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Neoplasms - Top 30 Publications

Rates and Trends of Pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia - United States, 2001-2014.

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most prevalent cancer among children and adolescents in the United States, representing 20% of all cancers diagnosed in persons aged <20 years, or >3,000 new cases each year (1). Past studies reported increasing trends of ALL overall and among Hispanics, but these represented ≤28% of the U.S. population and did not provide state-based estimates (1-3). To describe U.S. ALL incidence rates and trends among persons aged <20 years during 2001-2014, CDC analyzed rigorous data (based on established publication criteria) from the United States Cancer Statistics data set, which includes incidence data on approximately 15,000 new cases per year of all types of invasive cancer among children and adolescents aged <20 years (4). The data set represented 98% of the U.S. population during the study period. Overall incidence of pediatric ALL during 2001-2014 was 34.0 cases per 1 million persons and among all racial/ethnic groups was highest among Hispanics (42.9 per 1 million). Both overall and among Hispanics, pediatric ALL incidence increased during 2001-2008 and remained stable during 2008-2014. ALL incidence was higher in the West than in any other U.S. Census region. State-specific data indicated that the highest rates of pediatric ALL incidence were in California, New Mexico, and Vermont. These demographic and geographic ALL incidence data might better inform public health interventions targeting the following areas: exposures to recognized risk factors for leukemia; ALL treatment, including clinical trial enrollment; survivorship care planning; and studies designed to understand the factors affecting changes in pediatric cancer incidence.

Predictive factors to diagnosis undifferentiated early gastric cancer after endoscopic submucosal dissection.

It is difficult to predict precisely whether the lesion corresponds to endoscopic resection indication. Furthermore, discrepancy may occur between endoscopic forceps biopsy (EFB) and finally resected specimen, which may be diagnosed as undifferentiated cancer and additional surgery may be required. Our study aimed to evaluate predictive factors to diagnose undifferentiated cancer after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD).Among the 532 patients diagnosed by ESD between January 2009 and December 2015, 557 early gastric cancer (EGC) cases were studied. Factors predicting diagnosis of undifferentiated cancer and clinical outcomes of the lesions were retrospectively analyzed.Among the 557 cases with EGC, 535 (96.1%) were diagnosed as differentiated cancer and 22 (3.9%) as the undifferentiated type with ESD. Tumor size was larger (mean size 20.67 vs 13.59 mm, P < .001) and age was lower (60.24 vs 64.50 years, P < .001) in the group with undifferentiated cancer. En bloc resection rate was similar (95.5% vs 95.9%, P = .886), but the complete resection rate was lower (72.7% vs 92.4%, P < .001) in the group with undifferentiated cancer. On multivariate analysis, tumor size ≥10 mm (OR = 11.340, P = .032), age <55 years (OR = 5.972, P = .004), surface redness (OR = 11.562, P = .024), and whitish discoloration (OR = 35.368, P < .001) were predominantly associated with undifferentiated cancer.Young age (<55 years), large tumor size (≥10 mm), surface redness, and whitish discoloration are predictors of undifferentiated cancer, and lesions with these features detected need to be treated cautiously.

Clinical and diagnostic features of angiosarcoma with pulmonary metastases: A retrospective observational study.

Angiosarcoma with pulmonary metastasis is a rare, fatal disease that often presents with multiple pulmonary nodules and diffuse alveolar hemorrhage. We herein review the detailed clinical characteristics of pulmonary metastatic angiosarcoma and determine a reasonable diagnostic strategy.The medical records of 11 patients with pulmonary angiosarcoma were reviewed.The mean age of the patients was 45.7 years (range, 30-71 years). All patients were male. The most common symptom was hemoptysis (8/11). Common initial misdiagnoses were tuberculosis (5/11), vasculitis (2/11), nontuberculous infectious disease (1/11), and constrictive pericarditis (1/11). Chest computed tomography (CT) of patients with hemoptysis showed bilateral, randomly distributed, variably shaped, and differently sized nodules, as well as ground-glass opacities (GGO) (8/11). The right heart was the most common primary tumor site (8/11), but the sensitivity of echocardiography was limited; CT angiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed more atrial masses. CT-guided needle biopsy was difficult to perform in most patients because of the small size of the nodules. The diagnosis was made by surgical biopsy of either the lung (3/9) or heart (6/9). The median overall survival of patients who underwent lung biopsy and those who underwent cardiac/pericardiac biopsy was 4.1 and 1.4 months, respectively (P = .098). The median overall survival of the 9 available patients was 5.0 months (95% confidence interval, 0.500-8.544).Angiosarcoma with pulmonary metastases should be considered in patients with hemoptysis and concurrent GGO and nodules on their chest CT scan. Careful cardiologic monitoring is necessary for these patients, even without any cardiac symptoms or signs, and enhanced cardiac MRI is the first recommendation. Surgical biopsy is reliable for histological diagnosis, but the safety of the lung biopsy should be carefully assessed. When primary cardiac tumors are identified, heart biopsy should be preferentially considered.

Successful management of octreotide-insensitive thyrotropin-secreting pituitary adenoma with bromocriptine and surgery: A case report and literature review.

Case reports concerning the value of dopamine agonists in the treatment of patients with thyrotropin-secreting pituitary adenoma (TSHoma) are limited. Herein, we present a rare case of octreotide-insensitive TSHoma responding to bromocriptine therapy.

Comparison of laparoscopic-assisted radical vaginal hysterectomy and abdominal radical hysterectomy in patients with early stage cervical cancer: A retrospective study.

The aim of this study was to compare the safety and survival outcomes of early stage cervical cancer patients treated by laparoscopically assisted radical vaginal hysterectomy (LARVH) versus abdominal radical hysterectomy (ARH).

Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma and hypereosinophilic syndrome with FIP1L1/PDGFRA fusion gene effectively treated with imatinib: A case report.

Hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) is a rare disorder characterized by hypereosinophilia and organ damage. Some cases of HES are caused by the FIP1L1/PDGFRA fusion gene and respond to imatinib. FIP1L1/PDGFRA-positive HES occasionally evolves into chronic eosinophilic leukemia or into another form of myeloproliferative neoplasm; however, the development of a malignant lymphoma is very rare. We present a rare case of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) and HES with the FIP1L1/PDGFRA gene rearrangement.

The prognostic value and potential drug target of phosphatase and tensin homolog in breast cancer patients: A meta-analysis.

The prognostic significance of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) in patients with breast cancer (BC) remains controversial. The aims of our meta-analysis are to evaluate its association with clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic value in patients with breast cancer.

Secondary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy caused by non-pleural or pulmonary tumors.

Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome characterized by digital clubbing, periosteal reaction, polyarthralgia, arthritis, and synovitis. Herein, we report a case series of patients with secondary HOA caused by non-pleural or pulmonary tumors.The radiologic databases of 2 tertiary university hospitals were retrospectively screened for secondary HOA patients. In addition, a systemic review of the published case reports. Only HOA cases with non-pleural or pulmonary malignancies were involved into the study. HOA in primary pleural or pulmonary malignant or benign disorders, as well in inflammatory diseases were excluded. In all cases, plain radiography was performed and clinical signs were documented.In our databases, 6 patients with secondary HOA were identified. In addition, the systemic review yielded 24 eligible patients. The most prevalent primary tumors were nasopharyngeal carcinoma and esophageal cancer in 6 patients (20%), respectively. In 17 patients, (56.7%) HOA was associated with lung metastases, and in 10 patients (33.3%), no lung metastases were detected. In 14 patients (46.7%), HOA was symptomatically before a tumor diagnosis was made. Plain radiography displayed typically features with periostal enlargement in every case.This study is the first report about secondary HOA caused by non-pleural or pulmonary tumors. Various primary tumors were identified, including several rare tumors such as sarcomas. HOA is a rare disorder with typically radiologically findings, which is not only associated with lung cancer or pleural mesothelioma and can even occur in tumor patients without lung metastasis.

Successful 5-azacytidine treatment of myeloid sarcoma and leukemia cutis associated with myelodysplastic syndrome: A case report and literature review.

Myeloid sarcoma (MS) and leukemia cutis (LC) are extramedullary tumors comprising myeloid blasts. They can occur de novo or concurrently with hematological disorders, usually acute myeloid leukemia (AML). AML chemotherapy is generally the initial therapy for MS and LC, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) can be considered as additional therapy. However, treatment for older patients who are unable to continue intensive chemotherapy is not currently standardized.

Endoscopic submucosal dissection for large colorectal epithelial neoplasms: A single center experience in north China.

Colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a technically difficult procedure with a higher risk of complications, especially for large colorectal epithelial neoplasms. This study aimed to report our experience and clinical outcomes, and to estimate the factors associated with incomplete resection and complications.One hundred forty one colorectal epithelial neoplasms in 130 consecutive patients treated by ESD at the endoscopy center of Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from January 2013 to January 2016 were included. Factors associated with the incomplete resection and perforation were evaluated.The mean colorectal epithelial neoplasm size was 26.5 ± 9.5 (15.0-60.0) mm, the mean procedure time of colorectal ESD was 76.1 ± 48.7 (36.5-195.0) minutes. The en bloc resection rate, the en bloc R0 resection rate, and the curative resection rate, were 93.6% (132/141), 91.5% (129/141), and 88.7% (125/141), respectively. Perforation during colorectal ESD occurred in 7 patients (4.9%), postoperative bleeding occurred in 4 patients (2.8%). There was no recurrence occurred in all patients during follow periods of 13.2 ± 8.6 (6.0-36.0) month. Submucosal fibrosis was the only independent factor related to both incomplete resection (odds ratio [OR] 12.425; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.501-61.734; P = .002) and perforation (OR 10.646; 95%CI 1.188-95.421; P = .035) of colorectal ESD.Colorectal ESD is a safe and effective technique for en bloc resection of large colorectal epithelial neoplasms. Submucosal fibrosis was independently related to incomplete resection and perforation.

Metastases to the thyroid gland: A report of 32 cases in PUMCH.

Metastases of nonthyroid malignancies to the thyroid gland are rare, and only sporadic cases have been reported in literature. We present our experience in treating patients with metastases to the thyroid gland at Peking Union Medical College Hospital.

A case-control study of the association between self-reported occupational and recreational physical activity and lung cancer.

This case-control study with a Fujian population investigated whether self-reported occupational and recreational physical activity may be associated with lung cancer.The population comprised 1622 patients with newly diagnosed primary lung cancer and 1622 age- and gender-matched healthy controls.High-intensity occupational physical activity was associated with significantly higher risk of lung cancer (OR = 1.354, 95% CI: 1.068-1.717), especially nonsmall cell lung carcinoma (OR = 1.384, 95% CI: 1.087-1.762). Moderate or low intensity recreational physical activity was associated with reduced risk of lung cancer. The protective effect of recreational physical activity was observed in current or former smokers, but not never-smokers, and in subjects with normal or high BMI, but not low BMI, as well as people without a history of chronic lung disease. The frequency of recreational physical activity was associated with a linear reduction in the risk of lung cancer (P < .001), and also specifically nonsmall cell lung cancer (P < .001).Occupational and recreational physical activity was associated with different effects on the risk of lung cancer in a Fujian population. While recreational physical activity was associated with decreased risk of lung cancer, occupational physical activity was associated with increased risk of lung cancer.

Surgical treatment for lumbar hyperlordosis after resection of a spinal lipoma associated with spina bifida: A case report.

A hyperlordosis deformity of the lumbar spine is relatively rare, and surgical treatment has not been comprehensively addressed. In this case report, we describe the clinical presentation, surgical treatment, and medium-term follow-up of a patient presenting with a progressive lumbar hyperlordosis deformity after resection of a spinal lipoma associated with spina bifida.

BRCA Genetic Testing and Receipt of Preventive Interventions Among Women Aged 18-64 Years with Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance in Nonmetropolitan and Metropolitan Areas - United States, 2009-2014.

Genetic testing for breast cancer 1 (BRCA1) and breast cancer 2 (BRCA2) gene mutations can identify women at increased risk for breast and ovarian cancer. These testing results can be used to select preventive interventions and guide treatment. Differences between nonmetropolitan and metropolitan populations in rates of BRCA testing and receipt of preventive interventions after testing have not previously been examined.

Improved Postoperative Survival for Intraductal-Growth Subtype of Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma.

Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is classified according to the following subtypes: massforming (MF), periductal infiltrating (PI), and intraductal growth (IG). The aim of this study is to measure the association between ICC subtypes and patient survival after surgical resection. Data were abstracted on all patients treated with definitive resections of ICC at a single institution between 2000 and 2011 with at least three years follow-up. Survival estimates were quantified using Kaplan-Meier curves and compared using the log-rank test. There were 37 patients with ICC treated with definitive partial hepatectomies with a median survival of 33.5 months. Tumor stage (P < 0.0001), satellitosis (P < 0.001), lymphovascular space invasion (P = 0.003), and macroscopic subtype (P = 0.003) were predictive of postoperative survival. Disease-free survivals for MF, PI, and IG subtypes, respectively, were 30 per cent, 0 per cent, and 57 per cent (P = 0.017). Overall survivals among ICC macroscopic subtypes were as follows: MF 37 per cent, PI 0 per cent, and IG 71 per cent (P = 0.003). Although limited by the small sample size of this rare cancer, this study demonstrates significant differences among macroscopic subtypes of ICC in both disease-free survivals and overall survivals after definitive partial hepatectomy.

Limited Resection of the Duodenum for Nonampullary Duodenal Tumors, with Review of the Literature.

The surgical management of duodenal pathology is challenging because of its retroperitoneal position and shared blood supply with the pancreas. We present three types of limited resection of the duodenum for the removal of superficial or small nonampullary duodenal (NADL) lesions, and also a review of the English literature regarding management, such as endoscopic resection and limited duodenal resection. Ten cases underwent limited resections of the duodenum for superficial or small NADL lesions from 2011 to 2015. Pancreas-preserving segmental duodenectomy was performed in three cases, local full-thickness resection was performed in three and transduodenal submucosal dissection was performed in four. One patient experienced pancreatic fistula as a postoperative complication. Postoperative pathological diagnosis were adenoma (n = 2), mucosal adenocarcinomas (n = 5), and neuroendocrine tumor (n = 3). Surgical margin was negative in all cases, and no patient has experienced postoperative recurrence or metastasis. Limited resections of the duodenum were feasible and safe procedures for patients with superficial or small NADL lesions. Laparoscopic surgery may be considered in treatment for these tumors. However, the optimal surgical management for superficial or small nonampullary duodenal lesions remains controversial.

Mixed Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Liver.

We present the case of a 76-year-old male found to have a large tumor involving the left lateral lobe of the liver, presumed to be hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). After resection, pathologic features demonstrated both high-grade HCC and high-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC). Areas of NEC stained strongly for synaptophysin, which was not present in HCC component. The HCC component stained strongly for Hep-Par 1, which was not present in the NEC component. The patient underwent genetic analysis for biomarkers common to both tumor cell types. Both tumor components contained gene mutations in CTNNB1 gene (S33F located in exon 3). They also shared mutations in PD-1, PGP, and SMO. Mixed HCC/NEC tumors have been rarely reported in the literature with generally poor outcomes. This patient has been referred for adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy; genetic biomarker analysis may provide some insight to guide targeted chemotherapy.

Spontaneous Hepatic Hemorrhage: A Single Institution's 16-Year Experience.

Spontaneous hemorrhage from hepatic tumors is an uncommon but serious complication. Recently, interventional radiologic (IR) techniques are being used increasingly in the management of these patients. We report our 16-year experience in managing spontaneous hemorrhage from liver tumors. Twenty-six consecutive patients were diagnosed with spontaneous liver hemorrhage between 1995 and 2011. Initial management was operative in eight, IR in six, and supportive in 12 patients. Of those managed operatively, five were segmentectomies; one hemihepatectomy; one wedge resection; and one packing who later died from coagulopathy. In the IR patients, seven had an angiographic embolization; two required reembolization; one underwent resection of a hepatic adenoma 21 days after angiographic embolization. The malignant lesions included hepatocellular carcinoma (n = 6), angiosarcoma (n = 1), metastatic squamous cell carcinoma (n = 1), metastatic leiomyosarcoma (n = 1), nonsquamous cell carcinoma (n = 1), or metastatic angiosarcoma (n = 1). Benign diseases included hepatic adenoma (n = 5), end-stage liver disease (n = 1), and polycystic liver (n = 1). Spontaneous hemorrhage from the liver occurs evenly from benign or malignant causes, one-third of which are primary liver disease. If the patients presents emergently, angiographic embolization may control the bleeding and allow for elective resection once the sequelae of bleeding have resolved.

Resection of Gastrointestinal Metastases in Stage IV Melanoma: Correlation with Outcomes.

The prognosis of patients with gastrointestinal (GI) melanoma metastases is poor. Surgery renders select patients disease free and/or palliates symptoms. We reviewed our single-institution experience of resection with GI melanoma metastases. A retrospective review was performed on patients who underwent surgery for GI melanoma metastases from 2007 to 2013. Fifty-four patients were identified and separated based on completeness of resection into curative 13 (24%) and palliative 41 (75.9%) groups. Thiry-six (63.2%) were symptomatic preoperatively with bleeding and/or obstruction/pain with 91.7 per cent achieving objective symptom relief. Thirty-day operative mortality was 0 per cent. The most common complication was wound infection (n = 5); major complications like anastomotic leak (n = 1) were uncommon. With a median follow-up of 9.5 months (range 0.2-75.8), median overall survival was not reached (curative) versus 9.53 months (palliative group). Median recurrence-free and progression-free survival after resection were 18.89 and 1.97 months in the curative versus palliative groups, respectively. On multivariate analysis, resection to no clinical evidence of disease (P = 0.012) and presence of single metastases (P = 0.031) were associated with improved overall survival. Surgery for GI metastases from melanoma provides symptomatic relief without major morbidity. Fewer metastases and curative resection were associated with improved survival.

The Ferguson Operating Anoscope for Resection of T1 Rectal Cancer.

The Ferguson Operating Anoscope (FOA) is a surgical instrument, which can facilitate transanal excision of appropriate rectal tumors within 15 cm of the anal verge. Previous work showed low recurrence (4.3%) for favorable T1 tumors (no lymphovascular invasion, well/moderate differentiation, negative margins). This follow-up study evaluates outcomes in rectal cancer excised with FOA at a tertiary care center. T1 rectal cancer patients were identified in a prospectively maintained database. Tumor pathology and patient characteristics were reviewed. Primary outcomes include tumor recurrence and patient and disease-free survival. Secondary outcomes are quality of excision (intact specimen). Twenty-eight patients had pathologic stage T1 rectal cancer (average 8 ± 2.6 cm from the anal verge). Final path demonstrated 14 per cent to be well differentiated, 82 per cent moderately differentiated, and 93 per cent without angiolymphatic invasion. All specimens removed were intact. One patient had a true local recurrence and underwent a salvage operation 24 months after her index operation. Patient survival was 96.4 per cent (n = one death from primary lung cancer) at median follow-up 64 ± 35 months. With appropriate tumor selection and quality of initial resection, FOA has demonstrated utility in achieving optimal oncologic resection of T1 rectal tumors.

National Disparities in Surgical Approach to T1 Rectal Cancer and Impact on Outcomes.

This study investigated disparities between patients who had local excision versus radical resection for T1 rectal cancer. A retrospective analysis was performed using the National Cancer Data Base, 2004 to 2011. Inclusion criteria consisted of patients with T1, N0 rectal adenocarcinoma that were <3 cm, well or moderately differentiated without perineural invasion. Patients were stratified based on local excision and radical surgery. The primary outcome was overall survival (OS). Secondary outcomes included 30-day mortality, unplanned readmission rates, and postoperative length of stay. A total of 2235 patients were identified; 1335 (59.7%) underwent local excision and 900 (40.3%) had radical surgery. Overall, radical surgery was associated with an improved 5-year OS rate compared to local excision (0.86 vs 0.78, P = 0.009), increased unplanned readmission (6.5% vs 2.7%, P < 0.001), and longer postoperative length of stay (6.9 days vs 3.1 days, P < 0.001). For patients who had local excision, insurance status was an independent predictor of OS. Compared to patients with private insurance, those with government plans or no insurance had poorer OS (hazard ratio = 1.77 and 17.45, respectively, P = 0.006). Further study is warranted to understand the reasons accounting for this disparity in surgical approach to T1 rectal cancer.

Use of Antibiotic-Impregnated Absorbable Beads and Tissue Coverage of Complex Wounds.

The treatment of complex wounds is commonplace for plastic surgeons. Standard management is debridement of infected and devitalized tissue and systemic antibiotic therapy. In cases where vital structures are exposed within the wound, coverage is obtained with the use of vascularized tissue using both muscle and fasciocutaneous flaps. The use of nondissolving polymethylmethacrylate and absorbable antibiotic-impregnated beads has been shown to deliver high concentrations of antibiotics with low systemic levels of the same antibiotic. We present a multicenter retrospective review of all cases that used absorbable antibiotic-impregnated beads for complex wound management from 2003 to 2013. A total of 104 cases were investigated, flap coverage was used in 97 cases (93.3%). Overall, 15 patients (14.4%) required reoperation with the highest groups involving orthopedic wounds and sternal wounds. The advantages of using absorbable antibiotic-impregnated beads in complex infected wounds have been demonstrated with minimal disadvantages. The utilization of these beads is expanding to a variety of complex infectious wounds requiring high concentrations of local antibiotics.

Using Electromagnetic Navigation Bronchoscopy and Dye Injection to Aid in Video-Assisted Lung Resection.

Small (2 cm) peripheral lung lesions and ground glass opacities remain a difficult subset of lung lesions for the diagnosis and management of lung cancer. Surgical biopsy is more difficult for these lesions because intraoperative localization has to be made without the aid of direct visualization or manual palpation. Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy can be used in the operating room to identify a small peripheral lesion and marked using an injection of methylene blue, which can be seen on the visceral pleura of the lung. We present our initial experience using this technique. The sample was eight patients who had peripheral lesions with an average size of 19 mm. Surgical wedge biopsy was diagnostic in all cases, with an average procedure time of 28 minutes. There were no complications from this procedure. In conclusion, these data suggest that electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy can be performed safely with high diagnostic accuracy by the operating thoracic surgeon, but further data are needed to establish its utility and safety.

NUCKS nuclear elevated expression indicates progression and prognosis of ovarian cancer.

NUCKS (nuclear, casein kinase, and cyclin-dependent kinase substrate) is implicated in the tumorigenesis of several human malignancies, but its role in ovarian cancer remains unknown. We aim to investigate NUCKS expression and its clinical significance in ovarian cancer. The messenger RNA expression of NUCKS was determined in normal and malignant ovarian tissues using quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay. Immunohistochemistry was applied to detect the status of NUCKS protein expression in 121 ovarian cancer tissues. NUCKS protein high expression was detected in 52 (43.0%) of 121 patients. NUCKS messenger RNA expression was gradually upregulated in non-metastatic ovarian cancers ( n = 20), metastatic ovarian cancers ( n = 20), and its matched metastatic lesions ( n = 20) in comparison with that in normal ovarian tissues ( n = 10; p < 0.05). Elevated expression of NUCKS in ovarian cancer was associated significantly with the Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage ( p = 0.037), histological grade ( p = 0.003), residual disease ( p = 0.013), lymph node metastasis ( p = 0.002), response to chemotherapy ( p < 0.001), and recurrence ( p = 0.013). In the multivariate Cox analysis, NUCKS expression was an independent prognostic marker for overall survival and disease-free survival in ovarian cancer with p values of <0.001 for both. Especially, NUCKS overexpression had prognostic potential for overall survival and disease-free survival ( p < 0.001 for both) in advanced ovarian cancers and only for disease-free survival in early ovarian cancers ( p = 0.017). Our data suggest that NUCKS overexpression may contribute to progression and poor prognosis in ovarian cancer especially in advanced ovarian cancer.

Connecting the Dots.

Mutation Detection in Patients With Advanced Cancer by Universal Sequencing of Cancer-Related Genes in Tumor and Normal DNA vs Guideline-Based Germline Testing.

Guidelines for cancer genetic testing based on family history may miss clinically actionable genetic changes with established implications for cancer screening or prevention.

Effect of Colonoscopy Outreach vs Fecal Immunochemical Test Outreach on Colorectal Cancer Screening Completion: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Mailed fecal immunochemical test (FIT) outreach is more effective than colonoscopy outreach for increasing 1-time colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, but long-term effectiveness may need repeat testing and timely follow-up for abnormal results.

Effect of Physician Notification Regarding Nonadherence to Colorectal Cancer Screening on Patient Participation in Fecal Immunochemical Test Cancer Screening: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Increasing participation in fecal screening tests is a major challenge in countries that have implemented colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programs.

Efficacy of Additional Surgical Resection After Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection for Superficial Esophageal Cancer.

This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of additional surgical resection (ASR) after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for superficial esophageal cancer (SEC).

Safety for Repeat Lumpectomy Without Radiotherapy for Ipsilateral Breast Tumor Recurrence.

There is little information on the local recurrence risk of patients who undergo repeat lumpectomy without radiotherapy after salvage surgery for ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR).