A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

Disease Management - Top 30 Publications

Effective strategies for prevention, control, and treatment of obesity in primary health care setting for adolescents, adults, and elderly people: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.

It is unquestionable that obesity is a global epidemic and one of the main public health problems in the world. The management of obesity in Primary Health Care has an important role if being considered the magnitude and serious consequence of this problem. Despite this, there is no effective standard protocol for the treatment of this disease. Studies that synthesize and assess the effectiveness of strategies for prevention, control, and treatment of obesity in Primary Health Care setting are still scarce. The objective of this study is review and synthesize study evidence for obesity management strategies among adolescents, adults and elderly developed at the Primary Health Care worldwide.

Non-pharmacologic Measures for Pain Relief in Preterm Neonates.

To treat pain, study people in all their complexity.

Osteoarthritis: time for us all to shift the needle.

Challenges and controversies of complex interventions in osteoarthritis management: recognizing inappropriate and discordant care.

A number of controversies and challenges exist for the management of OA in health care. This paper describes the challenges and gaps in OA care, particularly in relation to population health management, complex interventions and outcomes. It sets this in the context of competing health priorities and multimorbidity, access to high quality conservative care, non-pharmacological therapies, resource limitations and models of care. The overuse of some therapies and neglect of others are discussed, as well as the potential for self-management. The roles of patient and public involvement and the healthcare team are highlighted in enhancing best care for OA and providing solutions for closing the evidence-to-practice gap. Implementation of models of care offer one solution to the challenges and progress of such implementation is described. Areas for further research are highlighted.

Lumbar sympathectomy versus prostanoids for critical limb ischaemia due to non-reconstructable peripheral arterial disease.

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common circulatory problem that can lead to reduced blood flow to the limbs, which may result in critical limb ischaemia (CLI), a painful manifestation that occurs when a person is at rest. The mainstay of treatment for CLI is surgical or endovascular repair. However, when these means of treatment are not suitable, due to anatomical reasons or comorbidities, treatment for pain is limited. Lumbar sympathectomy and prostanoids have both been shown to reduce pain from CLI in people who suffer from non-reconstructable PAD, but there is currently insufficient evidence to determine if one treatment is superior. Due to the severity of the rest pain caused by CLI, and its impact on quality of life, it is important that people are receiving the best pain relief treatment available, therefore interest in this area of research is high.

Development of a clinical prediction rule to identify patients with plantar heel pain likely to benefit from biomechanical anti-pronation taping: A prospective cohort study.

To develop a clinical prediction rule (CPR) to identify patients with plantar heel pain (PHP) likely to benefit from biomechanical anti-pronation taping (BAPT).

Febrile neutropenia in cancer patients: management in the emergency room.

Febrile neutropenia is a life-threatening condition that requires immediate attention, especially in patients with chemotherapy-related neutropenia. Patients with febrile neutropenia have a much greater risk of developing bacterial disease, and fever may be the only indicator of severe bacterial infection. Adequate management of febrile neutropenia emphasizes early recognition of patients, risk stratification, and antibiotic therapy administration during the first 60 minutes of admission to an emergency room. Not all children with febrile neutropenia carry the same risk of morbidity and mortality, so in recent years, efforts have been made to distinguish between high-risk patients where more aggressive hospital management is required. In children classified as low-risk, outpatient management may be considered initially or after 72 hours, whilst high-risk patients should be hospitalized and managed with parenteral antibiotics.

Non-invasive brain stimulation techniques for chronic pain.

This is an updated version of the original Cochrane Review published in 2010, Issue 9, and last updated in 2014, Issue 4. Non-invasive brain stimulation techniques aim to induce an electrical stimulation of the brain in an attempt to reduce chronic pain by directly altering brain activity. They include repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES), transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS) and reduced impedance non-invasive cortical electrostimulation (RINCE).

A double-blind, randomized comparative study to investigate the morphine to hydromorphone conversion ratio in Japanese cancer patients.

To confirm the morphine to hydromorphone conversion ratio for hydromorphone (DS-7113b) immediate-release tablets in cancer patients who achieved pain control with oral morphine.

Pediatric Emergencies.

Pediatric Pain Management.

Nearly 20 years ago, standards were established for hospitals to assess and treat pain in all patients. Research continues to demonstrate evolving trends in the measurement and effective treatment of pain in children. Behavioral research demonstrating long-lasting effects of inadequate pain control during childhood supports the concepts of early and adequate pain control for children suffering from painful conditions in the acute care setting. The authors discuss pain concepts, highlighting factors specific to the emergency department, and include a review of evidence for pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments.

Effect of health literacy and exercise-focused interventions on glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes in China.