PubTransformer

A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

Immune System Diseases - Top 30 Publications

HIV Testing, Linkage to HIV Medical Care, and Interviews for Partner Services Among Youths - 61 Health Department Jurisdictions, United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, 2015.

Identifying persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who are unaware of their infection, linking them to HIV medical care, and reducing health disparities are important national goals (1). Of the 8,841 teens and young adults aged 13-24 years (collectively referred to as youths in this report) who received a diagnosis of HIV in 2014, 70% were young men who have sex with men (MSM) (2). In the same year, an estimated 52% of young MSM living with HIV were unaware of their infection compared with 15% among all persons living with HIV (3). An average of 22% of high school students who have had sexual intercourse and 33% of young adults (persons aged 18-24 years) reported ever receiving an HIV test (4). CDC recommends screening all persons aged 13-64 years, with annual rescreening for persons at high risk for HIV infection (5). Analysis of CDC-funded program data for youths submitted by 61 health departments in 2015 revealed that young MSM, who accounted for 83% of new diagnoses among all youths in non-health care facilities, received 28% of HIV tests.* The 2020 national goal is to link at least 85% of HIV-positive persons to HIV medical care within 30 days of diagnosis. In this analysis, 66% of youths who received positive test results for HIV infection were linked to care within 90 days of diagnosis. Increasing the number of youths at risk for HIV infection who are tested for HIV on a regular basis and ensuring that youths who receive positive test results for HIV are rapidly linked to and retained in appropriate medical care, including early initiation of antiretroviral therapy, are essential steps for reducing HIV infection in this vulnerable population.

Effects of massage therapy on anxiety, depression, hyperventilation and quality of life in HIV infected patients: A randomized controlled trial.

HIV infection is often preceded or accompanied by psychiatric comorbidities. These disorders improve with complementary therapies. The aim of this study was to measure the effect of massage therapy on anxiety, depression, hyperventilation and quality of life in HIV infected patients.

Amelioration of Dalton's lymphoma-induced angiogenesis by melatonin.

For tumor to grow beyond 1-2 mm(3) size, tumor recruits new blood vessels referred as angiogenesis; therefore, targeting angiogenesis can be a promising strategy to suppress cancer progression. In this study, in order to develop a good angiogenesis model, we investigated effect of Dalton's lymphoma on angiogenesis and further monitored the role of melatonin on regulation of angiogenesis. To evaluate angiogenesis, endothelial cells were isolated from main thoracic aorta and cultured in vitro in the presence or absence of Dalton's lymphoma supplemented with or without melatonin to monitor their role on its proliferation and migration, a hallmark of angiogenesis. Chick chorioallantoic membrane as well as mice mesentery which allows in vivo studies of tumor angiogenesis and testing of anti-angiogenic molecules was used to validate the in vitro analysis. To further extend our understanding about the regulation of the angiogenesis, we evaluated expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 3, vascular endothelial growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, and fibroblast growth factor in Dalton's lymphoma cells and mesentery by semiquantitative and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis. Dalton's lymphoma ascites induced significant increase in endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and sprouting of the tertiary branching in chorioallantoic membrane and mesentery of Dalton's lymphoma-bearing mice, whereas melatonin treatment led to their inhibition in a dose-dependent manner. Semiquantitative and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis of melatonin-treated Dalton's lymphoma cells and mesentery tissue clearly demonstrated restoration of angiogenesis-related genes tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 3 and reduction of vascular endothelial growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, and fibroblast growth factor messenger RNA expression. Taken together, our results strongly demonstrate that Dalton's lymphoma provides pro-angiogenic environment leading to significant increase in angiogenesis, and further melatonin treatment reduced the Dalton's lymphoma ascites-induced angiogenesis implying that Dalton's lymphoma can serve as a very good model to study angiogenesis as well as for screening of drugs that can target angiogenesis.

Intimate cross-talk between cancer cells and the tumor microenvironment of B-cell lymphomas: The key role of exosomes.

B-cell lymphomas are composed of tumor cells and the tumor microenvironment, which is conventionally thought to be composed of a mixture of stromal cells, blood vessels, immune cells, and non-cell components, such as extracellular matrix, cytokines, and chemokines. Exosomes, small endocytically derived vesicles that have been proved to be present in a variety of tumor niches and involved in mediating cell signaling networks, are increasingly regarded as important components of tumor microenvironment. In this review, we first focus on the biogenesis, biodistribution, transportation, and other general characteristics of exosomes and then highlight the vital roles of exosomes in lymphomagenesis and disease progression, particularly from the perspective of immune dysfunction, virus infection, and therapeutic resistance mechanisms.

Population-level impact of an accelerated HIV response plan to reach the UNAIDS 90-90-90 target in Côte d'Ivoire: Insights from mathematical modeling.

National responses will need to be markedly accelerated to achieve the ambitious target of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). This target aims for 90% of HIV-positive individuals to be aware of their status, for 90% of those aware to receive antiretroviral therapy (ART), and for 90% of those on treatment to have a suppressed viral load by 2020, with each individual target reaching 95% by 2030. We aimed to estimate the impact of various treatment-as-prevention scenarios in Côte d'Ivoire, one of the countries with the highest HIV incidence in West Africa, with unmet HIV prevention and treatment needs, and where key populations are important to the broader HIV epidemic.

A Trial of Itraconazole or Amphotericin B for HIV-Associated Talaromycosis.

Talaromyces marneffei infection is a major cause of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related death in South and Southeast Asia. Guidelines recommend initial treatment with amphotericin B deoxycholate, but this drug has substantial side effects, a high cost, and limited availability. Itraconazole is available in oral form, is associated with fewer unacceptable side effects than amphotericin, and is widely used in place of amphotericin; however, clinical trials comparing these two treatments are lacking.

Incomplete Miller-Fisher Syndrome with Advanced Stage Burkitt Lymphoma.

Lymphoma-associated incomplete Miller-Fisher syndrome is very rare.

Blinatumomab for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.

Blinatumomab for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.

Trends in Prevalence of Advanced HIV Disease at Antiretroviral Therapy Enrollment - 10 Countries, 2004-2015.

Monitoring prevalence of advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease (i.e., CD4+ T-cell count <200 cells/μL) among persons starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) is important to understand ART program outcomes, inform HIV prevention strategy, and forecast need for adjunctive therapies.*(,)(†)(,)(§) To assess trends in prevalence of advanced disease at ART initiation in 10 high-burden countries during 2004-2015, records of 694,138 ART enrollees aged ≥15 years from 797 ART facilities were analyzed. Availability of national electronic medical record systems allowed up-to-date evaluation of trends in Haiti (2004-2015), Mozambique (2004-2014), and Namibia (2004-2012), where prevalence of advanced disease at ART initiation declined from 75% to 34% (p<0.001), 73% to 37% (p<0.001), and 80% to 41% (p<0.001), respectively. Significant declines in prevalence of advanced disease during 2004-2011 were observed in Nigeria, Swaziland, Uganda, Vietnam, and Zimbabwe. The encouraging declines in prevalence of advanced disease at ART enrollment are likely due to scale-up of testing and treatment services and ART-eligibility guidelines encouraging earlier ART initiation. However, in 2015, approximately a third of new ART patients still initiated ART with advanced HIV disease. To reduce prevalence of advanced disease at ART initiation, adoption of World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended "treat-all" guidelines and strategies to facilitate earlier HIV testing and treatment are needed to reduce HIV-related mortality and HIV incidence.

Strategies for Preventing HIV Infection Among HIV-Uninfected Women Attempting Conception with HIV-Infected Men - United States.

By the end of 2014, a total of 955,081 persons in the United States (299.5 per 100,000 population) had received a diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection (1). The annual estimated number of HIV infections and incidence rate in the United States decreased from 2010 to 2014, and the survival rate has increased over time (1). Effective highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is helping persons with HIV to live longer, healthier lives. Many of these persons, including an unknown percentage in discordant relationships (i.e., one partner is HIV-infected, and the other is HIV-uninfected), might wish to have their own biologic children. When the female partner is HIV-infected and the male partner is not, a discordant couple can undergo autologous sperm intrauterine inseminations to achieve conception without placing the man at risk for infection. However, for HIV-discordant couples in which the man is HIV-infected and the woman is not, strategies to minimize the risk for sexual transmission are needed. In 1988, CDC recommended against insemination with semen from HIV-infected men (2). Since 1988, new information has emerged regarding prevention of HIV transmission in HIV-discordant couples. This report reviews laboratory and epidemiologic information regarding the prevention of HIV transmission for HIV-discordant couples, in which the male is HIV-infected and the female is HIV-uninfected, who would like to attempt conception.

Minocycline in Multiple Sclerosis - Compelling Results but Too Early to Tell.

Trial of Minocycline in a Clinically Isolated Syndrome of Multiple Sclerosis.

On the basis of encouraging preliminary results, we conducted a randomized, controlled trial to determine whether minocycline reduces the risk of conversion from a first demyelinating event (also known as a clinically isolated syndrome) to multiple sclerosis.

Ophthalmoplegia associated with lung adenocarcinoma in a patient with the Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome: A case report.

The Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) is a neuromuscular disease; its unique symptoms of LEMS include dry mouth with a metallic taste, constipation, and erectile dysfunction. As it is quite rare, isolated ocular muscle impairment associated with LEMS east to ignore.

Estimation of the cost-effectiveness of HIV prevention portfolios for people who inject drugs in the United States: A model-based analysis.

The risks of HIV transmission associated with the opioid epidemic make cost-effective programs for people who inject drugs (PWID) a public health priority. Some of these programs have benefits beyond prevention of HIV-a critical consideration given that injection drug use is increasing across most United States demographic groups. To identify high-value HIV prevention program portfolios for US PWID, we consider combinations of four interventions with demonstrated efficacy: opioid agonist therapy (OAT), needle and syringe programs (NSPs), HIV testing and treatment (Test & Treat), and oral HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP).

Anti-Interleukin-31 Receptor A Antibody for Atopic Dermatitis.

Anti-Interleukin-31 Receptor A Antibody for Atopic Dermatitis.

Anti-Interleukin-31 Receptor A Antibody for Atopic Dermatitis.

Occupational asthma compensation in the Tunisian Center: cross-sectional study over a period of eight years.

Our study aimed to highlight the epidemiological profile of patients compensated for occupational asthma in the Tunisian Center, to identify their professional characteristics and to determine compensation practices for this occupational disease.

Cutaneous leukocytoclastic vasculitis: about 85 cases.

Clinical manifestation, etiology and outcome of leukocytoclastic vasculitis are little studied. The aim of our study was to examine epidemiological, clinical etiological, and evolutionary characteristics of this entity. We conducted a cross-sectional data collection from medical records of 85 patients with leukocytoclastic vasculitis in the Department of Dermatology at the Farhat Hached University Hospital, Sousse between January 2000 and December 2013. Epidemiological, clinical, paraclinical, etiological data sheets had been completed for each patient. The average age of patients was 47.65 years, ranging between 10 and 78 years. Fifty-three women and 32 men were registered (sex ratio = 0.6). Cutaneous manifestations were dominated by vascular purpura (88.2%). The most common causes of leukocytoclastic vasculitis were systemic diseases (51%), infection (20%) and neutrophilic dermatoses (14.5%). Other causes were drugs (9.1%) and hematologic malignancies (5.4%). The cause of leukocytoclastic vasculitis was not detected in 30 patients (35, 3%). Two predictive factors associated with the acute outcome were retained: the presence of a recent infection (p= 0.014) and drug intake before the rash (p= 0.013). Chronic evolution was positively correlated with antinuclear antibodies (p= 0.009) and cryoglobulinemia (p=0.025). Our study highlights the multitude of causes of leukocytoclastic vasculitis. The search for an underlying disease is an imperative in order to ensure better therapeutic management.

Clinical risk factors for in-hospital mortality in older adults with HIV infection: findings from a South African hospital administrative dataset.

The proportion of older South African adults (aged ≥50 years old) with HIV infection requiring hospitalization is likely to increase in the near future. Clinical risk factors for in-hospital mortality (IHM) in these patients are not well described. We aimed to identify clinical risk factors associated with IHM and their overall contribution towards IHM in older South African adults with HIV infection.

Splenic marginal zone lymphoma.

Splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL) is a rare B-cell lymphoma, well defined according to the 2016 WHO classification of tumors of the hematopoietic tissue, which can raise diagnostic problems. We report the case of a 72-year old patient, hospitalised for exploration of a massive splenomegaly confirmed by computed tomography (CT). Laboratory tests were normal. The patient underwent splenectomy. Microscopic examination of the surgical specimen showed widespread lymphomatous proliferation in small cells associated with CD20 marker. CD 5 and CD 43 were negative. The diagnosis of SMZL was retained. SMZL accounts for less than 2% of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. It affects subjects older than 50 years, and it is usually characterized by the presence of a massive splenomegaly without lymphadenopathies. Blood count shows inconsistent presence of villous lymphocytes in three quarters of cases. The diagnosis is essentially based on anatomopathological evaluation and shows constant nodular involvement or sometimes diffuse involvement of white pulp of the splenic parenchyma.Tumor cells are small in size with B lymphoid markers expression: CD19, CD20, CD22, CD79. They are negative for CD5, CD10, cyclin D1 and CD43. No specific cytogenetic abnormality in SMZL has been identified. SMZL is an indolent lymphoma whose treatment is not codified, depending on prognostic factors. Mortality is related to the risk of its transformation to large cell lymphoma.

Ocrelizumab: First Global Approval.

Ocrelizumab (Ocrevus™) is a humanised anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody that has been developed by Genentech, Inc. (a subsidiary of Roche) for the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS). The drug is designed to deplete B cells, which play an important role in the pathogenesis of MS. In March 2017, ocrelizumab was approved in the USA for the treatment of patients with relapsing or primary progressive forms of MS; currently, it is awaiting approval in the EU for the same indications. This article summarizes the milestones in the development of ocrelizumab leading to its first global approval for the treatment of MS.

Racial/Ethnic Disparities at the End of an HIV Epidemic: Persons Who Inject Drugs in New York City, 2011-2015.

To examine whether racial/ethnic disparities persist at the "end of the HIV epidemic" (prevalence of untreated HIV infection < 5%; HIV incidence < 0.5 per 100 person-years) among persons who inject drugs (PWID) in New York City.

Effect of omega-3 supplementation on neuropathy in type 1 diabetes: A 12-month pilot trial.

To test the hypothesis that 12 months of seal oil omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFA) supplementation will stop the known progression of diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy (DSP) in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).

A methodological approach for assessing the uptake of core outcome sets using ClinicalTrials.gov: findings from a review of randomised controlled trials of rheumatoid arthritis.

Objective To assess the uptake of the rheumatoid arthritis core outcome set using a new assessment method of calculating uptake from data in clinical trial registry entries.Design Review of randomised trials.Setting ClinicalTrials.gov.Subjects 273 randomised trials of drug interventions for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and registered in ClinicalTrials.gov between 2002 and 2016. Full publications were identified for completed studies from information in the trial registry or from an internet search using Google and the citation database Web of Science.Main outcome measure The percentage of trials reporting or planning to measure the rheumatoid arthritis core outcome set calculated from the information presented in the trial registry and compared with the percentage reporting the rheumatoid arthritis core outcome set in the resulting trial publications.Results The full rheumatoid arthritis core outcome set was reported in 81% (116/143) of trials identified on the registry as completed (or terminated) for which results were found in either the published literature or the registry. For trials identified on the registry as completed (or terminated), using information only available in the registry gives an estimate for uptake of 77% (145/189).Conclusions The uptake of the rheumatoid arthritis core outcome set in clinical trials has continued to increase over time. Using the information on outcomes listed for completed or terminated studies in a trial registry provides a reasonable estimate of the uptake of a core outcome set and is a more efficient and up-to-date approach than examining the outcomes in published trial reports. The method proposed may provide an efficient approach for an up-to-date assessment of the uptake of the 300 core outcome sets already published.

The Way to Closed Loop - Dream and Reality.

An old dream of patients with type 1 diabetes and medical teams alike is a fully automated insulin therapy. Available sensor-augmented insulin-pumps are able to intervene in insulin therapy by reducing the dose. Aim of several studies is to add an algorithm to the interaction of pump and sensor, so that insulin doses can be regulated fully automatically. Totally closed loop systems are currently not yet available for outpatient use. Hybrid closed loop systems have been approved in the US. They can improve the metabolic status of patients with type 1 diabetes. Risks are similar to sensor-augmented insulin-pump therapy. Patients' detailed education will continue to be essential for success.

Diagnostic Approach to Manifestation of Type 1 Diabetes mellitus.

The incidence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus has been increasing simultaneously. Formerly, these two patients' populations could be differentiated easily, but now, due to the overlapping of both groups, specified diagnostics are necessary. In order to substantiate a suspicion on diabetes, quantifying venous plasma glucose is the gold standard in diagnostics. As a precaution, determination of the HbA1c and OGTT is recommended. It is not necessary to determinate antibodies in every new case of diabetes. In patients with a vague constellation of clinical picture diagnosis can be ensured by findings of uric ketones, BGA, IA-2- and GAD-antibodies and optionally C-peptide. Often T1DM is associated with PGAS. Therefore, once manifestation of diabetes is detected, screening autoimmune disorders is recommended directly and regularly every two years.

Mast Cells and KIT as Potential Therapeutic Targets in Severe Asthma.

KIT Inhibition by Imatinib in Patients with Severe Refractory Asthma.

Mast cells are present in the airways of patients who have severe asthma despite glucocorticoid treatment; these cells are associated with disease characteristics including poor quality of life and inadequate asthma control. Stem cell factor and its receptor, KIT, are central to mast-cell homeostasis. We conducted a proof-of-principle trial to evaluate the effect of imatinib, a KIT inhibitor, on airway hyperresponsiveness, a physiological marker of severe asthma, as well as on airway mast-cell numbers and activation in patients with severe asthma.