PubTransformer

A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

Neoplasms - Top 30 Publications

In vitro and in vivo anti-cancer activity of silymarin on oral cancer.

Silymarin, a standardized extract from milk thistle fruits has been found to exhibit anti-cancer effects against various cancers. Here, we explored the anti-cancer activity of silymarin and its molecular target in human oral cancer in vitro and in vivo. Silymarin dose-dependently inhibited the proliferation of HSC-4 oral cancer cells and promoted caspase-dependent apoptosis. A human apoptosis protein array kit showed that death receptor 5 may be involved in silymarin-induced apoptosis, which was also shown through western blotting, immunocytochemistry, and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Silymarin increased cleaved caspase-8 and truncated Bid, leading to accumulation of cytochrome c. In addition, silymarin activated death receptor 5/caspase-8 to induce apoptotic cell death in two other oral cancer cell lines (YD15 and Ca9.22). Silymarin also suppressed tumor growth and volume without any hepatic or renal toxicity in vivo. Taken together, these results provide in vitro and in vivo evidence supporting the anti-cancer effect of silymarin and death receptor 5, and caspase-8 may be essential players in silymarin-mediated apoptosis in oral cancer.

Sperm associated antigen 9 (SPAG9) a promising therapeutic target of ovarian carcinoma.

SPAG9 is a novel tumor associated antigen, expressed in variety of malignancies. However, its role in ovarian cancer remains unexplored. SPAG9 expression was validated in ovarian cancer cells by real time PCR and Western blot. SPAG9 involvement in cell cycle, DNA damage, apoptosis, paclitaxel sensitivity and epithelial- mesenchymal transition (EMT) was investigated employing RNA interference approach. Combinatorial effect of SPAG9 ablation and paclitaxel treatment was evaluated in in vitro. Quantitative PCR and Western blot analysis revealed SPAG9 expression in A10, SKOV-3 and Caov3 compared to normal ovarian epithelial cells. SPAG9 ablation resulted in reduced cellular proliferation, colony forming ability and enhanced cytotoxicity of chemotherapeutic agent paclitaxel. Effect of ablation of SPAG9 on cell cycle revealed S phase arrest and showed decreased expression of CDK1, CDK2, CDK4, CDK6, cyclin B1, cyclin D1, cyclin E and increased expression of tumor suppressor p21. Ablation of SPAG9 also resulted in increased apoptosis with increased expression of various pro- apoptotic molecules including BAD, BID, PUMA, caspase 3, caspase 7, caspase 8 and cytochrome C. Decreased expression of mesenchymal markers and increased expression of epithelial markers was found in SPAG9 ablated cells. Combinatorial effect of SPAG9 ablation and paclitaxel treatment was evaluated in in vitro assays which showed that ablation of SPAG9 resulted in increased paclitaxel sensitivity and caused enhanced cell death. In vivo ovarian cancer xenograft studies showed that ablation of SPAG9 resulted in significant reduction in tumor growth. Present study revealed therapeutic potential of SPAG9 in ovarian cancer.

Meta-analysis of serum lactate dehydrogenase and prognosis for osteosarcoma.

A large number of studies have reported the relationships between serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and prognosis of osteosarcoma. However, the result is still controversial and no consensus has been reached. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the prognostic role of serum LDH in osteosarcoma patients.

Development of ipsilateral chest wall spindle cell carcinoma in a patient with invasive ductal breast carcinoma during postoperative adjuvant therapy: A case report.

Metaplastic breast carcinoma (MBC) is rare subtype of breast carcinoma and is regarded as ductal carcinoma that undergoes metaplasia into a glandular growth pattern. Spindle cell carcinoma (SPC) is a subtype of MBC with a predominant spindle cell component.

Association between obesity with disease-free survival and overall survival in triple-negative breast cancer: A meta-analysis.

To investigate the relationship between obesity and disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) of triple-negative breast cancer.

Immunotherapy for pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma and colon carcinoma with pembrolizumab: A case report.

Novel treatment strategies such as immunotherapy are being evaluated to further improve the outcomes of colorectal cancer patients. To our knowledge, this is the first report to show both the successful treatment of pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) with pembrolizumab alongside histological and immunohistochemical findings of resected colon cancer under immunotherapy for lung cancer.

IL-35-producing B cells in gastric cancer patients.

A significant characteristic of advanced gastric cancer (GC) is immune suppression, which can promote the progression of GC. Interleukin 35 (IL-35) is an immune-suppressing cytokine, and it is generally recognized that this cytokine is secreted by regulatory T (Treg) cells. Recently, studies have found that IL-35 can also be produced by B cells in mice. However, scientific studies reporting that IL-35 is secreted by B cells in humans, specifically in cancer patients, are very rare.Blood samples were collected from 30 healthy controls (HCs) and 50 untreated GC patients, and IL-35-producing B cells in the peripheral blood were investigated. Moreover, Treg cells (CD4CD25CD127), myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) (CD14HLA-DR) and other lymphocyte subsets (CD3, CD4, CD8 T cells, activated and memory CD4 T cells, activated CD8 T cells, CD14 monocytes, and IL-10-producing B cells) were also examined.IL-35-producing B cells were significantly upregulated in patients with advanced GC. Furthermore, the frequency of IL-35-producing B cells was positively correlated with the frequencies of Treg cells (CD4CD25CD127), MDSCs (CD14HLA-DR), IL-10-producing B cells, and CD14 monocytes in these GC patients.In summary, the frequency of IL-35-producing B cells is significantly elevated in advanced GC; this outcome implies that this group of B cells may participate in GC progression.

Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging characteristics of oval circumscribed fast enhancing lesions in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer.

The aim of this study was to investigate the follow-up results and characteristics of oval circumscribed lesions with fast initial enhancement on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer.Preoperative data from consecutive patients newly diagnosed with breast cancer between 2010 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Only MRI reports containing, "oval shape, circumscribed margin, and fast initial enhancement," were extracted and analyzed. Follow-up results and clinical and pathological findings were evaluated.A total of 430 oval circumscribed lesions with fast initial enhancement were included. Forty-eight lesions were pathologically confirmed at initial workup and 382 were followed up. Among the 48 lesions, 14 were found to have additional malignancy and 34 were benign. Among the 382 followed-up lesions, only 1 was subsequently confirmed to be malignant. There were no evident changes in any of the remaining lesions during follow-up. The overall rate of malignancy was 3.5% (15/430). When lesions exhibited delayed washout enhancing kinetics (P < .001), were located ipsilaterally (P = .007), and closer to the primary tumor (P = .012), the possibility of malignancy was high. High T2-weighted imaging signal intensity suggested benignity (P = .043).Although the probability of being diagnosed with malignancy during follow-up in this study was low (0.3%), this investigation revealed several preoperative MRI characteristics that should alert clinicians to the possibility of malignancy.

Coexistence of Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome and autoimmune encephalitis with anti-CRMP5/CV2 and anti-GABAB receptor antibodies in small cell lung cancer: A case report.

Autoimmune encephalitis and Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome are classic paraneoplastic neurological conditions common in patients with small cell lung cancer.

Liver abscess caused by Clostridium haemolyticum infection after transarterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma: A case report.

Liver abscesses caused by Clostridium species infection are extremely rare.

Rare ectopic metastasis from clear cell renal cell carcinoma to the chest wall after 10 years: A case report.

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) is an aggressive tumor associated with a high risk of metastasis and very low survival rate. In addition, it can cause extensive blood metastasis to the lungs, bones, and other organs. Chest wall metastatic tumors from primary CCRCC are rare.

Surgical treatment for metastasis from lymphoepithelioma-like cholangiocarcinoma in the liver: A case report.

Lymphoepithelioma-like cholangiocarcinoma (LEL-CC) is a rare variant of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC), which is characterized by the better outcome than normal ICC. There is no report about the treatment for the metastasis of the LEL-CC. Here, we describe a rare case of LEL-CC of the liver and report the treatment for metastasis of it.

Early tumor shrinkage served as a prognostic factor for patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy.

Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer death. About 80% of patients are diagnosed at stage III in the non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). It is extremely important to understand the progression of this disease which has low survival times despite the advancing treatment modalities. We aimed to investigate the relationship between early tumor shrinkage (ETS) after initial concurrent chemoradiotherapy (C-CRT) and survival outcome in patients with stage III (NSCLC).

Giant malignant pheochromocytoma in an elderly patient: A case report.

Malignant pheochromocytoma is a rare disease and surgical resection is the only curative treatment.

Anterior mediastinal Hodgkin lymphoma presenting as an extremely hypervascular tumor on computed tomography: A case report.

In the thorax, Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) most frequently involves the anterior mediastinal and paratracheal regions and tends to spread to contiguous nodal groups. Enlarged lymph nodes typically have homogeneous soft tissue attenuation similar to that of muscle tissue on computed tomography (CT).

Five common tumor biomarkers and CEA for diagnosing early gastric cancer: A protocol for a network meta-analysis of diagnostic test accuracy.

Although surgical resection is the recommended treatment for the patients with gastric cancer, lots of patients show advanced or metastatic gastric cancer at the time of diagnosis. Detection of gastric cancer at early stages is a huge challenge because of lack of appropriate detection tests. Unfortunately, existing clinical guidelines focusing on early diagnosis of gastric cancer do not provide consistent and prudent evidence. Serum carcinoembryonic antigen was considered as a complementary test, although it is not good enough to diagnose early gastric cancer. There are no other tumor markers recommended for diagnosing early gastric cancer. This study aims to evaluate and compare the diagnostic accuracy of 5 common tumor biomarkers (CA19-9, CA125, PG, IncRNA, and DNA methylation) and CEA and their combinations for diagnosing gastric cancer through network meta-analysis method, and to rank these tests using a superiority index.

Long non-coding RNA taurine-upregulated gene 1 predicts unfavorable prognosis, promotes cells proliferation, and inhibits cells apoptosis in epithelial ovarian cancer.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) taurine-upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) with clinicopathological characteristics as well as overall survival (OS) in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients, and investigate its function in EOC cells proliferation and apoptosis in vitro.LncRNA TUG1 expressions were detected in tumor tissues and paired adjacent tissues obtained from 96 EOC patients. Blank mimic, lncRNA TUG1 mimic, blank inhibitor, and lncRNA TUG1 inhibitor plasmids were transfected into SKOV3 cells. CKK-8, annexin V-FITC-propidium iodide, qPCR and western blot assays were performed to detect cells proliferation, cells apoptosis, RNA expression, and protein expression, respectively.LncRNA TUG1 expression was higher in tumor tissue compared to paired adjacent tissue (P < .001), and it was positively correlated with pathological grade (P = .022), tumor size (P = .011) and FIGO stage (P < .001). Kaplan-Meier curve showed that lncRNA TUG1 high expression was associated with worse OS (P = .003). Multivariate Cox analysis indicated that lncRNA TUG1 high expression (vs. low expression) (P = .035) was independently predictive factor for shorter OS. In vitro, cells proliferation was promoted after treatment with lncRNA TUG1 mimic and was suppressed after treatment with lncRNA TUG1 inhibitor. In addition, cells apoptosis rate was decreased in lncRNA TUG1 mimic group compared to NC1 mimic, and increased in lncRNA TUG1 inhibitor group compared to NC2 inhibitor.In conclusion, lncRNA TUG1 is positively correlated with advanced disease and poor prognosis, and it promotes cells proliferation and inhibits cells apoptosis in EOC cells.

Total robotic surgery for pancreaticoduodenectomy combined with rectal cancer anterior resection: A case report and literature review.

Synchronous double malignancies, including carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater and rectal carcinoma, are generally uncommon occurrences in the gastrointestinal tract.

Comparison of the image quality of turbo spin echo- and echo-planar diffusion-weighted images of the oral cavity.

The purpose of this study was to compare the image quality of turbo spin echo (TSE) diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and echo-planar imaging (EPI) of the oral cavity region.This retrospective study included 26 patients who had undergone both TSE- and EPI-DWI. Misregistration of DWI with T2-TSE images was assessed in the oral cavity. We also compared geometric distortion, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast, and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) for the tongue parotid gland, and spinal cord. On a 5-point scale, 2 radiologists scored the TSE- and EPI-DWI of each patient for ghost artifacts, image contrast, and overall image quality.Distortion in the phase-encoded direction was significantly lower on TSE- than EPI-DWI. The SNR of the tongue and parotid gland was significantly higher on TSE than EPI-DWI except spinal cord. No significant difference was found in contrast and ADC values (except for the ADC of tongue). TSE-DWI yielded higher qualitative scores for all parameters except image contrast.For the oral cavity region, TSE-DWI was superior to EPI-DWI with respect to distortion-free images and superior image quality.

A case report of autoimmune pancreatitis associated with a pancreatic pseudocyst.

Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a special type of chronic pancreatitis, which is rarely associated with pseudocyst.

The plasma levels of 12 cytokines and growth factors in patients with gastric cancer.

To assess the association of plasma cytokines and growth factor levels with clinical characteristics and inflammatory indices in patients with gastric cancer.Plasma samples derived from 99 gastric cancer patients were used for analysis. Levels of interferon (IFN)-γ, tumor growth factor (TGF)-β1, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p40, IL-12p70, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were measured by Luminex suspension array technology. The association between cytokine/growth factor levels and demographic/clinical characteristics was assessed. Correlation between cytokines and growth factor levels was assessed by Pearson's correlation analysis.Male patients had significant higher levels of plasma TNF-α, IL-12p70, IL-4, IL-10, and VEGF as compared with those in women (P < .05). Plasma levels of TNF-α in older patients with gastric cancer (≥60 years) were higher than those in young patients (P < .05). Elevated plasma levels of IL-8 and IL-10 were identified as risk factors for increased tumor size (diameter ≥5 cm). Higher plasma levels of TGF-β1 were associated with increased risk of vascular or nerve invasion and advanced tumor stage. The levels of systemic inflammatory markers, including white blood cell counts, neutrophil/lymphocyte proportion, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), C-reactive protein and modified Glasgow prognostic score (mGPS) were closely associated with a series of plasma cytokines. A prominent correlation was observed between the plasma IL-12p70 and IFN-γ levels (r = 0.729, P < .01).Our findings suggest that plasma cytokines and growth factor levels may help predict the development and progression of gastric cancer. Our findings need to be validated by larger studies.

Maternal Sirolimus Therapy for Fetal Cardiac Rhabdomyomas.

Tackling Tumors with Small RNAs Derived from Transfer RNA.

Estimating the incidence of breast cancer in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Breast cancer is estimated to be the most common cancer worldwide. We sought to assemble publicly available data from Africa to provide estimates of the incidence of breast cancer on the continent.

Breast cancer: descriptive profile of 80 women attending breast cancer care in the Department of General and Digestive Surgery of CHU-YO.

Breast cancer is a common cause of death among women in Burkina Faso. The aim of this study was to determine a descriptive profile of 80 women and establish a description of risk factors associated with breast cancer in these women.

What do you think of an unusual axillary mass?

Skin apocrine carcinoma is a rare malgnancy of epidermal adnexa, most frequent in axillary seat, where apocrine sweat gland are abundant, the neoplasm can arise in groin, anogenital, lips, eyelid, characterized by a plate or surface area of nodules hummocky. Etiology and incidence are not known. The prognosis is influenced by the risk of locoregional recurrence and metastatic evolution. We describe the case of 61-year-old man who presented a left axillary slow-growing mass since 2 years ago. The cutaneous biopsy objectified an apocrine adenocarcinoma. The paraclinic exams performed to detect primary breast were tumor negative, first step before confirming the diagnosis. Standard treatment is surgical excision with margins of 2 to 3cm for local tumor, for apocrine adenocarcinoma regional lymph node dissection if nodes were clinically positive is wide surgical excision. This kind of tumour is chemoresistant. In this case, adjuvant chemotherapy was indicated, before surgery to reduce tumoral volume. This case illustrates the importance clinicopathological correlation of skin cancer, particularly apocrine one. Clinical particularity and careful analyses histology helps diagnosis approach.

Cutaneous ulceration: metastases should be suspected.

We report the case of a 68-year old patient, with a history of chronic smoking, presenting with cutaneous swelling at the level of the anterior chest wall evolving over a period of 5 months and gradually increasing in size. It was associated with gradually worsening exertional dyspnoea evolving in a context of an alteration of general state and 15kg weight loss. Mucocutaneous examination objectified rounded, well-defined cutaneous swelling measuring 5cm x 5cm, with erythematous border and with ulcerated surface (A). Lymph nodes examination showed two painless, mobile, bilateral axillary adenopathies with a firm consistency, each measuring 2cm. Histological and immuno-histochemical examination of skin biopsy specimen showed adenocarcinoma compatible with a lung origin (B and C). Chest CT scan confirmed the presence of left lingular pulmonary process (D). The therapeutic approach was based on pemetrexed + platinum salt chemotherapy. The patient died 4 months after the diagnosis of the disease.

The tree that hides the forest: aspergillosis associated with bronchial carcinoma (about two cases).

Endobronchial aspergilloma and intracavitary pulmonary aspergilloma may clinically and radiologically mimic a bronchial neoplasia, hence the importance of systematically searching for an association. A confirmed association completely changes the prognosis as well as the therapeutic approach. We here report two cases with two different forms of pulmonary aspergilloma associated with bronchial carcinoma.

The Best Medical Care in the World.

Follow-up of Patients with Clear-Cell Adenocarcinoma of the Vagina and Cervix.