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Psychological symptoms and health-related quality of life in idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields.

Abstract Need for better understanding of the etiology of idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF) motivated the present study of psychological symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in person who attribute health problems to electromagnetic fields.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Electromagnetic Fields

Quality of Life

Keywords

Electromagnetic fields

Environmental illness

Perceived electromagnetic hypersensitivity

Quality of life

Symptomatology

Journal Title journal of psychosomatic research
Publication Year Start




PMID- 27095153
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20160420
DCOM- 20161213
LR  - 20161230
IS  - 1879-1360 (Electronic)
IS  - 0022-3999 (Linking)
VI  - 84
DP  - 2016 May
TI  - Psychological symptoms and health-related quality of life in idiopathic
      environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields.
PG  - 8-12
LID - 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2016.03.006 [doi]
LID - S0022-3999(16)30042-3 [pii]
AB  - OBJECTIVE: Need for better understanding of the etiology of idiopathic
      environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF)
      motivated the present study of psychological symptoms and health-related quality 
      of life (HRQoL) in person who attribute health problems to electromagnetic
      fields. METHODS: Participants with IEI-EMF (n=114) and a population-based sample 
      of referents (n=104) were investigated with six subscales of the Symptom
      Checklist 90 (SCL-90) to assess psychological symptoms, and with eight subscales 
      of the Short Form (36) Health Survey (SF-36) to assess HRQoL. RESULTS:
      Significantly higher scores were found on obsessive/compulsive behavior,
      interpersonal hypersensitivity, hostility, phobic anxiety, paranoid thoughts in
      the IEI-EMF group compared to referents, whereas only a tendency of such a
      difference was found for psychotism. Furthermore, poorer HRQoL in the IEI-EMF
      group, compared to referents, were found regarding physical and social
      functioning, physical and emotional role limitations, general health, vitality,
      bodily pain, and mental health. Significant correlation with moderate to strong
      effect sizes were found between several of the SCL-90 and SF-36 subscales.
      CONCLUSION: The results suggest that IEI-EMF is associated with various types of 
      psychological symptoms and with poor HRQoL. Clinical implications include
      theoretical support for cognitive behavioral therapy, and, although further
      research is needed, that attention should be directed towards feelings of
      inferiority and uneasiness in relationships as well as anger, hostility and
      resentment towards other people.
CI  - Copyright (c) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
FAU - Kjellqvist, Anna
AU  - Kjellqvist A
AD  - Department of Psychology, Umea University, Sweden.
FAU - Palmquist, Eva
AU  - Palmquist E
AD  - Department of Psychology, Umea University, Sweden.
FAU - Nordin, Steven
AU  - Nordin S
AD  - Department of Psychology, Umea University, Sweden. Electronic address:
      [email protected]
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
DEP - 20160310
PL  - England
TA  - J Psychosom Res
JT  - Journal of psychosomatic research
JID - 0376333
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Anger
MH  - Anxiety/etiology
MH  - Compulsive Personality Disorder/psychology
MH  - *Electromagnetic Fields
MH  - Emotions
MH  - Female
MH  - Health Status
MH  - Health Surveys
MH  - Hostility
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Multiple Chemical Sensitivity/etiology/*psychology
MH  - Paranoid Disorders/etiology
MH  - Phobic Disorders/etiology
MH  - *Quality of Life
MH  - Young Adult
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Electromagnetic fields
OT  - Environmental illness
OT  - Perceived electromagnetic hypersensitivity
OT  - Quality of life
OT  - Symptomatology
EDAT- 2016/04/21 06:00
MHDA- 2016/12/15 06:00
CRDT- 2016/04/21 06:00
PHST- 2015/11/10 [received]
PHST- 2016/03/04 [revised]
PHST- 2016/03/10 [accepted]
AID - S0022-3999(16)30042-3 [pii]
AID - 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2016.03.006 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - J Psychosom Res. 2016 May;84:8-12. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2016.03.006. Epub
      2016 Mar 10.

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