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Cardiovascular Diseases - Top 30 Publications

A rare case of important and recurrent abnormal uterine bleeding in a post partum woman caused by cavernous hemangioma: a case report and review of literature.

The cavernous hemangioma is a rare benign vascular tumor. About 50 cases of this disease were found in the literature over the last century and only 9 cases of cavernous hemangioma on the pregnant uterus were published it comes into cavernous or capillary form. The symptomatology is not unequivocal and when it occurs during pregnancy or postpartum, it causes life-threatening cataclysmic hemorrhage. Antenatal diagnosis is difficult and requires a multidisciplinary approach with pathologists, radiologists and gynecologists to avoid these complications or unnecessary hysterectomies. The diagnosis is histological. Hysterectomy is possible after failure of conservative treatment means. We report a rare case, a novel mixed cavernous hemangioma of the body associated with a capillary hemangioma of the cervix in a patient of 28 years 5th visors with recurrent genital bleeding in the postpartum period leading to a hysterectomy.

Bean's syndrome in children: about two cases.

Diffuse angiomatosis or Bean's syndrome is a rare disease characterized by venous malformations mainly involving the skin and the digestive tract which can result in hemorrhage of variable severity. This study reports the case of two children aged 5 and 9 and a half years respectively with diffuse angiomatosis who had been treated in the Department of Emergency Paediatric Surgery over the years. The diagnosis was based on rectal bleeding and/or melenas causing severe anemia requiring regular transfusions in both patients as well as skin angiomas occurrence at the level of the limbs. Radiological evaluation showed the presence of multiple lesions at the level of the jejunum and ileum consistent with small intestinal angiomatosis in the child aged 9 and a half years. It didn't show abdominal lesions in the child aged 5 years. The two patients were admitted to the operating block. Angiomas were surgically individualized. Some of them were actively bleeding. Enterotomy was performed. Postoperative sequelae was marked by the stop of the bleedings. This study aims to update the current understanding of this rare pathology as well as the benefit of surgical treatment in controlling the complications caused by this pathology and in reducing the frequency of transfusions.

Case 7-2018: A 25-Year-Old Man with New-Onset Seizures.

Self-Management of an Inferior ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

Predictive multi-imaging biomarkers relevant for visual acuity in idiopathic macular telangiectasis type 1.

To evaluate the structural changes associated with visual acuity (VA) in patients with idiopathic macular telangiectasia (MT) type 1 using multimodal imaging modalities.

Primary, cardiac, fibroblastic osteosarcoma: A case report.

Primary cardiac osteosarcoma is a rare tumor. To our knowledge, only 15 cases have been reported in the literature in the past 10 years. We describe a case of primary, cardiac, fibroblastic osteosarcoma in a 42-year-old woman.

Cardiovascular risk factors in patients with combined central retinal vein occlusion and cilioretinal artery occlusion: Case report.

To analyze cardiovascular risk factors and comorbidity of acute unilateral visual loss due to combined central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) and cilioretinal artery occlusion (CLRAO).

A case report with shock induced by tolvaptan in an elderly patient with congestive heart failure.

Tolvaptan (TLV) is a new vasopressin type 2 receptor antagonist effective in patients with heart failure (HF). Accumulating evidences have revealed that treatment with TLV does not alter the blood pressure significantly.

Development of a postoperative occlusive thrombus at the site of an implanted inferior vena cava filter: A case report.

Although an inferior vena cave (IVC) filter is placed to prevent fatal pulmonary embolism (PE), several complications associated with an IVC filter have been reported. We describe a case with symptomatic PE, of which the origin was an occlusive IVC thrombus that developed from the placement of an IVC filer after a laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG).

Case report of a novel maneuver to facilitate wire access to the side branch in bifurcation intervention-balloon block and support technique.

Despite advancements in the devices and techniques used for percutaneous coronary intervention, side branch (SB) wiring remains highly challenging in certain complex bifurcation intervention cases.

Successful revascularization of noninfarct related artery with chronic total occlusion among acute myocardial infarction patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Randomized trials and meta-analyses demonstrated that chronic total occlusion (CTO) in noninfarct related artery (n-IRA) was associated with increased all-cause mortality. Recently, several observational studies suggested that the successful revascularization of n-IRA with CTO decreased all-cause mortality.

Influence of proton pump inhibitors on clinical outcomes in coronary heart disease patients receiving aspirin and clopidogrel: A meta-analysis.

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are usually prescribed to protect against gastrointestinal bleeding in patients on dual antiplatelet therapy. This meta-analysis reviewed clinical outcomes in patients taking aspirin and clopidogrel, with and without concomitant PPIs to address concerns of adverse reactions.

Effectiveness and neural mechanisms of home-based telerehabilitation in patients with stroke based on fMRI and DTI: A study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Stroke is one of leading diseases causing adult death and disability worldwide. Home-based telerehabilitation has become a novel approach for stroke patients as effective as conventional rehabilitation, and more convenient and economical than conventional rehabilitation. However, there is no study assessing the mechanism of home-based telerehabilitation in promoting motor recovery among stroke patients with hemiplegic.

A new clinical decision support tool for improving the adequacy of anticoagulant therapy and reducing the incidence of stroke in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: A randomized clinical trial in primary care.

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and increases the risk of ischemic stroke 4 to 5-fold. The first choice of anticoagulant therapy (AT) is the vitamin K antagonist (VKA). Contraindication to VKA or poor control of the International Normalized Ratio leads to the administration of direct-acting oral anticoagulants. There is a trend toward inadequate AT in nonvalvular AF (NVAF) patients.

Biatrial myxoma floating like a butterfly: A case report and review of the literature.

Myxoma is the most common type of primary benign cardiac tumor in adults. The left atrium is the most frequent site of origin followed by the right atrium. Biatrial myxoma is extremely rare.

Three-dimensional brain arteriovenous malformation models for clinical use and resident training.

To fabricate three-dimensional (3D) models of brain arteriovenous malformation (bAVM) and report our experience with customized 3D printed models of patients with bAVM as an educational and clinical tool for patients, doctors, and surgical residents.

Synergistic interaction between prolonged increased glycemic exposure and mildly increased urinary albumin excretion on diabetic retinopathy.

The association of mild increase in urinary albumin excretion with diabetic retinopathy (DR) in clinical studies is controversial. The aim of this study is to clarify the interaction between increased glycemic exposure and mild increase in urinary albumin excretion on risk of DR.Data were collected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2005 to 2012. Overall, data from 953 participants without microalbuminuria (477 men and 476 women) were assessed. Logistic regression analysis was constructed to evaluate the association between DR and related clinical parameters, including urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (UACR, mg/g creatinine). The biological interaction of glycemic status and UACR on DR was evaluated by 3 indices: RERI, the relative excess risk due to the interaction; AP, the attributable proportion due to the interaction; and S, the additive interaction index of synergy.We found that UACR, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and diabetic duration were deeply associated with increased risk of DR (UACR, odds ratio [OR] = 1.04, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.02-1.07; HbA1c, OR = 1.16, 95% CI = 1.04-1.30; diabetic duration, OR = 1.06, 95% CI = 1.04-1.07). Furthermore, our interaction analysis demonstrated that synergistic interaction between HbA1c and UACR on development of DR was prominent in participants with diabetic duration of ≥10 years (adjusted RERI = 0.92, 95% CI = 0.10-1.74; adjusted AP = 0.29, 95% CI = -0.82-1.41; adjusted S = 1.76, 95% CI = 1.27-2.25), but not subjects with shorter diabetic duration.These findings imply that there is the interaction between prolonged hyperglycemic exposure and increased urinary albumin excretion may exert additive synergistic effect on vascular endothelial dysfunction in the eye, even before the appearance of overt diabetic nephropathy.

Bilateral abducens nerve palsies and urinary retention caused by the rupture of a vertebral artery aneurysm: A case report and literature review.

Bilateral abducens nerve deficits caused by vertebral artery (VA) aneurysm have been reported, but there have been no reports regarding accompanying urinary retention.

Liquid and Foam Sclerotherapy for Spider and Varicose Veins.

Sclerotherapy has wide applicability in treating venous disease at every stage of clinical disease. The various sclerosant drugs and formulations each have unique properties, utilities, and side effects. Treating physicians should be aware of the differences between agents, accounting for disease presentation, vein characteristics, and patient comorbidities when selecting the appropriate sclerosing agents. Successful outcomes rely on proper patient evaluation and assessment for contraindications to sclerotherapy. Thorough patient education regarding realistic expectations with sclerotherapy in terms of symptoms relief, recurrence, and improvement in appearance is of chief importance.

Phlebectomy Techniques for Varicose Veins.

Ambulatory phlebectomy is a well-known and widely used procedure for residual symptomatic venous disease. Tumescent anesthesia complements the procedure, providing the ability to perform this intervention in a wide range of practice settings. The procedures are well tolerated by most patients, and complications are rare. They include venous thromboembolism, infection, and hematoma and are generally simple to manage. Alternative and emerging techniques of powered phlebectomy and cyanoacrylate glue are providing alternative forms for treatment and will advance the practice further.

Thermal and Nonthermal Endovenous Ablation Options for Treatment of Superficial Venous Insufficiency.

Open saphenous removal, phlebectomy, and venous ligation were historic mainstays of surgical treatment of venous disease. Duplex ultrasound has become standard to diagnose venous insufficiency. Percutaneous modalities have allowed treatments to include thermal and nonthermal endovenous ablation. These treatments vary in preoperative planning, procedural steps, and postprocedural care, but all are safe and effective. An individualized approach should be taken in determining which modality is offered to each patient. Endovenous options, which often are minimally invasive and safely performed in an outpatient setting, allow access to effective treatments with low risk and discomfort.

Open Surgical Reconstruction for Deep Venous Occlusion and Valvular Incompetence.

This article considers the potential options for open deep venous reconstructions based on pathologic complication (obstruction vs insufficiency), anatomic location, presence of disease-free venous architecture, and patient need. Other things being equal, less invasive techniques and disease locations will be attempted as first-line therapy. When other options fail and symptoms persist, open venous surgery by means of bypass for obstructive disease and valve repair or replacement for deep venous insufficiency remains a viable option. The basic techniques available and overall success rates of each are considered.

Role of Venous Stenting for Iliofemoral and Vena Cava Venous Obstruction.

Venous stenting for CVD is being increasingly used as more evidence accumulates supporting the open vein hypothesis and supporting the safety, efficacy, and durability of these interventions. As such, they can be offered to patients with advanced age and complex comorbidities. Future studies should focus on reporting outcomes specific to the underlying venous pathologic condition (thrombotic vs nonthrombotic and acute vs chronic) to provide better evidence for stenting in CVD, and the outcomes of new stent design with dedicated venous indications.

Optimal Compression Therapy and Wound Care for Venous Ulcers.

Venous leg ulcers remain a major public health issue with significant economic impact. Two main components of the management of patients with venous leg ulcers are compression therapy and wound care. This article addresses principles and specific aspects of compression therapy and focal wound care for patients with venous leg ulcers.

Pathophysiology of Chronic Venous Disease and Venous Ulcers.

Chronic venous disease and venous leg ulceration are a common disease affecting millions of individuals. The fundamental problem is venous hypertension with resultant clinical manifestations of venous disease including varicose veins, skin changes, and venous leg ulceration. The pathophysiology leading to venous hypertension is complex and multifactorial, involving genetic predisposition, environmental factors, hormones, endothelial dysfunction, inflammatory cells and molecules and activation on the endothelium and vein wall, and disturbances in the balance of cytokines and matrix metalloproteinases. Understanding the pathophysiology of chronic venous disease and venous leg ulcers identifies cellular pathways, biomarkers, metabolic signatures, and cellular cross-talk for targeted therapy.

Endovenous and Operative Treatment of Superior Vena Cava Syndrome.

Few areas of venous disease provide a more satisfying experience for both the patient and the vascular specialist than reconstruction for superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome. Relief from severe, frequently incapacitating symptoms of venous congestion of the head and neck is almost instantaneous, and benefit after reconstruction is generally long lasting. This article reviews the etiologic factors, clinical presentation, and diagnostic evaluation of SVC syndrome, and current techniques and results for the endovascular and open surgical treatment of SVC occlusion.

Inferior Vena Cava Filters: Current Indications, Techniques, and Recommendations.

The vena cava filter (VCF) is intended to prevent the progression of deep venous thrombosis to pulmonary embolism. Recently, the indications for VCF placement have expanded, likely due in part to newer retrievable inferior vena caval filters and minimally invasive techniques. This article reviews the available VCFs, the indications for use, the techniques for placement, and possible outcomes and complications.

Pulmonary Embolism: Current Role of Catheter Treatment Options and Operative Thrombectomy.

Pulmonary embolism remains a leading cause of death in the United States, with an estimated 180,000 deaths per year. Guideline-based treatment in most cases recommends oral anticoagulation for 3 months. However, in a small subset of patients, the "submassive, high-risk" by current nomenclature, with hemodynamic instability, more advanced therapeutic options are available. Treatment modalities to extract the thromboembolism and reduce pressure overload in the cardiopulmonary system include use of intravenous or catheter-directed thrombolytic agents, catheter-directed mechanical thrombectomy, and surgical embolectomy. This article discusses current minimally invasive and surgical methods for reducing embolic burden in patients with submassive, high-risk pulmonary embolism.

Advances in Operative Thrombectomy for Lower Extremity Venous Thrombosis.

Lower extremity deep venous thrombosis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The mainstay of therapy is medical. However, anticoagulation does not remove the thrombus and restore venous patency. In select patients, early thrombus removal and anticoagulation can restore venous patency, preserve venous valve function, and may reduce the incidence of postthrombotic syndrome. Catheter-directed therapies are minimally invasive with low complication rates. However, in patients with a contraindication to thrombolytic agents who can receive anticoagulation, open thrombectomy should be considered if indications for thrombus removal are met and patients are good operative risks.

Catheter-Directed Therapy Options for Iliofemoral Venous Thrombosis.

Proximal deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is linked to a 50% risk of pulmonary embolism and a 50% risk of postthrombotic syndrome. This article reviews catheter-directed thrombolysis options for iliofemoral DVT and discusses the risks, benefits, and techniques commonly used in performing endovascular procedures for iliofemoral DVT.