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Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases - Top 30 Publications

Hearing Loss in Adults.

Hearing Loss in Adults.

Hearing Loss in Adults.

Hearing Loss in Adults.

Ambient Temperature and Screening for Nasopharyngeal Cancer.

Vestibular rehabilitation using video gaming in adults with dizziness: a pilot study.

To determine the effectiveness of vestibular rehabilitation using the Wii Fit balance platform, in adults with dizziness.

Prevention of pharyngocutaneous fistula in salvage total laryngectomy: role of the pectoralis major flap and peri-operative management.

This study aimed to evaluate the impact of an onlay pectoralis major flap in reducing the incidence of pharyngocutaneous fistula after salvage total laryngectomy and determine the complications of pectoralis major flap reconstruction.

Herbal medicine (Bojungikki-tang) for allergic rhinitis: A protocol for a systematic review of controlled trials.

Bojungikki-tang, a herbal medicine for strengthening the digestive system, has been widely used in East Asian countries since the Yuan Dynasty in China. Moreover, Bojungikki-tang has reportedly exhibited anti-allergy effects in many clinical trials. This systematic review will assess the effectiveness and safety of Bojungikki-tang for allergic rhinitis (AR).

Improving the auditory environment for patients with intellectual disabilities and hearing loss.

Staff must be trained to speak clearly for those with hearing difficulties.

CDC Grand Rounds: Promoting Hearing Health Across the Lifespan.

Globally, one in three adults has some level of measurable hearing loss, and 1.1 billion young persons are at risk for hearing loss attributable to noise exposure. Although noisy occupations such as construction, mining, and manufacturing are primary causes of hearing loss in adults, nonoccupational noise also can damage hearing. Loud noises can cause permanent hearing loss through metabolic exhaustion or mechanical destruction of the sensory cells within the cochlea. Some of the sounds of daily life, including those made by lawn mowers, recreational vehicles, power tools, and music, might play a role in the decline in hearing health. Hearing loss as a disability largely depends on a person's communication needs and how hearing loss affects the ability to function in a job. The loss of critical middle and high frequencies can significantly impair communication in hearing-critical jobs (e.g., law enforcement and air traffic control).

A standardised pathway for the surveillance of stable vestibular schwannoma.

Introduction Conservative management of patients with a stable vestibular schwannoma (VS) places a significant burden on National Health Service (NHS) resources and yet patients' surveillance management is often inconsistent. Our unit has developed a standardised pathway to guide surveillance imaging of patients with stable VS. In this article, we provide the basis for our imaging protocol by reviewing the measurement, natural history and growth patterns of VS, and we present a cost analysis of implementing the pathway both regionally and nationally. Methods Patients with an extrameatal VS measuring ≤20mm in maximal diameter receive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) six months after their index imaging, followed by three annual MRI scans, two two-year interval MRI scans, a single three-year interval MRI scan and then five-yearly MRI scans to be continued lifelong. Patients with purely intrameatal tumours follow the same protocol but the initial six-month imaging is omitted. A cost analysis of the new pathway was modelled on our unit's retrospective data for 2015 and extrapolated to reflect the cost of VS surveillance nationally. Results Based on an estimation that imaging surveillance would last approximately 25 years (+/- 10 years), the cost of implementing our regional surveillance programme would be £151,011 per year (for 99 new referrals per year) and it would cost the NHS £1,982,968 per year if implemented nationally. Conclusions A standardised surveillance pathway promotes safe practice in the conservative management of VS. The estimated cost of a national surveillance programme compares favourably with other tumour surveillance initiatives, and would enable the NHS to provide a safe and economical service to patients with VS.

A Retrospective Multicenter Study of Carbon Ion Radiotherapy for Locally Advanced Olfactory Neuroblastomas.

The purpose was to evaluate efficacy and safety of carbon ion radiotherapy (C-ion RT) in patients with locally advanced olfactory neuroblastomas (ONBs). This study was a sub-analysis of the Japan Carbon-Ion Radiation Oncology Study Group Study (1402 HN, UMIN000024473). Clinical data of T4 ONBs treated with C-ion RT at four Institutions between November 2003 and December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Twenty-one patients underwent C-ion RT. Seven patients had T4a and 14 had T4b tumours without cervical node metastases. The median follow-up period was 39 (range=5-111) months. The 3-year overall survival and local control rates were 88.4% and 83.0%, respectively. Grade 4 late toxicity was observed in three patients, including ipsilateral optic nerve disorder (n=2) and ipsilateral retinopathy (n=1). C-Ion RT is effective and can be a curative modality for T4 ONBs. Prospective multicenter studies are warranted to confirm these findings.

National Practice Patterns for Clinical T1N0 Nasopharyngeal Cancer in the Elderly: A National Cancer Data Base Analysis.

The standard of care for T1N0 nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) is definitive radiation therapy (RT). However, practice patterns in the elderly may not necessarily follow national guidelines. Herein, we investigated national practice patterns for T1N0 NPC.

A Strategy for Using Intraoperative Nerve Monitoring During Esophagectomy to Prevent Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Palsy.

There have been only sporadic reports on intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) during esophageal cancer surgery. We aimed to establish a strategy for the use of IONM during esophagectomy.

Surveillance Imaging in HPV-related Oropharyngeal Cancer.

Current guidelines derived from a pre-human papilloma virus (HPV) era in oropharyngeal cancer do not recommend routine surveillance imaging. We aimed to analyze the method of recurrence detection in HPV+ disease to determine a role for follow-up imaging.

Sequential occurrence of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and carcinoma in the nasopharynx: A case report.

The sequential occurrence of the 2 malignancies development of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and lymphoma is extremely rare and their coexistence raises the question of a common etiologic factor.

Diagnosing Stroke in Acute Dizziness and Vertigo: Pitfalls and Pearls.

Supraglottoplasty in neonates and infants: A radiofrequency ablation approach.

Supraglottoplasty is the mainstay of surgical treatment for laryngomalacia. A novel supraglottoplasty surgical technique is needed to achieve better efficacy. The purpose of this study was to introduce modified microscopic radiofrequency ablation supraglottoplasty (MMRAS) for the treatment of congenital laryngomalacia and to evaluate the outcome and effectiveness of this novel approach.

Ghost cell odontogenic carcinoma with suspected cholesterol granuloma of the maxillary sinus in a patient treated with combined modality therapy: A case report and the review of literature.

Ghost cell odontogenic carcinoma (GCOC) is a rare malignant odontogenic tumor with aggressive growth characteristics.

Hodgkin lymphoma involving the tonsil misdiagnosed as tonsillar carcinoma: A case report and review of the literature.

Primary Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) involving the tonsil is extremely rare. Only about 20 such cases with verification of biopsy and immunohistochemistry have been reported. Because of its rarity and unremarkable clinical presentation, a timely correct diagnosis is very challenging.

Identification of gene expression models for laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma using co-expression network analysis.

One of the most common head and neck cancers is laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). LSCC exhibits high mortality rates and has a poor prognosis. The molecular mechanisms leading to the development and progression of LSCC are not entirely clear despite genetic and therapeutic advances and increased survival rates. In this study, a total of 116 differentially expressed genes (DEGs), including 11 upregulated genes and 105 downregulated genes, were screened from LSCC samples and compared with adjacent noncancerous. Statistically significant differences (log 2-fold difference > 0.5 and adjusted P-value < .05) were found in this study in the expression between tumor and nontumor larynx tissue samples. Nine cancer hub genes were found to have a high predictive power to distinguish between tumor and nontumor larynx tissue samples. Interestingly, they also appear to contribute to the progression of LSCC and malignancy via the Jak-STAT signaling pathway and focal adhesion. The model could separate patients into high-risk and low-risk groups successfully when only using the expression level of mRNA signatures. A total of 4 modules (blue, gray, turquoise, and yellow) were screened for the DEGs in the weighted co-expression network. The blue model includes cancer-specific pathways such as pancreatic cancer, bladder cancer, nonsmall cell lung cancer, colorectal cancer, glioma, Hippo signaling pathway, melanoma, chronic myeloid leukemia, prostate cancer, and proteoglycans in cancer. Endocrine resistance (CCND1, RAF1, RB1, and SMAD2) and Hippo signaling pathway (CCND1, LATS1, SMAD2, and TP53BP2) could be of importance in LSCC, because they had high connectivity degrees in the blue module. Results from this study provide a powerful biomarker discovery platform to increase understanding of the progression of LSCC and to reveal potential therapeutic targets in the treatment of LSCC. Improved monitoring of LSCC and resulting improvement of treatment of LSCC might result from this information.

Thunderstorm asthma: controlling (deadly) grass pollen allergy.

Mechanisms underlying glucocorticoid resistance in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps.

Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is a chronic inflammatory disease that occurs in the nasal and sinus mucosa, which is a common disease in otorhinolaryngology. At present, CRSwNP can be effectively treated by glucocorticoids (GC). GC binds to GC receptors in the nasal mucosa, affects the expression of inflammatory genes, inhibits the activation and action of eosinophils, T cell-associated inflammatory responses in nasal polyps, as well as tissue remodeling. However, there are some patients fall reponse to GC, so called GC resistance. The study suggests that the possible mechanism of CRSwNP GC resistance is mainly related to GC receptor abnormal, the role of cytokines and transcription factors, such as Th cells and IL-8. In addition, MAPK-related kinases and histone deacetylase in the GC signaling pathway also play important roles in the GC resistance process. This paper reviews the mechanism of GC treatment of CRSwNP, the mechanism of GC resistance and alternative treatment of GC.

Research progress of functional magnetic resonance imaging in mechanism studies of tinnitus.

Tinnitus is a subjective symptom of phantom sound in the ear or brain without sound or electrical stimulation in the environment. The mechanism of tinnitus is complicated and mostly unclear. Recent studies suggested that the abnormal peripheral auditory input lead to neuroplasticity changes in central nervous system followed by tinnitus. More research concerned on the tinnitus central mechanism. A rapid development of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technique made it more widely used in tinnitus central mechanism research. fMRI brought new findings but also presented some shortages in technology and cognition in tinnitus study. This article summarized the outcomes of fMRI research on tinnitus in recent years, exploring its existing problems and application prospects.

Study on bone metabolism in postmenopausal women with idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.