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Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms - Top 30 Publications

Hearing Loss in Adults.

Hearing Loss in Adults.

Hearing Loss in Adults.

Ankylosing spondylitis associated with Still's disease: should it be considered a pathophysiologic link or a simple association?

Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory rheumatism; it is part of the group of spondyloarthrites. General signs such as fever and weight loss are of little importance. Adult Still's disease is a rare systemic condition, a diagnosis of exclusion commonly characterized by high hectic fever, rash, arthritis and various systemic manifestations. Few cases of ankylosing spondylitis associated with adult Still's disease have been described in the literature. We here report the case of a 31-year old patient followed up for ankylosing spondylitis presenting with fever which had lasted for a long time and clinico-biological signs compatible with adult Still's disease. A possible pathophysiologic link between the two diseases may be suggested, even if their simultaneous occurrence has been rarely reported in the literature.

A rare case of important and recurrent abnormal uterine bleeding in a post partum woman caused by cavernous hemangioma: a case report and review of literature.

The cavernous hemangioma is a rare benign vascular tumor. About 50 cases of this disease were found in the literature over the last century and only 9 cases of cavernous hemangioma on the pregnant uterus were published it comes into cavernous or capillary form. The symptomatology is not unequivocal and when it occurs during pregnancy or postpartum, it causes life-threatening cataclysmic hemorrhage. Antenatal diagnosis is difficult and requires a multidisciplinary approach with pathologists, radiologists and gynecologists to avoid these complications or unnecessary hysterectomies. The diagnosis is histological. Hysterectomy is possible after failure of conservative treatment means. We report a rare case, a novel mixed cavernous hemangioma of the body associated with a capillary hemangioma of the cervix in a patient of 28 years 5th visors with recurrent genital bleeding in the postpartum period leading to a hysterectomy.

Occult hepatitis B reactivation in a patient with homozygous sickle cell disease: clinical case and literature review.

Occult Hepatitis B corresponds to the presence of hepatitis B virus-deoxyribonucleic acid (HBV-DNA) in serum and/or in liver of a patient despite HBsAg negativity. Clinically, it is usually asymptomatic. Its reactivation is rare and commonly occurs in immunosuppressed individuals. We report the case of a 21-year old patient from Senegal, with homozygous sickle cell disease, presenting with cholestatic jaundice. Laboratory tests showed reactivation of occult Hepatitis B. This study emphasizes the need to systematically investigate the presence of occult Hepatitis B in patients with sickle cell disease suffering from acute liver disease.

The delivery of a macrosomic infant is a relatively common situation. It can put mother and fetus at high risk. The main maternal complications are the increase in cesarean rates, postpartum hemorrhage and cervicovaginal traumatic lacerations. The main fetal complication is shoulder dystocia increasing the risk of brachial plexus. The objective was to identify risk factors and maternal-fetal complications associated with fetal macrosomia. Comparative retrospective study conducted at Kairouan University Hospital maternity unit in 2010. We compared a group of 820 cases of macrosomic infants to a control group of 800 cases of infants born in the same period of time. During the study period we collected clinical data of 820 macrosomic cases on a total of 7.495 deliveries, corresponding to a total incidence of 10.94%. Several factors predisposing to fetal macrosomia were highlighted: Maternal age> 35 years was present in 28.5% of cases; Maternal obesity was found in 45% of cases; A personal history of macrosomia was noted in 28,8% of cases; Prolonged pregnancies > 41 weeks of amenorrhoea was noted in 35.6% of cases; Multiparity was found in 47% of cases. Maternal complications were essentially postpartum hemorrhage: 71 cases and genital traumas: 24 cases. Perinatal complications were dominated by shoulder dystocia: 27 cases (3.3%). Traumatic postpartum complications were found in 11.6%.

Meningococcal infections associated with febrile purpura among children hospitalized in a Moroccan Hospital: incidence and associated clinical factors.

Febrile purpura (FP) is suggestive of meningococcal disease, requiring almost always further investigations and a treatment based on broad spectrum antibiotics. This study aimed to determine the incidence of meningococcal infections as well as their associated clinical signs in children with febrile purpura hospitalized in the emergency department.

Patterns and presentations of colorectal cancer at Komfo-Anokye teaching hospital Kumasi, Ghana.

Colorectal cancer is a major cause of morbidity and mortality globally and its incidence is increasing in developing countries. This study determined the incidence, clinical features and the histopathological patterns of colorectal cancer at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH), Kumasi, Ghana.

Factors leading to dyspepsia in renal transplant recipients.

Renal transplantation is the definitive treatment for end stage renal disease. Patients subjected to transplantation require lifelong immunosuppression and are prone to several gastrointestinal disorders. Dyspepsia is a common disorder in these patients. The objective of this study was to determine factors leading to dyspepsia in renal (kidney) transplant recipients.

Bullous pemphigoid and Parkinson's disease: about a case.

Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is an organ-specific autoimmune disease which can be associated with many pathologies including degenerative neurological diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease. Studies have suggested the possibility of cross-immune responses through "epitope spreading". Bullous dermatosis has been reported to be secondary to neurological disease, at intervals ranging from a few months to a maximum of a few years. Then is it an unusual association or a causation? It has been suggested that drug consumption, decubitus lesions, traumatic events as well as reduced immunity can be triggers for BP in patients with neurological disease. We report the case of a 93-year old patient with a 10-year history of advanced Parkinson's disease, hospitalized for the treatment of a common bullous pemphigoid confirmed by histology and immunohistochemistry. The patient was treated with oral corticosteroids. After a week of treatment, the patient died due to septic shock. Neurological disorders represent a real risk factor for BP. BP could be considered as a marker for neurological disorder. These associations are of broad interest, because they can play a role in the etiopathogenesis of BP and contribute to a complete understanding of the causes of these neurodegenerative diseases.

Rare hereditary cause of chronic pancreatitis in a young male: SPINK1 mutation.

Hereditary chronic pancreatitis associated with a mutation in the serine protease inhibitor, Kazal Type-1 (SPINK-1 gene) is extremely rare. The SPINK1 mutation results in trypsinogen activation which predisposes to chronic pancreatitis predominately when combined with CFTR gene mutations. It presents as either chronic or recurrent acute pancreatitis. Symptom control and management of complications is important. Active surveillance with cross-sectional imaging for pancreatic malignancy in individuals with hereditary pancreatitis is advocated due to individuals being high risk. We present an unusual case of a young male who initially presented with renal colic and was incidentally diagnosed with severe chronic pancreatitis on abdominal imaging, with genetic testing confirming a homozygous SPINK1 mutation.

Prevalence and determinants of diarrhoea among infants in selected primary health centres in Kaduna north local government area, Nigeria.

Despite efforts toward the prevention and management of diarrhoea, associated mortality among infants has remained high in Northern Nigeria. This study was designed to determine the prevalence and identify determinants of diarrhoea among infants in Kaduna North Local Government Area (KNLGA), Nigeria.

Celiac disease in adult patients revealed by polyserositis: about a case.

Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune disease affecting multiple organs. It often presents as gastrointestinal manifestations associated with malabsorption. However, serosa involvement uncommonly reveals this enteropathy, making the diagnosis difficult. We here report the case of JA, aged 63 years, admitted to hospital to detect the cause of malabsorption syndrome associated with polyserositis signs including pleurisy, pericarditis, ascites and hydrocephalus. The diagnosis of CD was based on endoscopic signs without serology tests. Patient's evolution was partially favorable, due to lack of compliance with a gluten-free diet. Our study reports the first case of CD revealed by polyserositis. CD should be suspected in patients with malabsorption syndrome, in the absence of evocative signs.

Hearing Loss in Adults.

Xanthogranulomatous Pyelonephritis.

Case 7-2018: A 25-Year-Old Man with New-Onset Seizures.

Vestibular rehabilitation using video gaming in adults with dizziness: a pilot study.

To determine the effectiveness of vestibular rehabilitation using the Wii Fit balance platform, in adults with dizziness.

Prevention of pharyngocutaneous fistula in salvage total laryngectomy: role of the pectoralis major flap and peri-operative management.

This study aimed to evaluate the impact of an onlay pectoralis major flap in reducing the incidence of pharyngocutaneous fistula after salvage total laryngectomy and determine the complications of pectoralis major flap reconstruction.

The Effect of Sleep Loss on Dual Time-Based Prospective Memory Tasks.

The aim of the present study was to deepen knowledge about the effect of a lowered vigilance state on time-based prospective memory (TBPM) performance. For this purpose 2 TBPM tasks (primary and interpolated), which shared a portion of the retention interval, and 3 reasoning tasks, as ongoing activities, were administered after total sleep deprivation and in a regular sleep condition. The results showed a detrimental effect of sleep deprivation on prospective memory performance and a partial dissociation between clock-checking behavior and time estimation for prospective compliance. This study clearly indicates that total sleep deprivation im- pairs the ability to complete multiple prospective task assignments in a timely fashion. Results are discussed suggesting the existence of different mechanisms involved in time monitoring and other cognitive functions underlying TBPM performance.

High incidence of rainbow glare after femtosecond laser assisted-LASIK using the upgraded FS200 femtosecond laser.

To compare the incidence of rainbow glare (RG) after femtosecond laser assisted-LASIK (FS-LASIK) using the upgraded FS200 femtosecond laser with different flap cut parameter settings.

Physicians as well as nonphysician health care professionals in Taiwan have higher risk for lumbar herniated intervertebral disc than general population.

Physicians in Taiwan have long working hours and are at risk for inappropriate posture when handling patients, which may contribute to lumbar herniated intervertebral disc (L-HIVD). This study was conducted to delineate this issue, which is still unknown. This nationwide population-based cohort study was based on Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. We identified 25,428 physicians, 32,316 nonphysician health care professionals (HCPs), and an identical number of age- and sex-matched individuals from the general population. All individuals who had L-HIVD before 2007 were excluded. We compared the L-HIVD risk between physicians and general population, nonphysician HCPs and general population, and physicians and nonphysician HCPs by tracing their medical histories between 2007 and 2011. A comparison among physician specialties was also performed. Physicians and nonphysician HCPs had higher L-HIVD risk than the general population [odds ratio (OR): 1.149; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.011-1.307 and OR: 1.220; 95% CI: 1.080-1.378, respectively]. Physicians did not have higher L-HIVD risk than nonphysician HCPs [adjusted OR (AOR): 0.912; 95% CI: 0.795-1.046]. Physician specialties of orthopedics and obstetrics and gynecology had a trend of higher L-HIVD risk than other specialties (AOR: 1.538; 95% CI: 0.805-2.939, and AOR: 1.306; 95% CI: 0.967-1.764, respectively). Physicians as well as nonphysician health care professionals in Taiwan have higher L-HIVD risk than the general population, which could be attributed to a probable role of long working hours. This result provides an important reference for the government to promote occupational health in health care professionals; however, further studies are warranted for the underlying mechanisms.

Diagnostic accuracy of colposcopy with dynamic spectral imaging for cytology-negative/high-risk HPV positive (failed test of cure) after large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ) of the cervix: Results of the DySIS colposcopy 1 study.

After treatment for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), in the UK women who are cytology-negative, high-risk (HR) human papilloma virus (HPV) positive are referred to colposcopy. This pilot study assessed the incidence of residual/recurrent CIN and the diagnostic accuracy of colposcopy with dynamic spectral imaging (DSI) mapping in their detection.This was a prospective service evaluation carried out in a UK National Health Service (NHS) colposcopy clinic. All women, referred with negative cytology/HR-HPV positive result following treatment for CIN from March 2013 until November 2014, who were examined with the DSI digital colposcope were included. We excluded 3 cases because of poor-quality imaging from user errors. Everyday clinical practice was followed. Initial colposcopic impression, DSI map indication, and biopsy site selections were recorded. CIN2+ was considered the primary outcome and CIN of any grade a secondary outcome.A total of 105 women were included of which 5 (4.8%) had CIN2+ histology and 24 (22.9%) had CIN1. Pre-DSI map colposcopy suggested normal/low grade in all 5 of the CIN2+ cases and DSI suggested high-grade (HG) CIN in 4 of the 5 cases. Sensitivity of standard colposcopy for CIN2+ was 0%, improving to 80% with the incorporation of the DSI map.The CIN burden in this population is higher than previously expected. Colposcopic identification of HG CIN appears to improve significantly with DSI in this cohort leading to refinement in patient management. A larger, multicentric prospective study (DySIS colposcopy 2) is planned to confirm these initial findings.

Obesity was an independent risk factor for febrile infection after prostate biopsy: A 10-year single center study in South China.

To detect the best antibiotic protocol for prostate biopsy and to assess the potential risk factors postbiopsy in Chinese patients.A total of 1526 patients underwent biopsy were assessed retrospectively. The effect of 3 antibiotic protocols was compared, including fluoroquinolone (FQ) monotherapy, third-generation cephalosporin combined with FQ and targeted antibiotics according to the prebiopsy rectal swab culture result. Postbiopsy infection (PBI) was defined as fever and/or active urinary tract symptoms such as dysuria or frequency with pyuria and/or leucocytosis, sepsis is defined as the presence of clinically or microbiologically documented infection in conjunction with systemic inflammatory response syndrome. The relationship between infections and clinical characteristics of patients was assessed. Data were first picked out in univariate analysis and then enter multivariate logistic regression.Thirty-three (2.2%) patients developed febrile infection. The combination antibiotic prophylaxis could significantly decrease the rate of PBI than FQ monotherapy (1.0% vs 4.0%, P = .000). The infection rate of the targeted antibiotic group was 1.1%, but there was no significant statistic difference compared with FQ alone (P = .349). Escherichia coli was the most predominant pathogen causing infection. Rectal swab revealed as high as 47.1% and 36.0% patients harbored FQ resistant and ESBL-producing organisms, respectively. In univariate analysis, overweight (BMI between 25 and 28 kg/m), obesity (BMI > 28 kg/m), diabetes were picked out as potential risk factors. Obesity remained as risk factor (OR = 12.827, 95% CI: 0.983-8.925, P = .001) while overweight and diabetes were close to significance (P = .052, .053, respectively).The combined cephalosporin with FQ prophylaxis could significantly decrease the risk of infectious complications. Obesity was an independent risk factor for PBI.

Effectiveness and safety of an optimized blood management program in total hip and knee arthroplasty: A large, single-center, retrospective study.

Little has been published on blood management in total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA, respectively) patients focusing on both hematopoiesis and hemostasis. Our aim was to explore the effectiveness and safety of an optimized blood management program in THA and TKA patients in a large, single-center, retrospective study.We retrospectively reviewed consecutive primary unilateral THA and TKA patients' data at our institution through the National Health Database. They were divided into 3 groups according to an optimized blood management program: group A-combined use of intravenous and topical tranexamic acid (TXA); group B-use of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) and iron supplements in addition to treatments in group A; group C-use of additional multiple boluses of TXA in addition to treatments in group B. The primary outcomes were hemoglobin (Hb) drop and calculated total blood loss (TBL). Other outcome measurements such as transfusion rate, postoperative length of stay (PLOS), venous thromboembolism (VTE), and mortality were also compared.From 2014 to 2016, a total of 1907 unilateral THA (986 in group A, 745 in group B, and 176 in group C) and 1505 unilateral TKA (795 in group A, 556 in group B, and 154 in group C) procedures were conducted at our institution. The Hb drop, calculated TBL, and PLOS in group C were significantly lower than those in groups A and B for THA and TKA patients. The transfusion rate in group C was also significantly less than in groups A and B for THA patients, while it was similar in groups A and B for TKA patients. No patients in group C received a transfusion. A significant difference was not detected in the incidence of deep vein thrombosis. No episode of symptomatic pulmonary embolism or all-cause mortality occurred within 30 days postoperatively.The current retrospective study suggests that for patients receiving primary unilateral THA or TKA, multiple boluses of intravenous TXA combined with topical TXA, rHuEPO, and iron supplements can reduce the calculated TBL, Hb drop, transfusion rate, and PLOS without increasing the incidence of VTE or mortality.

Evaluation of HVHF for the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis accompanying MODS.

Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) prevention is key to severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) treatment and the assessment of high-volume hemofiltration (HVHF) for treating SAP accompanying multiple organ dysfunction syndromes.In this prospective controlled study, 40 SAP patients were divided into 2 groups: control (n = 22, treated with fasting, decompression, and intravenous somatostatin) and HVHF (n = 18, HVHF administration in addition to the treatment in the control group) groups; and were assessed for serum and urine amylase, WBC, C-reactive protein (CRP), and hepatic and renal functions. Vital signs and abdominal symptoms were recorded, and complications and mortality were analyzed.APACHE II scores in the HVHF group were significantly lower than in the control group at 3 and 7 days (6.3 ± 1.7 vs 9.2 ± 2.1 and 3.3 ± 0.8 vs 6.2 ± 1.7, respectively). Compared with controls, serum, and urine amylase, WBC, CRP, and organ functions significantly improved after HVHF treatment. Meanwhile, mortality (16.7% vs 31.8%) and complication (11.1% vs 40.9%) rates were significantly reduced.The other clinical parameters were significantly ameliorated by HVHF. HVHF rapidly reduces abdominal symptoms and improves prognosis, reducing mortality in SAP patients; and is likely through systemic inflammatory response syndrome attenuation in the early disease stage.

Heterotopic pancreatic cyst in the adrenal gland: A case report and review of literature.

The incidence of heterotopic pancreas (HP) is relatively rare and mainly found in the upper gastrointestinal tract, and no case of HP cyst in the adrenal gland has been reported. Informed consent has been obtained from the patient for the publication of the case details.

Cardiovascular risk factors in patients with combined central retinal vein occlusion and cilioretinal artery occlusion: Case report.

To analyze cardiovascular risk factors and comorbidity of acute unilateral visual loss due to combined central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) and cilioretinal artery occlusion (CLRAO).

Efficacy, safety, and mechanisms of herbal medicines used in the treatment of obesity: A protocol for systematic review.

This systematic review protocol aims to perform a protocol for assessing the effectiveness, safety, and mechanism of herbal medicines for the treatment of obesity and metabolic syndrome. Some systematic reviews conducted earlier have evaluated the efficacy of herbal medicine to treat obesity and metabolic syndrome. Owing to the huge burden imposed by obesity in the recent years, a need is felt for conducting new systematic reviews on the topic of obesity with a focus on randomized clinical trials, we felt the need.

A case report with shock induced by tolvaptan in an elderly patient with congestive heart failure.

Tolvaptan (TLV) is a new vasopressin type 2 receptor antagonist effective in patients with heart failure (HF). Accumulating evidences have revealed that treatment with TLV does not alter the blood pressure significantly.