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Associations of Occupational Stressors, Perceived Organizational Support, and Psychological Capital with Work Engagement among Chinese Female Nurses.

Abstract This study aimed to explore the associations of occupational stressors (extrinsic effort, reward, and overcommitment), perceived organizational support (POS), and psychological capital (PsyCap) and its components (self-efficacy, hope, resilience, and optimism) with work engagement and the mediating roles of PsyCap and its components among Chinese female nurses within the framework of the job demands-resources (JD-R) model. A cross-sectional sample (1,330) completed the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, Effort-Reward Imbalance Scale, Survey of POS, and PsyCap Questionnaire, and effective respondents were 1,016 (76.4%). Hierarchical regression analysis and Preacher and Hayes' asymptotic and resampling strategies were used. Extrinsic effort was negatively associated with vigor, dedication, and absorption, while POS, PsyCap, and hope were positively associated with them. Reward and overcommitment were positively associated with dedication and absorption. Optimism was positively associated with vigor and dedication. Optimism mediated the associations of extrinsic effort, reward, and POS with vigor and dedication. PsyCap and hope mediated the associations of POS with vigor, dedication, and absorption. There is a low level of work engagement among Chinese female nurses. Extrinsic effort could reduce work engagement, while reward, overcommitment, POS, PsyCap, hope, and optimism could enhance work engagement. Hospital managers should develop the PsyCap of female nurses through controlling occupational stressors and establishing supportive organizational climate to enhance their work engagement.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Perception

Social Support

Keywords
Journal Title biomed research international
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28168198
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170207
DCOM- 20170217
LR  - 20170224
IS  - 2314-6141 (Electronic)
VI  - 2017
DP  - 2017
TI  - Associations of Occupational Stressors, Perceived Organizational Support, and
      Psychological Capital with Work Engagement among Chinese Female Nurses.
PG  - 5284628
LID - 10.1155/2017/5284628 [doi]
AB  - This study aimed to explore the associations of occupational stressors (extrinsic
      effort, reward, and overcommitment), perceived organizational support (POS), and 
      psychological capital (PsyCap) and its components (self-efficacy, hope,
      resilience, and optimism) with work engagement and the mediating roles of PsyCap 
      and its components among Chinese female nurses within the framework of the job
      demands-resources (JD-R) model. A cross-sectional sample (1,330) completed the
      Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, Effort-Reward Imbalance Scale, Survey of POS, and 
      PsyCap Questionnaire, and effective respondents were 1,016 (76.4%). Hierarchical 
      regression analysis and Preacher and Hayes' asymptotic and resampling strategies 
      were used. Extrinsic effort was negatively associated with vigor, dedication, and
      absorption, while POS, PsyCap, and hope were positively associated with them.
      Reward and overcommitment were positively associated with dedication and
      absorption. Optimism was positively associated with vigor and dedication.
      Optimism mediated the associations of extrinsic effort, reward, and POS with
      vigor and dedication. PsyCap and hope mediated the associations of POS with
      vigor, dedication, and absorption. There is a low level of work engagement among 
      Chinese female nurses. Extrinsic effort could reduce work engagement, while
      reward, overcommitment, POS, PsyCap, hope, and optimism could enhance work
      engagement. Hospital managers should develop the PsyCap of female nurses through 
      controlling occupational stressors and establishing supportive organizational
      climate to enhance their work engagement.
FAU - Wang, Xiaoxi
AU  - Wang X
AD  - Department of Sport Medicine, School of Fundamental Sciences, China Medical
      University, No. 77 Puhe Road, Shenyang North New Area, Shenyang, Liaoning 110122,
      China.
FAU - Liu, Li
AU  - Liu L
AUID- ORCID: 0000-0001-6126-2635
AD  - Department of Social Medicine, School of Public Health, China Medical University,
      No. 77 Puhe Road, Shenyang North New Area, Shenyang, Liaoning 110122, China.
FAU - Zou, Futing
AU  - Zou F
AD  - Department of Social Medicine, School of Public Health, China Medical University,
      No. 77 Puhe Road, Shenyang North New Area, Shenyang, Liaoning 110122, China.
FAU - Hao, Junhui
AU  - Hao J
AD  - Department of Social Medicine, School of Public Health, China Medical University,
      No. 77 Puhe Road, Shenyang North New Area, Shenyang, Liaoning 110122, China.
FAU - Wu, Hui
AU  - Wu H
AUID- ORCID: 0000-0002-4157-8023
AD  - Department of Social Medicine, School of Public Health, China Medical University,
      No. 77 Puhe Road, Shenyang North New Area, Shenyang, Liaoning 110122, China.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170112
PL  - United States
TA  - Biomed Res Int
JT  - BioMed research international
JID - 101600173
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Asian Continental Ancestry Group/*psychology
MH  - Demography
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Models, Theoretical
MH  - Nurses/*psychology
MH  - Occupational Diseases/*psychology
MH  - *Perception
MH  - Reward
MH  - *Social Support
MH  - Stress, Psychological/*psychology
MH  - Work/*psychology
PMC - PMC5266809
COI - The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
EDAT- 2017/02/09 06:00
MHDA- 2017/02/18 06:00
CRDT- 2017/02/08 06:00
PHST- 2016/07/27 [received]
PHST- 2016/11/21 [revised]
PHST- 2016/12/19 [accepted]
AID - 10.1155/2017/5284628 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Biomed Res Int. 2017;2017:5284628. doi: 10.1155/2017/5284628. Epub 2017 Jan 12.

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