A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

Activities of Daily Living - Top 30 Publications

Transhumeral loading during advanced upper extremity activities of daily living.

Percutaneous osseointegrated (OI) implants for direct skeletal attachment of upper extremity prosthetics represent an alternative to traditional socket suspension that may yield improved patient function and satisfaction. This is especially true in high-level, transhumeral amputees where prosthetic fitting is challenging and abandonment rates remain high. However, maintaining mechanical integrity of the bone-implant interface is crucial for safe clinical introduction of this technology. The collection of population data on the transhumeral loading environment will aid in the design of compliance and overload protection devices that mitigate the risk of periprosthetic fracture. We collected marker-based upper extremity kinematic data from non-amputee volunteers during advanced activities of daily living (AADLs) that applied dynamic loading to the humerus. Inverse dynamic analysis was applied to calculate the axial force, bending and torsional moments at three virtual amputation levels representing 25, 50, and 75% residual humeral length. The influences of amputation level, elbow flexion constraint, gender and anthropometric scaling were assessed. Results indicate that the proximal (25%) amputation level experienced significantly higher axial forces and bending moments across all subjects when compared to distal amputation levels (p≤0.030). Constraining elbow flexion had a limited influence on peak transhumeral loads. Male subjects experienced higher axial forces during all evaluated activities (p≤0.023). Peak axial force for all activities occurred during jumping jacks (174.5N). Peak bending (57.6Nm) and torsional (57.2Nm) moments occurred during jumping jacks and rapid internal humeral rotation, respectively. Calculated loads fall within the range of implant fixation failure loads reported in cadaveric investigations of humeral stem fixation; indicating that periprosthetic fracture may occur during non-contact AADLs. These kinematic data, collected over a range of AADLs, will aid in the development of overload protection devices and appropriate post-operative rehabilitation protocols that balance return to an active lifestyle with patient safety.


There has been growing interest in enhancing the quality of life of the economically vulnerable through programs aimed at improving the equality of and accessibility to public health services for these people.


Australia faces the challenge of supporting a growing ageing population (AIHW, 2012). Health and safety is paramount in ensuring care is economically sustainable. Nurses involved in healthcare have a responsibility to protect themselves and those being cared for against health and safety risk. Training of the workforce is paramount to reducing the chance of injury (Robson et al. 2012).

Mobility Functional Outcomes of Neurofibromatosis Patients: A Preliminary Report.

The aim of the study was to describe the mobility outcomes of neurofibromatosis (NF) patients who received acute inpatient rehabilitation.

Functional Impairment and Decline in Middle Age.

Functional Impairment and Decline in Middle Age: A Cohort Study.

Difficulties with daily functioning are common in middle-aged adults. However, little is known about the epidemiology or clinical course of these problems, including the extent to which they share common features with functional impairment in older adults.

Disability in activities of daily living among adults with cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

People with cancer frequently report limitation in Activities of Daily Living (ADLs); essential activities required to live independently within society. Although several studies have assessed ADL related disability, variability in assessment, setting, and population means evidence is difficult to interpret. We aimed to determine the prevalence of ADL related disability, overall and by setting, and the most commonly affected ADLs in people living with cancer.

Socioeconomic inequalities in frailty and frailty components among community-dwelling older citizens.

So far, it has not yet been studied whether socioeconomic status is associated with distinct frailty components and for which frailty component this association is the strongest. We aimed to examine the association between socioeconomic status and frailty and frailty components. In addition we assessed the mediating effect of the number of morbidities on the association between socioeconomic status and other frailty components.

Predictors and long-term outcome in Greek adults with juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a 17-year continuous follow-up study.

To describe the disease characteristics, continuous course and long-term outcome and to evaluate predictors of outcome in JIA in Greece.

Aging in Place: Our House Is a Very, Very, Very Fine House.

As 10,000 American baby boomers turn 65 years of age every day between 2017 and 2030, society needs to help our aging population find ways to handle the restrictions and limitations that come with increasing age: visual impairment, hearing loss, osteoarthritis, dementia, and other conditions common in older adults. Institutional or long-term care for elderly individuals costs an average of $82,000 to $92,000 per person per year and varies by location. Care in an assisted living facility costs $43,500 per person annually. Living in a personal home or residential setting-aging in place-by contrast, costs an average of $23,000 per person per year. Successful aging in place encompasses safety, health, and economic security. Numerous aging-in-place programs exist in contained geographic areas (towns and counties) or in areas that promote community living (e. g., cohousing or homesharing) or focus on special interests like the arts. Two such programs, the naturally occurring retirement community (NORC) model and the Village model, seem to have had the most success. Elderburbs-older, age-unfriendly communities not focused on residents' health care and mobility needs-remain and can present unique problems. Handheld technology or that integrated into housing can improve the standard of living, help elders improve their functioning, and even monitor medication. The aging-in-place movement presents numerous opportunities for consultant pharmacists.

Stair negotiation in women with fibromyalgia: A descriptive correlational study.

Walking up and down stairs is a common and important activity of daily living. Women with fibromyalgia often show a reduced ability to perform this task.The objective of this study was to evaluate the test-retest reliability of stair negotiation tasks and to assess the impact of fibromyalgia symptoms on the ability to negotiate stairs.Forty-two women with fibromyalgia participated in this descriptive correlational study. The relevance of the stair negotiation (both walking up and down) was evaluated by assessing its association with the revised version of the fibromyalgia impact questionnaire (FIQ-R) and other health-related variables. Test-retest reliability was also analyzed. The main outcome measures were time spent walking up and down stairs and impact of fibromyalgia, quality of life, number of falls, weight, and lower limb strength and endurance.The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for stair descent was 0.929 whereas that for ascent was 0.972. The score in these tests correlated significantly with the total score for the FIQ-R and the score for many of dimensions and symptoms: that is, physical function, overall impact of fibromyalgia, pain, energy, stiffness, restorative sleep, tenderness, self-perceived balance problems, and sensitivity.Given the importance of the stair negotiation as activity of daily living and the high reliability, both stair ascent and descent tasks may be useful as outcome measures in studies on patients with fibromyalgia.

Disability Trajectories Before and After Stroke and Myocardial Infarction: The Cardiovascular Health Study.

Ischemic strokes may accelerate long-term functional decline apart from their acute effects on neurologic function.

Middle-aged individuals with thalidomide embryopathy have undergone few surgical limb procedures and demonstrate a high degree of physical independence.

Thalidomide is known to have induced thalidomide embryopathy (TE) in more than 10,000 live-born children worldwide between 1957-1962.

Do Exercise Interventions Improve Participation in Life Roles in Older Adults? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

The World Health Organization recognizes participation in meaningful life roles as a key component of health. However, the evidence base for interventions to improve participation remains inconclusive. In particular, whether exercise interventions improve participation in life roles is unclear.

Cross-Sectional Relationships of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior With Cognitive Function in Older Adults With Probable Mild Cognitive Impairment.

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) represents a transition between normal cognitive aging and dementia and may represent a critical time frame for promoting cognitive health through behavioral strategies. Current evidence suggests that physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior are important for cognition. However, it is unclear whether there are differences in PA and sedentary behavior between people with probable MCI and people without MCI or whether the relationships of PA and sedentary behavior with cognitive function differ by MCI status.

Using Rasch Analysis to Validate the Motor Activity Log and the Lower Functioning Motor Activity Log in Patients With Stroke.

The Motor Activity Log (MAL) and Lower-Functioning MAL (LF-MAL) are used to assess the amount of use of the more impaired arm and the quality of movement during activities in real-life situations for patients with stroke.

Self-Reported Decline in Everyday Function, Cognitive Symptoms, and Cognitive Function in People With HIV.

We determined factors associated with self-reported decline in activities of daily living (ADLs) and symptoms of cognitive impairment in HIV positive adults in 5 European clinics.

Sepsis Survivors Admitted to Skilled Nursing Facilities: Cognitive Impairment, Activities of Daily Living Dependence, and Survival.

Severe sepsis survivors frequently experience cognitive and physical functional impairment. The degree of impairment and its association with mortality is understudied, particularly among those discharged to a skilled nursing facility. Our objective was to quantify the cognitive and physical impairment among severe sepsis survivors discharged to a skilled nursing facility and to investigate the relationship between impairment and long-term mortality.

Why fake islands might be a real boon for science.

Correlation between motor function recovery and daily living activity outcomes after brachial plexus surgery.

To establish the correlation between clinical evaluation of motor function recovery and daily living activities in 30 patients with upper traumatic brachial plexus injury submitted to surgery.

Adaptation profiles comprising objective and subjective measures in fibromyalgia: the al-Ándalus project.

The aim of this study was to identify subgroups in terms of adaptation to FM and to test differences in FM severity between these subgroups.

Recovery of Patients with Pure Diffuse Axonal Injury Who Remained in a Coma for 6 Hours or More.

Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is a traumatic brain injury and one of the most common causes of unfavorable outcome and death. The aim of this study was to investigate the recovery of patients with pure DAI who remained in a coma for 6 hours or longer after brain injury.

Improving Life for Elders-At Home.

Sarah Szanton's CAPABLE program helps older adults 'age in place' and cuts health care costs.

Evaluation of Worker's Living Activity-time Questionnaire (JNIOSH-WLAQ) primarily to assess workers' sedentary behavior.

The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Japan (JNIOSH) developed a new Worker's Living Activity-time Questionnaire (JNIOSH-WLAQ) which primarily evaluates workers' sedentary behavior. The purpose of this study was to investigate the test-retest reliability and criterion validity of the WLAQ.

Relationship Between Depressive Symptoms and Activity of Daily Living Dependence in Older Japanese: The Kurabuchi Study.

Few published studies have investigated the possibility of an association between depressive symptoms and dependence in activities of daily living (ADLs) in elderly adults. The objective of the study was to examine the association between depressive symptoms and future ADL dependence and to investigate how this association varies according to living circumstances and marital status.

Everyday Decision Making in Individuals with Early-Stage Alzheimer's Disease: An Integrative Review of the Literature.

Individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) demonstrate fluctuation in cognitive abilities that can affect their ability to make decisions. Everyday decision making encompasses the types of decisions about typical daily activities, such as what to eat, what to do, and what to wear. Everyday decisions are encountered many times per day by individuals with AD/dementia and their caregivers. However, not much is known about the ability of individuals with AD/dementia to make these types of decisions. The purpose of the current literature review was to synthesize the evidence regarding everyday decision making in individuals with early-stage AD/dementia. Findings from the review indicate there is beginning evidence that individuals with early to moderate stages of AD/dementia desire to have input in daily decisions, have the ability to state their wishes consistently at times, and having input in decision making is important to their selfhood. The literature revealed few interventions to assist individuals with AD/dementia in everyday decision making. Findings from the review are discussed with implications for nursing practice and research. [Res Gerontol Nurs. 2017; 10(5):240-247.].

Examining Life Goals of Community-Dwelling, Low-Income Older Adults.

Self-care and self-management programs are touted as a means to age successfully. Yet, these programs pay little regard to a critical first step-the personal goals of older adults. The capacity to self-identify goals and pursue actions toward goal achievement transcends age. An examination of life goals identified by community-dwelling, low-income older adults indicates that functional performance mechanisms are valued. Maintenance of health and increased physical activity were the two most commonly identified personal goals within a sample of 161 community-dwelling older adults residing in subsidized housing. A third goal, increased socialization, aligns with relevant psychosocial factors and reflects the need to engage with others. The preferences of the older adult placed at the center of the care planning process strategically support goal attainment. Providing an opportunity to create and pursue self-selected life goals of older adults is worth consideration when developing and testing interventions designed to support successful aging. [Res Gerontol Nurs. 2017; 10(5):205-214.].

Are elderly HUNT participants healthier than before?

Since the number of elderly people will rise in the years to come, knowledge about their health trends is important for social planning. The objective of this study was to investigate trends in health development among elderly people over 70 years in Nord-Trøndelag county.