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Pollutant Levels at Cooking Place and Their Association with Respiratory Symptoms in Women in a Rural Area of Delhi-NCR.

Abstract Household air pollution resulting from biomass and coal stoves is implicated in more than one-third cases of annual deaths from chronic lung diseases worldwide and nearly 3% of lung cancer deaths. This burden is borne largely by poor women in the developing countries. We carried out a study to evaluate its association with respiratory symptoms in women in a rural area.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Air Pollution, Indoor

Environmental Illness

Heating

Respiratory Tract Diseases

Keywords
Journal Title the indian journal of chest diseases & allied sciences
Publication Year Start




PMID- 27164730
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20160511
DCOM- 20160531
IS  - 0377-9343 (Print)
IS  - 0377-9343 (Linking)
VI  - 57
IP  - 4
DP  - 2015 Oct-Dec
TI  - Pollutant Levels at Cooking Place and Their Association with Respiratory Symptoms
      in Women in a Rural Area of Delhi-NCR.
PG  - 225-31
AB  - BACKGROUND: Household air pollution resulting from biomass and coal stoves is
      implicated in more than one-third cases of annual deaths from chronic lung
      diseases worldwide and nearly 3% of lung cancer deaths. This burden is borne
      largely by poor women in the developing countries. We carried out a study to
      evaluate its association with respiratory symptoms in women in a rural area.
      METHODS: The study was carried out using a standard questionnaire, in 92
      households including 174 women. The data on respiratory symptoms in women,
      kitchen type and location in households, type of fuel used for cooking, permanent
      ventilation in kitchen, presence of exhaust, history of tobacco smoking and
      indoor pollution level were obtained. Spirometery of participants was conducted. 
      The indoor particulate matter (PM10, PM2.5 and PM1) and volatile organic
      compounds (VOCs) were measured in each home. RESULTS: The households were divided
      into two groups according to the location of the kitchen. In 46 households (Group
      A) women had a separate room as kitchen for cooking with good ventilation and
      exhaust conditions; and in the remaining 46 households (Group B) cooking was done
      in the living area. Seventy (76.1%) households used biomass fuel for cooking and 
      heating (37; 80.4%, in Group A versus 46; 100% in Group B). The proportion of
      women with respiratory symptoms for one year or more was significantly high in
      Group B compared to Group A (13.0% versus 3.1% p = 0.01). The households which
      did not have a separate kitchen (Group B) had higher particulate matter and VOCs 
      concentration. CONCLUSIONS: This study contributes to the growing evidence of
      adverse impact of indoor air pollution from biomass combustion on health of
      females. Results of the study demonstrated significantly high particulate matter 
      (PM2.5), in households not using a separate room for cooking with biomass fuel.
FAU - Kumar, Raj
AU  - Kumar R
FAU - Singh, Kamal
AU  - Singh K
FAU - Nagar, Sumit
AU  - Nagar S
FAU - Kumar, Manoj
AU  - Kumar M
FAU - Mehto, Uday Kumar
AU  - Mehto UK
FAU - Rai, Ganpat
AU  - Rai G
FAU - Gupta, Nitesh
AU  - Gupta N
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - India
TA  - Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci
JT  - The Indian journal of chest diseases & allied sciences
JID - 7612044
RN  - 0 (Coal)
RN  - 0 (Particulate Matter)
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - *Air Pollution, Indoor/adverse effects/analysis/prevention & control
MH  - Biomass
MH  - Coal/*adverse effects
MH  - Cooking/*methods
MH  - *Environmental Illness/diagnosis/epidemiology/etiology
MH  - Female
MH  - Health Surveys
MH  - *Heating/adverse effects/methods
MH  - Humans
MH  - India/epidemiology
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Particulate Matter/analysis
MH  - *Respiratory Tract Diseases/diagnosis/epidemiology/etiology
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - Spirometry/methods
EDAT- 2016/05/12 06:00
MHDA- 2016/06/01 06:00
CRDT- 2016/05/12 06:00
PST - ppublish
SO  - Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci. 2015 Oct-Dec;57(4):225-31.

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