A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

Palliative Care - Top 30 Publications

The Other Victims of the Opioid Epidemic.

End of life care in emergency departments: a review of the literature.

Providing end of life care (EOLC) in emergency departments (EDs) is challenging because of minimal resources, lack of staff education and outdated models of care. Dynamic, chaotic environments like EDs require systematic, clear and concise principles and goals for patient care. Death in EDs is inevitable, therefore staff should be equipped to provide optimal care to this vulnerable patient group. This article reviews the literature on the barriers to providing EOLC in EDs, and makes recommendations for clinical practice and further research. EOLC refers to care of terminally and critically ill patients in their final days and hours of life.

Frequency of symptoms and drug treatment among dying patients in the last 24 hours of life at Landspitali - The National University Hospital of Iceland and in nursing homes.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency of 5 common symptoms and drug treatments prescribed and given in the last 24 hours of life in 11 medical units at Landspitali National University Hospital of Iceland (LUH) and in 7 nursing homes (NH).

Politics and palliative care: Côte d'Ivoire.

Dion Smyth's review of palliative nursing on the internet.

The European Association for Palliative Care 15th World Congress-Progressing palliative care.

Dying Matters Awareness Week: What can you do for palliative care?

Ask dying adults about their spiritual beliefs.

Essential facts Religion should be included in the vital discussions about the care people and those close to them want to receive in the last two to three days of life, according to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE).

Telemedicine and Palliative Care: an Increasing Role in Supportive Oncology.

With the emergence of telemedicine as a routine form of care in various venues, the opportunities to use technology to care for the most vulnerable, most ill cancer patients are extremely appealing. Increasingly, evidence supports early integration of palliative care with standard oncologic care, supported by recent NCCN guidelines to increase and improve access to palliative care. This review looks at the use of telemedicine to expand access to palliative care as well as provide better care for patients and families where travel is difficult, if not impossible. When telemedicine has been used, often in Europe, for palliative care, the results show improvements in symptom management, comfort with care as well as patient and family satisfaction. One barrier to use of telemedicine is the concerns with technology and technology-related complications in population that is often elderly, frail and not always comfortable with non-face-to-face physician care. There remain significant opportunities to explore this intersection of supportive care and telemedicine.

Controlling the controllable in community palliative care.

Palliative care for patients with mesothelioma.

Mesothelioma is a highly symptomatic aggressive cancer affecting quantity and quality of life. Excellent palliative care is essential from diagnosis. This article discusses commonly encountered issues and management strategies including the rationale for early referral to specialist palliative care.

Self-efficacy for Coping Moderates the Effects of Distress on Quality of Life in Palliative Cancer Care.

Recent aggressive chemotherapeutic and combined treatments have resulted in increased survivorship for advanced stage breast cancer. In some patients, treatment produces an actual abatement of their cancer, while in others treatment mitigates the progression of cancer bringing those patients into palliative care where their chronic disease requires continuous management. There is also evidence that the majority of palliative-care cancer patients have a deteriorating quality of life that only precipitously declines in the final few weeks of life. The new paradigm of patient-centered care for palliative patients is resulting in a new model of treatment in which the self-efficacy seems to play an important role. The present study represents an extension of the role of self-efficacy for coping to palliative care. Using a stress-coping model, the primary aim of this study was to evaluate a process model, in which self-efficacy for coping with cancer is a moderator between stress and the quality of life in a sample of breast cancer patients in palliative care. The secondary aim was to validate a specific domain coping self-efficacy scale, the Cancer Behavior Inventory. The current study confirmed the role of self-efficacy for coping with cancer as moderator of the relationship between stress and quality of life of a sample of breast cancer patients in palliative care. In addition, this study confirmed the structure, reliability and validity of the scale.

Laser interstitial thermal therapy for palliative ablation of a chordoma metastasis to the spine: case report.

The authors present the first report of laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) ablation of a recurrent chordoma metastasis to the cervical spine. This patient was a 75-year-old woman who was diagnosed and treated for a sacral chordoma, and then developed metastases to the lung and upper thoracic spine. Unfortunately she experienced symptomatic recurrence at the C-7 spinous process. She underwent an uncomplicated LITT to the lesion. The patient convalesced without incident and was discharged on postoperative Day 1. She received stereotactic spinal radiosurgery to the lesion at a dose of 24 Gy in 1 fraction. At the 3-month follow-up evaluation she had radiographic response and improvement in her symptoms.

Inpatient Palliative Care After Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation-Reply.

Inpatient Palliative Care After Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.

The importance of interdisciplinary communication in the process of anticipatory prescribing.

In the UK there has been a widespread introduction of 'anticipatory prescribing' in community based palliative care. This involves general practitioners (GPs) writing prescriptions in anticipation of them being needed and has been encouraged to try to minimise the risk of patients suffering uncontrolled symptoms and distress; a key reason why terminally ill patients are admitted to hospital in contradiction of most people's preferences. This paper presents the findings from an ethnographic study of healthcare professionals across four care homes and four community sites in two regions (East Midlands and Lancashire/South Cumbria) of the UK. Data were collected from a range of community health professionals, resulting in 83 episodes of observation and 72 interviews. Findings highlight how essential good interdisciplinary communication is to the process of anticipatory prescribing and end-of-life care. This study found that when interdisciplinary communication worked well the anticipatory prescribing process could be carried out smoothly, optimising patient care.

Assessment, treatment goals and interventions for oedema/lymphoedema in palliative care.

Little is known about the treatment of oedema in palliative care patients.

The role and safe use of the ambulatory syringe pump in palliative and end-of-life care.

Postoperative quality-of-life assessment in patients with spine metastases treated with long-segment pedicle-screw fixation.

OBJECTIVE In recent decades, progress in the medical management of cancer has been significant, resulting in considerable extension of survival for patients with metastatic disease. This has, in turn, led to increased attention to the optimal surgical management of bone lesions, including metastases to the spine. In addition, there has been a shift in focus toward improving quality of life and reducing hospital stay for these patients, and many minimally invasive techniques have been introduced with the aim of reducing the morbidity associated with more traditional open approaches. The goal of this study was to assess the efficacy of long-segment percutaneous pedicle screw stabilization for the treatment of instability associated with thoracolumbar spine metastases in neurologically intact patients. METHODS This study was a retrospective review of data from a prospective database. The authors analyzed cases in which long-segment percutaneous pedicle screw fixation was performed for the palliative treatment of thoracolumbar spinal instability due to spinal metastases in neurologically intact patients. All of the patients included in the study underwent surgery between January 2014 and May 2015 at the authors' institution. Postoperative radiation therapy was planned within 10 days following the stabilization in all cases. Clinical and radiological follow-up assessments were planned for 3 days, 3 weeks, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year after surgery. Outcome was assessed by means of standard postoperative evaluation and oncological and spinal quality of life measures (European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Version 3.0 [EORTC QLQ-C30] and Oswestry Disability Index [ODI], respectively). Moreover, 5 patients were given an activity monitoring device for recording the distance walked daily; preoperative and postoperative daily distances were compared. RESULTS Data from 17 cases were analyzed. There were no complications, and patients showed improvement in pain level and quality of life from the early postoperative period on. The mean ODI score was 62.7 (range 40-84) preoperatively, 35.4 (range 24-59) on postoperative Day 3, and 46.1 (range 30-76) at 3 weeks, 37.6 (range 25-59) at 6 weeks, 34.0 (range 24-59) at 3 months, 39.1 (range 22-64) at 6 months, and 30.0 (range 20-55) at 1 year after screw placement. The mean ODI was significantly improved in the first 45 days (p < 0.001). Improvement was also evident in scores for functional and symptomatic scales of the EORTC QLQ-C30. All patients underwent postoperative radiation therapy within 10 days (mean 7.5). All patients (n = 5) with an activity monitoring device showed improvement in daily walking distance. CONCLUSIONS Less-invasive palliative treatment for advanced spinal metastases is promising as part of a multidisciplinary approach to the care of patients with metastatic disease. The results of this study indicate that percutaneous surgery may allow for rapid improvement in quality of life and walking ability for patients with thoracolumbar instability due to spine metastases. Long-segment percutaneous screw fixation followed by early radiation therapy appears to be a safe and effective treatment option for providing solid and durable stability and improved quality of life for these patients.

Identification of drug combinations administered by continuous subcutaneous infusion that require analysis for compatibility and stability.

A continuous subcutaneous infusion (CSCI) delivered via syringe pump is a method of drug administration used to maintain symptom control when a patient is no longer able to tolerate oral medication. Several classes of drugs, such as opioids, antiemetics, anticholinergics, antipsychotics and benzodiazepines are routinely administered by CSCI alone or in combinations. Previous studies attempting to identify the most-common CSCI combinations are now several years old and no longer reflect current clinical practice. The aim of this work was to review current clinical practice and identify CSCI drug combinations requiring analysis for chemical compatibility and stability.

Is admittance to specialised palliative care among cancer patients related to sex, age and cancer diagnosis? A nation-wide study from the Danish Palliative Care Database (DPD).

Specialised palliative care (SPC) takes place in specialised services for patients with complex symptoms and problems. Little is known about what determines the admission of patients to SPC and whether there are differences in relation to institution type. The aims of the study were to investigate whether cancer patients' admittance to SPC in Denmark varied in relation to sex, age and diagnosis, and whether the patterns differed by type of institution (hospital-based palliative care team/unit, hospice, or both).

Factors associated with the quality of life of family caregivers for leukemia patients in China.

The leukemia affects not only the quality of life (QOL) of patients with the disease but also that of their family caregivers (FCs). The research studies on QOL of FCs for leukemia patients are limited. This study aimed to evaluate the QOL of FCs for leukemia patients in Heilongjiang province, China.

Current Practices in the Timing of Stage 2 Palliation.

Mortality through single-ventricle palliation remains high and the effect of the timing of stage 2 palliation (S2P) is not well understood. We investigated current practice patterns in the timing of S2P across two professional societies and compared them to actual practice patterns from two databases of patients who underwent S2P.

Critical attitudes and beliefs towards guidelines amongst palliative care professionals - results from a national survey.

Little is known about palliative care professionals' attitudes towards guidelines. In 2015, the German Association for Palliative Medicine (DGP) published an evidence based guideline for palliative care in adults with incurable cancer. Before publication we conducted a national survey among members of the DGP to detect possible barriers and facilitators for its implementation. The aim of the present publication was to evaluate critical attitudes and beliefs which could hinder the effective implementation of the new guideline and to evaluate differences within professional groups and medical specialisations.

A Survival Score for Patients Assigned to Palliative Radiotherapy for Metastatic Bladder Cancer.

To create a survival score for patients with metastatic bladder cancer.

Hospice Enrollment in Patients With Advanced Heart Failure Decreases Acute Medical Service Utilization.

Patients with advanced heart failure (HF) enroll in hospice at low rates, and data on their acute medical service utilization after hospice enrollment is limited.

To be a trained and supported volunteer in palliative care - a phenomenological study.

It has been found that including volunteers in palliative care is a positive contribution to seriously ill patients. It is, however, recommended that the volunteers are trained and supported. The aim of this study was to describe a group of trained and supported volunteers' lived experiences as volunteers in palliative care within the community health care services.

Palliative gastrectomy is beneficial in selected cases of metastatic gastric cancer.

Salvage chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment for metastatic gastric cancer (mGC). This study aimed to clarify the effects of palliative gastrectomy (PG) and identify prognostic factors in mGC patients undergoing PG.

Views and Decisions of Physicians in Encountering Neonates with Poor Prognosis.

With the development of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), new issues have emerged for physicians working in this area, including the ethical aspects of providing invasive and advanced care to neonates with extremely poor prognosis. This research was undertaken with the aim of investing the factors affecting physicians' practice in management of newborns in such complicated circumstances.

Cavopulmonary Anastomosis During Same Hospitalization as Stage 1 Norwood/Hybrid Palliative Surgery.

Limited literature has examined characteristics of infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) who remain hospitalized during the interstage period. We described their epidemiologic characteristics, in-hospital outcomes, and identified risk factors that predict the need for superior cavopulmonary anastomosis (SCPA) during the same hospitalization.

Attitudes of radiation oncologists toward palliative and supportive care in the United States: Report on national membership survey by the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).

Radiation oncologists are frequently involved in providing palliative and supportive care (PSC) for patients with advanced cancers through delivery of palliative radiation. Whether they are confident in their ability to assess and initiate treatments for pain, nonpain, and psychosocial distress is unknown. The American Society for Radiation Oncology surveyed its practicing members in the United States on self-assessment of their primary PSC skills and access to continuing medical education on PSC.