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Professional commitment: Does it buffer or intensify job demands?

Abstract The purpose of this study is to investigate whether professional commitment can be seen as a moderator in the relationship between job demands and emotional exhaustion among Norwegian nurses. Inspired by the job demands-resources model, this study explores whether having a strong commitment to the nursing profession can be seen as a resource that buffers the effect of job demands on emotional exhaustion or, conversely, intensifies the impact of job demands. A survey that comprised Norwegian nurses who had graduated three years previously (N = 388) was conducted. Multiple regression was performed to test the hypothesis. The results provide support to a buffering effect; thus, individuals with a higher degree of professional commitment conveyed a weaker association between job demands and emotional exhaustion compared with nurses with a lower degree of commitment. Developing a better understanding of the potential buffering effect of professional commitment is of great interest. The present study is the first to utilize professional commitment as a resource within the job demands-resources framework.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Personnel Loyalty

Keywords

Care

career commitment

emotional exhaustion

job demands-resource model

nurses

professional commitment

quantitative job demands

Journal Title scandinavian journal of psychology
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28252193
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170302
DCOM- 20170322
LR  - 20170322
IS  - 1467-9450 (Electronic)
IS  - 0036-5564 (Linking)
VI  - 58
IP  - 2
DP  - 2017 Apr
TI  - Professional commitment: Does it buffer or intensify job demands?
PG  - 185-191
LID - 10.1111/sjop.12349 [doi]
AB  - The purpose of this study is to investigate whether professional commitment can
      be seen as a moderator in the relationship between job demands and emotional
      exhaustion among Norwegian nurses. Inspired by the job demands-resources model,
      this study explores whether having a strong commitment to the nursing profession 
      can be seen as a resource that buffers the effect of job demands on emotional
      exhaustion or, conversely, intensifies the impact of job demands. A survey that
      comprised Norwegian nurses who had graduated three years previously (N = 388) was
      conducted. Multiple regression was performed to test the hypothesis. The results 
      provide support to a buffering effect; thus, individuals with a higher degree of 
      professional commitment conveyed a weaker association between job demands and
      emotional exhaustion compared with nurses with a lower degree of commitment.
      Developing a better understanding of the potential buffering effect of
      professional commitment is of great interest. The present study is the first to
      utilize professional commitment as a resource within the job demands-resources
      framework.
CI  - (c) 2017 Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
FAU - Nesje, Kjersti
AU  - Nesje K
AD  - Centre for the Study of Professions, Oslo and Akershus University College of
      Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - England
TA  - Scand J Psychol
JT  - Scandinavian journal of psychology
JID - 0404510
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Attitude of Health Personnel
MH  - Burnout, Professional/*psychology
MH  - Emotions
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Models, Psychological
MH  - Norway
MH  - *Personnel Loyalty
MH  - Students, Nursing/*psychology
MH  - Workload/*psychology
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Care
OT  - career commitment
OT  - emotional exhaustion
OT  - job demands-resource model
OT  - nurses
OT  - professional commitment
OT  - quantitative job demands
EDAT- 2017/03/03 06:00
MHDA- 2017/03/23 06:00
CRDT- 2017/03/03 06:00
PHST- 2016/10/05 [received]
PHST- 2016/11/29 [accepted]
AID - 10.1111/sjop.12349 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Scand J Psychol. 2017 Apr;58(2):185-191. doi: 10.1111/sjop.12349.

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