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Vitamin D Deficiency in Europeans Today and in Viking Settlers of Greenland.

Abstract The vast majority of the Earth's population lives between the 20th and 40th parallel north and south. It seems that right here humans have found the best living conditions relating not only to temperature and food recourses, but also to UV radiation necessary for the production of vitamin D by human skin. An exception to this general rule is Europe. Nearly half a billion people live between the 40th and 60th parallel north of the equator despite the fact that the amounts of UV radiation there are much lower. Moreover, since the time of the Vikings, there has always been a part of the European population that lived even further north than the 60th parallel (the northern parts of Europe, including Greenland). In this work, we present the potential role that vitamin D deficiency might have played in the extinction of the Vikings of Greenland. We analyze factors that contribute to the discrepancy between the theoretical distribution of areas with vitamin D deficiency and today's reality, like the impact of civilization, religious traditions, as well as vitamin D supplementation in food products and as a biologically active dietary additive. The global migration of people on a scale and speed never seen before is now even more important for this discrepancy.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Sunlight

Keywords
Journal Title biochemistry. biokhimiia
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28259127
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170305
DCOM- 20170314
LR  - 20170314
IS  - 1608-3040 (Electronic)
IS  - 0006-2979 (Linking)
VI  - 81
IP  - 12
DP  - 2016 Dec
TI  - Vitamin D Deficiency in Europeans Today and in Viking Settlers of Greenland.
PG  - 1492-1497
LID - 10.1134/S0006297916120117 [doi]
AB  - The vast majority of the Earth's population lives between the 20th and 40th
      parallel north and south. It seems that right here humans have found the best
      living conditions relating not only to temperature and food recourses, but also
      to UV radiation necessary for the production of vitamin D by human skin. An
      exception to this general rule is Europe. Nearly half a billion people live
      between the 40th and 60th parallel north of the equator despite the fact that the
      amounts of UV radiation there are much lower. Moreover, since the time of the
      Vikings, there has always been a part of the European population that lived even 
      further north than the 60th parallel (the northern parts of Europe, including
      Greenland). In this work, we present the potential role that vitamin D deficiency
      might have played in the extinction of the Vikings of Greenland. We analyze
      factors that contribute to the discrepancy between the theoretical distribution
      of areas with vitamin D deficiency and today's reality, like the impact of
      civilization, religious traditions, as well as vitamin D supplementation in food 
      products and as a biologically active dietary additive. The global migration of
      people on a scale and speed never seen before is now even more important for this
      discrepancy.
FAU - Goring, H
AU  - Goring H
AD  - Goring Consulting, Berlin, 12555, Germany. [email protected]
FAU - Koshuchowa, S
AU  - Koshuchowa S
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Review
PL  - United States
TA  - Biochemistry (Mosc)
JT  - Biochemistry. Biokhimiia
JID - 0376536
RN  - 1406-16-2 (Vitamin D)
SB  - IM
MH  - Animals
MH  - Europe/epidemiology
MH  - Greenland/epidemiology
MH  - Human Migration
MH  - Humans
MH  - Protective Factors
MH  - *Sunlight
MH  - Vitamin D/*biosynthesis
MH  - Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology/*etiology
EDAT- 2017/03/06 06:00
MHDA- 2017/03/16 06:00
CRDT- 2017/03/06 06:00
AID - BCM81121777 [pii]
AID - 10.1134/S0006297916120117 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Biochemistry (Mosc). 2016 Dec;81(12):1492-1497. doi: 10.1134/S0006297916120117.

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