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Antifungal and antioxidant activities of Coleonema album and C. pulchellum against skin diseases.

Abstract Coleonema album (Thunb) Bart. & H. L. Wendl (Rutaceae) has been used in the formulation of skincare products, and the Khoisan people rub it on their skin to add luster. Coleonema pulchellum I. Williams has received less attention in the South African traditional medicine.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Rutaceae

Skin Diseases

Keywords

Atopic dermatitis

Trichophyton mentagrophytes

Trichophyton rubrum

Journal Title pharmaceutical biology
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28262031
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170306
DCOM- 20170316
LR  - 20170316
IS  - 1744-5116 (Electronic)
IS  - 1388-0209 (Linking)
VI  - 55
IP  - 1
DP  - 2017 Dec
TI  - Antifungal and antioxidant activities of Coleonema album and C. pulchellum
      against skin diseases.
PG  - 1249-1255
LID - 10.1080/13880209.2017.1296470 [doi]
AB  - CONTEXT: Coleonema album (Thunb) Bart. & H. L. Wendl (Rutaceae) has been used in 
      the formulation of skincare products, and the Khoisan people rub it on their skin
      to add luster. Coleonema pulchellum I. Williams has received less attention in
      the South African traditional medicine. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the
      antifungal and antioxidant activities of C. album and C. pulchellum essential oil
      (EO) and leaf extracts; and analyzes the chemical components of their EOs.
      MATERIALS AND METHODS: Antifungal activity of leaf extracts was determined using 
      the microdilution method with griseofulvin and ketoconazole as controls.
      Antifungal capacity of EO was investigated using the 'Volatile release plate
      method'. Trichophyton rubrum (ATCC 28188) and T. mentagrophytes (ATCC 9533)
      mycelia (0.3 cm diameter) were placed on fresh yeast malt agar in Petri dishes
      with filter paper (impregnated with 20 muL of EO) on the lid for direct exposure 
      to EO volatiles while plates without EO were used as controls. The incubation
      time was seven days. Antioxidant activities of the leaf extracts were determined.
      RESULTS: Methanol leaf extract of C. pulchellum inhibited the growth of three
      fungi tested with MIC values of 195, 391 and 49 mug/mL for Trichophyton rubrum,
      Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Microsporum gypseum, respectively. Terpenes
      formed the major components of the EO. The EO from both plants inhibited the
      growth of T. rubrum in vitro. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: This study revealed the 
      therapeutic value of C. pulchellum. Coleonema album and C. pulchellum should be
      considered as potential plants for skin ointment from natural origin.
FAU - Fajinmi, Olufunke O
AU  - Fajinmi OO
AD  - a Research Centre for Plant Growth and Development, School of Life Sciences,
      University of KwaZulu-Natal Pietermaritzburg , Scottsville , South Africa.
FAU - Gruz, Jiri
AU  - Gruz J
AD  - b Laboratory of Growth Regulators and Department of Chemical Biology and
      Genetics, Centre of the Region Hana for Biotechnological and Agricultural
      Research, Faculty of Science , Palacky University and Institute of Experimental
      Botany , Olomouc , Czech Republic.
FAU - Tarkowski, Petr
AU  - Tarkowski P
AD  - c Centre of the Region Hana for Biotechnological and Agricultural Research,
      Central Laboratories and Research Support, Faculty of Science , Palacky
      University , Olomouc , Czech Republic.
AD  - d Centre of the Region Hana for Biotechnological and Agricultural Research,
      Department of Genetic Resources for Vegetables, Medicinal and Special Plants ,
      Crop Research Institute , Olomouc , Czech Republic.
FAU - Kulkarni, Manoj G
AU  - Kulkarni MG
AD  - a Research Centre for Plant Growth and Development, School of Life Sciences,
      University of KwaZulu-Natal Pietermaritzburg , Scottsville , South Africa.
FAU - Finnie, Jeffrey F
AU  - Finnie JF
AD  - a Research Centre for Plant Growth and Development, School of Life Sciences,
      University of KwaZulu-Natal Pietermaritzburg , Scottsville , South Africa.
FAU - Van Staden, Johannes
AU  - Van Staden J
AD  - a Research Centre for Plant Growth and Development, School of Life Sciences,
      University of KwaZulu-Natal Pietermaritzburg , Scottsville , South Africa.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - England
TA  - Pharm Biol
JT  - Pharmaceutical biology
JID - 9812552
RN  - 0 (Antifungal Agents)
RN  - 0 (Antioxidants)
RN  - 0 (Dermatologic Agents)
RN  - 0 (Plant Extracts)
SB  - IM
MH  - Antifungal Agents/administration & dosage/*isolation & purification
MH  - Antioxidants/administration & dosage/*isolation & purification
MH  - Dermatologic Agents/administration & dosage/isolation & purification
MH  - Humans
MH  - Plant Extracts/administration & dosage/*isolation & purification
MH  - Plant Leaves
MH  - *Rutaceae
MH  - *Skin Diseases/drug therapy/metabolism/microbiology
MH  - Trichophyton/drug effects/physiology
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Atopic dermatitis
OT  - Trichophyton mentagrophytes
OT  - Trichophyton rubrum
EDAT- 2017/03/07 06:00
MHDA- 2017/03/17 06:00
CRDT- 2017/03/07 06:00
AID - 10.1080/13880209.2017.1296470 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Pharm Biol. 2017 Dec;55(1):1249-1255. doi: 10.1080/13880209.2017.1296470.

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