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Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications - Top 30 Publications

Sperm associated antigen 9 (SPAG9) a promising therapeutic target of ovarian carcinoma.

SPAG9 is a novel tumor associated antigen, expressed in variety of malignancies. However, its role in ovarian cancer remains unexplored. SPAG9 expression was validated in ovarian cancer cells by real time PCR and Western blot. SPAG9 involvement in cell cycle, DNA damage, apoptosis, paclitaxel sensitivity and epithelial- mesenchymal transition (EMT) was investigated employing RNA interference approach. Combinatorial effect of SPAG9 ablation and paclitaxel treatment was evaluated in in vitro. Quantitative PCR and Western blot analysis revealed SPAG9 expression in A10, SKOV-3 and Caov3 compared to normal ovarian epithelial cells. SPAG9 ablation resulted in reduced cellular proliferation, colony forming ability and enhanced cytotoxicity of chemotherapeutic agent paclitaxel. Effect of ablation of SPAG9 on cell cycle revealed S phase arrest and showed decreased expression of CDK1, CDK2, CDK4, CDK6, cyclin B1, cyclin D1, cyclin E and increased expression of tumor suppressor p21. Ablation of SPAG9 also resulted in increased apoptosis with increased expression of various pro- apoptotic molecules including BAD, BID, PUMA, caspase 3, caspase 7, caspase 8 and cytochrome C. Decreased expression of mesenchymal markers and increased expression of epithelial markers was found in SPAG9 ablated cells. Combinatorial effect of SPAG9 ablation and paclitaxel treatment was evaluated in in vitro assays which showed that ablation of SPAG9 resulted in increased paclitaxel sensitivity and caused enhanced cell death. In vivo ovarian cancer xenograft studies showed that ablation of SPAG9 resulted in significant reduction in tumor growth. Present study revealed therapeutic potential of SPAG9 in ovarian cancer.

Rare ectopic metastasis from clear cell renal cell carcinoma to the chest wall after 10 years: A case report.

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) is an aggressive tumor associated with a high risk of metastasis and very low survival rate. In addition, it can cause extensive blood metastasis to the lungs, bones, and other organs. Chest wall metastatic tumors from primary CCRCC are rare.

Acute starvation ketoacidosis in pregnancy with severe hypertriglyceridemia: A case report.

Pregnant women are more prone to ketosis due to the relative insulin resistance, accelerated lipolysis and increased free fatty acids.

Long non-coding RNA taurine-upregulated gene 1 predicts unfavorable prognosis, promotes cells proliferation, and inhibits cells apoptosis in epithelial ovarian cancer.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) taurine-upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) with clinicopathological characteristics as well as overall survival (OS) in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients, and investigate its function in EOC cells proliferation and apoptosis in vitro.LncRNA TUG1 expressions were detected in tumor tissues and paired adjacent tissues obtained from 96 EOC patients. Blank mimic, lncRNA TUG1 mimic, blank inhibitor, and lncRNA TUG1 inhibitor plasmids were transfected into SKOV3 cells. CKK-8, annexin V-FITC-propidium iodide, qPCR and western blot assays were performed to detect cells proliferation, cells apoptosis, RNA expression, and protein expression, respectively.LncRNA TUG1 expression was higher in tumor tissue compared to paired adjacent tissue (P < .001), and it was positively correlated with pathological grade (P = .022), tumor size (P = .011) and FIGO stage (P < .001). Kaplan-Meier curve showed that lncRNA TUG1 high expression was associated with worse OS (P = .003). Multivariate Cox analysis indicated that lncRNA TUG1 high expression (vs. low expression) (P = .035) was independently predictive factor for shorter OS. In vitro, cells proliferation was promoted after treatment with lncRNA TUG1 mimic and was suppressed after treatment with lncRNA TUG1 inhibitor. In addition, cells apoptosis rate was decreased in lncRNA TUG1 mimic group compared to NC1 mimic, and increased in lncRNA TUG1 inhibitor group compared to NC2 inhibitor.In conclusion, lncRNA TUG1 is positively correlated with advanced disease and poor prognosis, and it promotes cells proliferation and inhibits cells apoptosis in EOC cells.

Maternal Sirolimus Therapy for Fetal Cardiac Rhabdomyomas.

History of Childhood Kidney Disease and Risk of Adult End-Stage Renal Disease.

History of Childhood Kidney Disease and Risk of Adult End-Stage Renal Disease.

History of Childhood Kidney Disease and Risk of Adult End-Stage Renal Disease.

Heterotopic pregnancy is defined as the coexistence of intrauterine pregnancy (IP) and ectopic pregnancy (EP), regardless of its location. It is a type of bi-ovular dizygotic twin pregnancy, its occurrence in a spontaneous cycle is rare. This is a rare and serious pathology which may compromise maternal prognosis. We report two cases of heterotopic pregnancy treated in the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics I at the University Hospital Hassan II of Fez, over a one-year period. Clinical, ecographic and therapeutic data of this pathology were reported. Pelvic pain was the main reason for consultation. The diagnosis of heterotopic pregnancy was suspected on ultrasound in both cases. The first patient underwent conservative treatment by laparoscopy while the second patient underwent salpingectomy by mini-transverse laparotomy. IP outcome was favorable both cases.

Prognosis of referred patients with an obstetric emergency at the Yaoundé Gynaecology, Obstetrics and Pediatrics Hospital.

The impact of referred patients with an obstetric emergency due to complications is not yet known. This study aimed to identify the complications associated with obstetric emergency in referred patients in Yaoundé.

Incidence and determinants of stillbirth among women who gave birth in Jimma University specialized hospital, Ethiopia.

Worldwide approximately 2.7 million are stillborn, more than 98% of these occur in developing countries. To address the problem, incidence and determinants of stillbirth must be understood. Therefore the aim of this study was to assess incidence and determinants of stillbirth among women who gave birth in Jimma University specialized hospital.

Rheumatic heart disease in pregnancy: a report of 2 cases.

Pregnant women with severe mitral stenosis tend to experience clinical decompensation with approximately 50% mortality and they may experience adverse effects of the medication they are taking, notably congenital malformations from warfarin exposure. Corrective heart surgery may increase the risk of pregnancy loss. We present 2 cases of RHD in pregnancy. The first case was a 27-year-old patient in her first pregnancy with severe mitral stenosis. Caesarean section was done for foetal distress and she delivered a small for gestational age baby. She was closely monitored postpartum and was stable on discharge. She presented with supraventricular tachycardia and died in the coronary care unit 4 weeks postpartum. The second case was a 28-year-old who was on warfarin for a mechanical mitral valve. A foetal anomaly scan done at 20 weeks showed severe congenital malformations which were not compatible with extra-uterine life. The pregnancy was terminated and she recovered well. The first case illustrates the significant mortality risk with uncorrected severe rheumatic heart disease. The second case highlights the risks of warfarin on the foetus and the need to avoid mechanical heart valves if possible in young women. RHD patients require preconception counselling so they can make informed reproductive choices.

Follow-up of Patients with Clear-Cell Adenocarcinoma of the Vagina and Cervix.

The Wrong Frame of Mind.

History of Childhood Kidney Disease and Risk of Adult End-Stage Renal Disease.

Iodixanol versus iopromide in patients with renal insufficiency undergoing coronary angiography with or without PCI.

The use of contrast agents during coronary angiography can result in contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN), particularly in patients with renal dysfunction. On the contrary, different contrast agents can induce different degree of changes in cardiac function. The objective of our meta-analysis was to compare the clinical safety of iso-osmolar contrast medium iodixanol to low-osmolar contrast medium iopromide in patients with renal insufficiency undergoing coronary angiography with or without percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Tacrolimus decreases proteinuria in patients with refractory IgA nephropathy.

In clinical practice, some IgA nephropathy (IgAN) patients show resistance to or are unable to achieve complete remission using steroids and/or immunosuppressants. The current study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of tacrolimus in the treatment of cases of refractory IgAN.In this retrospective observational study, 34 primary IgAN patients with refractory proteinuria received tacrolimus for at least 12 months. Complete remission, partial remission, and other clinical data were measured at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after the initiation of treatment.After 12 months, complete remission was achieved in 20 (58.8%) patients and partial remission in 5 (14.7%) patients, yielding a total response rate of 73.5%. The mean time for response to tacrolimus for those who achieved complete remission and partial remission was 7.0 ± 4.7 weeks. Serum creatinine (Scr), uric acid, estimated glomerular filtration rate, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate transaminase, white blood cell count, blood pressure, blood glucose, total cholesterol, and total triglyceride were stable over time. Three patients demonstrated a loss of eGFR >15 mL/min·1.73 m from baseline. Three cases of upper respiratory infection and 2 cases of urinary tract infection were observed during the study. Patients who achieved complete remission had better renal function and lower baseline proteinuria than partial remission and nonresponder patients. Crescent formation in biopsy specimens was seen more often in nonresponder patients.Tacrolimus was safe and effective at lowering proteinuria in refractory IgAN patients. Lower baseline proteinuria and better renal function were associated with a higher probability of complete remission, while crescent formation was associated with a worse prognosis.

Association of Foxp3 promoter polymorphisms with susceptibility to endometrial cancer in the Chinese Han women.

To evaluate the association between Foxp3 gene polymorphisms (rs3761548 and rs5902434) and susceptibility to endometrial cancer (EC), we report a hospital case-control study involving 602 women, consisting of 269 patients with EC and 333 healthy controls. Genotyping was performed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Our results suggest that the frequency of the A allele in rs3761548 in patients with EC was significantly lower than that in healthy controls (20.3% vs 26.4%, odds ratio [OR] 0.71, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.54-0.93, P = .012), while the heterozygous AC genotype showed a significant protective effect on EC in codominant, dominant, and overdominant models (adjusted OR 0.64, 95% CI: 0.45-0.91, P = .039; OR 0.65, 95% CI: 0.47-0.91, P = .011; OR 0.67, 95% CI: 0.47-0.94, P = .02, respectively), and AA genotype was more frequent in patients with cervical invasion (recessive model: OR 3.55, 95% CI: 1.10-11.44, P = .046). Moreover, ATT/ATT genotype (rs5902434) was conferred a lower risk of EC in the recessive model (adjusted OR 0.58, 95% CI: 0.35-0.96, P = .031). From the data generated, we conclude that Foxp3 promoter polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to EC in Chinese Han women.

Ultrasound manifestations of lobulated ovaries: Case report.

Ultrasound features of lobulated ovaries are rarely described in the literature. Here, we report a case of pathologically proven lobulated ovaries.

Secondary pregnancy by an implant in a laparoscopic trocar site: A case report.

For nearly 20 years, laparoscopy has been generally regarded as the gold standard for the surgical treatment of ectopic pregnancy and its application is very widespread. According to our knowledge, secondary pregnancy at the laparoscopic trocar site has not yet been reported until now.

Effect of Glyburide vs Subcutaneous Insulin on Perinatal Complications Among Women With Gestational Diabetes: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Randomized trials have not focused on neonatal complications of glyburide for women with gestational diabetes.

Cervical Pessary and Spontaneous Preterm Birth-Reply.

Cervical Pessary and Spontaneous Preterm Birth.

Insulin vs Glyburide for Gestational Diabetes.

Utilization of Hysterectomy Following Chemoradiation for IB2/IIA2 Cervical Cancer in the National Cancer Data Base.

Performing hysterectomy following chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for IB2/IIA2 cervical cancer is highly controversial. This study evaluated national practice patterns in utilization of post-CRT hysterectomy in the United States compared to CRT alone, as well as outcomes.

Relationship and Predictive Role of the Dual Expression of FGFR and IL-8 in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Treated with Targeted Agents.

The expression of IL-8 and FGFR has been related to prognosis and pathological features in renal cell carcinoma. We investigated the relationship between IL-8 and FGFR and the outcome in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients.

A Genitourinary Cancer-specific Scoring System for the Prediction of Survival in Patients with Bone Metastasis: A Retrospective Analysis of Prostate Cancer, Renal Cell Carcinoma, and Urothelial Carcinoma.

The aim of this study was to develop a risk scoring system specific to patients with bone metastasis of genitourinary cancer.

Nephrometry Scores: The Effect of Imaging on Routine Read-out and Prediction of Outcome of Nephron-sparing Surgery.

This study investigated the impact of available preoperative imaging on the reliability and predictive accuracy of RENAL and PADUA nephrometry-scoring systems for renal tumors.

Cytoreductive Nephrectomy in Elderly Patients with Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma in the Targeted Therapy Era.

The role of cytoreductive nephrectomy (CN) for metastatic renal cell cancer (mRCC) is not clearly understood after the approval of targeted therapies, particularly in the elderly population. The aim of this study was to compare survivals between patients who did and did not receive CN.

Correlation Between Disease Stage and the Presence of Viable Circulating Tumor Cells in Endometrial Cancer.

The presence of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in the peripheral blood of patients with solid tumors is associated with a poor prognosis. However, there are limited data concerning the detection of CTCs in endometrial cancer (EC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of CTCs in the peripheral blood of patients with EC.