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Musculoskeletal Diseases - Top 30 Publications

Ankylosing spondylitis associated with Still's disease: should it be considered a pathophysiologic link or a simple association?

Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory rheumatism; it is part of the group of spondyloarthrites. General signs such as fever and weight loss are of little importance. Adult Still's disease is a rare systemic condition, a diagnosis of exclusion commonly characterized by high hectic fever, rash, arthritis and various systemic manifestations. Few cases of ankylosing spondylitis associated with adult Still's disease have been described in the literature. We here report the case of a 31-year old patient followed up for ankylosing spondylitis presenting with fever which had lasted for a long time and clinico-biological signs compatible with adult Still's disease. A possible pathophysiologic link between the two diseases may be suggested, even if their simultaneous occurrence has been rarely reported in the literature.

Full median sternotomy approach for treatment of upper thoracic vertebral tuberculosis in a developing country: case report and short literature review.

Direct anterior approach to the cervicothoracic spine (C7-T4) poses a technical challenge in neurosurgery, due to the presence of important neurovascular structures anterior to the cervicothoracic junction (CTJ). Median Sternotomy approach is a surgical option that allows for direct anterior exposure of the lower cervical and upper thoracic vertebrae. We report the first case from Ghana, West Africa of a young man who developed post-tuberculosis osteomyelitis of upper thoracic (T1-2) vertebrae with cord compression after spinal tuberculosis in childhood. He underwent a full median Sternotomy for Anterior Decompression and Fusion of C7-T2 with autologous iliac crest bone graft. We detail our operative procedure and review the relevant literature.

Primary Sjögren's Syndrome.

Physicians as well as nonphysician health care professionals in Taiwan have higher risk for lumbar herniated intervertebral disc than general population.

Physicians in Taiwan have long working hours and are at risk for inappropriate posture when handling patients, which may contribute to lumbar herniated intervertebral disc (L-HIVD). This study was conducted to delineate this issue, which is still unknown. This nationwide population-based cohort study was based on Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. We identified 25,428 physicians, 32,316 nonphysician health care professionals (HCPs), and an identical number of age- and sex-matched individuals from the general population. All individuals who had L-HIVD before 2007 were excluded. We compared the L-HIVD risk between physicians and general population, nonphysician HCPs and general population, and physicians and nonphysician HCPs by tracing their medical histories between 2007 and 2011. A comparison among physician specialties was also performed. Physicians and nonphysician HCPs had higher L-HIVD risk than the general population [odds ratio (OR): 1.149; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.011-1.307 and OR: 1.220; 95% CI: 1.080-1.378, respectively]. Physicians did not have higher L-HIVD risk than nonphysician HCPs [adjusted OR (AOR): 0.912; 95% CI: 0.795-1.046]. Physician specialties of orthopedics and obstetrics and gynecology had a trend of higher L-HIVD risk than other specialties (AOR: 1.538; 95% CI: 0.805-2.939, and AOR: 1.306; 95% CI: 0.967-1.764, respectively). Physicians as well as nonphysician health care professionals in Taiwan have higher L-HIVD risk than the general population, which could be attributed to a probable role of long working hours. This result provides an important reference for the government to promote occupational health in health care professionals; however, further studies are warranted for the underlying mechanisms.

Dentist's distress in the management of chronic pain control: The example of TMD pain in a dental practice-based research network.

We aimed to obtain greater understanding of dentists' distress when they diagnose and treat patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD), and to explore ways in which TMD can be better treated.We conducted a cross-sectional study based on a questionnaire survey of dentists (n = 148). Dentists were queried using an open-ended questionnaire about distress they experienced when treating patients with TMD. Survey responses were analyzed using mixed methods. Associations between specific dentist and patient characteristics and types of distress were analyzed by one way analysis of variance and residual analysis.One hundred thirteen clinicians responded to the questionnaire, giving a 76% response rate. Thematic analysis identified 6 major themes: difficulty in predicting therapeutic effect and prognosis; difficulty in diagnosis; difficulty in the decision about whether to do occlusal adjustment; difficulty in specifying a cause; difficulty in communicating with patients and mental factors; and health insurance system barriers. Clinicians who reported difficulty in deciding whether to do occlusal adjustment saw significantly more patients who experienced shoulder stiffness and headache (P = .008 and P = .022, respectively). Dentists' knowledge of TMD guidelines was associated with a lower percentage of difficulty in predicting therapeutic effect and prognosis (residual analysis; P = .010).These findings provide important insights into clinician's perception of difficulties with patients experiencing TMD-related pain. Knowledge of the existence of TMD clinical practice guidelines may lower dentist distress, particularly with regard to prognosis. Further studies are needed to decrease dentist's distress and to overcome the evidence-practice gap in TMD treatment.

Persistent fever and destructive arthritis caused by dialysis-related amyloidosis: A case report.

Dialysis-related amyloidosis (DRA) can present rheumatic manifestations in patients on long-term hemodialysis. Typical articular symptoms with DRA involve carpal-tunnel syndrome, effusion in large joints, spondyloarthropathy, or cystic bone lesions, which are usually with non-inflammatory processes.

Lumbar laminotomy and replantation for the treatment of adult spinal epidermoid cyst: A case report.

Adult spinal epidermoid cyst (SEC) is a rare tumor. Lumbar laminectomy and tumor removal was a routine surgical procedure for adult spinal epidermoid cyst according to the literature, but postoperative lumbar instability and intractable low back pain may occur. In this study, we presented a brief report of an adult lumbar epidermoid cyst and introduced another surgical approach.

Skipped multifocal extensive spinal tuberculosis involving the whole spine: A case report and literature review.

Skipped multifocal extensive spinal tuberculosis (TB) involving the whole spine is very rare. So far, only 3 cases have been reported.

Clinically suspected anaphylaxis induced by sugammadex in a patient with Weaver syndrome undergoing restrictive mammoplasty surgery: A case report with the literature review.

Sugammadex is a cylodextrin derivate that encapsulates steroidal neuromuscular blocker agents and is reported as a safe and well-tolerated drug. In this case report, we present a patient who developed grade 3 anaphylaxis just after sugammadex administration.

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia arising after treatment of Ewing sarcoma was misdiagnosed as bone marrow metastasis of Ewing sarcoma: A case report.

Both acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and Ewing sarcoma (ES) are small round cell tumors, and it is difficult to differential diagnose them because of overlapping clinical, radiographic, histologic, and immunophenotypic features.

Necessity of adjuvant postoperative radiotherapy for diffuse pigmented villonodular synovitis of the knee: A case report and literature review.

Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is an idiopathic, proliferative disorder lesion of synovial tissue, which is regarded as a benign disease, but has a local invasion. Up to now, these are no consensus about the etiology and pathogenesis of PVNS. Because of the lack of typical clinical features, misdiagnosis and delayed diagnosis are not uncommon, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can assist diagnosis and histopathological examination is recognized as the gold standard for the final diagnosis. Because this disease is so rare, there is no standard treatment. Surgical resection of the lesion is considered the preferred treatment, but postoperative recurrence is a problem that cannot be ignored. Postoperative radiotherapy is necessary, especially for patients with diffuse PVNS of the knee.

Isolated skeletal muscle recurrence of an originally nodal diffuse large B cell lymphoma: A case report and review of the literature.

Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a malignancy of the B cells with extranodal primary involvement being estimated at 30% to 40% of cases. Primary skeletal muscle presentation of DLBCL is extremely rare, with an estimated incidence of about 0.5% of extranodal lymphomas, presenting mostly in the lower extremities. The possible mechanisms of muscle involvement of DLBCL include primary extranodal disease, extension from adjacent organs (such as lymph nodes) or disseminated disease.

Efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty treatment of spinal tumors: A meta-analysis.

To evaluate the function of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) treatment to pain relief and life quality for patients with spinal tumors.

Application of vascularized fibular graft for reconstruction and stabilization of multilevel cervical tuberculosis: A case report.

Multilevel cervical reconstruction and fusion after cervical tuberculosis has always been a challenge. The current implantation materials for cervical fusion, including titanium mesh, cage, and plate are limited by its inferior biological mechanical characteristics and the properties of the metallic material. This has led to the increased risk of recurrent infection after surgery. In addition, the unique nature of tuberculosis infection results in the low rate of cervical fusion and high risk of recurrence. This case report presents 1 patient who suffered from long segmental cervical tuberculosis and had reconstruction surgery using a vascularized fibula graft. The patient had successful graft incorporation 3 months postsurgery and was followed-up for 30 months. In this review, we detail the advantages of using vascularized fibular grafts and compare it with other types of grafts.

Outcome and prognosis of spinal myeloma surgery.