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Assessing the prevalence of urogenital schistosomaisis and transmission risk factors amongst school-aged children around Mapé dam ecological suburbs in Malantouen district, Cameroon.

Abstract Urogenital schistosomiasis is a parasitic infection of public health importance that affects over 112 million people worldwide. The study aimed at assessing the urogenital schistosomiasis prevalence and risk factors of transmission around Mape dam suburds in Malantouen district, West, Cameroon.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

Mapé dam

Prevalence

Pupils

Risk factors

Schistosoma haematobium

Urogenital schistosomiasis

Journal Title infectious diseases of poverty
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28260525
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170306
DCOM- 20170309
LR  - 20170311
IS  - 2049-9957 (Electronic)
IS  - 2049-9957 (Linking)
VI  - 6
IP  - 1
DP  - 2017 Mar 06
TI  - Assessing the prevalence of urogenital schistosomaisis and transmission risk
      factors amongst school-aged children around Mape dam ecological suburbs in
      Malantouen district, Cameroon.
PG  - 40
LID - 10.1186/s40249-017-0257-7 [doi]
AB  - BACKGROUND: Urogenital schistosomiasis is a parasitic infection of public health 
      importance that affects over 112 million people worldwide. The study aimed at
      assessing the urogenital schistosomiasis prevalence and risk factors of
      transmission around Mape dam suburds in Malantouen district, West, Cameroon.
      METHODS: The study was conducted using semi-structured pretested questionnaires
      to collect socio-demographic and ecological data. Urine samples were also
      collected and used to confirm the prevalence of schistosomiasis in consented
      school-aged children in four primary schools between March - July 2014. Snails'
      samples around the dam surburbs were also collected for taxonomy characterization
      and species identification. Data were compiled and quality control assessed and
      analysed using SPSS version 17 and Epiinfo data 3.1. P < 0.05 was considered
      statistical significance. RESULTS: Questionnaires were administered to 229
      pupils, with gender ratio of 1.04 (m/f). The prevalence of schistosomiasis
      haematobium was 16.6%. Mambonko school site, which is the closest to the dam
      suburbs, registered the greatest prevalence rate of 40%. The age group beween
      10-13 years was the most infected (18.3%) and boys were more infested than girls 
      (21.0% vs. 15.5%). Haematuria, urination pain, school absentiesm and poor
      performance were the major recorded complications in 39.5 and 26.3% males to
      female respectively. Infection rate gender disparity documented is still poorly
      understood and Bulinus truncatus collected from Mambonko suburb as potential
      snail intermediate host requires further studies. CONCLUSIONS: Authors advocated 
      that schools and dam suburds sustained and innovative community-based
      surveillance and response targeted interventions implementation are needed to
      inform and support decision-making policy, but also in improving effective
      contextual behavioural communication changes and MDA improved uptake measures on 
      national schistosomiasis control and elimination in Cameroon.
FAU - Mewabo, Adeline P
AU  - Mewabo AP
AD  - Department Biochemistry, Higher Institute of Health Sciences, Universite des
      Montagnes, Bangangte, Cameroon.
FAU - Moyou, Roger S
AU  - Moyou RS
AD  - Institut de Recherches Medicales et d'Etudes des Plantes Medicinale-Centre de
      Recherches Medicales (IMPM-CRM), Yaounde, Cameroon.
FAU - Kouemeni, Lysette E
AU  - Kouemeni LE
AD  - Department Biochemistry, Higher Institute of Health Sciences, Universite des
      Montagnes, Bangangte, Cameroon.
FAU - Ngogang, Jeanne Y
AU  - Ngogang JY
AD  - Department Biochemistry, Higher Institute of Health Sciences, Universite des
      Montagnes, Bangangte, Cameroon.
FAU - Kaptue, Lazare
AU  - Kaptue L
AD  - Department Biochemistry, Higher Institute of Health Sciences, Universite des
      Montagnes, Bangangte, Cameroon.
FAU - Tambo, Ernest
AU  - Tambo E
AD  - Department Biochemistry, Higher Institute of Health Sciences, Universite des
      Montagnes, Bangangte, Cameroon. tambo0711@gmail.com.
AD  - Africa Disease Intelligence and Surveillance, Communication and Response (Africa 
      DISCoR) Institute, Yaounde, Cameroon. tambo0711@gmail.com.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170306
PL  - England
TA  - Infect Dis Poverty
JT  - Infectious diseases of poverty
JID - 101606645
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Animals
MH  - Cameroon/epidemiology
MH  - Child
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - Schistosoma haematobium/classification/*isolation & purification
MH  - Schistosomiasis haematobia/*epidemiology/transmission
MH  - Snails/*parasitology
MH  - Surveys and Questionnaires
MH  - Urine/*parasitology
PMC - PMC5338087
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Mape dam
OT  - Prevalence
OT  - Pupils
OT  - Risk factors
OT  - Schistosoma haematobium
OT  - Urogenital schistosomiasis
EDAT- 2017/03/07 06:00
MHDA- 2017/03/10 06:00
CRDT- 2017/03/07 06:00
PHST- 2016/04/19 [received]
PHST- 2017/02/10 [accepted]
AID - 10.1186/s40249-017-0257-7 [doi]
AID - 10.1186/s40249-017-0257-7 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - Infect Dis Poverty. 2017 Mar 6;6(1):40. doi: 10.1186/s40249-017-0257-7.

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