PubTransformer

A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

Digestive System Diseases - Top 30 Publications

CD55 Deficiency and Protein-Losing Enteropathy.

Celiac Disease and Autoimmunity - The Missing Ingredient.

CD55 Deficiency and Protein-Losing Enteropathy.

CD55 Deficiency and Protein-Losing Enteropathy.

Brief Report: HIV/HBV Coinfection is a Significant Risk Factor for Liver Fibrosis in Tanzanian HIV-Infected Adults.

In sub-Saharan Africa, the burden of liver disease associated with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and HIV is unknown. We characterized liver disease using aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) and FIB-4 in patients with HIV, HBV, and HIV/HBV coinfection in Tanzania.

Retained Needle Following Transanal Hemorrhoidal Dearterialization.

A needle was retained during transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization. This rare complication has not been described before.

Robot-Assisted Ventral Mesh Rectopexy for Rectal Prolapse: A 5-Year Experience at a Tertiary Referral Center.

Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy is being increasingly performed internationally to treat rectal prolapse syndromes. Robotic assistance appears advantageous for this procedure, but literature regarding robot-assisted ventral mesh rectopexy is limited.

Bowel Dysfunction Related to Spina Bifida: Keep It Simple.

Although care of urological disorders in spina bifida is well established, there is yet no agreement on a standardized approach to bowel dysfunction in this population.

Crohn's Disease of the Pouch: A True Diagnosis or an Oversubscribed Diagnosis of Exclusion?

After IPAA, 8% of patients with ulcerative colitis are later diagnosed with Crohn's disease of the pouch, associated with an increased rate of pouch failure. No study has reported on how often the clinical diagnosis is correlated with histologic findings of Crohn's disease in the excised pouch.

Association Among Obesity, Metabolic Health, and the Risk for Colorectal Cancer in the General Population in Korea Using the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort.

In Korea, the incidence of colorectal cancer has increased and obesity is on a rising trend because of a Westernized lifestyle in men.

Prediction of N0 Irradiated Rectal Cancer Comparing MRI Before and After Preoperative Chemoradiotherapy.

The prediction of lymph node status using MRI has an impact on the management of rectal cancer, both before and after preoperative chemoradiotherapy.

A Distal Resection Margin of ≤1 mm and Rectal Cancer Recurrence After Sphincter-Preserving Surgery: The Role of a Positive Distal Margin in Rectal Cancer Surgery.

There is little information about the prognostic value of a microscopically positive distal margin in patients who have rectal cancer.

A New Prediction Model for Local Recurrence After Curative Rectal Cancer Surgery: Development and Validation as an Asian Collaborative Study.

Local recurrence is one of the remaining problems in rectal and rectosigmoid cancer, and it is sometimes difficult to treat.

Prospective Trial Evaluating the Surgical Anastomosis at One-Year Colorectal Cancer Surveillance: CT Colonography Versus Optical Colonoscopy and Implications for Patient Care.

The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of CT colonography versus optical colonoscopy for neoplastic involvement at the surgical anastomosis 1 year after curative-intent colorectal cancer resection.

Peritoneal Involvement Is More Common Than Nodal Involvement in Patients With High-Grade Appendix Tumors Who Are Undergoing Prophylactic Cytoreductive Surgery and Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy.

Right hemicolectomy is routinely recommended in patients with histologic findings of high-grade appendix tumors after appendicectomy. Undetected peritoneal disease may be encountered at surgery. In high-grade appendix tumors with disease detected radiologically, complete cytoreduction may not be possible and outcomes poor. For these reasons, we adopted a policy of prophylactic cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy.

Long-term Deleterious Impact of Surgeon Care Fragmentation After Colorectal Surgery on Survival: Continuity of Care Continues to Count.

Surgical care fragmentation at readmission impacts short-term outcomes. However, the long-term impact of surgical care fragmentation is unknown.

Surveillance of Duodenal Polyposis in Familial Adenomatous Polyposis: Should the Spigelman Score Be Modified?

Duodenal polyposis is a manifestation of adenomatous polyposis that predisposes to duodenal or ampullary adenocarcinoma. Duodenal polyposis is monitored by upper GI endoscopies and may require iterative resections and prophylactic radical surgical treatment when malignancy is threatening.

Mesenteric Ischemia: A Deadly Miss.

Mesenteric ischemia has 4 etiologies: arterial embolus, arterial thrombosis, venous thrombosis, and nonocclusive. No history or physical examination finding can definitively diagnose the condition. A wide variety of presentations occur. Pain out of proportion and gut emptying may occur early, with minimal tenderness. Once transmural infarction occurs, peritoneal findings and tenderness to palpation may occur. Physicians must be suspicious of pain out of proportion and scrutinize risk factors. Computed tomography angiography is the best imaging modality. Treatment requires surgery and interventional radiology consultation, intravenous antibiotics and fluids, and anticoagulation. The physician at the bedside is the best diagnostic tool.

The current status of treatment for colorectal cancer in China: A systematic review.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers all over the world, but its epidemiology is obviously different in various regions.

Outcomes of robotic versus laparoscopic surgery for mid and low rectal cancer after neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy and the effect of learning curve.

Randomized controlled trials have demonstrated that laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer is safe and can accelerate recovery without compromising oncological outcomes. However, such a surgery is technically demanding, limiting its application in nonspecialized centers. The operational features of a robotic system may facilitate overcoming this limitation. Studies have reported the potential advantages of robotic surgery. However, only a few of them have featured the application of this surgery in patients with advanced rectal cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (nCRT).From January 2012 to April 2015, after undergoing nCRT, 40 patients with mid or low rectal cancer were operated using the robotic approach at our institution. Another 38 patients who were operated using the conventional laparoscopic approach were matched to patients in the robotic group by sex, age, the body mass index, and procedure. All operations were performed by a single surgical team. The clinicopathological characteristics and short-term outcomes of these patients were compared. To assess the effect of the learning curve on the outcomes, patients in the robotic group were further subdivided into 2 groups according to the sequential order of their procedures, with an equal number of patients in each group. Their outcome measures were compared.The robotic and laparoscopic groups were comparable with regard to pretreatment characteristics, rectal resection type, and pathological examination result. After undergoing nCRT, more patients in the robotic group exhibited clinically advanced diseases. The complication rate was similar between the 2 groups. The operation time and the time to the resumption of a soft diet were significantly prolonged in the robotic group. Further analysis revealed that the difference was mainly observed in the first robotic group. No significant difference was observed between the second robotic and laparoscopic groups.Although the robotic approach may offer potential advantages for rectal surgery, comparable short-term outcomes may be achieved when laparoscopic surgery is performed by experienced surgeons. However, our results suggested a shorter learning curve for robotic surgery for rectal cancer, even in patients who exhibited more advanced disease after undergoing nCRT.

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of norovirus in cases of gastroenteritis in developing countries.

While norovirus (NoV) is well known as a leading causal pathogen for acute gastroenteritis in developed countries,structured data on prevalence in developing countries are not available thus far. This review aims to estimate the prevalence of NoV in cases of gastroenteritis in developing countries based on recently published reports.

Late presentation of necrotizing enterocolitis associated with rotavirus infection in a term infant with hyperinsulinism on octreotide therapy: A case report.

Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is the most common cause of persistent hypoglycemia in infancy that can cause permanent brain damage. Consequently, optimal management is extremely important. Current pharmacologic and surgical treatment were available that included diazoxide and octreotides.

Postoperative changes of liver enzymes can distinguish between biliary stricture and graft rejection after living donor liver transplantation: A longitudinal study.

There is no known useful clinical parameter that can specifically predict a biliary stricture and differentiate it from other related complications after living donor liver transplantations (LDLT). The aims of this study were to determine whether the changes of liver enzymes can predict postoperative biliary stricture apart from other complications. We reviewed the medical records of 203 patients who underwent LDLT with duct to duct anastomosis from 2008 to 2010. The longitudinal changes of liver enzyme over time and the occurrence of complication were evaluated. A total of 124 patients had no complication up to 2 years after LDLT, and 74 patients had complications including biliary stricture and graft rejection. Complications developed more frequently in patients who's alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) did not return to the baseline plateau at 30 days after LDLT (ALP; P = .045, GGT; P = .047). Aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) increased continuously until the diagnosis of complication in both stricture and rejection groups with more rapid increase in enzymes in the rejection versus stricture group (P < .05). In addition, AST and ALT were 2-fold higher in the rejection than the stricture group at the diagnosis of each complication (AST; P < .05, ALT; P < .05). The increasing slope and final levels of AST and ALT are potentially helpful parameters to differentiate rejection and stricture, the 2 most common posttransplantation complications.

Gastric Spindle Cell Neuroendocrine Tumor Mimicking Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor: Unique Morphology and Diagnostic Pitfall.

Gastric neuroendocrine tumors (GNETs) with spindle cell morphology are extremely rare. We present a case of a 49-year-old female patient with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjogren's syndrome, and gastroesophageal reflux disease. She was initially thought to have a spindle cell gastrointestinal stromal tumor per histological studies of the fundic polypectomy samples. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were negative for CD117, and CD34, but positive for chromogranin, synaptophysin, and CD56 with a 6% Ki-67 index, consistent with a spindle cell-type well differentiated neuroendocrine tumor, World Health Organization (WHO) Grade 2. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of a gastric spindle cell neuroendocrine tumor in the English literature.

miR-223 and Stathmin-1 Expression in Non-tumor Liver Tissue of Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Overexpression of stathmin (STMN1) has been reported for several tumor entities. STMN1 expression correlated with the detection of mutant p53, also suggesting loss-of-function-dependent mechanisms for its accumulation in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. On the other hand, miR-223 has been identified as one of the most down-regulated miRNAs in HCC, and its expression was shown to be negatively correlated with STMN1 expression. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical significance of STMN1 and miRNA-223 expression.

Perioperative Red Blood Cell Transfusion Is Associated with Poor Long-term Survival in Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma.

Perioperative red blood cell transfusion (RBCT) can negatively affect the host's immune system. We investigated the effects of perioperative RBCT on long-term survival among patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC).

A Proposal for Progression-Free Survival Assessment in Patients with Early Progressive Cancer.

Progression-free survival (PFS), which is evaluated in oncology clinical trials, is determined based on tumor progression evaluated according to an assessment schedule. There is possibly a bias in median PFS and hazard ratio (HR) for PFS depending on the assessment schedule referring to randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.

Efficacy and Safety of Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy Following Esophagectomy with Japanese-style Extended 3-Field Lymphadenectomy for Thoracic Esophageal Cancer.

We investigated the safety of adding Japanese-style extended 3-field lymphadenectomy in patients treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT) for thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (TESCC). Furthermore, the efficacy of NACRT, as shown by the pathological and metabolic responses were determined.

Immunohistochemical Comparison of Malignancy Between Radial Invasion and Mucosal Extension in Hilar Cholangiocarcinoma.

To compare the cells of mucosal extension (ME) and radial invasion (RI) in hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCCA) for optimal resection.

Clinical Significance of C-Reactive Protein-to-Albumin Ratio with Rectal Cancer Patient Undergoing Chemoradiotherapy Followed by Surgery.

This study was designed to evaluate the clinical significance of the C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio (CAR) in patients with rectal cancer undergoing preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by surgery.