A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

Endocrine System Diseases - Top 30 Publications

Sperm associated antigen 9 (SPAG9) a promising therapeutic target of ovarian carcinoma.

SPAG9 is a novel tumor associated antigen, expressed in variety of malignancies. However, its role in ovarian cancer remains unexplored. SPAG9 expression was validated in ovarian cancer cells by real time PCR and Western blot. SPAG9 involvement in cell cycle, DNA damage, apoptosis, paclitaxel sensitivity and epithelial- mesenchymal transition (EMT) was investigated employing RNA interference approach. Combinatorial effect of SPAG9 ablation and paclitaxel treatment was evaluated in in vitro. Quantitative PCR and Western blot analysis revealed SPAG9 expression in A10, SKOV-3 and Caov3 compared to normal ovarian epithelial cells. SPAG9 ablation resulted in reduced cellular proliferation, colony forming ability and enhanced cytotoxicity of chemotherapeutic agent paclitaxel. Effect of ablation of SPAG9 on cell cycle revealed S phase arrest and showed decreased expression of CDK1, CDK2, CDK4, CDK6, cyclin B1, cyclin D1, cyclin E and increased expression of tumor suppressor p21. Ablation of SPAG9 also resulted in increased apoptosis with increased expression of various pro- apoptotic molecules including BAD, BID, PUMA, caspase 3, caspase 7, caspase 8 and cytochrome C. Decreased expression of mesenchymal markers and increased expression of epithelial markers was found in SPAG9 ablated cells. Combinatorial effect of SPAG9 ablation and paclitaxel treatment was evaluated in in vitro assays which showed that ablation of SPAG9 resulted in increased paclitaxel sensitivity and caused enhanced cell death. In vivo ovarian cancer xenograft studies showed that ablation of SPAG9 resulted in significant reduction in tumor growth. Present study revealed therapeutic potential of SPAG9 in ovarian cancer.

Coexistence of Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome and autoimmune encephalitis with anti-CRMP5/CV2 and anti-GABAB receptor antibodies in small cell lung cancer: A case report.

Autoimmune encephalitis and Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome are classic paraneoplastic neurological conditions common in patients with small cell lung cancer.

Flavonoids intake and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: A meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.

Epidemiological studies exploring the role of flavonoids intake in preventing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) showed inconsistent results. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis of relevant studies to examine the relationship between flavonoids intake and risk of T2DM. We hypothesized that flavonoids intake may decrease the risk of developing T2DM.A systematical search in PubMed and Embase until September 2017 was performed to identify eligible prospective cohort studies. The summary relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using random-effect models. Dose-response pattern between total flavonoids intake and T2DM risk was also estimated.Eight prospective studies were included with 312,015 participants, of whom 19,953 developed T2DM during the follow-up periods of 4 to 28 years. Compared with lower consumption, high intake of total flavonoids was associated with a decreased risk of T2DM (RR: 0.89, 95% CI: 0.82-0.96). Among flavonoid subclasses, inverse correlations with T2DM were achieved for intakes of anthocyanidins, flavan-3-ols, flavonols, and isoflavones. Dose-response meta-analysis indicated a curvilinear relationship between total flavonoids intake and incident T2DM (P for nonlinearity = .042), with a significant risk reduction at an intake of ≥550 mg/day. When assuming a linear pattern, the risk of T2DM was decreased by 5% for each 300-mg/day increment in total flavonoids intake (RR: 0.95, 95% CI: 0.93-0.97).Our study suggests that higher intakes of total flavonoids and subclasses (anthocyanidins, flavan-3-ols, flavonols, and isoflavones) are associated with lower risk of T2DM.

Design of a comparative effectiveness randomized controlled trial testing a faith-based Diabetes Prevention Program (WORD DPP) vs. a Pacific culturally adapted Diabetes Prevention Program (PILI DPP) for Marshallese in the United States.

Pacific Islander populations, including Marshallese, face a disproportionately high burden of health disparities relative to the general population.

Pituitary apoplexy following lumbar fusion surgery in prone position: A case report.

Pituitary apoplexy (PA) is a syndrome caused by acute hemorrhage or infarction of the pituitary gland, generally within a pituitary adenoma. PA following spinal surgery is a very rare complication and may be difficult to diagnose. However, early diagnosis of PA is essential for the timely treatment of pan-hypopituitarism and prevention of severe neurologic complications.

Giant malignant pheochromocytoma in an elderly patient: A case report.

Malignant pheochromocytoma is a rare disease and surgical resection is the only curative treatment.

Long non-coding RNA taurine-upregulated gene 1 predicts unfavorable prognosis, promotes cells proliferation, and inhibits cells apoptosis in epithelial ovarian cancer.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) taurine-upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) with clinicopathological characteristics as well as overall survival (OS) in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients, and investigate its function in EOC cells proliferation and apoptosis in vitro.LncRNA TUG1 expressions were detected in tumor tissues and paired adjacent tissues obtained from 96 EOC patients. Blank mimic, lncRNA TUG1 mimic, blank inhibitor, and lncRNA TUG1 inhibitor plasmids were transfected into SKOV3 cells. CKK-8, annexin V-FITC-propidium iodide, qPCR and western blot assays were performed to detect cells proliferation, cells apoptosis, RNA expression, and protein expression, respectively.LncRNA TUG1 expression was higher in tumor tissue compared to paired adjacent tissue (P < .001), and it was positively correlated with pathological grade (P = .022), tumor size (P = .011) and FIGO stage (P < .001). Kaplan-Meier curve showed that lncRNA TUG1 high expression was associated with worse OS (P = .003). Multivariate Cox analysis indicated that lncRNA TUG1 high expression (vs. low expression) (P = .035) was independently predictive factor for shorter OS. In vitro, cells proliferation was promoted after treatment with lncRNA TUG1 mimic and was suppressed after treatment with lncRNA TUG1 inhibitor. In addition, cells apoptosis rate was decreased in lncRNA TUG1 mimic group compared to NC1 mimic, and increased in lncRNA TUG1 inhibitor group compared to NC2 inhibitor.In conclusion, lncRNA TUG1 is positively correlated with advanced disease and poor prognosis, and it promotes cells proliferation and inhibits cells apoptosis in EOC cells.

Assessment of capillary dropout in the superficial retinal capillary plexus by optical coherence tomography angiography in the early stage of diabetic retinopathy.

To assess capillary dropout in the superficial retinal capillary plexus (SCP) by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in the early stage of diabetic retinopathy (DR).

Anatomical segmentectomy of the pancreatic head along the embryological fusion plane: A case series and a literature review.

Anatomical segmentectomy of the pancreatic head along the embryological fusion plane (EFP) has been used in the treatment of benign, borderline, and low-grade malignancy neoplasms. However, few studies have reported on the outcomes of this procedure. The aim of this study was to retrospectively assess the outcomes of anatomical segmentectomy of the pancreatic head along the EFP.

Favorable glycemic response after pancreatoduodenectomy in both patients with pancreatic cancer and patients with non-pancreatic cancer.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is prevalent in patients with pancreatic cancer and tends to improve after tumor resection. However, the glycemic response of non-pancreatic cancer patients after surgery has not been examined in detail. We aimed to investigate the changes in glucose metabolism in patients with pancreatic cancer or non-pancreatic cancer after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD).We prospectively enrolled 48 patients with pancreatic cancer and 56 patients with non-pancreatic cancer, who underwent PD. Glucose metabolism was assessed with fasting glucose, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), plasma C-peptide and insulin, quantitative insulin check index (QUICKI), and a homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and β cell (HOMA-β) before surgery and 6 months after surgery. Patients were divided into 2 groups: "improved" and "worsened" postoperative glycemic response, according to the changes in HbA1c and anti-diabetic medication. New-onset DM was defined as diagnosis of DM ≤ 2 years before PD, and cases with DM diagnosis >2 years preceding PD were described as long-standing DM.After PD, insulin resistance (IR), as measured by insulin, HOMA-IR and QUICKI, improved significantly, although C-peptide and HOMA-β decreased. At 6 months after PD, new-onset DM patients showed improved glycemic control in both pancreatic cancer patients (75%) and non-pancreatic cancer patients (63%). Multivariate analysis showed that long-standing DM was a significant predictor for worsening glucose control (odds ratio = 4.01, P = .017).Favorable glycemic control was frequently observed in both pancreatic cancer and non-pancreatic cancer after PD. PD seems to contribute improved glucose control through the decreased IR. New-onset DM showed better glycemic control than long-standing DM.

Ultrasound manifestations of lobulated ovaries: Case report.

Ultrasound features of lobulated ovaries are rarely described in the literature. Here, we report a case of pathologically proven lobulated ovaries.

Effect of Glyburide vs Subcutaneous Insulin on Perinatal Complications Among Women With Gestational Diabetes: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Randomized trials have not focused on neonatal complications of glyburide for women with gestational diabetes.

Insulin vs Glyburide for Gestational Diabetes.

Successful Treatment of Growing Teratoma Syndrome of the Lung by Surgical Resection: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Growing teratoma syndrome (GTS) of the lung is extremely rare, and there are very few reports on this condition. This is a case report of GTS of the lung that was successfully treated by resection. A 19-year-old man, who had been diagnosed with a testicular tumor, lung metastases and left hilar lymph node metastasis, underwent surgical resection for left testicular cancer. After orchiectomy and chemotherapy, the patient was successfully treated with wedge resection of the right upper lobe and left upper lobectomy. In conclusion, the current case suggests that some patients with GTS might be successfully treated by surgical resection.

Synchronous Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma and Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Report of a Case and Review of the Literature.

Two or more histologically distinct malignancies diagnosed during the same hospital admission are uncommon, but they do exist. Cases with synchronous primary pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and hepatocellular carcinoma are rarely seen. This is a case report of a 56 years old Caucasian female with the chief complaint of jaundice over a duration of 10 days. CT imaging findings revealed a 3.5 cm ill-defined pancreatic head mass and a 1.5 cm liver mass in the segment 5. EUS-FNA cytology showed pancreatic head ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Liver biopsy revealed a well differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The patient underwent a pancreaticoduodenectomy and the pathology revealed a pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma extending into peripancreatic soft tissue, portal vein and vascular groove with perineural invasion. This is a unique and challenging case with the coexistence of a primary PDAC and a primary HCC. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first documented case of synchronous PDAC and HCC in the English literature. The diagnosis and treatment of the two entities are discussed.

Central Lymph Node Dissection Improves Lymph Node Clearance in Papillary Thyroid Cancer Patients with Lateral Neck Metastases, Even after Prior Total Thyroidectomy.

The oncologic benefit of a central lymph node dissection (CLND) at the time of modified radical neck dissection (MRND) in patients with papillary thyroid cancer who have previously undergone a total thyroidectomy (TT) has not been studied. Patients with lateral cervical metastases were divided into two treatment groups: the concurrent cohort (TT with CLND and MRND), and the interval cohort (CLND and MRND after prior TT). Primary outcomes were lymph node metastases, skip metastases, level VI cancer recurrence, hypoparathyroidism and recurrent laryngeal nerve injury. Treatment groups consisted of 63 and 16 patients in the concurrent and interval groups, respectively. More central lymph nodes were removed (15.4 ± 8.4 to 10.1 ± 5.2 (P = 0.02)), but similar level VI lymph node metastasis occurred (92.0-93.8% (P = 0.99)) in the concurrent group compared with the interval group, respectively. Skip metastases were identified in only 7.6 per cent of patients. The incidence of level VI recurrence and recurrent laryngeal nerve injury was 1.2 per cent. Three patients developed hypoparathyroidism (3.7%). All permanent morbidities occurred in the concurrent group. CLND at the time of MRND for metastatic papillary thyroid cancer frequently identifies level VI metastases and can be done with low operative morbidity by experienced endocrine surgeons, even in patients who have undergone a prior TT.

Antidiabetic Naphthoquinones and Their Plant Resources in Thailand.

Diabetes mellitus is the seventh leading cause of death globally. Ninety percent of the diabetic population suffers from type-2 diabetes, which still needs an effective, safe and economical oral hypoglycemic therapy. Plants are rich sources of various therapeutic molecules. More than 400 medicinal plants of interesting phytochemical diversity have been reported for their antidiabetic potential. Naphthoquinones are a group of phytochemicals, which have a wide range of pharmacological potential, including antidiabetic activity. Naphthoquinones exert their antidiabetic effects through various mechanisms such as the inhibition of α-glucosidase and protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B, increased glucose uptake in myocytes and adipocytes via glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT4) and GLUT2 translocations, enhanced peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) ligand activity, and by normalizing carbohydrate metabolizing enzymes in the liver. Moreover, naphthoquinone inhibits adipogenesis by both upstream and downstream regulation to control obesity, which is one of the important risk factors for diabetes. Naturally occurring naphthoquinones, as well as their plant sources, are therefore of interest for exploring their antidiabetic potential. The present review aims to overview the antidiabetic potential of naphthoquinones and their plant resources in Thailand.

Dedifferentiated endometrioid adenocarcinoma with trophoblastic components and elevated serum alfa-fetoprotein: A case report and literature review.

Dedifferentiated endometrioid adenocarcinoma (DEAC) consisted of a combination of undifferentiated and differentiated carcinoma is more aggressive than other conventional endometrioid adenocarcinomas.

Application of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in treating dwarfism with Stanford B aortic dissection: A case report.

To apply thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) to treat dwarfism complicated with Stanford B aortic dissection.

Immunological markers as predictors of developing steroid-induced diabetes mellitus in pemphigus vulgaris patients: An observational study.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical importance of autoantibodies in pemphigus vulgaris patients who developed steroid-induced diabetes mellitus (SID) because of the glucocorticoid therapy of pemphigus.A total of 137 patients with pemphigus vulgaris were studied. Patients with SID and pemphigus were compared with those that had only pemphigus. The variables recorded were: age at diagnosis, sex, body mass index, presence of diabetes mellitus (DM), cumulative cortisone dose, treatment duration, value of anti-desmoglein 1 and 3, and anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase autoantibodies.A total of 31 patients (22.62%) that developed steroid-induced DM were identified. Anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase autoantibodies were positive in 20.75% of patients with pemphigus vulgaris and in 25.75% of patients with pemphigus vulgaris and SID.The overall anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase autoantibodies prevalence in pemphigus patients was high, and the risk of developing DM in patients with pemphigus remains a serious problem, being associated with increased risk of mortality.

Associations between bone-alkaline phosphatase and bone mineral density in adults with and without diabetes.

Insufficient evidence is available to reliably compare the roles of bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP) and bone mineral density (BMD) in diabetes. This study aimed to compare associations between BAP and BMD in adults with and without diabetes to elucidate fracture risk in diabetes.Data were extracted from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2001-2004, including 4197 adults aged 20 to 49 years, 143 with diabetes (DM group), and 4054 without (non-DM group). Main outcome measure was BMD and regression analyses were performed to identify serum BAP and other covariates associated with total BMD.BMD decreased significantly in DM patients when BAP was increased. In the non-DM group, all BMD results were significantly decreased when BAP was increased. Factors associated with total BMD varied with DM status. Lifestyle measures such as smoking and physical activity were also associated with BMD in the non-DM group.BAP and BMD are inversely associated in DM and non-DM patients. BAP is significantly associated with BMD after controlling for other variables, suggesting that BAP may interact with other factors altering bone metabolism in DM patients.

Value of 18FFDG-PET/CT and CA125, serum levels and kinetic parameters, in early detection of ovarian cancer recurrence: Influence of histological subtypes and tumor stages.

To assess the diagnostic accuracy of CA125, its kinetic values and positron emission tomography/computed tomography with 2-deoxy-2-[F]fluoro-D-glucose ([F]FDG-PET/CT), in relation with tumor characteristics for suspected recurrence of ovarian cancer. To evaluate the performance of CA125-related parameters as a selection criteria to perform a [F]FDG-PET/CT.A retrospective analysis of 69 [F]FDG-PET/CT for suspected recurrence of ovarian cancer was performed. All patients had 2 measurements of CA125, before PET/CT, to calculate kinetic values, as CA125vel (CA125vel = [CA125a - CA125b]/time) and CA125dt (CA125dt = [log2 × time]/[logCA125a - CA125b]). Maximum standard uptake value (SUVmax) was calculated. The diagnostic accuracy was calculated for all the variables and the optimal cut-off value of each of them by the receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) analysis. All the tests were compared with tumor characteristics and clinical-radiological evolution during follow-up of at least 6 months.Fifty-five cases were diagnosed of recurrence (11 with CA125 <35 U/mL), while 14 showed no disease (11 with CA125 < 35 U/mL). All of them were correctly cataloged by PET/CT. CA125, CA125vel, and SUVmax showed higher levels in recurrent patients (mean 129.54 U/mL, 24.58 U/mL per mo, and 8.69 g/mL, respectively) than in nonrecurrent (mean 20.35 U/mL, 0.60 U/mL per mo, and 0.64 g/mL, respectively). No statistical differences in CA125dt were found. Patients with recurrence of high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC) showed higher CA125 and CA125vel, without differences in the rest of subtypes and International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stages. The ROC analyses for CA125, CA125vel, and CA125dt showed an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.873 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.77-0.969), 0.903 (95% CI 0.813-0.994), and 0.727 (95% CI 0.542-0.913), respectively, with an optimal cut-off point of 23.95 U/mL, 4.49 U/mL per mo, and 3.36 months, respectively, while for the SUVmax the AUC was of 0.982 (95% CI 0.948-1.000), and the cut-off point of 2. Multivariate regression analysis identified CA125 and CA125vel as predictors of recurrence.[F]FDG-PET/CT is more accurate than the parameters obtained from the CA125 to detect early recurrence. CA125vel is the most suitable parameter, mainly in HGSC. Levels of CA125vel ≥ 4.49 U/mL per mo facilitate earlier detection by the execution of a [F]FDG-PET/CT. The calculation of these parameters is independent of tumor stage at diagnosis.

Letter to the Editor Regarding "The Likelihood of Remnant Nonfunctioning Pituitary Adenomas Shrinking Is Associated with the Lesion's Blood Supply Pattern".

Clinicopathologic characterisitics of pancreatic acinar cell carcinomas.