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Palliative Care - Top 30 Publications

Phase I-II Study of Short-course Accelerated Radiotherapy (SHARON) for Palliation in Head and Neck Cancer.

To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of a short-course accelerated radiotherapy and its feasibility for symptomatic palliation of advanced head and neck cancer or head and neck metastases from any primary site.

Patient-reported Symptom Burden, Rate of Completion of Palliative Radiotherapy and 30-day Mortality in Two Groups of Cancer Patients Managed With or Without Additional Care by a Multidisciplinary Palliative Care Team.

The aim of this study was to analyze differences in symptom burden, baseline and outcome parameters, including completion of palliative radiotherapy and 30-day mortality, between patients treated with palliative radiotherapy (RT) who were managed exclusively by regular oncology staff or a multidisciplinary palliative care team (MPCT) in addition.

Palliative radiotherapy.

Contribution of Patient-reported Symptoms Before Palliative Radiotherapy to Development of Multivariable Prognostic Models.

Typically, prognostic scores predicting survival in patients with metastatic cancer are based on disease- and patient-related factors, such as extent of metastases, age and performance status. Patient-reported symptoms have been included less often. Our group has assessed all patients with the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS, a one-sheet questionnaire addressing 11 major symptoms and wellbeing on a numeric scale of 0-10) before palliative radiotherapy (PRT) since 2012. Therefore, we were able to analyze the prognostic impact of baseline ESAS symptom severity.

Advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor patients benefit from palliative surgery after tyrosine kinase inhibitors therapy.

The role of palliative surgery is controversial in advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) after tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) therapy.We evaluated safety and clinical outcomes in a single institution series of advanced GIST patients from January 2002 to December 2008.One hundred and fifty-six patients had been recruited, including 87 patients underwent surgical resection and 69 patients kept on TKIs treatment. Four patients had major surgical complications. Median follow-up was 38.3 months, the overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of the patients in surgical group were longer than the nonsurgical group, PFS: 46.1 versus 33.8 months (P < .01), OS: 54.8 versus 40.4 months. In the subgroup analysis for the patients received surgery, the median PFS for patients with progression disease, stable disease, and partial response was 33.3, 51.5, and 83.0 months, respectively (P < .01). Median OS was 68.0 months in those with only liver or peritoneal metastases, and 45.3 months in those with both metastases. Median PFS of patients underwent R0/R1 resection was 73.6 months compared with 35.8 months in R2 resection patients (P < .01).Patients with advanced GISTs have prolonged OS after debulking procedures. Surgery for patients who have responsive disease after TKIs treatment should be considered.

Palliative care at home: patient care pathways and clinical characteristics.

The great majority of French people express their desire to receive palliative care at home. The objective of this study was to describe the clinical care pathways and characteristics of patient receiving hospital at home palliative care.

The choose of different surgical therapies of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis: A single-center retrospective case-control study.

The aim of this study was to evaluate different surgical therapies for hepatic alveolar echinococcosis in different clinical stages.We analyze the clinical data of 115 patients who received surgical treatment in West China Hospital from January 2004 to June 2016. Among these patients, 77 cases underwent radical hepatic resection (group A, n = 77); 17 cases underwent palliative resection (group B, n = 17), and 21 cases underwent liver transplantation (group C, n = 21) with 12 cases of orthotopic liver transplantation and 9 cases of liver autotransplantation.The postoperative complication rate of radical hepatic resection group was 13.0% (10/77), which is statistically significant (P < .05) than the rate of palliative resection group 29.4% (5/17) or liver transplantation group 23.8% (5/21). The follow-up period ranged from 1 to 72 months. The overall median survival rate of radical resection was 72/77, higher than the rate of palliative group (12/17) or transplantation group (17/21), which was also statistically significant (P < .01).In our study, we believe in that all stages of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis should take active surgical interventions, and radical hepatic resection should be considered as the first-choice treatment for early stage of alveolar echinococcosis, while palliative surgery is still helpful to relieve symptoms and improve the life quality for advanced patients. Liver transplantation might also be an alternative option for the late-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis.

Radiation Therapy for Patients with Bone Metastasis from Uterine Cervical Cancer: Its Role and Optimal Radiation Regimen for Palliative Care.

To determine the role of radiation therapy for patients with bone metastasis from uterine cervical cancer and identify an optimal radiation regimen.

Palliative care with cervical intrathecal infusion and external pump for a late-stage cancer patient with refractory pain: A case report.

Intrathecal therapy, with a low complication rate, has become an alternative to standard pain management for treatment of neuropathic cancer pain.

Patient perceptions of specialised hospital-based palliative home care: a qualitative study using a phenomenographical approach.

Specialised palliative care is given around the clock to palliative patients who have severe symptoms or special needs.

Complex contradictions in conceptualisations of 'dignity' in palliative care.

Internationally, increasing attention is being paid to understanding patient experiences of health care. Within palliative care, the Views of Informal Carers - Evaluation of Services (VOICES) questionnaire is commonly used for this purpose. Among its objectives is to ask family members if their relatives were treated with dignity at the end of life. This is regarded as useful for understanding the quality of the health care received.

Politics and palliative care: Gabon.

Dion Smyth's review of palliative nursing on the internet.

Spanish adaptation and validation of the supportive & palliative care indicators tool - SPICT-ESTM.

OBJECTIVE To culturally adapt and validate the SPICTTM to Spanish, which is a brief and simple tool to support a better identification of chronic patients who have palliative care needs. METHODS For this study, we designed a multicenter and national project between the centers of Galicia, Balearic Islands, and Andalusia. For the process of translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the SPICTTM to Spanish, we followed the steps proposed by Beaton et al. with successive translations and subsequent consensus of experts using the debriefing methodology. After the content validation was completed, the psychometric properties were validated. A prospective longitudinal study was designed with 188 patients from Galicia, the Balearic Islands, and Andalusia. The internal consistency and reliability of the test and retest was analyzed for 10 days by the same researcher. RESULTS For more than 90% of the participants of the SPICT-ESTM, it seems simple to be filled out, and they consider it written in an understandable language. The average time to apply the questionnaire without prior knowledge was 4 minutes and 45 seconds. To evaluate the internal consistency of the instrument, we used the Kuder-Richardson formula 20. Internal consistency is 0.71. The agreement index of the Kappa test is between 0.983 and 0.797 for the different items. CONCLUSIONS In this study, we demonstrate the equivalence of content with the original. In addition, the validation of the psychometric properties establishes that the SPICT-ESTM maintains adequate reliability and stability. If we add the satisfaction shown by the professionals and the ease of use, the SPICT-ESTM is an adequate tool for the identification of palliative patients with chronic diseases and palliative care needs.

Compassion from a palliative care perspective.

Compassion is a core virtue in medicine and lies at the heart of good medical care. It connects us to each other and reflects our need for relationships with others.

Psychiatry and palliative care, collaboration for the benefit of the patient.

As palliative care units continue to develop, the provision of end-of-life care for patients with a chronic mental illness needs to be addressed. Aside from the somatic comorbidities to which these patients are particularly exposed and in view of the specificity of psychiatric treatment, the forms of end-of-life support for a patient with schizophrenia are described here, based on the experience of a psychiatric unit in the Var region.

Increasing awareness of addiction in palliative care: applying best practice in an area of limited management guidance.

Auspicious Management of a Acute Obstructive Left Colon Tumor in a 93-year-old Patient - Case Report and Literature Review.

We present the case of a 93-year-old patient with intestinal occlusion due to a descending colon tumor, with carcinomatous ascites and secondary liver and lung determinations. Considering the risks associated with a surgical act in such a patient and the impossibility of performing a curative intervention, a self-expanding metallic colonic stent was mounted. The post-intervention evolution was favorable, the patient being discharged 48 hours later. Left colon cancer is diagnosed in the occlusive phase in 8 to 26% of cases (1). It often requires an immediate surgical resolution due to the potential risk of death. Emergency surgery involves increased rates of morbidity and mortality (2). Thus, other ways of resolving these surgical emergencies have been developed. Colonic stents were first reported in the literature by Dohmoto (3). Initially, the use of stents was as the final method of palletising (4). Later, they were used as a bridge to minimally invasive programmed surgery (5).

Metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) treated with palliative decompression: Surgical timing and survival rate.

Metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) treatment depends on life expectancies. Data regarding palliative decompression outcomes is scarce. We demonstrate that surgical timing has a significant impact on survival in MSCC patients treated with palliative decompression.

Implementation of a metastatic malignancy of unknown primary origin service led by a palliative physician.

Cancer of unknown primary is the fourth most common cause of cancer death in the United Kingdom. National guidance in 2010 recommended the establishment of a dedicated unknown primary team to facilitate targeted investigation and symptom control. A service development project was undertaken to identify those affected by malignancy of unknown origin and institute a pathway for coordinating their care led by a palliative physician.

The role and outcomes of palliative surgery for retroperitoneal sarcoma.

Categories of noncurative surgery for retroperitoneal sarcoma include: i) grossly incomplete resection (R2) of primary or locally recurrent tumor; ii) resection in the setting of distant metastatic disease; and iii) true palliative-intent symptom-directed surgery. The value of R2 resection is debatable, since most series do not report initial operative intent. Debulking surgery provides symptom relief in the majority of patients, but relief is generally not durable. Quality of life is poorly studied.

Nursing's role in leading palliative care: A call to action.

Palliative care aims to alleviate the suffering of patients with life-limiting illness while promoting their quality of life. In this call to action commentary, we review the ways in which nursing care and palliative care align, describe barriers to nurses engaging in palliative care, and provide specific recommendations for nurses involved in education, training, and administration to assist nurses at all levels of practice to engage in palliative care for their patients.

A home care palliative sedation simulation program.

Single-Ventricle Palliation in a 4-Year-Old With Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome.

We report the case of a 4-year-old boy with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome undergoing single-ventricle palliation for an unbalanced atrioventricular canal defect. No reports of single-ventricle palliation in the setting of connective tissue disorders exist in the current literature. Unique findings on the patient's preoperative imaging included a disproportionately large neoaortic root and a regurgitant atrioventricular valve, which may foretell the need for future intervention.

Nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) at a palliative care unit: A prospective single service analysis.

The emergence of multidrug-resistant bacterial microorganisms is a particular challenge for the health care systems. Little is known about the occurrence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (MDRGNB) in patients of palliative care units (PCU).

The "Great" Generation and a Not-So-Great Health System.

It is unclear whether specialist palliative care teleconsultation leads to an improvement in patient symptom scores.

Hypnosis to fight against pain and anxiety in palliative care.

In our society, hypnosis sometimes has a negative, distorted image. For several years now it has become more widespread in the healthcare field and its use has increased in caring for symptoms such as pain and anxiety. It can be of great help in palliative situations.

Analysis of Advance Directive Documentation to Support Palliative Care Activities in Nursing Homes.

As part of an intervention to improve health care in nursing homes with the goal of reducing potentially avoidable hospital admissions, 1,877 resident records were reviewed for advance directive (AD) documentation. At the initial phases of the intervention, 50 percent of the records contained an AD. Of the ADs in the resident records, 55 percent designated a durable power of attorney for health care, most often a child (62 percent), other relative (14 percent), or spouse (13 percent). Financial power of attorney documents were sometimes found within the AD, even though these documents focused on financial decision making rather than health care decision making. Code status was the most prevalent health preference documented in the record at 97 percent of the records reviewed. The intervention used these initial findings and the philosophical framework of respect for autonomy to develop education programs and services on advance care planning. The role of the social worker within an interdisciplinary team is discussed.

Nursing students' emotional intelligence, coping styles and learning satisfaction in clinically simulated palliative care scenarios: An observational study.

Emotional intelligence is highly relevant in palliative care training, considering the coping styles used by nursing students. Clinical simulation provides the opportunity to evaluate these variables in a realistic and natural context.