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Women growing older with environmental sensitivities: A grounded theory model of meeting one's needs.

Abstract This article describes a telephone interview study of 21 women over the age of 65 with environmental sensitivities (ES), including both chemical and electrical hypersensitivities. We employed Charmaz's constructivist grounded theory, using incident, focused, and theoretical coding levels. We were interested in how informants thought their needs would be met as they grew older with ES. We found a central process (that which motivates informants) of "balancing on a changing tightrope with great overwhelm" with three categories: No Safety Net, The Knowing, and Going Through the Cracks. No Safety Net refers to the inaccessibility of most community and health resources for persons who must avoid chemicals, electromagnetic fields, or both. The Knowing refers to having the awareness that one has been dealt out of the equation and will not receive help from conventional sources. Going Through the Cracks describes living one's life by finding small openings and opportunities for living and experiencing what most take for granted. We describe these categories in detail and appeal to health care providers and the general public to view culture through the eyes of those who are unable to participate in it to an extent considered "normal."
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Aging

Hypersensitivity

Multiple Chemical Sensitivity

Keywords
Journal Title health care for women international
Publication Year Start



 

PMID- 27211781
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20160617
DCOM- 20170717
LR  - 20170717
IS  - 1096-4665 (Electronic)
IS  - 0739-9332 (Linking)
VI  - 37
IP  - 12
DP  - 2016 Dec
TI  - Women growing older with environmental sensitivities: A grounded theory model of 
      meeting one's needs.
PG  - 1289-1303
AB  - This article describes a telephone interview study of 21 women over the age of 65
      with environmental sensitivities (ES), including both chemical and electrical
      hypersensitivities. We employed Charmaz's constructivist grounded theory, using
      incident, focused, and theoretical coding levels. We were interested in how
      informants thought their needs would be met as they grew older with ES. We found 
      a central process (that which motivates informants) of "balancing on a changing
      tightrope with great overwhelm" with three categories: No Safety Net, The
      Knowing, and Going Through the Cracks. No Safety Net refers to the
      inaccessibility of most community and health resources for persons who must avoid
      chemicals, electromagnetic fields, or both. The Knowing refers to having the
      awareness that one has been dealt out of the equation and will not receive help
      from conventional sources. Going Through the Cracks describes living one's life
      by finding small openings and opportunities for living and experiencing what most
      take for granted. We describe these categories in detail and appeal to health
      care providers and the general public to view culture through the eyes of those
      who are unable to participate in it to an extent considered "normal."
FAU - Gibson, Pamela Reed
AU  - Gibson PR
AD  - a Department of Psychology , James Madison University , Harrisonburg , Virginia ,
      USA.
FAU - Horan, Mary Cate
AU  - Horan MC
AD  - a Department of Psychology , James Madison University , Harrisonburg , Virginia ,
      USA.
FAU - Billy, Jacqueline
AU  - Billy J
AD  - a Department of Psychology , James Madison University , Harrisonburg , Virginia ,
      USA.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20160521
PL  - England
TA  - Health Care Women Int
JT  - Health care for women international
JID - 8411543
SB  - N
MH  - Adaptation, Psychological
MH  - Aged
MH  - Aged, 80 and over
MH  - *Aging
MH  - Electromagnetic Fields/*adverse effects
MH  - Environmental Exposure/*adverse effects
MH  - Female
MH  - Grounded Theory
MH  - Humans
MH  - *Hypersensitivity
MH  - Interviews as Topic
MH  - *Multiple Chemical Sensitivity
MH  - Qualitative Research
EDAT- 2016/05/24 06:00
MHDA- 2017/07/18 06:00
CRDT- 2016/05/24 06:00
AID - 10.1080/07399332.2016.1191495 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Health Care Women Int. 2016 Dec;37(12):1289-1303. Epub 2016 May 21.