PubTransformer

A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

telehealth - Top 30 Publications

A Review of the Theoretical Basis, Effects, and Cost Effectiveness of Online Smoking Cessation Interventions in the Netherlands: A Mixed-Methods Approach.

Tobacco smoking is a worldwide public health problem. In 2015, 26.3% of the Dutch population aged 18 years and older smoked, 74.4% of them daily. More and more people have access to the Internet worldwide; approximately 94% of the Dutch population have online access. Internet-based smoking cessation interventions (online cessation interventions) provide an opportunity to tackle the scourge of tobacco.

Perspectives of Family Members on Using Technology in Youth Mental Health Care: A Qualitative Study.

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are increasingly recognized as having an important role in the delivery of mental health services for youth. Recent studies have evaluated young people's access and use of technology, as well as their perspectives on using technology to receive mental health information, services, and support; however, limited attention has been given to the perspectives of family members in this regard.

Cross-border healthcare: Implementation of Directive 2011/24/EU and National Contact Point in Italy.

An Efficient User Authentication and User Anonymity Scheme with Provably Security for IoT-Based Medical Care System.

In recent years, with the increase in degenerative diseases and the aging population in advanced countries, demands for medical care of older or solitary people have increased continually in hospitals and healthcare institutions. Applying wireless sensor networks for the IoT-based telemedicine system enables doctors, caregivers or families to monitor patients' physiological conditions at anytime and anyplace according to the acquired information. However, transmitting physiological data through the Internet concerns the personal privacy of patients. Therefore, before users can access medical care services in IoT-based medical care system, they must be authenticated. Typically, user authentication and data encryption are most critical for securing network communications over a public channel between two or more participants. In 2016, Liu and Chung proposed a bilinear pairing-based password authentication scheme for wireless healthcare sensor networks. They claimed their authentication scheme cannot only secure sensor data transmission, but also resist various well-known security attacks. In this paper, we demonstrate that Liu-Chung's scheme has some security weaknesses, and we further present an improved secure authentication and data encryption scheme for the IoT-based medical care system, which can provide user anonymity and prevent the security threats of replay and password/sensed data disclosure attacks. Moreover, we modify the authentication process to reduce redundancy in protocol design, and the proposed scheme is more efficient in performance compared with previous related schemes. Finally, the proposed scheme is provably secure in the random oracle model under ECDHP.

Telemedicine: The Future of Veterinary Practice.

Interactive home telehealth and burns: A pilot study.

The objective of this study is to review our experience incorporating Interactive Home Telehealth (IHT) visits into follow-up burn care.

Evaluation of a methodology to validate National Death Index retrieval results among a cohort of U.S. service members.

Accurate knowledge of the vital status of individuals is critical to the validity of mortality research. National Death Index (NDI) and NDI-Plus are comprehensive epidemiological resources for mortality ascertainment and cause of death data that require additional user validation. Currently, there is a gap in methods to guide validation of NDI search results rendered for active duty service members. The purpose of this research was to adapt and evaluate the CDC National Program of Cancer Registries (NPCR) algorithm for mortality ascertainment in a large military cohort.

An Innovative Streaming Video System With a Point-of-View Head Camera Transmission of Surgeries to Smartphones and Tablets: An Educational Utility.

In order to engage medical students and residents from public health centers to utilize the telemedicine features of surgery on their own smartphones and tablets as an educational tool, an innovative streaming system was developed with the purpose of streaming live footage from open surgeries to smartphones and tablets, allowing the visualization of the surgical field from the surgeon's perspective. The current study aims to describe the results of an evaluation on level 1 of Kirkpatrick's Model for Evaluation of the streaming system usage during gynecological surgeries, based on the perception of medical students and gynecology residents.

Effect of an Internet-based telehealth system on functional capacity and cognition in breast cancer survivors: a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial.

This trial determines the effect of an Internet-based tailored exercise program compared to usual care control for improving functional capacity and cognition among breast cancer survivors.

Hematopoietic cell transplantation: Training challenges and potential opportunities through networking and integration of modern technologies to the practice setting.

Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), particularly allogeneic HCT, is a complex and a high-risk procedure requiring expertise to manage potential treatment complications. Published data supports the value of quality management systems in improving post-transplant outcomes; however, there are no universally established, or agreed upon, criteria to assess adequacy of training of physicians, transplant or nontransplant, and supporting staff, among others. It is of paramount importance for transplant centers to identify the needed area(s) of expertise in order to seek appropriate training for their staff. Moreover, transplant physicians need to keep up-to-date with the rapidly occurring advances in the field. Outcomes of patients undergoing HCT are affected by various factors related to patient, disease, procedure, preventative, and supportive strategies, among others. Accordingly, availability of databases is necessary to collect information on these variables and use to benchmark future prospective clinical trials aiming at further improving clinical outcomes. Twinning with leading centers worldwide is helping to not only bridge the survival gap of patients diagnosed with cancer in the developing vis-à-vis the developed world, but eventually closing it. The advent of the World Wide Web and revolution in telecommunication has made access to information more readily available to various sectors including healthcare. Telemedicine is enabling healthcare delivery to remote and underserved geographic areas. In the setting of HCT, ensuring compliance to prescribed therapies and post-transplant surveillance are some areas where implementing telemedicine programs could fulfill an unmet need.

Developing Multidisciplinary Clinics for Neuromuscular Care and Research.

Multidisciplinary care is considered the standard-of-care for both adult and pediatric neuromuscular disorders and has been associated with improved quality of life, resource utilization, and health outcomes. Multidisciplinary care is delivered in multidisciplinary clinics that coordinate care across multiple specialties reducing travel burden and streamlining care. In addition, multidisciplinary care setting facilitates the integration of clinical research, patient advocacy, and care innovation (e.g., TeleHealth). Yet, multidisciplinary care requires substantial commitment of staff time and resources. We calculated personnel costs in our ALS clinic in 2015 and found an average cost per patient visit of $580, of which only 45% was covered by insurance reimbursement. In this review, we will describe classic and emerging concepts in multidisciplinary care models for adult and pediatric neuromuscular disease. We will then explore the financial impact of multidisciplinary care with emphasis on sustainability and metrics to demonstrate quality and value. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Evaluation of the concurrent use of dolutegravir and metformin in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients.

An analysis of the interaction between dolutegravir and metformin was conducted in the HIV ambulatory clinic setting. This was a multicenter, retrospective case series evaluating adult, HIV-infected patients concurrently prescribed dolutegravir and metformin. Historical electronic medical records were utilized to collect case-specific data. Laboratory parameters including serum creatinine (SCr), hemoglobin A1c (HgbA1c), plasma HIV RNA, CD4 cell count, and lactate were reviewed. Adverse drug reactions were assessed using patient-reported gastrointestinal intolerance and hypoglycemic symptoms. Metformin dose reduction or discontinuation was also recorded. Nineteen patients identified as concurrently taking metformin and dolutegravir were included. Eighteen patients were on metformin prior to dolutegravir initiation, with 13 having received metformin for at least six months prior to dolutegravir. At the time of dolutegravir initiation, one patient had a preemptive metformin dose reduction. Seven patients were initiated on dolutegravir with a metformin dose greater than 1000 mg daily. Eleven patients had baseline and three- to six-month follow-up HgbA1c. Of those 11 patients, eight had stable or decreased values. Thirteen of the 19 patients had an increase in SCr, with a median increase of 0.3 mg/dl (0.03-0.43). Gastrointestinal distress (N = 3) and hypoglycemic symptoms (N = 3) were reported in a total of five patients. Adverse drug reactions resulted in metformin dose reduction (N = 2) and/or discontinuation (N = 2). There were no reported cases of lactic acidosis. Providers concurrently prescribing dolutegravir and metformin should be aware of potential consequences with this combination and may consider an empiric metformin dose reduction to prevent intolerable adverse drug reactions.

"Anything that makes life's journey better." Exploring the use of digital technology by people living with motor neurone disease.

Our aim was to explore the attitudes of those living with motor neuron disease towards digital technology. Postal and online questionnaires surveyed 83 people with MND (pwMND) and 54 friends and family members (fMND). Five pwMND and five fMND underwent semi-structured interviews. 82% of pwMND and 87% of fMND use technology every day with iPads and laptops being the devices most commonly used. pwMND used technology to help them continue to participate in everyday activities such as socialising, entertainment and accessing the internet. The internet provided peer support and information about MND but information could be distressing or unreliable. Participants preferred information from professionals and official organisations. Participants were generally supportive of using of technology to access medical care. Barriers to technology, such as lack of digital literacy skills and upper limb dysfunction, and potential solutions were identified. More challenging barriers included language and cognitive difficulties, and the fear of becoming dependent on technology. Addressing the barriers identified in this research could help pwMND access technology. However, as healthcare delivery becomes more reliant on digital technology, care should be taken to ensure that those who are unable or unwilling to use technology continue to have their needs met in alternative ways.

A salt-reduction smartphone app supports lower-salt food purchases for people with cardiovascular disease: Findings from the SaltSwitch randomised controlled trial.

Background SaltSwitch is an innovative smartphone application (app) that enables shoppers to scan the barcode of a packaged food and receive an immediate, interpretive, traffic light nutrition label on the screen, along with suggestions for lower salt alternatives. Our aim was to determine the effectiveness of SaltSwitch to support people with cardiovascular disease to make lower salt food choices. Design Six-week, two-arm, parallel, randomised controlled trial in Auckland, New Zealand (2 weeks baseline and 4 weeks intervention). Methods Sixty-six adults with diagnosed cardiovascular disease (mean (SD) age 64 (7) years) were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to either the SaltSwitch smartphone app or control (usual care). The primary outcome was the salt content of household packaged food purchases during the 4-week intervention (g/MJ). Secondary outcomes were the saturated fat content (g/MJ), energy content (kJ/kg) and expenditure (NZ$) of household food purchases; systolic blood pressure (mmHg), urinary sodium (mg) and use and acceptability of the SaltSwitch app. Results Thirty-three participants with cardiovascular disease were allocated to the SaltSwitch intervention, and 33 to the control group. A significant reduction in mean household purchases of salt was observed (mean difference (95% confidence interval), -0.30 (-0.58 to -0.03) g/MJ), equating to a reduction of ∼0.7 g of salt per person per day during the 4-week intervention phase. There were no significant between-group differences in any secondary outcomes (all P > 0.05). Conclusions The SaltSwitch smartphone app is effective in supporting people with cardiovascular disease to make lower salt food purchases. A larger trial with longer follow-up is warranted to determine the effects on blood pressure. Trial registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry https://www.anzctr.org.au/Trial/Registration/TrialReview.aspx?id=365784&isReview=true ACTRN12614000206628.

Telehealth, Wearable Sensors, and the Internet: Will They Improve Stroke Outcomes Through Increased Intensity of Therapy, Motivation, and Adherence to Rehabilitation Programs?

Stroke, predominantly a condition of older age, is a major cause of acquired disability in the global population and puts an increasing burden on health care resources. Clear evidence for the importance of intensity of therapy in optimizing functional outcomes is found in animal models, supported by neuroimaging and behavioral research, and strengthened by recent meta-analyses from multiple clinical trials. However, providing intensive therapy using conventional treatment paradigms is expensive and sometimes not feasible because of social and environmental factors. This article addresses the need for cost-effective increased intensity of practice and suggests potential benefits of telehealth (TH) as an innovative model of care in physical therapy.

Passages on Brazilian scientific cinema.

The article examines the conditions of production and recognition of scientific cinema in Brazil by comparing three distinct moments and contexts: the first moment takes place in the nineteenth century, and it is related to the contribution of a Brazilian astronomer otherwise little known to Brazilian film scholars, the second addresses Benedito Junqueira Duarte's voluminous mid-twentieth-century filmography, and the third moment documents recent scientific film experiences within ultra high resolution movies transmitted over photonic networks. Future trajectories for aesthetic concerns and practical issues such as the archiving of ultra high definition cinema are usefully informed by these histories of scientific cinema, even as a current generation of multidisciplinary teams including scientists, filmmakers, computer scientists, and network engineers reinvent, rediscover, and necessarily expand the scientific cinema toward concerns of real time collaboration and teaching.

The effect of weekly specialist palliative care teleconsultations in patients with advanced cancer -a randomized clinical trial.

Teleconsultation seems to be a promising intervention for providing palliative care to home-dwelling patients; however, its effect on clinically relevant outcome measures remains largely unexplored. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine whether weekly teleconsultations from a hospital-based specialist palliative care consultation team (SPCT) improved patient-experienced symptom burden compared to "care as usual". Secondary objectives were to determine the effects of these teleconsultations on unmet palliative care needs, continuity of care, hospital admissions, satisfaction with teleconsultations, and the burden experienced by informal caregivers.

Retinopathy diabetic screening by non-mydriatic retinography: concordance between primary care physicians, nurses and ophthalmologists.

To compare the evaluation of retinographies by a teleophthalmology nurse and primary care physicians (PCP) with an ophthalmologist referral hospital (gold standard).

Is the hydrophobic core a universal structural element in proteins?

The hydrophobic core, when subjected to analysis based on the fuzzy oil drop model, appears to be a universal structural component of proteins irrespective of their secondary, supersecondary, and tertiary conformations. A study has been performed on a set of nonhomologous proteins representing a variety of CATH categories. The presence of a well-ordered hydrophobic core has been confirmed in each case, regardless of the protein's biological function, chain length or source organism. In light of fuzzy oil drop (FOD) analysis, various supersecondary forms seem to share a common structural factor in the form of a hydrophobic core, emerging either as part of the whole protein or a specific domain. The variable status of individual folds with respect to the FOD model reflects their propensity for conformational changes, frequently associated with biological function. Such flexibility is expressed as variable stability of the hydrophobic core, along with specific encoding of potential conformational changes which depend on the properties of helices and β-folds.

Neuropsychological Test Administration by Videoconference: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

The purpose of the current systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effect of videoconference administration on adult neurocognitive tests. We investigated whether the scores acquired during a videoconference administration were different from those acquired during on-site administration. Relevant counterbalanced crossover studies were identified according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Twelve studies met criteria for analysis. Included samples consisted of healthy adults as well as those with psychiatric or neurocognitive disorders, with mean ages ranging from 34 to 88 years. Heterogenous data precluded the interpretation of a summary effect for videoconference administration. Studies including particpants with a mean age of 65-75, as well as studies that utilized a high speed network connection, indicated consistent performance across videoconference and on-site conditions, however studies with older participants and slower connections were more variable. Subgroup analyses indicated that videoconference scores for untimed tasks and those allowing for repetition fell 1/10th of a standard deviation below on-site scores. Test specific analyses indicated that verbally-mediated tasks including digit span, verbal fluency, and list learning were not affected by videoconference administration. Scores for the Boston Naming Test fell 1/10th of a standard deviation below on-site scores. Heterogenous data precluded meaningful interpretation of tasks with a motor component. The administration of verbally-mediated tasks by qualified professionals using existing norms was supported, and the use of visually-dependent tasks may also be considered. Variability in previous studies indicates a need for further investigation of motor-dependent tasks. We recommend the development of clinical best practices for conducting neuropsychological assessments via videoconference, and advocate for reimbursement structures that allow consumers to benefit from the increased access, convenience, and cost-savings that remote assessment provides.

Phone-Based Interventions in Adolescent Psychiatry: A Perspective and Proof of Concept Pilot Study With a Focus on Depression and Autism.

Telemedicine has emerged as an innovative platform to diagnose and treat psychiatric disorders in a cost-effective fashion. Previous studies have laid the functional framework for monitoring and treating child psychiatric disorders electronically using videoconferencing, mobile phones (smartphones), and Web-based apps. However, phone call and text message (short message service, SMS) interventions in adolescent psychiatry are less studied than other electronic platforms. Further investigations on the development of these interventions are needed.

Exogenous deoxyribonuclease has a protective effect in a mouse model of sepsis.

Sepsis is associated with the activation of white blood cells (WBCs) that leads to the production of extracellular traps. This process increases extracellular DNA (ecDNA) that can be recognized by the innate immune system and leads to inflammation. Previous studies have shown that by cleaving ecDNA deoxyribonuclease (DNase) prevents the antibacterial effects of extracellular traps, but also has beneficial effects in sepsis. The aim of our study was to analyze the effects of DNase on WBCs in vitro and on ecDNA in a mouse model of sepsis. Our results confirmed that DNase decreases ecDNA by 70% and prevents the antibacterial effects of WBCs in vitro. Sepsis was induced in mice by intraperitoneal injection of E. coli. DNase was subsequently administered intravenously. In comparison to untreated septic mice DNase treatment improved the survival of septic mice by 60%, reduced their weight loss as well as inflammatory markers. Increased plasma DNase activity led to ecDNA concentrations in plasma comparable with the control group. In conclusion, the study showed that intravenous DNase improves survival of septic mice by cleavage of ecDNA, especially of nuclear origin. Further mechanistic studies are needed to prove the potential of DNase in the treatment or prevention of septic complications.

ICU Telemedicine: Financial Analyses of a Complex Intervention.

Use of an Automated Mobile Phone Messaging Robot in Postoperative Patient Monitoring.

Mobile phone messaging software robots allow clinicians and healthcare systems to communicate with patients without the need for human intervention. The purpose of this study was to (1) describe a method for communicating with patients postoperatively outside of the traditional healthcare setting by utilizing an automated software and mobile phone messaging platform and to (2) evaluate the first week of postoperative pain and opioid use after common ambulatory hand surgery procedures.

The role of telemedicine in obstructive sleep apnea management.

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disease that leads in notorious symptoms and comorbidities. Although general measures are important, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the best treatment option. However, compliance can be suboptimal and telemedicine may play a role to improve it. Areas covered: Review authors searched EMBASE, PubMed and Cochrane data bases using the following keywords: continuous positive airway pressure, Obstructive sleep apnea, telemedicine, respiratory telemedicine, information and communication technology. Papers published between 2000 and 2016 in English language were considered. Expert commentary: To improve OSA management, there is a pressing need to develop new cost-effective strategies, particularly those related to OSA treatment, from measures such as lifestyle changes to CPAP use. Two broad strategies should be implemented: 1) adequate pre-, peri-, and post-titration measures to ensure correct diagnosis, adequate training, and appropriate support during follow up; and 2) the use of technological advances including both the optimization of CPAP devices and the use of telemedicine, specially focused on the first days or weeks of treatment. Telemedicine can help with these processes, especially when it is personalized to the needs of each patient group.

The association between 38 previously reported polymorphisms and psoriasis in a Polish population: High predicative accuracy of a genetic risk score combining 16 loci.

To confirm the association of previously discovered psoriasis (Ps) risk loci with the disease in a Polish population and to create predictive models based on the combination of these single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs).

Stakeholders' qualitative perspectives of effective telepractice pedagogy in speech-language pathology.

Academic programmes in speech-language pathology are increasingly providing telehealth/telepractice clinical education to students. Despite this growth, there is little information describing effective ways to teach it.

A randomized trial of telemedicine efficacy and safety for nonacute headaches.

To evaluate long-term treatment efficacy and safety of one-time telemedicine consultations for nonacute headaches.

Patient Perceptions on Facilitating Follow-Up After Heart Failure Hospitalization.

Timely follow-up after hospitalization for heart failure (HF) is recommended. However, follow-up is suboptimal, especially in lower socioeconomic groups. Patient-centered solutions for facilitating follow-up post-HF hospitalization have not been extensively evaluated.

Understanding heart failure; explaining telehealth - a hermeneutic systematic review.

Enthusiasts for telehealth extol its potential for supporting heart failure management. But randomised trials have been slow to recruit and produced conflicting findings; real-world roll-out has been slow. We sought to inform policy by making sense of a complex literature on heart failure and its remote management.