PubTransformer

A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms - Top 30 Publications

Gender and age differences in social support and body mass index in adults in Greater Metropolitan Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

The objective was to investigate gender and age differences in the association between dimensions of social support and body mass index (BMI) in a sample of 1,465 adults (20 to 59 years) in a population-based study in Duque de Caxias, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Anthropometry was conducted by trained evaluators and social support obtained by the Medical Outcomes Study, adapted and validated for the Brazilian population. The analyses were performed with multiple linear regressions, stratified by gender and age bracket, considering the sample's expansion factor and complex design. Obesity prevalence was 28% in women and 16.2% in men. After adjusting for confounders, a negative association was observed between social support and BMI in men 40-49 years of age, and in emotional support/information (β = -2.04), and positive social interaction (β = -2.40). There was a positive association for social support and BMI in men 50-59 years of age in emotional support/information (β = 1.84). The study indicates that social support can protect against obesity in men in some dimensions and age brackets. However, social support does not appear to be a protective factor in women.

Timing of Metastasis in Breast Cancer.

Long non-coding RNA CASC2 regulates cell biological behaviour through the MAPK signalling pathway in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Long non-coding RNAs have previously been demonstrated to play important roles in regulating human diseases, especially cancer. However, the biological functions and molecular mechanisms of long non-coding RNAs in hepatocellular carcinoma have not been extensively studied. The long non-coding RNA CASC2 (cancer susceptibility candidate 2) has been characterised as a tumour suppressor in endometrial cancer and gliomas. However, the role and function of CASC2 in hepatocellular carcinoma remain unknown. In this study, using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, we confirmed that CASC2 expression was downregulated in 50 hepatocellular carcinoma cases (62%) and in hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines compared with the paired adjacent tissues and normal liver cells. In vitro experiments further demonstrated that overexpressed CASC2 decreased hepatocellular carcinoma cell proliferation, migration and invasion as well as promoted apoptosis via inactivating the mitogen-activated protein kinase signalling pathway. Our findings demonstrate that CASC2 could be a useful tumour suppressor factor and a promising therapeutic target for hepatocellular carcinoma.

Paving the path for invasion: The polyedric role of LASP1 in cancer.

Although usually referred to as a structural actin-binding protein, LIM and SH3 domain-containing protein may actually be dynamically involved in the control of a wide spectrum of cellular processes, by virtue of its interaction with several molecular partners. Alongside being ubiquitously expressed in physiological conditions, LIM and SH3 domain-containing protein is overexpressed in a growing number of human cancers, in which it may actively contribute to their aggressiveness by promoting cell proliferation and migration. In view of the recent findings, implicating the protein in cancer progression, we discuss here the most relevant discoveries highlighting the role of this versatile protein in various human tumors. The correlation between LIM and SH3 domain-containing protein expression levels in cancer and the poor outcome and metastatic behavior of tumors denotes the clinical significance of this protein and hints its potential value as a new cancer prognostic or even diagnostic biomarker. This may be decisive not only to optimize existing pharmacological regimes but also to delineate novel, more efficacious therapeutic and/or preventive approaches.

Scalp acupuncture attenuates neurological deficits in a rat model of hemorrhagic stroke.

Hemorrhagic stroke accounts for approximately 15% of all stroke cases, and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Limited human studies suggested that scalp acupuncture could facilitate functional recovery after cerebral hemorrhage. In the current study, we used an animal model of cerebral hemorrhage to examine the potential effects of scalp acupuncture.

The prevalence rate of deviations in body constitutions and related factors in follow-up stage breast cancer patients-A nationwide study.

The aim of this study was to apply a rigorous traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) body constitution questionnaire (BCQ) to survey the prevalence rate of deviations in body constitution and to explore the health-related lifestyle behavior factors of deviations in body constitution.

Chinese herbal medicine for treating menopausal symptoms in London women: developing a good practice protocol via the factor analysis of prescribing patterns in a clinical study.

The objective of the study described in this paper was to define Chinese medicine formula patterns for the treatment of menopausal women in London. These formula patterns are intended to inform the development of best practice guidelines for a future pragmatic randomised controlled trial, with the ultimate goal of evaluating the possibility of integrating Chinese medicine treatment strategies for menopausal symptoms into the UK National Health Service. Data from a clinical study that had demonstrated the effectiveness and safety of Chinese medicine in treating 117 perimenopausal women at the Westminster University Polyclinic in London were analysed for symptom occurrence and herb use. The frequency of occurrence of different presenting symptoms and the frequency of use of individual herbs is described, the patterns of combined herb use were analysed by means of factor analysis, and the correlations between these patterns and the presenting symptoms were analysed using the chi square test. Treating the emergent use patterns as Chinese herbal medicine formulas, five distinctive formula patterns emerged in the course of this study. While there is some overlap between these formulas and their associated symptom patterns and those described in Chinese medicine textbooks and guidelines, some formula patterns appear to be unique to London women. This indicates that best practice guidelines for the Chinese medicine treatment of menopausal symptoms, which have been shown to vary cross-culturally, need to be derived from local clinical practice.

The effects of Gua sha on symptoms and inflammatory biomarkers associated with chronic low back pain: A randomized active-controlled crossover pilot study in elderly.

To address the challenges for trialing with elderly and the lacking of valid sham/placebo control, a randomized crossover pilot study is designed and its feasibility on elderly subjects is evaluated.

Clinical effect of traditional Chinese spinal orthopedic manipulation in treatment of Functional Abdominal Pain Syndrome.

To evaluate the clinical effect of Traditional Chinese Spinal Orthopedic Manipulation (TCSOM) in treating Functional Abdominal Pain Syndrome (FAPS) in comparison with Pinaverium Bromide (Dicetel, PBD), and to assess a possible cause for FAPS.

Effects of massage therapy on anxiety, depression, hyperventilation and quality of life in HIV infected patients: A randomized controlled trial.

HIV infection is often preceded or accompanied by psychiatric comorbidities. These disorders improve with complementary therapies. The aim of this study was to measure the effect of massage therapy on anxiety, depression, hyperventilation and quality of life in HIV infected patients.

Efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine on thromboembolic events in patients with atrial fibrillation: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in combination with Western medicine (WM) has been widely used worldwide. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TCM in prevention of thromboembolic events in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF).

Amelioration of Dalton's lymphoma-induced angiogenesis by melatonin.

For tumor to grow beyond 1-2 mm(3) size, tumor recruits new blood vessels referred as angiogenesis; therefore, targeting angiogenesis can be a promising strategy to suppress cancer progression. In this study, in order to develop a good angiogenesis model, we investigated effect of Dalton's lymphoma on angiogenesis and further monitored the role of melatonin on regulation of angiogenesis. To evaluate angiogenesis, endothelial cells were isolated from main thoracic aorta and cultured in vitro in the presence or absence of Dalton's lymphoma supplemented with or without melatonin to monitor their role on its proliferation and migration, a hallmark of angiogenesis. Chick chorioallantoic membrane as well as mice mesentery which allows in vivo studies of tumor angiogenesis and testing of anti-angiogenic molecules was used to validate the in vitro analysis. To further extend our understanding about the regulation of the angiogenesis, we evaluated expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 3, vascular endothelial growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, and fibroblast growth factor in Dalton's lymphoma cells and mesentery by semiquantitative and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis. Dalton's lymphoma ascites induced significant increase in endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and sprouting of the tertiary branching in chorioallantoic membrane and mesentery of Dalton's lymphoma-bearing mice, whereas melatonin treatment led to their inhibition in a dose-dependent manner. Semiquantitative and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis of melatonin-treated Dalton's lymphoma cells and mesentery tissue clearly demonstrated restoration of angiogenesis-related genes tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 3 and reduction of vascular endothelial growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, and fibroblast growth factor messenger RNA expression. Taken together, our results strongly demonstrate that Dalton's lymphoma provides pro-angiogenic environment leading to significant increase in angiogenesis, and further melatonin treatment reduced the Dalton's lymphoma ascites-induced angiogenesis implying that Dalton's lymphoma can serve as a very good model to study angiogenesis as well as for screening of drugs that can target angiogenesis.

MicroRNA-208b inhibits human osteosarcoma progression by targeting ROR2.

MicroRNAs are widely involved in cancer progression by inhibiting the expression levels of oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes, and dysregulation of microRNAs may contribute to tumorigenesis. Here, we found that overexpressed miR-208b can reduce the proliferation of human osteosarcoma cell lines U-2OS and Saos-2 by arresting cell cycle progression. The in vivo xenograft tumors induced by Saos-2 cells overexpressing miR-208b had smaller size and grew more slowly than those induced by the control cells. The mobility of U-2OS or Saos-2 cells was also downregulated by miR-208b. MiR-208b targeted a site in the 3' untranslated region of receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2. Inhibition of receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2 suppresses osteosarcoma metastasis in vitro. Recovering the expression levels of receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2 in miR-208b-overexpressed U-2OS or Saos-2 cells attenuated the inhibitory effects of miR-208b. In addition, the expression levels of miR-208b are significantly reduced in human osteosarcoma tissue samples compared to normal tissue samples, and miR-208b levels correlated inversely with receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2 levels. On these bases, we identified that miR-208b targets receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2 gene by which miR-208b can regulate the development of osteosarcoma.

Rapamycin enhances the anti-angiogenesis and anti-proliferation ability of YM155 in oral squamous cell carcinoma.

YM155, a small molecule inhibitor of survivin, has been studied in many tumors. It has been shown that YM155 inhibited oral squamous cell carcinoma through promoting apoptosis and autophagy and inhibiting proliferation. It was found that YM155 also inhibited the oral squamous cell carcinoma-mediated angiogenesis through the inactivation of the mammalian target of rapamycin pathway. Rapamycin, a mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor, played an important role in the proliferation and angiogenesis of oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines. In our study, cell proliferation assay, transwell assay, tube formation assay, and western blot assay were used to investigate the synergistic effect of rapamycin on YM155 in oral squamous cell carcinoma. Either in vitro or in vivo, rapamycin and YM155 exerted a synergistic effect on the inhibition of survivin and vascular endothelial growth factor through mammalian target of rapamycin pathway. Overall, our results revealed that low-dose rapamycin strongly promoted the sensitivity of oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines to YM155.

Serious Bacterial Infections Acquired During Treatment of Patients Given a Diagnosis of Chronic Lyme Disease - United States.

The term "chronic Lyme disease" is used by some health care providers as a diagnosis for various constitutional, musculoskeletal, and neuropsychiatric symptoms (1,2). Patients with a diagnosis of chronic Lyme disease have been provided a wide range of medications as treatment, including long courses of intravenous (IV) antibiotics (3,4). Studies have not shown that such treatments lead to substantial long-term improvement for patients, and they can be harmful (1,5). This report describes cases of septic shock, osteomyelitis, Clostridium difficile colitis, and paraspinal abscess resulting from treatments for chronic Lyme disease. Patients, clinicians, and public health practitioners should be aware that treatments for chronic Lyme disease can carry serious risks.

Case 8-2017: A Zimbabwean Man with a Severe Headache.

Trial of Pregabalin for Acute and Chronic Sciatica

Trial of Pregabalin for Acute and Chronic Sciatica.

Risk of major congenital malformations in relation to maternal overweight and obesity severity: cohort study of 1.2 million singletons.

Objective To estimate the risks of major congenital malformations in the offspring of mothers who are underweight (body mass index (BMI) <18.5), overweight (BMI 25 to <30), or in obesity classes I (BMI 30 to <35), II (35 to <40), or III (≥40) compared with offspring of normal weight mothers (BMI 18.5 to <25) in early pregnancy.Design Population based cohort study.Setting Nationwide Swedish registries.Participants 1 243 957 liveborn singleton infants from 2001 to 2014 in Sweden. Data on maternal and pregnancy characteristics were obtained by individual record linkages.Exposure Maternal BMI at the first prenatal visit.Main outcome measures Offspring with any major congenital malformation, and subgroups of organ specific malformations diagnosed during the first year of life. Risk ratios were estimated using generalised linear models adjusted for maternal factors, sex of offspring, and birth year.Results A total of 43 550 (3.5%) offspring had any major congenital malformation, and the most common subgroup was for congenital heart defects (n=20 074; 1.6%). Compared with offspring of normal weight mothers (risk of malformations 3.4%), the proportions and adjusted risk ratios of any major congenital malformation among the offspring of mothers with higher BMI were: overweight, 3.5% and 1.05 (95% confidence interval 1.02 to 1.07); obesity class I, 3.8% and 1.12 (1.08 to 1.15), obesity class II, 4.2% and 1.23 (1.17 to 1.30), and obesity class III, 4.7% and 1.37 (1.26 to 1.49). The risks of congenital heart defects, malformations of the nervous system, and limb defects also progressively increased with BMI from overweight to obesity class III. The largest organ specific relative risks related to maternal overweight and increasing obesity were observed for malformations of the nervous system. Malformations of the genital and digestive systems were also increased in offspring of obese mothers.Conclusions Risks of any major congenital malformation and several subgroups of organ specific malformations progressively increased with maternal overweight and increasing severity of obesity. For women who are planning pregnancy, efforts should be encouraged to reduce adiposity in those with a BMI above the normal range.

Case 8-2017: A Zimbabwean Man with a Severe Headache.

Case 8-2017: A Zimbabwean Man with a Severe Headache.

Trial of Pregabalin for Acute and Chronic Sciatica.

Childhood and Adolescent Obesity as a Winnable Battle-Reply.

Genetic Predisposition to Abdominal Obesity and Cardiometabolic Risk-Reply.

Childhood and Adolescent Obesity as a Winnable Battle.

Genetic Predisposition to Abdominal Adiposity and Cardiometabolic Risk.

Prevention of Polyphenols Against Carcinogenesis Induced by Environmental Carcinogens.

Cancer is one of the major causes of death in humans. Of all cancers, 19% are attributed to exposure to environmental chemical carcinogens. Dietary polyphenols from teas, vegetables, fruits, and many others exhibit multiple activities against cancers. Exposure to environmental carcinogens such as ultraviolet B (UVB), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and heavy metals has been demonstrated to cause cancer in humans. In this article, we specifically select UVB, PAHs, and metals as representative of three types of environmental carcinogens: physical, organic, and inorganic, respectively. We provide a comprehensive review on the role of various dietary polyphenols against carcinogenesis induced by those three types of carcinogens. We summarize the current knowledge of and prospects for prevention of those three groups of carcinogens induced by dietary polyphenols in vitro and in vivo.

Immunohistochemical Profile of Tumor Pathways and Prognostic Significance in Colon Adenocarcinomas.

The current study examined the immunohistochemical expression levels of molecules on carcinogenesis pathway and evaluated their clinicopathologic significance in colorectal adenocarcinoma (CRA). A total of 189 CRA and 20 colonic mucosal tissue samples were evaluated by immunohistochemical staining using 38 antibodies targeting the known molecules that play roles in developmental pathways of various tumors. The immunoexpression data of the patients were compared to clinicopathologic parameters. Expression loss of MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2, PTEN, Smad4 and E-cadherin, and overexpression of ALDH1, CD44, CAIX, P504S (AMACR), TGFΒ, and ZEB1 were statistically significant in CRA compared to normal colon mucosa. Long-term clinical follow-up findings in our cases suggested that AMACR, CAIX, ALDH1, TGFΒ, ZEB1 overexpression, and cyclinD1, p53, E-cadherin, and PTEN inactivity might be useful markers of a poor prognosis in CRA. In survival analyses, the expression of CAIX and AMACR were significantly associated with overall survival in both the univariate and multivariate analyses (log-rank test; p < 0.01 and p < 0.05, respectively).

Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease: Essential Primer for the Practicing Radiologist.

The cyanotic congenital heart diseases are a rare and heterogeneous group of disorders, often requiring urgent neonatal management. Although echocardiography is the mainstay for imaging, continued technological advances have expanded the role for computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, helping to limit invasive cardiac catheterization. In this article, the authors review the broad spectrum of cyanotic congenital heart disease, focusing on the utility of advanced noninvasive imaging modalities while highlighting key clinical features and management considerations.

Children with Cough and Fever: Up-to-date Imaging Evaluation and Management.

Cough and fever in infants and children are frequent but nonspecific symptoms. Several usual differential diagnoses are under consideration and imaging is often necessary to help arrive at an accurate diagnosis and ensure proper management. A broad spectrum of underlying disorders may be present. Radiologists must remain cognizant of the potential for immune dysfunction and underlying structural abnormalities. A clear understanding of up-to-date imaging evaluation recommendations and characteristic imaging features can assist radiologists and clinicians in arriving at the most accurate diagnosis in a timely manner and help ensure proper management and necessary follow-up imaging assessment.