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Myocardial Infarction - Top 30 Publications

Interventricular defect after myocardial infarction: about a case and literature review.

Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) after myocardial infarction is a fearsome acute complication whose mortality is not negligible in the early phase. We report the case of a 70-year old patient with apical septal rupture admitted to the Emergency Department with ventricular septal rupture after anteroseptal myocardial infarction. This disease is of the utmost urgency, so its management should be multidisciplinary. This study aims to focus on the risk factors and the treatment of this complication.

Novel biomarker-based risk prediction for new onset atrial fibrillation in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction: Balancing simplicity and practicality.

Positivity threshold value for cardiac troponin lc in the diagnosis of perioperative myocardial infarction after on-pump cardiac surgery in adult patients.

This prospective study was conducted at the Laboratoy of Biochemistry of the HMIMV, Rabat, over a period of 1 year. It aimed to analyse the kinetics of troponin lc (cTnl) after on-pump cardiac surgery in order to establish threshold values for the diagnosis of perioperative myocardial infarction.

Bone Marrow Mononuclear Cells Transfer for Patients after ST-Elevated Myocardial Infarction: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Control Trials.

Results on the clinical utility of cell therapy for ST-elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) are controversial. This study sought to analyze the efficacy of treatment with intracoronary bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMC) on left ventricular (LV) function and remodeling and LV diastolic and systolic function in patients with STEMI.

Effect of intra-coronary administration of tirofiban through aspiration catheter on patients over 60 years with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of 2 approaches for intra-coronary administration of tirofiban (aspiration catheter versus guiding catheter) in patients over 60 years of age undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). It has been suggested that the administration of tirofiban by intra-coronary injection could promote drug absorption in the diseased region and enhance the inhibition of platelet aggregation, decreasing bleeding rates, but little is known about the comparative efficiency and safety of using guiding catheter versus aspiration catheter for delivery.Eighty-nine patients over 60 years of age with STEMI undergoing PCI were randomly divided into 2 groups according to the injection route for intracoronary administration of tirofiban [guiding catheter (n = 41) and aspiration catheter (n = 48)]. Baseline features, epicardial and myocardial perfusion, major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs), and bleeding rate were compared.No differences in age, gender, and history of hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, and so on were observed (P > .05). The patients in the aspiration catheter group generally had a higher incidence of cerebral vascular disease. Compared with those in the guiding catheter group, patients in the aspiration catheter group obtained more favorable myocardial perfusion (P < .05). In-hospital and at 3-month and 6-month follow-ups, the MACCE rate and frequency of bleeding events were similar between the 2 groups (P > .05).Intra-coronary delivery of tirofiban through aspiration catheter led to better myocardial perfusion in STEMI patients over 60 years of age undergoing PCI compared with intra-coronary injection of tirofiban through guiding catheter. The 2 delivery routes were associated with similar rates of MACCEs and bleeding events.

Vascular endothelial growth factor association with angiopoietin 1 promotes improvement in ventricular function after ischemic cardiomyopathy induced in mini pigs.

To investigate the safety and clinical, hemodynamic and tissue improvement ability in mini pigs undergoing cell and gene therapy for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction.

Symptom clusters and treatment time delay in Korean patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction on admission.

Most patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) experience more than one symptom at onset. Although symptoms are an important early indicator, patients and physicians may have difficulty interpreting symptoms and detecting AMI at an early stage. This study aimed to identify symptom clusters among Korean patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), to examine the relationship between symptom clusters and patient-related variables, and to investigate the influence of symptom clusters on treatment time delay (decision time [DT], onset-to-balloon time [OTB]). This was a prospective multicenter study with a descriptive design that used face-to-face interviews. A total of 342 patients with STEMI were included in this study. To identify symptom clusters, two-step cluster analysis was performed using SPSS software. Multinomial logistic regression to explore factors related to each cluster and multiple logistic regression to determine the effect of symptom clusters on treatment time delay were conducted. Three symptom clusters were identified: cluster 1 (classic MI; characterized by chest pain); cluster 2 (stress symptoms; sweating and chest pain); and cluster 3 (multiple symptoms; dizziness, sweating, chest pain, weakness, and dyspnea). Compared with patients in clusters 2 and 3, those in cluster 1 were more likely to have diabetes or prior MI. Patients in clusters 2 and 3, who predominantly showed other symptoms in addition to chest pain, had a significantly shorter DT and OTB than those in cluster 1. In conclusion, to decrease treatment time delay, it seems important that patients and clinicians recognize symptom clusters, rather than relying on chest pain alone. Further research is necessary to translate our findings into clinical practice and to improve patient education and public education campaigns.

Myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery-incidence and predictors from a prospective observational cohort study at an Indian tertiary care centre.

Asymptomatic myocardial injury following noncardiac surgery (MINS) is an independent predictor of 30-day mortality and may go unrecognized based on standard diagnostic definition for myocardial infarction (MI). Given lack of published research on MINS in India, our study aims to determine incidence of MINS in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery at our tertiary care hospital, and evaluate the clinical characteristics including 30-day outcome.The prospective observational study included patients >65 years or >45 years with either hypertension (HTN), diabetes mellitus (DM), coronary artery disease (CAD), cerebrovascular accident (CVA), or peripheral arterial disease undergoing noncardiac surgery. MINS was peak troponin level of ≥0.03 ng/dL at 12-hour or 24-hour postoperative. All patients were followed for 30 days postoperatively. Predictors of MINS and mortality were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression. Patients categorized based on peak troponin cut-off values determined by receiver operating characteristic curve were analyzed by Kaplan-Meir test to compare the survival of patients between the groups.Among 1075 patients screened during 34-month period, the incidence of MINS was 17.5% (188/1075). Patients with DM, CAD, or who underwent peripheral nerve block anaesthesia were 1.5 (P < .01), 2 (P < .001), and 12 (P < .001) times, respectively, more likely to develop MINS than others. Patients with heart rates ≥96 bpm before induction of anesthesia were significantly associated with MINS (P = .005) and mortality (P = .02). The 30-day mortality in MINS cohort was 11.7% (22/188, 95% CI 7.5%-17.2%) vs 2.5% (23/887, 95% CI 1.7%-3.9%) in patients without MINS (P < .001). ECG changes (P = .002), peak troponin values >1 ng/mL (P = .01) were significantly associated with mortality. A peak troponin cut-off of >0.152 ng/mL predicted mortality among MINS patients at 72% sensitivity and 58% specificity. Lack of antithrombotic therapy following MINS was independent predictor of mortality (P < .001), with decreased mortality in patients who took post-op ASA (Aspirin) or Clopidogrel. Mortality among MINS patients with post-op ASA intake is 6.7% vs 12.1% among MINS patients without post-op ASA intake. Mortality among MINS patients with post-op Clopidogrel intake is 10.5% vs 11.8% among MINS patients without post-op Clopidogrel intake.A higher (17.5%, 95% CI 15-19%) incidence of MINS was observed in our patient cohort with significant association with 30-day mortality. Serial postoperative monitoring of troponin following noncardiac surgery as standard of care, would identify "at risk" patients translating to improved outcomes.

Identifying predictors of patient delay for reperfusion in myocardial infarction: Does it matter?

High red cell distribution width at the time of ST segment elevation myocardial infarction is better at predicting diastolic than systolic left ventricular dysfunction: A single-center prospective cohort study.

Multiple studies have demonstrated the association of red cell distribution width (RDW) with the ultrasound parameters of both systolic and diastolic heart dysfunction. We aimed to further investigate the clinical associations of RDW in the setting of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and to comparatively evaluate its predictive properties regarding systolic and diastolic dysfunction.A total of 89 patients with STEMI were prospectively analyzed. RDW was obtained at the time of STEMI and compared to the parameters of systolic and diastolic dysfunction obtained by transthoracic heart ultrasound on the 5th through 7th day post-STEMI.The median RDW was 13.9%, and among other factors, RDW was significantly associated with older age (P < .001), arterial hypertension (P = .017), hyperlipoproteinemia 2, nonsmoking (P = .027), increased thrombolysis in myocardial infarction score (P = .004), and multivessel disease (P = .007). A higher RDW was observed in patients with parameters that indicated systolic and diastolic dysfunction (ejection fraction of the left ventricle < 50% [P = .009], early/late diastolic filling wave ratio [E/A] < 1 [P = .001], ratio of peak early transmitral velocity and early diastolic annular velocity [E/E'] >10 [P < .001], and combined E/A < 1 and E/E' > 10 [P < .001]). The best discriminatory properties were observed for combined E/A < 1 and E/E' > 10. RDW remained significantly associated with the aforementioned parameters in a series of multivariate regression models.Elevated RDW is significantly associated with the parameters of systolic and diastolic dysfunction even after adjusting for several confounding factors in the setting of STEMI and subsequent percutaneous coronary intervention. RDW seems to be better at discriminating patients with diastolic rather than systolic dysfunction.

Successful treatment of left main shock syndrome induced by thrombosed coronary artery dissection: A case report.

Left main shock syndrome (LMSS) induced by thrombosed coronary artery dissection is very rare and has a fatal prognosis. Optimal treatment strategy includes early reperfusion and hemodynamic support to prevent cardiogenic shock. However, it involves the extension of technical difficulties under different conditions.

Trend on mortality/incidence ratio of acute myocardial infarction in Tianjin from 2007 to 2015.