A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

Respiratory Tract Diseases - Top 30 Publications

Authors' reply to Ryan, Menzies-Gow and Alexander, and Littlejohns.

Dental Personnel Treated for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis at a Tertiary Care Center - Virginia, 2000-2015.

In April 2016, a Virginia dentist who had recently received a diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and was undergoing treatment at a specialty clinic at a Virginia tertiary care center contacted CDC to report concerns that IPF had been diagnosed in multiple Virginia dentists who had sought treatment at the same specialty clinic. IPF is a chronic, progressive lung disease of unknown cause and associated with a poor prognosis (1). Although IPF has been associated with certain occupations (2), no published data exist regarding IPF in dentists. The medical records for all 894 patients treated for IPF at the Virginia tertiary care center during September 1996-June 2017 were reviewed for evidence that the patient had worked as a dentist, dental hygienist, or dental technician; among these patients, eight (0.9%) were identified as dentists and one (0.1%) as a dental technician, and each had sought treatment during 2000-2015. Seven of these nine patients had died. A questionnaire was administered to one of the living patients, who reported polishing dental appliances and preparing amalgams and impressions without respiratory protection. Substances used during these tasks contained silica, polyvinyl siloxane, alginate, and other compounds with known or potential respiratory toxicity. Although no clear etiologies for this cluster exist, occupational exposures possibly contributed. This cluster of IPF cases reinforces the need to understand further the unique occupational exposures of dental personnel and the association between these exposures and the risk for developing IPF so that appropriate strategies can be developed for the prevention of potentially harmful exposures.

Pleural and lung metastasis from degenerated multiple adenofibromas: about a case.

Multiple adenofibromas or adenofibromatosis is characterized by the presence of at least 3 mono- or bilateral adenofibromas increasing significantly in size, causing trophic disorders. We report the case of a 46-year old female patient who had been followed up since she was 30 years old for bilateral adenofibromatosis that required 4 surgical procedures. Patient's medical data were collected in the Department of Respiratory Diseases at the Ibn Rochd University Hospital Center, Casablanca. Basing on preoperative assessment before bilateral mastectomy, the patient underwent chest X-ray that showed opaque right hemithorax exerting compression on the mediastinum. Clinical examination showed effusion syndrome in the right hemithorax and left supraclavicular cervical adenopathy. Pleural puncture biopsy confirmed the presence of poorly differentiated invasive carcinoma in the pleura, supporting breast origin. Bronchoscopy after pleural puncture objectified infiltration of the whole bronchial tree; biopsies confirmed the anatomopathological results. The recommended treatment strategy was based on multidrug chemotherapy. Patient's evolution was marked by the occurrence of hepatic metastases. This study shows that adenofibromas require regular monitoring given the risk of trasformation to breast cancer, which is a frequent cause of pleuropulmonary metastases.

Initial manifestation and atypical site for metastatic synovial sarcoma in an immunocompetent adult patient: about a case and literature review.

Synovial sarcoma (SS) is a rare tumor. It is characterized by various sites of occurrence but rarely involves the chest. The tumor may be wrongly diagnosed as benign due to its slow growth. Less than 10% of patients present with metastatic cancer. Endobronchial metastases are exceptional. Immunohistochemical examination and cytogenetic analysis allow to distinguish it from other mesenchymal tumors. The presence of SYT-SSX fusion transcript allows the diagnosis. Surgery is used for localized tumors that can be treated with radiation therapy while chemiotherapy is used for metastatic tumors. The average rate of locoregional or metastatic recurrence two years after SS is 50%. We report the case of a 28-year old patient with metastatic SS characterized by its uncommon metastatic site. He presented with endobronchial metastasis revealing his disease, that had evolved for more than 2 years. The SS is life-threatening due to its slow and insidious growth. Prognosis is guarded. This study aimed to emphasize this atypical site for metastatic synovial sarcoma as well as to insist on the role of early diagnosis and treatment.

Objective testing is cost effective.

Prevention of pharyngocutaneous fistula in salvage total laryngectomy: role of the pectoralis major flap and peri-operative management.

This study aimed to evaluate the impact of an onlay pectoralis major flap in reducing the incidence of pharyngocutaneous fistula after salvage total laryngectomy and determine the complications of pectoralis major flap reconstruction.

Conflicting asthma guidelines reflect different motives.

Lung Recruitment and Positive End-Expiratory Pressure Titration in Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome-Reply.

Lung Recruitment and Positive End-Expiratory Pressure Titration in Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

Lung Recruitment and Positive End-Expiratory Pressure Titration in Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

Lung Recruitment and Positive End-Expiratory Pressure Titration in Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

Efficacy and safety of image-guidance radiotherapy by helical tomotherapy in patients with lung cancer.

This study aimed to explore the efficacy and toxicity of image-guided stereotactic body radiotherapy (IGSBR) by helical tomotherapy in patients with lung cancer among Chinese Han population.A total of 21 patients with stage I lung cancer were included. They received a total of 60 Gy factions IGSBR. The outcomes included complete response (CR), partial response (PR), stable disease (SD), progress disease (PD), overall response rate (ORR), and overall survival (OS). In addition, toxicities were also recorded in this study.Three-year CR, PR, SD, PD, ORR, and OS were 47.6%, 38.1%, 9.5%, 4.8%, 85.7%, and 48.0 months, respectively. Additionally, mild toxicities were found in this study.This study demonstrated that IGSBR is efficacious for patients with stage I lung cancer with mild toxicities among Chinese Han population.

Association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration and pulmonary infection in children.

We assessed the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level and community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) among Chinese children.This observational study examined children aged 3 days to 14 years (n = 1582) from the Capital Institute of Pediatrics in 2009 to 2011. There were 797 children in the CAP group and 785 controls. The CAP group was divided into 2 groups: a pneumonia group and pneumonia-induced sepsis group. The serum 25(OH)D level was estimated using micro whole blood chemiluminescence.The average serum 25(OH)D level in all samples was 25.32 ± 14.07 ng/mL, with the CAP group showing a lower value than the control group (P < .001). There were also significant differences between the pneumonia group and pneumonia-induced sepsis group (P < .001). In the pneumonia-induced sepsis group, significant differences in serum 25(OH)D levels were observed in children who received mechanical ventilation or presenting with multiple organ dysfunction (P < .01).All serum 25(OH)D levels in the pneumonia group and pneumonia-induced sepsis group were below normal levels, particularly in the sepsis group. A lower serum 25(OH)D level was associated with more serious symptoms in CAP children. Children with low serum 25(OH)D levels may be at higher risk of receiving mechanical ventilation and presenting with multiple organ dysfunction. These findings suggest that vitamin D supplements are beneficial for the treatment and prevention of CAP.

Effective assessment of low times MET amplification in pleural effusion after epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) acquired resistance: Cases report.

The mechanism of the first-generation epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) acquired resistance included T790M mutation, cellular-mesenchymal to epithelial transition factor (MET) or EGFR amplification, PIK3CA mutation, and transformation to small cell lung cancer. MET amplification accounted for only about 5% of the resistance cases.

Longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis with pulmonary tuberculosis: Two case reports.

Longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) is characterized by contiguous inflammatory lesions of spinal cord extending to ≥3 vertebral segments. The etiology of LETM is complicated, including various infection, autoimmune disease, and so on. Neuromyelitis optic spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is the most common cause of LETM. Several case reports have suggested the associations between NMOSD and pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB).

Fungemia caused by Penicillium marneffei in an immunocompetent patient with COPD: A unique case report.

This report describes a rare case in Wenzhou city of Zhejiang province that a non-HIV infected male recovering from fungemia caused by Penicillium marneffei (P. marneffei). Interestingly, it's very easy to misdiagnose with aspergillosis, a fungal disease prevalent in Wenzhou, during the whole procedure.

Peripheral mucous gland adenoma of the lung with parenchymal involvement and smooth muscle in the stroma: A rare case report and literature review.

Mucous gland adenoma is an extremely rare benign tumor predominately presented in central bronchus. Thus far, only six cases located in the periphery have been reported in English literature.

Extramedullary plasmacytoma of the trachea: A case report and review of the literature.

Extramedullary plasmacytomas (EMPs) are rare solitary soft tissue tumors characterized by monoclonal proliferation of plasma cells. Most lesions occur in the head and neck, but primary tracheal lesions are very rare.

Herbal medicine (Bojungikki-tang) for allergic rhinitis: A protocol for a systematic review of controlled trials.

Bojungikki-tang, a herbal medicine for strengthening the digestive system, has been widely used in East Asian countries since the Yuan Dynasty in China. Moreover, Bojungikki-tang has reportedly exhibited anti-allergy effects in many clinical trials. This systematic review will assess the effectiveness and safety of Bojungikki-tang for allergic rhinitis (AR).

CT measurements of central pulmonary vasculature as predictors of severe exacerbation in COPD.

To identify a predictive value for the exacerbation status of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) subjects, we evaluated the relationship between pulmonary vascular measurements on chest CT and severe COPD exacerbation.Six hundred three subjects enrolled in the COPDGene population were included and divided into nonexacerbator (n = 313) and severe exacerbator (n = 290) groups, based on whether they had an emergency room visit and/or hospitalization for COPD exacerbation. We measured the diameter of the main pulmonary artery (MPA) and ascending aorta (AA) at 2 different sites of the MPA (the tubular midportion and bifurcation) on both axial images and multiplanar reconstructions. Using multiple logistic regression analyses, we evaluated the relationship between each CT-measured pulmonary vasculature and exacerbation status.Axial and multiplanar MPA to AA diameter ratios (PA:AA ratios) at the tubular midportion and the axial PA:AA ratios at the bifurcation indicated significant association with severe exacerbation. The strongest association was found with the axial PA:mean AA ratio at the bifurcation (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 12.53, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.35-66.74, P = .003) and the axial PA:major AA ratio at the tubular midportion (adjusted OR = 10.72, 95% CI = 1.99-57.86, P = .006). No differences were observed in the MPA diameter. Receiver operating characteristic analysis of these variables indicates that they may serve as a good predictive value for severe exacerbation (area under the curve, 0.77-0.78). The range of cut-off value for PA:AA ratio was 0.8 to 0.87.CT-measured PA:AA ratios at either the bifurcation or the tubular site, measured either on axial or multiplanar images, are useful for identification of the risk of severe exacerbation, and consequently can be helpful in guiding the management of COPD. Although CT measurement was used at the level of pulmonary bifurcation in previous studies, we suggest that future studies should monitor the tubular site of the MPA for maximum diagnostic value of CT in pulmonary hypertension or severe COPD exacerbation, as the tubular site of the MPA remains relatively constant on CT images.

Durvalumab in Stage III Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.

Durvalumab in Stage III Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.

Escalating Inhaled Glucocorticoids to Prevent Asthma Exacerbations.

Quadrupling Inhaled Glucocorticoid Dose to Abort Asthma Exacerbations.

Asthma exacerbations are frightening for patients and are occasionally fatal. We tested the concept that a plan for patients to manage their asthma (self-management plan), which included a temporary quadrupling of the dose of inhaled glucocorticoids when asthma control started to deteriorate, would reduce the incidence of severe asthma exacerbations among adults and adolescents with asthma.

Quintupling Inhaled Glucocorticoids to Prevent Childhood Asthma Exacerbations.

Asthma exacerbations occur frequently despite the regular use of asthma-controller therapies, such as inhaled glucocorticoids. Clinicians commonly increase the doses of inhaled glucocorticoids at early signs of loss of asthma control. However, data on the safety and efficacy of this strategy in children are limited.

Inferior Vena Cava Filters: Current Indications, Techniques, and Recommendations.

The vena cava filter (VCF) is intended to prevent the progression of deep venous thrombosis to pulmonary embolism. Recently, the indications for VCF placement have expanded, likely due in part to newer retrievable inferior vena caval filters and minimally invasive techniques. This article reviews the available VCFs, the indications for use, the techniques for placement, and possible outcomes and complications.

Pulmonary Embolism: Current Role of Catheter Treatment Options and Operative Thrombectomy.

Pulmonary embolism remains a leading cause of death in the United States, with an estimated 180,000 deaths per year. Guideline-based treatment in most cases recommends oral anticoagulation for 3 months. However, in a small subset of patients, the "submassive, high-risk" by current nomenclature, with hemodynamic instability, more advanced therapeutic options are available. Treatment modalities to extract the thromboembolism and reduce pressure overload in the cardiopulmonary system include use of intravenous or catheter-directed thrombolytic agents, catheter-directed mechanical thrombectomy, and surgical embolectomy. This article discusses current minimally invasive and surgical methods for reducing embolic burden in patients with submassive, high-risk pulmonary embolism.

Evidence-Based Therapies for Pharmacologic Prevention and Treatment of Acute Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism.

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a significant mortal and morbid disease. The major risks have not changed and many patients present with unprovoked VTE disease. Prevention of VTE in hospitalized patients depends on comprehensive risk factor assessment, with an individual risk score. Proper and timely prophylaxis with mechanical, pharmacologic, or both is then effective. Treatment of VTE with parenteral anticoagulation followed by either a direct oral anticoagulant or warfarin is standard to reduce risk of VTE recurrence and death. Selected cases of iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis may be treated by pharmacomechanical thrombolysis, but more data are needed before this is standard of care.

Clinical analysis of 138 multiple primary cancers diagnosed of digestive system malignant tumor initially.