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PMID- 28248674
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170301
DCOM- 20170315
LR  - 20170315
IS  - 1972-2680 (Electronic)
IS  - 1972-2680 (Linking)
VI  - 11
IP  - 2
DP  - 2017 Feb 28
TI  - Prevalence, serotype distribution, and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella
      isolated from food products in Morocco.
PG  - 136-142
LID - 10.3855/jidc.8026 [doi]
AB  - INTRODUCTION: Salmonellosis is one of the most common foodborne diseases
      worldwide. The irrational use of antibiotics in medicine and in animal feed has
      greatly promoted the emergence and spread of resistant strains of non-typhoidal
      Salmonella. METHODOLOGY: A total of 464 food products were collected in Tetouan
      from January 2010 to December 2012. The isolation and identification of
      Salmonella were performed according to Moroccan standard 08.0.116. All isolates
      were serotyped and were then tested for antibiotic resistance using the disk
      diffusion method. RESULTS: The microbiological analysis showed that 10.3% of food
      samples were contaminated with Salmonella. Eleven serotypes were identified:
      Kentucky 22.9% (11/48), Agona 16.7% (8/48), Reading 12.5% (6/48), Corvallis 8.3% 
      (4/48), Saintpaul 8.3% (4/48), Typhimurium 6.2% (3/48), Montevideo 6.2% (3/48),
      Enteritidis 4.2% (2/48), and 2% (1/48) for each of Israel, Hadar, and Branderup. 
      Drug susceptibility testing showed that 39.6% of Salmonella were resistant to at 
      least one antibiotic and 60.4% were susceptible to all tested antibiotics. The
      highest percentage of resistance was found to the following antimicrobial agents:
      nalidixic acid (27.1%), sulfonamides (25%), amoxicillin (12.5%),
      amoxicillin/clavulanic acid 12.5%, trimethoprim (10.4%), cephalothin (4.2%), and 
      chloramphenicol (2.1%). CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed a relatively high
      prevalence of Salmonella in food products in Tetouan and a large percentage of
      drug-resistant strains. Hygienic measures should be rigorously implemented, and
      monitoring resistance of Salmonella is required to reduce the risks related to
      the emergence of multi-resistant bacteria.
FAU - Amajoud, Nadia
AU  - Amajoud N
AD  - Faculty of Sciences of Tetouan, Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Tetouan, Morocco. 
      amajoud@yahoo.fr.
FAU - Bouchrif, Brahim
AU  - Bouchrif B
FAU - El Maadoudi, Mohammed
AU  - El Maadoudi M
FAU - Skalli Senhaji, Nadia
AU  - Skalli Senhaji N
FAU - Karraouan, Bouchra
AU  - Karraouan B
FAU - El Harsal, Abdeltif
AU  - El Harsal A
FAU - El Abrini, Jamal
AU  - El Abrini J
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170228
PL  - Italy
TA  - J Infect Dev Ctries
JT  - Journal of infection in developing countries
JID - 101305410
SB  - IM
MH  - Animals
MH  - Bacterial Typing Techniques
MH  - *Drug Resistance, Bacterial
MH  - *Food Microbiology
MH  - Microbial Sensitivity Tests
MH  - Morocco
MH  - Poultry
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - Salmonella/classification/drug effects/*isolation & purification
MH  - Salmonella Infections, Animal/*microbiology
MH  - *Serogroup
MH  - Serotyping
EDAT- 2017/03/02 06:00
MHDA- 2017/03/16 06:00
CRDT- 2017/03/02 06:00
PHST- 2015/12/20 [received]
PHST- 2016/03/22 [accepted]
PHST- 2016/11/04 [revised]
PST - epublish
SO  - J Infect Dev Ctries. 2017 Feb 28;11(2):136-142. doi: 10.3855/jidc.8026.

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