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Acinetobacter: an underrated foodborne pathogen?

Abstract The increasing prevalence of foodborne diseases observed in developing countries has been linked to a rise in the consumption of raw foods. However, unlike the classical pathogens that are commonly implicated in foodborne illnesses, members of the genus Acinetobacter are rarely associated with diarrheal disease, probably because of the difficulty in isolating these Gram-negative bacteria from food sources. Nevertheless, several species of Acinetobacter, especially A. baumannii, possess many of the characteristics associated with successful pathogens and exhibit a prodigious ability to acquire the multiple-drug resistance (MDR) phenotype. In this mini-review, we summarize the epidemiological data relating to MDR Acinetobacter and consider evidence suggesting that contaminated dairy products, along with raw fruit and vegetables, constitute extra-hospital reservoirs of this underrated pathogen, and may represent an increased risk to immunocompromised individuals and young children in healthcare settings.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords
Journal Title journal of infection in developing countries
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28248670
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170301
DCOM- 20170315
LR  - 20170315
IS  - 1972-2680 (Electronic)
IS  - 1972-2680 (Linking)
VI  - 11
IP  - 2
DP  - 2017 Feb 28
TI  - Acinetobacter: an underrated foodborne pathogen?
PG  - 111-114
LID - 10.3855/jidc.8418 [doi]
AB  - The increasing prevalence of foodborne diseases observed in developing countries 
      has been linked to a rise in the consumption of raw foods. However, unlike the
      classical pathogens that are commonly implicated in foodborne illnesses, members 
      of the genus Acinetobacter are rarely associated with diarrheal disease, probably
      because of the difficulty in isolating these Gram-negative bacteria from food
      sources. Nevertheless, several species of Acinetobacter, especially A. baumannii,
      possess many of the characteristics associated with successful pathogens and
      exhibit a prodigious ability to acquire the multiple-drug resistance (MDR)
      phenotype. In this mini-review, we summarize the epidemiological data relating to
      MDR Acinetobacter and consider evidence suggesting that contaminated dairy
      products, along with raw fruit and vegetables, constitute extra-hospital
      reservoirs of this underrated pathogen, and may represent an increased risk to
      immunocompromised individuals and young children in healthcare settings.
FAU - Amorim, Angelo Maximo Batista de
AU  - Amorim AM
AD  - Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de 
      Janeiro, Brazil. [email protected]
FAU - Nascimento, Janaina Dos Santos
AU  - Nascimento JD
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Review
DEP - 20170228
PL  - Italy
TA  - J Infect Dev Ctries
JT  - Journal of infection in developing countries
JID - 101305410
SB  - IM
MH  - Acinetobacter/drug effects/*isolation & purification
MH  - Acinetobacter Infections/*epidemiology
MH  - Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial
MH  - Foodborne Diseases/*epidemiology/*microbiology
MH  - Humans
EDAT- 2017/03/02 06:00
MHDA- 2017/03/16 06:00
CRDT- 2017/03/02 06:00
PHST- 2016/03/19 [received]
PHST- 2016/05/22 [accepted]
PHST- 2016/05/18 [revised]
PST - epublish
SO  - J Infect Dev Ctries. 2017 Feb 28;11(2):111-114. doi: 10.3855/jidc.8418.

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