% overall fidelity via telehealth-supported coaching. Results are discussed in terms of their relationship to previous research, limitations and future directions.

Implementing a Virtual Health Telemedicine Program in a Community Setting.

Aurora Health Care in eastern Wisconsin has a clinical genetics program driven by genetic counselors in the cancer/adult and prenatal genetics settings. In 2015, the workforce shortage of genetic counselors left us with 4 open positions for genetic counselors that we were unable to fill. We explored many models of alternative service delivery, and determined virtual health (VH) via telemedicine to be the best option for our system. Historically, telemedicine technologies have been used to provide access to healthcare services to patients in remote areas. We, however, were struggling to find genetics counselors to staff both our remote clinics and urban clinics. To solve this problem, we recruited genetic counselors from across the country to work remotely from their current home or home office utilizing VH to staff our clinics. We then created clinical workflows and an implementation process of virtual health for 9 prenatal and cancer clinics across the eastern Wisconsin footprint of our healthcare system over the course of 12 months. Here we provide our experience and process in establishing a VH program in order to help other institutions that have been affected by the workforce shortage of clinical genetics professionals.

Chemotherapy-related neuropathic symptom management: a randomized trial of an automated symptom-monitoring system paired with nurse practitioner follow-up.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new care model to reduce chemotherapy-induced neuropathic symptoms. Neuropathic symptom usual care was prospectively compared to an automated symptom-monitoring and coaching system, [email protected] (SCH), which included nurse practitioner follow-up triggered by moderate to severe symptoms.

Mobile Cardiac Health-care Monitoring and Notification with Real Time Tachycardia and Bradycardia Arrhythmia Detection.

The increasing trend of heart disease has turned the attention of researchers toward the use of portable connected technologies. The necessity of continuous special care for cardiovascular patients is an inevitable fact.

The efficacy of a telemedicine-based weight loss program with video conference health coaching support.

Introduction Clinically significant weight loss is defined as a ≥5% of initial body weight loss within a 6-month period. The purpose of this study was to assess body weight change from a 12-week telehealth-based weight loss program that integrated health coaching via video conferencing. Methods A total of 25 obese participants (12 males, 13 females) were recruited for this fully online 12-week weight loss program. Participants were randomly assigned to either an intervention group or control group ( n = 13 intervention, body mass index (BMI) = 34.7 ± 4.5 kg/m2; n = 12 control, BMI = 34.4 ± 4.43 kg/m2). All participants were given access to a secure platform for data tracking and video conferencing with the research team. The intervention group met with the medical doctor once per month and with a registered dietitian, weekly. Control participants met with the research team at baseline and at 12 weeks. Independent samples t-tests and Chi-square tests were used via SPSS version 24 with significance set to p < 0.05. Results There was a significant difference between the intervention and control groups for body weight loss (7.3 ± 5.2 versus 1.2 ± 3.9 kg, respectively, p < 0.05) as well as for percent body weight loss (7.16 ± 4.4 versus 1.5 ± 4.1%, respectively, p < 0.05). Clinically significant weight loss was achieved in 9 out of 13 (69.2%) in the intervention group versus 1 out of 12 (8%) in the control group. Discussion Mobile phone-based health coaching may promote weight loss. Weekly video conferencing with education may be an applicable tool for inducing significant body weight loss in obese individuals.