Psychological symptoms and health-related quality of life in idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields.
|Abstract||Need for better understanding of the etiology of idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF) motivated the present study of psychological symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in person who attribute health problems to electromagnetic fields.|
Polluted places or polluted minds? An experimental sham-exposure study on background psychological factors of symptom formation in 'Idiophatic Environmental Intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields'.
|Journal Title||journal of psychosomatic research|
|Publication Year Start||2016-01-01|
PMID- 27095153 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DA - 20160420 DCOM- 20161213 LR - 20161230 IS - 1879-1360 (Electronic) IS - 0022-3999 (Linking) VI - 84 DP - 2016 May TI - Psychological symptoms and health-related quality of life in idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields. PG - 8-12 LID - 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2016.03.006 [doi] LID - S0022-3999(16)30042-3 [pii] AB - OBJECTIVE: Need for better understanding of the etiology of idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF) motivated the present study of psychological symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in person who attribute health problems to electromagnetic fields. METHODS: Participants with IEI-EMF (n=114) and a population-based sample of referents (n=104) were investigated with six subscales of the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) to assess psychological symptoms, and with eight subscales of the Short Form (36) Health Survey (SF-36) to assess HRQoL. RESULTS: Significantly higher scores were found on obsessive/compulsive behavior, interpersonal hypersensitivity, hostility, phobic anxiety, paranoid thoughts in the IEI-EMF group compared to referents, whereas only a tendency of such a difference was found for psychotism. Furthermore, poorer HRQoL in the IEI-EMF group, compared to referents, were found regarding physical and social functioning, physical and emotional role limitations, general health, vitality, bodily pain, and mental health. Significant correlation with moderate to strong effect sizes were found between several of the SCL-90 and SF-36 subscales. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that IEI-EMF is associated with various types of psychological symptoms and with poor HRQoL. Clinical implications include theoretical support for cognitive behavioral therapy, and, although further research is needed, that attention should be directed towards feelings of inferiority and uneasiness in relationships as well as anger, hostility and resentment towards other people. CI - Copyright (c) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. FAU - Kjellqvist, Anna AU - Kjellqvist A AD - Department of Psychology, Umea University, Sweden. FAU - Palmquist, Eva AU - Palmquist E AD - Department of Psychology, Umea University, Sweden. FAU - Nordin, Steven AU - Nordin S AD - Department of Psychology, Umea University, Sweden. Electronic address: [email protected] LA - eng PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't DEP - 20160310 PL - England TA - J Psychosom Res JT - Journal of psychosomatic research JID - 0376333 SB - IM MH - Adult MH - Anger MH - Anxiety/etiology MH - Compulsive Personality Disorder/psychology MH - *Electromagnetic Fields MH - Emotions MH - Female MH - Health Status MH - Health Surveys MH - Hostility MH - Humans MH - Male MH - Middle Aged MH - Multiple Chemical Sensitivity/etiology/*psychology MH - Paranoid Disorders/etiology MH - Phobic Disorders/etiology MH - *Quality of Life MH - Young Adult OTO - NOTNLM OT - Electromagnetic fields OT - Environmental illness OT - Perceived electromagnetic hypersensitivity OT - Quality of life OT - Symptomatology EDAT- 2016/04/21 06:00 MHDA- 2016/12/15 06:00 CRDT- 2016/04/21 06:00 PHST- 2015/11/10 [received] PHST- 2016/03/04 [revised] PHST- 2016/03/10 [accepted] AID - S0022-3999(16)30042-3 [pii] AID - 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2016.03.006 [doi] PST - ppublish SO - J Psychosom Res. 2016 May;84:8-12. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2016.03.006. Epub 2016 Mar 10.
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