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Chemical composition and antifungal activity of Matricaria recutita flower essential oil against medically important dermatophytes and soil-borne pathogens.

Abstract Fungal infections are potential public health threats all over the world. In the present study, effect of Matricaria recutita flower essential oil (EO) was evaluated against medically important dermatophytes and opportunistic saprophytes using microbioassay technique.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Soil Microbiology

Keywords
Journal Title journal de mycologie medicale
Publication Year Start




PMID- 23518164
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20130322
DCOM- 20140404
LR  - 20130322
IS  - 1773-0449 (Electronic)
IS  - 1156-5233 (Linking)
VI  - 22
IP  - 4
DP  - 2012 Dec
TI  - Chemical composition and antifungal activity of Matricaria recutita flower
      essential oil against medically important dermatophytes and soil-borne pathogens.
PG  - 308-15
LID - 10.1016/j.mycmed.2012.09.003 [doi]
LID - S1156-5233(12)00147-3 [pii]
AB  - OBJECTIVE: Fungal infections are potential public health threats all over the
      world. In the present study, effect of Matricaria recutita flower essential oil
      (EO) was evaluated against medically important dermatophytes and opportunistic
      saprophytes using microbioassay technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Flower
      essential oil (EO) of M. recutita prepared by hydrodistillation was analyzed by
      gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The effect of plant EO on the
      growth of pathogenic dermatophytes and opportunistic saprophytes was assessed
      using microbioassay technique. In the bioassay, fungi were cultured in 6-well
      flat-bottom microplates in presence of various concentrations of plant EO
      (2.5-1000mug/mL) for 4-10days at 28 degrees C. RESULTS: A total of 14 compounds
      were identified in the plant oil by GC/MS accounting for 97.5% of the oil
      composition. The main compound identified was chamazulene (61.3%) followed by
      isopropyl hexadecanoate (12.7%), trans-trans-farnesol (6.9%) and E-beta-farnesol 
      (5.2%). Growth inhibition for the dermatophytes exposed to serial two-fold
      concentrations of plant EO (2.5 to 80mug/mL) was reported in the range of 3.24 to
      68.15% for Microsporum gypseum, 24.48 to 100% for M. canis, 11.40 to 96.65% for
      Trichophyton mentagrophytes, 27.79 to 100% for T. rubrum and 45.73 to 100% for T.
      tonsurans. M. recutita EO inhibited the growth of opportunistic saprophytes by
      3.98 to 64.29% for Aspergillus flavus, 6.38 to 93.62% for A. fumigatus, 3.52 to
      89.45% for A. niger, 6.38 to 77.66% for Trichoderma harzianum and 17.41 to 89.41%
      for Fusarium oxysporum in serial two-fold concentrations of 15.62 to 1000mug/mL. 
      CONCLUSION: Results of the present study indicate that M. recutita could be
      considered as a potential candidate for designing effective antifungal
      formulations suitable for treatment of dermatophytosis and other fungal
      infections.
CI  - Copyright (c) 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
FAU - Jamalian, A
AU  - Jamalian A
AD  - Department of Mycology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, 13164 Tehran, Iran.
FAU - Shams-Ghahfarokhi, M
AU  - Shams-Ghahfarokhi M
FAU - Jaimand, K
AU  - Jaimand K
FAU - Pashootan, N
AU  - Pashootan N
FAU - Amani, A
AU  - Amani A
FAU - Razzaghi-Abyaneh, M
AU  - Razzaghi-Abyaneh M
LA  - eng
PT  - Comparative Study
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
DEP - 20121023
PL  - France
TA  - J Mycol Med
JT  - Journal de mycologie medicale
JID - 9425651
RN  - 0 (Antifungal Agents)
RN  - 0 (Azulenes)
RN  - 0 (Oils, Volatile)
RN  - 0 (Palmitates)
RN  - 4602-84-0 (Farnesol)
RN  - Z439UH6E5F (chamazulene)
SB  - IM
MH  - Antifungal Agents/chemistry/isolation & purification/*pharmacology
MH  - Aspergillus/*drug effects/growth & development
MH  - Azulenes/analysis
MH  - Distillation
MH  - Drug Evaluation, Preclinical
MH  - Farnesol/analysis
MH  - Flowers/*chemistry
MH  - Foeniculum/chemistry
MH  - Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
MH  - Hypericum/chemistry
MH  - Matricaria/*chemistry
MH  - Microbial Sensitivity Tests
MH  - Microsporum/*drug effects/growth & development
MH  - Oils, Volatile/chemistry/*pharmacology
MH  - Palmitates/analysis
MH  - Plant Leaves/chemistry
MH  - Plant Roots/chemistry
MH  - *Soil Microbiology
MH  - Trichophyton/*drug effects/growth & development
EDAT- 2013/03/23 06:00
MHDA- 2014/04/05 06:00
CRDT- 2013/03/23 06:00
PHST- 2012/07/13 [received]
PHST- 2012/09/05 [revised]
PHST- 2012/09/12 [accepted]
AID - S1156-5233(12)00147-3 [pii]
AID - 10.1016/j.mycmed.2012.09.003 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - J Mycol Med. 2012 Dec;22(4):308-15. doi: 10.1016/j.mycmed.2012.09.003. Epub 2012 
      Oct 23.