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Multiple chemical sensitivity: Clinical evaluation of the severity and psychopathological profile.

Abstract Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) is a multisystem disorder of controversial etiology, affecting some subjects when exposed to chemicals at no harmful concentrations. The objective of this paper is to describe the epidemiological, clinical and psychological features of a sample of patients with MCS for further specific group treatment.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Personality Assessment

Keywords

Multiple chemical sensitivity

Perfil psicológico

Personality traits

Psychological profile

Rasgos de personalidad

Sensibilidad química múltiple

Journal Title medicina clinica
Publication Year Start




PMID- 26654553
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20160124
DCOM- 20161017
LR  - 20161019
IS  - 0025-7753 (Print)
IS  - 0025-7753 (Linking)
VI  - 146
IP  - 3
DP  - 2016 Feb 5
TI  - [Multiple chemical sensitivity: Clinical evaluation of the severity and
      psychopathological profile].
PG  - 108-11
LID - 10.1016/j.medcli.2015.09.016 [doi]
LID - S0025-7753(15)00567-9 [pii]
AB  - INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) is a multisystem 
      disorder of controversial etiology, affecting some subjects when exposed to
      chemicals at no harmful concentrations. The objective of this paper is to
      describe the epidemiological, clinical and psychological features of a sample of 
      patients with MCS for further specific group treatment. PATIENS AND METHOD:
      Descriptive study of patients diagnosed with MCS in a toxicology unit. We
      administered the Quick Environmental Exposure and Sensitivity Inventory, the
      structured interview SCID-II, the anxiety scale HAS and the type A personality
      test, PCTA. RESULTS: Seventy-three patients were included. The mean age was 52,6 
      years (range 33-77; SD 9.29). Sixty-six were females (90.4%). Fifty-three percent
      were classified as i-ii and ii grade. Sixty-one patients (83%) presented some
      type of comorbidity, mainly chronic pain, fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue. They 
      exhibited higher levels of anxiety (average score of 19.2), prevalence of
      phobic-avoidant traits of personality and type A behavior in 31.1%. CONCLUSIONS: 
      MCS affects middle-aged women with comorbidities (chronic pain, fibromyalgia and 
      chronic fatigue) and high anxiety and avoidance behaviors. This preliminary
      analysis should help provide a specific therapeutic approach to these patients.
CI  - Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Espana, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
FAU - Lago Blanco, Eva
AU  - Lago Blanco E
AD  - Seccion de Psicologia Clinica, Servicio de Psiquiatria, Hospital Universitario
      Son Espases, Mallorca, Espana. Electronic address: [email protected]
FAU - Puiguriguer Ferrando, Jordi
AU  - Puiguriguer Ferrando J
AD  - Seccion de Toxicologia, Servicio de Urgencias, Hospital Universitario Son
      Espases, Mallorca, Espana.
FAU - Rodriguez Enriquez, Monica
AU  - Rodriguez Enriquez M
AD  - Seccion de Psicologia Clinica, Servicio de Psiquiatria, Hospital Universitario
      Son Espases, Mallorca, Espana.
FAU - Aguero Gento, Laura
AU  - Aguero Gento L
AD  - Seccion de Psicologia Clinica, Servicio de Psiquiatria, Hospital Universitario
      Son Espases, Mallorca, Espana.
FAU - Salva Coll, Joan
AU  - Salva Coll J
AD  - Servicio de Psiquiatria, Hospital Universitario Son Espases, Mallorca, Espana.
FAU - Piza Portell, Maria Rosa
AU  - Piza Portell MR
AD  - Seccion de Psicologia Clinica, Servicio de Psiquiatria, Hospital Universitario
      Son Espases, Mallorca, Espana.
LA  - SPA
PT  - Journal Article
TT  - Sensibilidad quimica multiple: evaluacion clinica de la gravedad y perfil
      psicopatologico.
DEP - 20151202
PL  - Spain
TA  - Med Clin (Barc)
JT  - Medicina clinica
JID - 0376377
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Age Distribution
MH  - Aged
MH  - Anxiety/epidemiology
MH  - Candidiasis, Vulvovaginal/epidemiology
MH  - Chronic Pain/epidemiology
MH  - Comorbidity
MH  - Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic/epidemiology
MH  - Female
MH  - Fibromyalgia/epidemiology
MH  - Habits
MH  - Humans
MH  - Interview, Psychological
MH  - Life Style
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Multiple Chemical Sensitivity/*epidemiology/psychology
MH  - *Personality Assessment
MH  - Polypharmacy
MH  - Severity of Illness Index
MH  - Sex Distribution
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Multiple chemical sensitivity
OT  - Perfil psicologico
OT  - Personality traits
OT  - Psychological profile
OT  - Rasgos de personalidad
OT  - Sensibilidad quimica multiple
EDAT- 2015/12/15 06:00
MHDA- 2016/10/19 06:00
CRDT- 2015/12/15 06:00
PHST- 2015/03/24 [received]
PHST- 2015/09/03 [revised]
PHST- 2015/09/10 [accepted]
AID - S0025-7753(15)00567-9 [pii]
AID - 10.1016/j.medcli.2015.09.016 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Med Clin (Barc). 2016 Feb 5;146(3):108-11. doi: 10.1016/j.medcli.2015.09.016.
      Epub 2015 Dec 2.

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