PubTransformer

A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

Registries - Top 30 Publications

The New Zealand Major Trauma Registry: the foundation for a data-driven approach in a contemporary trauma system.

To describe the development of the New Zealand Major Trauma Registry (NZ-MTR) and the initial experiences of its use.

Identification and Management of TP53 Gene Carriers Detected Through Multigene Panel Testing.

The increasing use of multigene panel tests may reveal an unexpected pathogenic variant in the tumor protein p53 (TP53) gene among individuals who do not meet clinical criteria for Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS). Among a registry-based sample of individuals with a pathogenic (P) or likely pathogenic (LP) variant in TP53, we sought to characterize the original clinical context in which genetic testing was performed, the personal and family history and whether they met clinical LFS criteria, and the follow-up care following diagnosis among those in whom this information was available.

Cancer patterns, trends, and transitions in Peru: a regional perspective.

Peru, like several other South American countries, is experiencing remarkable population growth, ageing, and urbanisation, which has given rise to profound changes in its epidemiological profile. Prostate and breast cancer are the most frequent cancers in men and women, respectively, in Lima and Arequipa, the two areas with population-based cancer registries. However, infection-associated cancers (cervix and stomach) are also common, and rank highest in the national cancer mortality profile. Although a foundation of surveillance informs cancer-control initiatives in Peru, improvements in the vital statistics system, and the quality and use of incidence data for the planning and assessment of cancer prevention and control actions, are needed. Existing population-based cancer registries in Lima and Arequipa, and linkages to the established national mandatory cancer reporting system, are crucial for the collection of high-quality data on national cancer incidence. The delivery of effective cancer prevention and control measures requires sustained investment in the collection of high-quality data capable of informing policies and driving research programmes.

Time trends in management of HIV-positive pregnant women in Northern Tanzania: A registry-based study.

To examine time trends in antenatal factors and delivery characteristics in Northern Tanzania, and relate these to national guidelines for HIV in pregnancy.

Regional differences in presentation and antithrombotic treatment of patients with atrial fibrillation: Baseline characteristics from a clustered randomized trial to IMProve treatment with AntiCoagulanTs in patients with atrial fibrillation (IMPACT-AF).

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia worldwide. However, there are few contemporary comparative data on AF from middle-income countries.

2016 Pediatric Annual Report: Almost a 10.

ICD-10 has several advantages over its predecessor. Some trauma-related highlights include expanded injury codes, a combination of diagnosis/symptom codes to reduce the number of codes necessary to describe a condition, and two additional characters added along with subclassifications to allow laterality and greater specificity in code assignment.

Prevalence of mind and body exercises (MBE) in relation to demographics, self-rated health, and purchases of prescribed psychotropic drugs and analgesics.

This study aims to identify any differences regarding gender, age, socioeconomic status (SES), self-rated health, perceived stress and the purchase of prescribed drugs among people who practice mind and body exercises (MBE) extensively compared to people who do not.

Looking forward.

The Incidence and Prevalence of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in New York County (Manhattan), New York: The Manhattan Lupus Surveillance Program.

The Manhattan Lupus Surveillance Program (MLSP) is a population-based registry designed to determine the prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in 2007 and the incidence from 2007 to 2009 among residents of New York County (Manhattan), New York, and to characterize cases by race/ethnicity, including Asians and Hispanics, for whom data are lacking.

The Incidence and Prevalence of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in San Francisco County, California: The California Lupus Surveillance Project.

Estimates of the incidence and prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in the US have varied widely. The purpose of this study was to conduct the California Lupus Surveillance Project (CLSP) to determine credible estimates of SLE incidence and prevalence, with a special focus on Hispanics and Asians.

Gender differences in coronary angiography, subsequent interventions, and outcomes among patients with acute coronary syndromes.

The objective was to investigate whether gender disparities are found in referrals of patients with acute coronary syndromes to percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and, furthermore, to study gender differences in complications and mortality.

Sex-based differences in quality of care and outcomes in a health system using a standardized STEMI protocol.

Recent data from the National Cardiovascular Data Registry indicate that women with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) continue to have higher mortality and reported delays in treatment compared with men. We aimed to determine whether the sex difference in mortality exists when treatment disparities are reduced.

Temporal changes in myocardial infarction incidence rates are associated with periods of perceived psychosocial stress: A SWEDEHEART national registry study.

Psychosocial stress might trigger myocardial infarction (MI). Increased MI incidence coincides with recurrent time periods during the year perceived as particularly stressful in the population.

Trends and Impact of Door-to-Balloon Time on Clinical Outcomes in Patients Aged <75, 75 to 84, and ≥85 Years With ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

Guidelines strongly recommend patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) receive timely mechanical reperfusion, defined as door-to-balloon time (DTBT) ≤90 minutes. The impact of timely reperfusion on clinical outcomes in patients aged 75-84 and ≥85 years is uncertain. We analysed 2,972 consecutive STEMI patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention from the Melbourne Interventional Group Registry (2005-2014). Patients aged <75 years were included in the younger group, those aged 75-84 years were in the elderly group and those ≥85 years were in the very elderly group. The primary endpoints were 12-month mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). 2,307 (77.6%) patients were <75 years (mean age 59 ± 9 years), 495 (16.7%) were 75-84 years and 170 (5.7%) were ≥85 years. There has been a significant decrease in DTBT over 10 years in younger and elderly patients (p-for-trend <0.01 and 0.03) with a trend in the very elderly (p-for-trend 0.08). Compared to younger and elderly patients, the very elderly had higher 12-month mortality (3.6% vs 10.7% vs. 29.4%; p = 0.001) and MACE (10.8% vs 20.6% vs 33.5%; p = 0.001). DTBT ≤90 minutes was associated with improved outcomes on univariate analysis but was not an independent predictor of improved 12-month mortality (OR 0.84, 95% CI 0.54-1.31) or MACE (OR 0.89, 95% CI 0.67-1.16). In conclusion, over a 10-year period, there was an improvement in DTBT in patients aged <75 years and 75-84 years however DTBT ≤90 minutes was not an independent predictor of 12-month outcomes. Thus assessing whether patients aged ≥85 years are suitable for invasive management does not necessarily translate to worse clinical outcomes.

Using the NCDB to explore trends in cancer.

Care Patterns and Outcomes in Atrial Fibrillation Patients With and Without Diabetes: ORBIT-AF Registry.

Diabetes is a well-established risk factor for thromboembolism in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), but less is known about how diabetes influences outcomes among AF patients.

Identification and assessment of potentially high-mortality intensive care units using the ANZICS Centre for Outcome and Resource Evaluation clinical registry.

A hospital's highest-risk patients are managed in the intensive care unit. Outcomes are determined by patients' severity of illness, existing comorbidities and by processes of care delivered. The Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society (ANZICS) Centre for Outcome and Resource Evaluation (CORE) manages a binational clinical registry to benchmark performance, and report and assess ICUs which appear to have worse outcomes than others.

Quality analysis of population-based information on cancer stage at diagnosis across Europe, with presentation of stage-specific cancer survival estimates: A EUROCARE-5 study.

Cancer registries (CRs) are fundamental for estimating cancer burden, evaluating screening and monitoring health service performance. Stage at diagnosis-an essential information item collected by CRs-has been made available, for the first time, by CRs participating in EUROCARE-5. We analysed the quality of this information and estimated stage-specific survival across Europe for CRs with good data quality.

Weekday of gastrectomy for cancer in relation to mortality and oncological outcomes - A Dutch population-based cohort study.

Some studies demonstrate that high-complex surgeries performed later in the week are associated with higher postoperative mortality and worse long-term survival. The aim of this cohort study was to determine whether weekday influences outcomes in patients undergoing gastrectomy for cancer.

Functional Cardiac Recovery and Hematologic Response to Chemotherapy in Patients With Light-Chain Amyloidosis (from the Stanford University Amyloidosis Registry).

Cardiac involvement is common in patients with light-chain (AL) amyloidosis and portends a poor prognosis, although little is known about the changes in cardiac mechanics after chemotherapy. We sought to explore the relation between amyloidosis staging and baseline cardiac mechanics and to investigate short-term changes in cardiac mechanics after chemotherapy. We identified 41 consecutive patients from the Stanford Amyloid Center who had echocardiograms and free light-chain values before and after chemotherapy, along with 40 age- and gender-matched controls. Echocardiographic assessment included left ventricular global longitudinal strain, E/e' ratio, and left atrial (LA) stiffness. Hematologic response to chemotherapy was defined as ≥50% reduction in the difference between the involved and the uninvolved free light chain (dFLC). The mean age was 66.9 ± 8.4 years and 66% were men. Before chemotherapy, global longitudinal strain, E/e' ratio, and LA stiffness were impaired in patients with amyloidosis compared with controls, and the severity of impairment worsened with advanced staging. After chemotherapy, hematologic response was observed in 30 (73%) patients. There was a significant association between the change in dFLC and cardiac function (E/e' ratio: r = -0.43, p = 0.01; LA stiffness: r = -0.35, p = 0.05). There was no significant improvement in cardiac mechanics in patients without a hematologic response to chemotherapy. In conclusion, amyloidosis stage correlated with noninvasive measurements of cardiac mechanics, and improvement in dFLC correlated with cardiac improvement on short-term follow-up echocardiography.

Nipple sparing mastectomy in breast cancer patients and long-term survival outcomes: An analysis of the SEER database.

To determine the prevalence of nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) and its long-term survival outcomes in breast cancer patients.

Systematic Evaluation of Patients Treated With Neurothrombectomy Devices for Acute Ischemic Stroke: Primary Results of the STRATIS Registry.

Mechanical thrombectomy with stent retrievers has become standard of care for treatment of acute ischemic stroke patients because of large vessel occlusion. The STRATIS registry (Systematic Evaluation of Patients Treated With Neurothrombectomy Devices for Acute Ischemic Stroke) aimed to assess whether similar process timelines, technical, and functional outcomes could be achieved in a large real world cohort as in the randomized trials.

Desmoplastic Melanoma of the Head and Neck: Incidence and Survival, 1992-2013.

Objective To describe the epidemiological characteristics and survival of desmoplastic melanoma of the head and neck (DMHN) and discuss the factors influencing survival variation among DMHN, DM of other sites (DMnHN), and conventional melanoma of the head and neck (CMHN). Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (years 1992-2013). Subjects and Methods Incidence and survival data for 1095 patients with DMHN, 1139 patients with DMnHN, and 40,257 patients with CMHN were obtained. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to calculate survival outcomes. Results Patients with DMHN were diagnosed at greater Breslow thickness ( P < .001), stage ( P < .001), and Clark's level ( P < .001) compared to DMnHN and CMHN. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis demonstrated disease-specific survival (DSS) at 5 and 10 years for DMHN to be 80.5% and 74.7%, respectively, compared with 89.1% and 86%, respectively, for DMnHN and 88.1% and 83%, respectively, for CMHN (log-rank test; P < .001). On multivariate Cox regression analysis, age at diagnosis ( P < .001), Breslow depth >4.00 mm ( P = .006), lymph node status ( P < .001), and presence of ulceration ( P < .001) were found to be independent predictors of DSS for DMHN. Conclusion The increasing incidence and poor survivability of DMHN compared to DMnHN and CMHN are parsimoniously explained by the later stage of disease and depth of invasion at diagnosis, highlighting the importance of improved diagnosis and awareness of DMHN.

Lean diabetes in middle-aged adults: A joint analysis of the German DIVE and DPV registries.

To assess differences in demographics, treatment and outcome of lean (LD) compared to overweight and obese people with diabetes clinically classified as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Comparison of the Frequency of Acute Kidney Injury in Patients With Renal Transplant Who Underwent Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery.

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) are established modalities of coronary revascularization. Choosing between the two requires taking into consideration not only disease severity, patient characteristics, and expected outcomes but also adverse effects. One such adverse effect is acute kidney injury (AKI), especially when considering coronary revascularization in patients with renal transplant (RT). We searched the National Inpatient Sample from 2008 to 2014 using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes for patients with RT (V42.0) who underwent PCI (00.66, 36.06, and 36.07) and CABG (36.1×, 36.2, and 36.3×). We further identified patients with AKI (584.5, 584.6, 584.7, 584.8, and 584.9) and those on dialysis (39.95). The propensity score model/method was used to form matched cohorts for PCI and CABG. We compared the incidence of AKI and AKI requiring dialysis in CABG and PCI groups. We identified 1,871 patients who underwent PCI and 1,878 patients who underwent CABG after propensity score matching. We found the incidence of both AKI (22% vs 38%, odds ratio 2.20, 95% confidence interval 1.91 to 2.54, p <0.0001) and AKI requiring dialysis (1% vs 3%, odds ratio 2.50, 95% confidence interval 1.49 to 4.19, p = 0.001) to be significantly higher in the CABG compared with the PCI cohort. In conclusion, the results of the study reflect the importance of accounting for the RT status before choosing between PCI and CABG for coronary revascularization.

Impact of Frailty and Disability on 30-Day Mortality in Older Patients With Acute Heart Failure.

The objectives were to determine the impact of frailty and disability on 30-day mortality and whether the addition of these variables to HFRSS EFFECT risk score (FBI-EFFECT model) improves the short-term mortality predictive capacity of both HFRSS EFFECT and BI-EFFECT models in older patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) atended in the emergency department. We performed a retrospective analysis of OAK Registry including all consecutive patients ≥65 years old with ADHF attended in 3 Spanish emergency departments over 4 months. FBI-EFFECT model was developed by adjusting probabilities of HFRSS EFFECT risk categories according to the 6 groups (G1: non frail, no or mildly dependent; G2: frail, no or mildly dependent; G3: non frail, moderately dependent; G4: frail, moderately dependent; G5: severely dependent; G6: very severely dependent).We included 596 patients (mean age: 83 [SD7]; 61.2% females). The 30-day mortality was 11.6% with statistically significant differences in the 6 groups (p < 0.001). After adjusting for HFRSS EFFECT risk categories, we observed a progressive increase in hazard ratios from groups G2 to G6 compared with G1 (reference). FBI-EFFECT had a better prognostic accuracy than did HFRSS EFFECT (log-rank p < 0.001; Net Reclassification Improvement [NRI] = 0.355; p < 0.001; Integrated Discrimination Improvement [IDI] = 0.052; p ;< 0.001) and BI-EFFECT (log-rank p = 0.067; NRI = 0.210; p = 0.033; IDI = 0.017; p = 0.026). In conclusion, severe disability and frailty in patients with moderate disability are associated with 30-day mortality in ADHF, providing additional value to HFRSS EFFECT model in predicting short-term prognosis and establishing a care plan.

Incidence, Treatment, and Outcomes of Coronary Perforation During Chronic Total Occlusion Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Coronary perforation is a potential complication of chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We analyzed 2,097 CTO PCIs performed in 2,049 patients from 2012 to 2017. Patient age was 65 ± 10 years, 85% were men, and 36% had prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Technical and procedural success were 88% and 87%, respectively. A major periprocedural adverse cardiovascular event occurred in 2.6%. Coronary perforation occurred in 85 patients (4.1%); The frequency of Ellis class 1, 2, and 3 perforations was 21%, 26%, and 52%, respectively. Perforation occurred more frequently in older patients and those with previous coronary artery bypass graft surgery (61% vs 35%, p < 0.001). Cases with perforation were angiographically more complex (Multicenter CTO Registry in Japan score 3.0 ± 1.2 vs 2.5 ± 1.3, p < 0.001). Twelve patients (14%) with perforation experienced tamponade requiring pericardiocentesis. Patient age, previous PCI, right coronary artery target CTO, blunt or no stump, use of antegrade dissection re-entry, and the retrograde approach were associated with perforation. Adjusted odds ratio for periprocedural major periprocedural adverse cardiovascular events among patients with perforation was 15.04 (95% confidence interval 7.35 to 30.18). In conclusion, perforation occurs relatively infrequently in contemporary CTO PCI performed by experienced operators and is associated with baseline patient characteristics and angiographic complexity necessitating use of advanced crossing techniques. In most cases, perforations do not result in tamponade requiring pericardiocentesis, but they are associated with reduced technical and procedural success, higher periprocedural major adverse events, and reduced procedural efficiency.

Association Between Health Insurance Status and In-Hospital Outcomes After ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

Lack of health insurance is associated with adverse clinical outcomes; however, association between health insurance status and outcomes in patients presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is unclear. Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample data from 2003 to 2014, hospitalizations with STEMI in patients 18 years of age and older were extracted. Based on health insurance status, patients were categorized into insured and uninsured groups. The primary outcome measure was in-hospital mortality. Adjusted analysis using inverse probability weighting with multivariable regression was performed to identify independent predictors of in-hospital mortality. Of 2,710,375 patients included in the final analysis, 220,770 patients were uninsured. Unadjusted in-hospital mortality was lower in uninsured patients (5.1% vs 9.3%; p <0.001). Adjusted analysis showed that lack of health insurance was associated with the worst in-hospital mortality (odds ratio [OR] = 1.77, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.72 to 1.82; p <0.001). Other independent predictors of in-hospital mortality were low household income (OR = 1.08, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.09; p <0.001), acute stroke (OR = 2.87, 95% CI 2.80 to 2.95; p <0.001), acute kidney injury (OR = 2.60, 95% CI 2.57 to 2.64; p <0.001), cardiac arrest (OR = 8.88, 95% CI 8.77 to 8.99; p <0.001), cardiogenic shock (OR = 5.81, 95% CI 5.74 to 5.88; p <0.001), requirement of pericardiocentesis (OR = 10.54, 95% CI 9.64 to 11.52; p <0.001), gastrointestinal bleeding (OR = 1.41, 95% CI 1.38 to 1.54; p <0.001), and pneumonia (OR = 1.43, 95% CI 1.41 to 1.45; p <0.001). The multivariate model demonstrated good statistical discrimination (c-statistic = 0.89). In conclusion, lack of health insurance is independently associated with increased in-hospital mortality in patients presenting with STEMI.

In-Hospital Outcomes of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation in Patients With End-Stage Renal Disease on Dialysis from a Large National Database.

The outcomes of patients with end-stage renal disease on dialysis (chronic kidney disease stage 5 on dialysis [CKD 5D]) who undergo transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) are not well described due to the exclusion of this group in randomized trials. We analyzed the National Inpatient Sample database and compared clinical characteristics and in-hospital outcomes for patients with CKD 5D versus those without CKD 5D (nondialysis group) who underwent TAVI in 2011 to 2014 in the United States. The study population included 1,708 patients (4%) with CKD 5D and 40,481 patients (96%) without CKD 5D who underwent TAVI. Patients with CKD 5D were younger (75.3 ± 9.9 vs 81.4 ± 8.4 years, p <0.001), more likely to be men (62.8% vs 52%, p <0.001), and less likely to be Caucasian (73.6% vs 87.8%, p <0.001). Patients with CKD 5D were more likely to have congestive heart failure (16% vs 11.7%, p <0.001), diabetes with chronic complications (19% vs 5.4%, p <0.001), hypertension (86.5% vs 79.3%, p <0.001), and peripheral vascular disease (34.5% vs 29.4%, p <0.001), but were less likely to have atrial fibrillation (38.6% vs 44.8%, p <0.001) and chronic pulmonary disease (27.5% vs 33.6%, p <0.001). In-hospital mortality was significantly higher in the dialysis group (8.2% vs 4%; adjusted odds ratio 2.21, 95% confidence interval1.81 to 2.69, p <0.001) after adjusting for age, gender, co-morbidities, and hospital characteristics in a robust multivariate regression model. In conclusion, patients with CKD 5D who undergo TAVI have a higher in-hospital mortality than those without CKD 5D.

The impact of hospital volume on perioperative outcomes of rectal cancer.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of hospital volume on perioperative outcomes of clinical tumour stage (cT)1-3 and cT4 rectal cancer.