PubTransformer

A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis in Rwanda: an update on their epidemiology and control.

Abstract Even though Rwanda lies within a region that has a high prevalence of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections, epidemiological information regarding these infections in the country remains scarce. The present review attempts to compile the available data on schistosomiasis and STHs, from 1940 to 2014, to provide an insight on the epidemiological profile of these infections. This information will, in turn, support the design and implementation of sustainable control measures. The available records indicate that only Schistosoma mansoni and all the major species of STHs are endemic in Rwanda. In 2008, the national prevalence of S. mansoni was reported to be 2.7%, ranging from 0 to 69.5%, and that of STH infections was 65.8% (diagnosed using the Kato-Katz technique). The prevalence of these infections varies from one district to another, with schoolchildren remaining a highly affected group. The main control approach is mass drug administration using albendazole and praziquantel, mostly targeting school-aged children in school environments. In 2008, adult individuals living in areas with a prevalence of S. mansoni ≥30% were also included in the mass drug administration programme. However, despite Rwanda achieving an almost 100% coverage of this programme in 2008-2010, the transmission of S. mansoni and STHs continues to take place, as illustrated by the most recent surveys. If Rwanda is to achieve sustainable control and elimination of schistosomiasis and STHs, there is a need to revise the country's control strategy and adopt an integrated control approach that involves a combination of measures.
PMID
Related Publications

Integrated community-directed intervention for schistosomiasis and soil transmitted helminths in western Kenya - a pilot study.

Integrated Schistosomiasis and Soil-Transmitted Helminthiasis Control over Five Years on Kome Island, Tanzania.

Improved mapping strategy to better inform policy on the control of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis in Sierra Leone.

Initiating NTD programs targeting schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis in two provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo: Establishment of baseline prevalence for mass drug administration.

Prevalence of Schistosomes and Soil-Transmitted Helminths among Schoolchildren in Lake Victoria Basin, Tanzania.

Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Endemic Diseases

Keywords

Control

Epidemiology

Rwanda

Schistosomiasis

Soil-transmitted helminths

Journal Title infectious diseases of poverty
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28245883
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170301
DCOM- 20170306
LR  - 20170306
IS  - 2049-9957 (Electronic)
IS  - 2049-9957 (Linking)
VI  - 6
IP  - 1
DP  - 2017 Mar 01
TI  - Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis in Rwanda: an update on their 
      epidemiology and control.
PG  - 8
LID - 10.1186/s40249-016-0212-z [doi]
AB  - Even though Rwanda lies within a region that has a high prevalence of
      schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections, epidemiological
      information regarding these infections in the country remains scarce. The present
      review attempts to compile the available data on schistosomiasis and STHs, from
      1940 to 2014, to provide an insight on the epidemiological profile of these
      infections. This information will, in turn, support the design and implementation
      of sustainable control measures. The available records indicate that only
      Schistosoma mansoni and all the major species of STHs are endemic in Rwanda. In
      2008, the national prevalence of S. mansoni was reported to be 2.7%, ranging from
      0 to 69.5%, and that of STH infections was 65.8% (diagnosed using the Kato-Katz
      technique). The prevalence of these infections varies from one district to
      another, with schoolchildren remaining a highly affected group. The main control 
      approach is mass drug administration using albendazole and praziquantel, mostly
      targeting school-aged children in school environments. In 2008, adult individuals
      living in areas with a prevalence of S. mansoni >/=30% were also included in the 
      mass drug administration programme. However, despite Rwanda achieving an almost
      100% coverage of this programme in 2008-2010, the transmission of S. mansoni and 
      STHs continues to take place, as illustrated by the most recent surveys. If
      Rwanda is to achieve sustainable control and elimination of schistosomiasis and
      STHs, there is a need to revise the country's control strategy and adopt an
      integrated control approach that involves a combination of measures.
FAU - Rujeni, Nadine
AU  - Rujeni N
AD  - Department of Biomedical Laboratory Sciences, School of Health Sciences, College 
      of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, P.O. Box 3286, Nyarugenge,
      Rwanda.
FAU - Morona, Domenica
AU  - Morona D
AD  - Department of Medical Parasitology, School of Medicine, Catholic University of
      Health and Allied Sciences, P.O. Box 1464, Mwanza, Tanzania. [email protected]
FAU - Ruberanziza, Eugene
AU  - Ruberanziza E
AD  - Rwanda Biomedical Center, Institute of HIV, Disease Prevention and Control,
      Malaria and Other Parasitic Diseases Division, Neglected Tropical Diseases and
      Other Parasitic Diseases Unit, Kigali, Rwanda.
FAU - Mazigo, Humphrey D
AU  - Mazigo HD
AD  - Department of Medical Parasitology, School of Medicine, Catholic University of
      Health and Allied Sciences, P.O. Box 1464, Mwanza, Tanzania.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Review
DEP - 20170301
PL  - England
TA  - Infect Dis Poverty
JT  - Infectious diseases of poverty
JID - 101606645
RN  - 0 (Anthelmintics)
RN  - 6490C9U457 (Praziquantel)
RN  - F4216019LN (Albendazole)
SB  - IM
MH  - Albendazole/administration & dosage
MH  - Animals
MH  - Anthelmintics/administration & dosage
MH  - Communicable Disease Control/*methods
MH  - Disease Transmission, Infectious/*prevention & control
MH  - *Endemic Diseases
MH  - Helminthiasis/drug therapy/*epidemiology/*prevention & control/transmission
MH  - Humans
MH  - Praziquantel/administration & dosage
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - Rwanda/epidemiology
PMC - PMC5331630
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Control
OT  - Epidemiology
OT  - Rwanda
OT  - Schistosomiasis
OT  - Soil-transmitted helminths
EDAT- 2017/03/02 06:00
MHDA- 2017/03/07 06:00
CRDT- 2017/03/02 06:00
PHST- 2016/05/18 [received]
PHST- 2016/12/08 [accepted]
AID - 10.1186/s40249-016-0212-z [doi]
AID - 10.1186/s40249-016-0212-z [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - Infect Dis Poverty. 2017 Mar 1;6(1):8. doi: 10.1186/s40249-016-0212-z.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<b:Sources SelectedStyle="" xmlns:b="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/officeDocument/2006/bibliography"  xmlns="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/officeDocument/2006/bibliography" >
</b:Sources>