A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

Parturition - Top 30 Publications

Midlevel Maternity Providers' Preferences of a Childbirth Monitoring Tool in Low-Income Health Units in Uganda.

A third of women in childbirth are inadequately monitored, partly due to the tools used. Some stakeholders assert that the current labour monitoring tools are not efficient and need improvement to become more relevant to childbirth attendants. The study objective was to explore the expectations of maternity service providers for a mobile childbirth monitoring tool in maternity facilities in a low-income country like Uganda. Semi-structured interviews of purposively selected midwives and doctors in rural-urban childbirth facilities in Uganda were conducted before thematic data analysis. The childbirth providers expected a tool that enabled fast and secure childbirth record storage and sharing. They desired a tool that would automatically and conveniently register patient clinical findings, and actively provide interactive clinical decision support on a busy ward. The tool ought to support agreed upon standards for good pregnancy outcomes but also adaptable to the patient and their difficult working conditions. The tool functionality should include clinical data management and real-time decision support to the midwives, while the non-functional attributes include versatility and security.

Determinants of Home Delivery among Women attending Antenatal Care in Bagwai Town, Kano Nigeria.

Unskilled home delivery is a threat to maternal and child health. In northern Nigeria, many pregnant women attend antenatal care but opt to deliver at home despite knowing the potential consequences. An institutional delivery, helps reduce various complications during childbirth, and therefore decreases the rates of maternal and child mortality. To explore the determinants of home delivery after attending antenatal services, this study employed a cross-sectional design and a non-probability purposive sampling technique. Findings of the study revealed that, majority (74.1%) of the women predominantly between the ages of 25-35 years, (29±6.4) quit antenatal care to deliver at home mainly due to maternity staff attitude and presence of male healthcare workers during delivery. The study concluded that, pregnant women are aware of the importance of antenatal care and, do deliver at home due to behavioural, sociocultural and religious preferences. To combat the maternal mortality in this region, values and beliefs of the women and families should be put into cognizance. Additionally, healthcare workers should be respectful and create a conducive environment in the maternity centres. More maternity centres including waiting homes should be provided.

Satisfaction Determinants of Women during Childbirth in Health Facilities in Senegal: Literature Review.

This article presents the results of the literature review performed on the main conceptual models used in the measurement of the satisfaction of women during childbirth in health facilities and the main determinants of their satisfaction. The review focused on PubMed, Google scholar and Public Health data. Several conceptual models for measuring satisfaction were found through the literature. It is clear from this review that a multitude of determinants are associated with women's satisfaction such as health care provider's attitude, the environment as well as the socio-demographic, economic and even psychological characteristics of the patient herself. These results were used to develop a conceptual framework for measuring the satisfaction of women who gave birth in Senegal health facilities.

Effect of Volunteer Household Counseling in Improving Knowledge of Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness of Pregnant Women in Northwest Nigeria.

Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program (MCHIP), a program by Jhpiego global, implemented maternal and newborn health project between 2006 and 2010 in Kano and Zamfara States, Nigeria. This was evaluated with an objective to characterize the effects of volunteer household counselors (VHCs) upon improving knowledge of birth preparedness and complication readiness (BPCR) among pregnant women. VHCs were trained to educate women and their families at home about BPCR. Knowledge of BPCR was compared among 152 and 594 women who did and did not receive household counseling. Mothers' knowledge of BPCR among those who did and did not receive counseling was 32.2% and 11.2% respectively. Mothers who received counseling had better knowledge of BPCR compared to women who did not (Relative Risk [R.R.] 2.30, 95% [C.I.] 1.50, 3.51, P = 0.0001) in a multivariable logistic regression model adjusting for potential confounders. Mothers who received counseling had better odds of knowledge of danger signs during delivery (R.R. 1.48, 95% C.I. 1.05, 2.09, P = 0.02), and post-partum period (R.R. 1.69, 95% C.I. 1.22, 2.32, P = 0.001), but not during pregnancy (R.R. 1.26, 95% C.I. 0.97, 1.64, P = 0.08), compared with women who received no counseling. VHCs can substantially increase knowledge of BPCR and danger signs among women in Nigeria.

Factors associated with delivery at home in Bhutan: findings from the National Health Survey 2012.

Despite Bhutan's remarkable progress in the area of maternal and child health during the era of the Millennium Development Goals, a large proportion of pregnant women are still delivering at home with no skilled attendant. Limited empirical studies have been carried out to understand the factors associated with delivery at home in Bhutan.

Association Between Loss of Hospital-Based Obstetric Services and Birth Outcomes in Rural Counties in the United States.

Hospital-based obstetric services have decreased in rural US counties, but whether this has been associated with changes in birth location and outcomes is unknown.

Practices and obstetric interventions in women from a state in the Northeast of Brazil.

To describe practices and interventions used during labor and childbirth and factors associated with such practices in puerperae in the state of Sergipe.

A Violent Birth: Reframing Coerced Procedures During Childbirth as Obstetric Violence.

In the United States, women are routinely forced to undergo cesarean sections, episiotomies, and the use of forceps, despite their desire to attempt natural vaginal delivery. Yet, the current American legal system does little to provide redress for women coerced to undergo certain medical procedures during childbirth. Courts and physicians alike are prepared to override a woman's choice of childbirth procedure if they believe this choice poses risks to the fetus, and both give little value to the woman's right to bodily autonomy. This Note proposes a solution for addressing the problem of coerced medical procedures during childbirth by importing a framework created in Venezuela and Argentina that characterizes this issue as "obstetric violence." First, this Note contains an overview of the shortcomings of the existing American legal framework to address the problem. Second, it explains the advantages of the obstetric violence framework and argues that its adoption in the United States would address many of the failures of the existing system. And third, this Note introduces a few legislative and litigation strategies that can be used to implement this framework in the United States and briefly addresses some of the challenges these strategies may pose.

Implementing a novel movement-based approach to inferring parturition and neonate caribou calf survival.

In ungulates, parturition is correlated with a reduction in movement rate. With advances in movement-based technologies comes an opportunity to develop new techniques to assess reproduction in wild ungulates that are less invasive and reduce biases. DeMars et al. (2013, Ecology and Evolution 3:4149-4160) proposed two promising new methods (individual- and population-based; the DeMars model) that use GPS inter-fix step length of adult female caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) to infer parturition and neonate survival. Our objective was to apply the DeMars model to caribou populations that may violate model assumptions for retrospective analysis of parturition and calf survival. We extended the use of the DeMars model after assigning parturition and calf mortality status by examining herd-wide distributions of parturition date, calf mortality date, and survival. We used the DeMars model to estimate parturition and calf mortality events and compared them with the known parturition and calf mortality events from collared adult females (n = 19). We also used the DeMars model to estimate parturition and calf mortality events for collared female caribou with unknown parturition and calf mortality events (n = 43) and instead derived herd-wide estimates of calf survival as well as distributions of parturition and calf mortality dates and compared them to herd-wide estimates generated from calves fitted with VHF collars (n = 134). For our data, the individual-based method was effective at predicting calf mortality, but was not effective at predicting parturition. The population-based method was more effective at predicting parturition but was not effective at predicting calf mortality. At the herd-level, the predicted distributions of parturition date from both methods differed from each other and from the distribution derived from the parturition dates of VHF-collared calves (log-ranked test: χ2 = 40.5, df = 2, p < 0.01). The predicted distributions of calf mortality dates from both methods were similar to the observed distribution derived from VHF-collared calves. Both methods underestimated herd-wide calf survival based on VHF-collared calves, however, a combination of the individual- and population-based methods produced herd-wide survival estimates similar to estimates generated from collared calves. The limitations we experienced when applying the DeMars model could result from the shortcomings in our data violating model assumptions. However despite the differences in our caribou systems, with proper validation techniques the framework in the DeMars model is sufficient to make inferences on parturition and calf mortality.

Planned birth at or near term for improving health outcomes for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes and their infants.

Pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes (Type 1 or Type 2) have increased rates of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Current clinical guidelines support elective birth, at or near term, because of increased perinatal mortality during the third trimester of pregnancy.This review replaces a review previously published in 2001 that included "diabetic pregnant women", which has now been split into two reviews. This current review focuses on pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes (Type 1 or Type 2) and a sister review focuses on women with gestational diabetes.

Tamed immune reaction aids pregnancy.

Could baby's first bacteria take root before birth?

Gestational weight gain and optimal ranges in Chinese mothers giving singleton and full-term births in 2013.