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Work with visual display units and musculoskeletal disorders: A cross-sectional study.

Abstract Epidemiological studies have shown that employees working with visual display units (VDU) are more likely to complain about musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). The aim of this study has been to evaluate associations among MSDs and individuals and work-related factors.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Workplace

Keywords

ergonomics

job stress

musculoskeletal disorders

office workers

visual display unit

work-related musculoskeletal disorders

Journal Title medycyna pracy
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28005080
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20161222
DCOM- 20170313
LR  - 20170313
IS  - 0465-5893 (Print)
IS  - 0465-5893 (Linking)
VI  - 67
IP  - 6
DP  - 2016 Dec 22
TI  - Work with visual display units and musculoskeletal disorders: A cross-sectional
      study.
PG  - 707-719
LID - 64386 [pii]
LID - 10.13075/mp.5893.00471 [doi]
AB  - BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have shown that employees working with visual
      display units (VDU) are more likely to complain about musculoskeletal disorders
      (MSDs). The aim of this study has been to evaluate associations among MSDs and
      individuals and work-related factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 1032 VDU
      workers were assessed about their personal (i.e., age, working history, smoking
      history, physical activity) and work-related factors (i.e., predominant job tasks
      performed, work posture). Work environment was evaluated regarding fulfillment of
      the standard ISO 9241-5:1998. The investigation required a direct observation of 
      participants (in order to accurately assess the prevalence of MSDs) and
      workstations. Adjusted odds ratios (ORa) were calculated by means of the logistic
      regression model. RESULTS: Prevalence of MSDs was relatively high (53%). In
      general, MSDs were significantly associated with female sex (OR = 2.832, 95%
      confidence interval (CI): 2.178-3.683), age >/= 50 years old (OR = 2.231, 95% CI:
      1.236-4.026), longer exposure to VDU, both as working history (10-14 years: OR = 
      1.934, 95% CI: 1.301-2.875; >/= 15 years: OR = 2.223, 95% CI: 1.510-3.271) and
      working time (30-39 h/week: OR = 1.537, 95% CI: 1.087-2.273). Inappropriate
      workstation design was confirmed by the multivariate analysis as a risk factor
      for MSDs (ORa = 2.375, 95% CI: 1.124-5.018). CONCLUSIONS: Musculoskeletal
      disorders were significantly associated with individual factors as well as
      characteristics of work environment. An appropriate design of workstations may
      significantly reduce their prevalence amongst VDU workers. Med Pr
      2016;67(6):707-719.
FAU - Ricco, Matteo
AU  - Ricco M
AD  - Provincial Agency for Health Services of the Autonomous Province of Trento,
      Trento, Italy (Department of Prevention, Occupational Health and Safety Unit).
      mricco2000@gmail.com.
FAU - Cattani, Silvia
AU  - Cattani S
AD  - University of Parma, Parma, Italy (School of Nursing Sciences, Department of
      Clinical Surgery, General Surgery and Surgical Therapy).
      silvia.cattani@libero.it.
FAU - Gualerzi, Giovanni
AU  - Gualerzi G
AD  - University of Parma, Parma, Italy (School of Medicine and Surgery, Department of 
      Clinical and Experimental Medicine). gualerzi@gmail.com.
FAU - Signorelli, Carlo
AU  - Signorelli C
AD  - University of Parma, Parma, Italy (Specialization School in Hygiene and Public
      Health, Department of Biomedical, Biotechnological and Translational Sciences).
      carlo.signorelli@unipr.it.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
TT  - Praca przy monitorze ekranowym a zaburzenia miesniowo-szkieletowe - badanie
      przekrojowe.
DEP - 20161201
PL  - Poland
TA  - Med Pr
JT  - Medycyna pracy
JID - 0376642
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Industry
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Muscle Contraction/*physiology
MH  - Musculoskeletal Diseases/*epidemiology
MH  - Occupational Diseases/*epidemiology
MH  - Occupational Exposure/*adverse effects
MH  - Occupational Health Services
MH  - Poland
MH  - Posture
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - Task Performance and Analysis
MH  - *Workplace
OAB - Publisher: WSTEP: Badania epidemiologiczne wykazaly, ze osoby pracujace przy
      monitorach ekranowych (visual display units - VDU) czesciej skarza sie na
      zaburzenia miesniowo-szkieletowe (musculoskeletal disorders - MSDs). Celem
      badania byla ocena zwiazku miedzy MSDs a cechami indywidualnymi pracownikow i
      czynnikami zwiazanymi z praca. MATERIAL I METODY: Badanie przeprowadzono wsrod
      1032 osob uzywajacych VDU w pracy. Zebrano dane dotyczace cech indywidualnych
      badanych (wiek, staz pracy, historia palenia, aktywnosc fizyczna) i czynnikow
      zwiazanych z wykonywana praca (najczestsze czynnosci, pozycja ciala). Oceniono
      tez zgodnosc srodowiska pracy z norma ISO 9241-5:1998. W celu dokladnej analizy
      wystepowania MSDs przeprowadzono bezposrednia obserwacje osob badanych i ich
      stanowisk pracy. Skorygowane ilorazy szans (adjusted odds ratios - ORa) obliczono
      z zastosowaniem modelu regresji logistycznej. WYNIKI: Czestosc wystepowania MSDs 
      byla stosunkowo wysoka (53%). Zaobserwowano statystycznie istotna zaleznosc
      miedzy MSDs a plcia zenska (OR = 2,832, 95% przedzial ufnosci (confidence
      interval - CI): 2,178-3,683), wiekiem powyzej 50 lat (OR = 2,231, 95% CI:
      1,236-4,026) i dluzszym narazeniem na VDU - zarowno w wyniku dluzszego stazu
      pracy (10-14 lat: OR = 1,934, 95% CI: 1,301-2,875; >/= 15 lat: OR = 2,223, 95%
      CI: 1,510-3,271), jak i wiekszego wymiaru czasu pracy (30-39 godz./tydzien: OR = 
      1,537, 95% CI: 1,087-2,273). Analiza wieloczynnikowa potwierdzila, ze
      nieodpowiednio zorganizowane stanowisko pracy jest czynnikiem ryzyka MSDs (ORa = 
      2,375, 95% CI: 1,124-5,018). WNIOSKI: Wystepowanie zaburzen
      miesniowo-szkieletowych jest istotnie zwiazane z indywidualnymi cechami
      pracownika i wlasciwosciami srodowiska pracy. Odpowiednio zorganizowane
      stanowiska pracy moga znacznie zmniejszyc czestosc wystepowania MSDs u osob
      pracujacych przy VDU. Med. Pr. 2016;67(6):707-719.
OABL- eng
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - *ergonomics
OT  - *job stress
OT  - *musculoskeletal disorders
OT  - *office workers
OT  - *visual display unit
OT  - *work-related musculoskeletal disorders
EDAT- 2016/12/23 06:00
MHDA- 2017/03/14 06:00
CRDT- 2016/12/23 06:00
AID - 64386 [pii]
AID - 10.13075/mp.5893.00471 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Med Pr. 2016 Dec 22;67(6):707-719. doi: 10.13075/mp.5893.00471. Epub 2016 Dec 1.

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