A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

Respiratory Tract Diseases - Top 30 Publications

Asthma Mortality Among Persons Aged 15-64 Years, by Industry and Occupation - United States, 1999-2016.

In 2015, an estimated 18.4 million U.S. adults had current asthma, and 3,396 adult asthma deaths were reported (1). An estimated 11%-21% of asthma deaths might be attributable to occupational exposures (2). To describe asthma mortality among persons aged 15-64 years,* CDC analyzed multiple cause-of-death data† for 1999-2016 and industry and occupation information collected from 26 states§ for the years 1999, 2003, 2004, and 2007-2012. Proportionate mortality ratios (PMRs)¶ for asthma among persons aged 15-64 years were calculated. During 1999-2016, a total of 14,296 (42.9%) asthma deaths occurred among males and 19,011 (57.1%) occurred among females. Based on an estimate that 11%-21% of asthma deaths might be related to occupational exposures, during this 18-year period, 1,573-3,002 asthma deaths in males and 2,091-3,992 deaths in females might have resulted from occupational exposures. Some of these deaths might have been averted by instituting measures to prevent potential workplace exposures. The annual age-adjusted asthma death rate** per 1 million persons aged 15-64 years declined from 13.59 in 1999 to 9.34 in 2016 (p<0.001) among females, and from 9.14 (1999) to 7.78 (2016) (p<0.05) among males. The highest significantly elevated asthma PMRs for males were for those in the food, beverage, and tobacco products manufacturing industry (1.82) and for females were for those in the social assistance industry (1.35) and those in community and social services occupations (1.46). Elevated asthma mortality among workers in certain industries and occupations underscores the importance of optimal asthma management and identification and prevention of potential workplace exposures.

Osimertinib as First-Line Treatment in EGFR-Mutated Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.

Case 1-2018. A 39-Year-Old Woman with Rapidly Progressive Respiratory Failure.

Long-Term Effects of Inhaled Budesonide for Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia.

The long-term effects on neurodevelopment of the use of inhaled glucocorticoids in extremely preterm infants for the prevention or treatment of bronchopulmonary dysplasia are uncertain.

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy caused by acute respiratory stress from extubation: A case report.

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is a transient systolic dysfunction of the left ventricular apex without stenosis of coronary arteries and is induced by various psychological and physical factors. TCM sometimes causes lethal complications such as arrhythmia, thrombogenesis, and even cardiac rupture, and thus it should be diagnosed appropriately and managed carefully. Intensive care unit (ICU) patients are exposed to overstress during the treatment process and therefore can are at potential risk for TCM.

Secondary systemic lupus erythematosus after thymoma resection misdiagnosed as medically unexplained dyspnoea: A case report.

Secondary systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an exceedingly rare complication of thymoma resection and is difficult to diagnose because of the insidious and nonspecific clinical manifestations. A case of SLE that occurs secondary to thymoma resection is described in this report.

Different histological types of triple metachronous primary lung carcinomas in 1 patient: Case report.

The documented incidence of multiple primary lung cancer has increased as a result of the widespread use of early detection tools. We report the successful surgical treatment of a case who had consecutive metachronous adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of the lung after successful treatment for small cell carcinoma of the lung.A 73-year-old man underwent a routine health check-up. Computed tomography showed ground-glass opacity in the upper lobe of the right lung, which was diagnosed as small cell carcinoma. Twenty-nine months after concurrent chemoradiotherapy for the carcinoma, which was in complete remission, a nodule was detected in the apical segment of the right upper lobe. Histopathologically, the tumor was diagnosed as poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. The second metachronous adenocarcinoma was completely removed by right upper lobectomy with lymph node dissection. Seventeen months later, the patient underwent left upper lobectomy with lymph node dissection and received 4 cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy for another moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma.

Characteristics of lymph node metastasis in resected adenosquamous lung cancer.

The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the clinical data of resected adenosquamous lung cancer (ASLC) and to explore the influencing factors and clinicopathological characteristics of the metastasis lymph nodes. A total of 1156 consecutive patients with surgically resected lung cancer from January 2009 to June 2014 were studied. Fifty-four previously diagnosed ASLC patients were re-evaluated by experienced pathologists. IHC and H&E staining were employed to examine the primary focus and metastasis lymph nodes. The relationship between lymph node metastasis and clinicopathological characteristics of ASLC patients was then analyzed and the pathological type of metastasis lymph node was also determined. Forty-nine cases of typical ASLC were included in the study. Of the 49 ASLC patients, 26 cases presented lymph node metastasis. Lymph node metastasis was not associated with gender, smoking, tumor distribution, histological type of primary focus, and preoperative CEA level, but was associated with age ≥ 65 (P < .05) and tumor size ≥ 3 cm (P < .05). Lymph node metastasis adenocarcinoma was the main type in ASLC patients, and was related to the age and tumor size of the primary focus. Further large sample studies are necessary to identify influencing factors and clinicopathological characteristics of metastasis lymph nodes.

Severe pertussis infection: A clinicopathological study.

We aimed to investigate the clinicopathological features of pertussis in children admitted to a tertiary-care university hospital in Brazil.This was a retrospective cohort study of all pediatric hospital admissions with pertussis from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2014. We also reported the autopsy findings in children who died.Fifty-five patients admitted to the hospital over the study period had laboratorial confirmation of Bordetella pertussis infection, 17 (30.9%) needed pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission and 6 (10.9%) died. All patients who died were younger than 60 days old and unvaccinated for pertussis; 50% of them had coinfection with respiratory syncytial virus. Leukocyte count ≥40,000/mm at hospital admission was an independent risk factor for PICU admission. Mean heart rate during hospitalization ≥160 bpm was an independent risk factor for death. A cut-off point of 41,200 leukocytes/mm at hospital admission had sensitivity of 64.7% and specificity of 89.5% to predict PICU admission (area under the curve 0.75) and sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 81.6% to predict death (area under the curve 0.93). Autopsy showed medial thickening of small pulmonary arteries in 80% of patients who had pulmonary hypertension; intravascular aggregates of leukocytes or pulmonary thrombosis were not observed. Immunohistochemical staining of tissue samples obtained at autopsy identified B pertussis and respiratory syncytial virus in pulmonary and extra-pulmonary sites.Marked leukocytosis at presentation was associated with morbidity and mortality in children hospitalized with pertussis. Implementation of preventive strategies is crucial to diminish the incidence of the disease, especially in young unimmunized infants.

Lung inflammation originating in the gut.

Pneumomediastinum Associated with Influenza A Infection.

Closure of fistula of the hard palate with two layers of mucoperiosteum.

Oronasal fistula represents a functional problem, as it may result in nasal regurgitation of food and fluids and it also leads to hypernasal speech. Many methods have been proposed for its closure with a high recurrence rate. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of closure of hard palate fistula by two layers of mucoperiosteal flaps.

Postoperative bradycardia following adenotonsillectomy in children: Does intraoperative administration of dexmedetomidine play a role?

Dexmedetomidine is a novel pharmacologic agent that has become a frequently used adjunct during care of pediatric patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) undergoing tonsillectomy. While generally safe and effective, dexmedetomidine is associated with adverse effects of hypotension and bradycardia from its central sympatholytic effects. Due to safety concerns, our institution routinely admits patients with OSA for overnight cardiorespiratory monitoring following tonsillectomy. With such monitoring, we have anecdotally noted bradycardia in our patients and sought to investigate whether this was related to the increased use of intra-operative dexmedetomidine.

Health-related quality of life in children with dysphonia and validation of the French Pediatric Voice Handicap Index.

voice disorders are common in the pediatric population and can negatively affect children's quality of life. The pediatric voice handicap Index (pVHI) is a valid instrument to assess parental perception of their children voice but it is not translated into French language. The aim of the present study was to adapt a French version of the pVHI and to evaluate its psychometric properties including construct validity, reliability, and some aspects of external validity.

Adaptation and validation of Mandarin Chinese version of the pediatric Voice Handicap Index (pVHI).

The aim of this study was to adapt and validate the English version of pediatric voice handicap index (pVHI) into Mandarin Chinese.
 METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed from May 2016 to April 2017. A total of 367 parents participated in this study, and 338 parents completed the translated questionnaire without missing data, including 213 parents of children with voice disorders (patients group), and 125 parents of children without voice disorders (control group). The internal consistency, test-retest reliability, contents validity, construct validity, clinical validity, and cutoff point were calculated.

Hearing loss in children with primary ciliary dyskinesia.

To evaluate the type and severity of hearing impairment in pediatric patients with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) and relate these measures to patient demographics, treatment options, and other otologic factors.

A novel technique for unilateral supraglottoplasty.

Traditional supraglottoplasty for pediatric laryngomalacia is most commonly conducted with either CO2 laser or cold steel instruments. While the procedure enjoys high success rates, serious complications such as excessive bleeding, supraglottic stenosis and aspiration can occur. Unilateral coblation supraglottoplasty may reduce this risk, but data on respiratory and swallowing outcomes are lacking. This study reports our experiences with unilateral coblation supraglottoplasty.

Congenital respiratory tract disorders in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome.

Respiratory tract disorders have been reported in patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome, however infrequently. This study describes the respiratory tract disorders encountered in a cohort of 278 patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome.

Correlation between the single, high dose of ingested baclofen and clinical symptoms.

Baclofen is a drug used mainly to treat muscle spasticity. Its overdose can lead to life-threatening clinical symptoms, including acute respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of selected clinical symptoms associated with baclofen poisoning comparing to an ingested dose.

KAI1/CD82, Metastasis Suppressor Gene as a Therapeutic Target for Non-Small-Cell Lung Carcinoma.

Lung cancer is the most frequent malignancy and the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide; it is the second most common cancer, comprising 1.69 million deaths worldwide per year. Among these, 85% of lung cancers are non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). Metastasis is common in NSCLC patients and are responsible for most deaths. Kang-Ai 1 (KAI1), a tumor metastasis suppressor gene also known as Cluster of Differentiation 82 (CD82), is a member of the membrane tetraspanin protein family, which are capable of inhibiting the metastatic process in NSCLC. KAI1/CD82 suppresses metastasis via multiple mechanisms regulating inhibition of cell motility, adhesion, fusion, and proliferation. KAI1 may attenuate signaling to shut down metastatic colonization through attenuation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling and inhibition of the Wnt signaling pathways. In this review, we focus on the differential expression of KAI1/CD82, a tumor metastasis suppressor gene that can inhibit cancer invasion and cell metastasis during NSCLC. The differential expression of KAI1/CD82 could prove to be of novel therapeutic significance in treating malignant tumors and in reducing their metastatic potential.

Choanal Atresia and Craniosynostosis: Development and Disease.

A number of textbooks, review articles, and case reports highlight the potential comorbidity of choanal atresia in craniosynostosis patients. However, the lack of a precise definition of choanal atresia within the current craniosynostosis literature and widely varying methods of detection and diagnosis have produced uncertainty regarding the true coincidence of these conditions. The authors review the anatomy and embryologic basis of the human choanae, provide an overview of choanal atresia, and analyze the available literature that links choanal atresia and craniosynostosis. Review of over 50 case reports that describe patients diagnosed with both conditions reveals inconsistent descriptions of choanal atresia and limited use of definitive diagnostic methodologies. The authors further present preliminary analysis of three-dimensional medical head computed tomographic scans of children diagnosed with craniosynostosis syndromes (e.g., Apert, Pfeiffer, Muenke, and Crouzon) and typically developing children and, although finding no evidence of choanal atresia, report the potentially reduced nasal airway volumes in children diagnosed with Apert and Pfeiffer syndromes. A recent study of the Fgfr2c Crouzon/Pfeiffer syndrome mouse model similarly found a significant reduction in nasal airway volumes in littermates carrying this FGFR2 mutation relative to unaffected littermates, without detection of choanal atresia. The significant correlation between specific craniosynostosis syndromes and reduced nasal airway volume in mouse models for craniosynostosis and human pediatric patients indicates comorbidity of choanal and nasopharyngeal dysmorphologies and craniosynostosis conditions. Genetic, developmental, and epidemiologic sources of these interactions are areas particularly worthy of further research.

Haematological factors in the management of adult epistaxis: systematic review.

The management of epistaxis requires an understanding of haematological factors that may complicate its treatment. This systematic review includes six distinct reviews examining the evidence supporting epistaxis-specific management strategies relating to warfarin, direct oral anticoagulants, heparin, antiplatelet agents, tranexamic acid and transfusion.

Surgical and interventional radiological management of adult epistaxis: systematic review.

There is variation regarding the use of surgery and interventional radiological techniques in the management of epistaxis. This review evaluates the effectiveness of surgical artery ligation compared to direct treatments (nasal packing, cautery), and that of embolisation compared to direct treatments and surgery.

Intranasal packs and haemostatic agents for the management of adult epistaxis: systematic review.

The mainstay of management of epistaxis refractory to first aid and cautery is intranasal packing. This review aimed to identify evidence surrounding nasal pack use.

Initial assessment in the management of adult epistaxis: systematic review.

The initial assessment of epistaxis patients commonly includes: first aid measures, observations, focused history taking, and clinical examinations and investigations. This systematic review aimed to identify evidence that informs how the initial assessment of these patients should be conducted.

Epistaxis 2016: national audit of management.

Epistaxis is a common condition that can be associated with significant morbidity, and it places a considerable burden on our healthcare system. This national audit of management sought to assess current practice against newly created consensus recommendations and to expand our current evidence base.

Intranasal cautery for the management of adult epistaxis: systematic review.

Cauterisation techniques are commonly used and widely accepted for the management of epistaxis. This review assesses which methods of intranasal cautery should be endorsed as optimum treatment on the basis of benefits, risks, patient tolerance and economic assessment.

The British Rhinological Society multidisciplinary consensus recommendations on the hospital management of epistaxis.

Epistaxis is a common ENT emergency in the UK; however, despite the high incidence, there are currently no nationally accepted guidelines for its management. This paper seeks to recommend evidence-based best practice for the hospital management of epistaxis in adults.

The Efficacy of Wide Resection for Musculoskeletal Metastatic Lesions of Renal Cell Carcinoma.

This study evaluated the outcome of wide resection for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) to the bone or soft tissue.

Carcinoembryonic Antigen as a Predictive Biomarker of Response to Nivolumab in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer.

To find new predictive factors for the efficient use of immune checkpoint inhibitors in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).