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What kills everyone, gives a high for some-Recreational Snake Envenomation.

Abstract There are multiple reports of recreational snake envenomation describing psychotropic effects in absence of any adverse effects. This is in contradiction with known effects of snake venom. We report a case of a young male who subjected himself to repeated envenomation by a snake purported to be 'Indian Cobra' and experienced a 'high'. However, a direct identification of snake revealed it was a benign 'Rat snake'. We attempt to explain the reported psychological effects as a result of high expectation of rewarding experience, strong suggestion, personality traits and most importantly the dangerous nature of willfully receiving snakebites.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

ADHD

Neurotoxic venom

Recreational envenomation

Journal Title asian journal of psychiatry
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28262128
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170306
DCOM- 20170313
LR  - 20170313
IS  - 1876-2026 (Electronic)
IS  - 1876-2018 (Linking)
VI  - 25
DP  - 2017 Feb
TI  - What kills everyone, gives a high for some-Recreational Snake Envenomation.
PG  - 106-108
LID - S1876-2018(16)30400-2 [pii]
LID - 10.1016/j.ajp.2016.10.003 [doi]
AB  - There are multiple reports of recreational snake envenomation describing
      psychotropic effects in absence of any adverse effects. This is in contradiction 
      with known effects of snake venom. We report a case of a young male who subjected
      himself to repeated envenomation by a snake purported to be 'Indian Cobra' and
      experienced a 'high'. However, a direct identification of snake revealed it was a
      benign 'Rat snake'. We attempt to explain the reported psychological effects as a
      result of high expectation of rewarding experience, strong suggestion,
      personality traits and most importantly the dangerous nature of willfully
      receiving snakebites.
CI  - Copyright (c) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
FAU - Shukla, Lekhansh
AU  - Shukla L
AD  - Centre for Addiction Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of
      Mental Health Neurosciences, Bangalore, 560029, India. Electronic address:
      [email protected]
FAU - Reddy, Shiva Shanker
AU  - Reddy SS
AD  - Centre for Addiction Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of
      Mental Health Neurosciences, Bangalore, 560029, India. Electronic address:
      [email protected]
FAU - Kandasamy, Arun
AU  - Kandasamy A
AD  - Centre for Addiction Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of
      Mental Health Neurosciences, Bangalore, 560029, India. Electronic address:
      [email protected]
FAU - Benegal, Vivek
AU  - Benegal V
AD  - Centre for Addiction Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of
      Mental Health Neurosciences, Bangalore, 560029, India. Electronic address:
      [email protected]
LA  - eng
PT  - Case Reports
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20161021
PL  - Netherlands
TA  - Asian J Psychiatr
JT  - Asian journal of psychiatry
JID - 101517820
RN  - 0 (Snake Venoms)
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Animals
MH  - Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/*psychology
MH  - Bell Palsy/*psychology
MH  - Colubridae
MH  - Humans
MH  - India
MH  - Male
MH  - Snake Bites/*psychology
MH  - Snake Venoms
MH  - Substance-Related Disorders/*psychology
MH  - Young Adult
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - *ADHD
OT  - *Neurotoxic venom
OT  - *Recreational envenomation
EDAT- 2017/03/07 06:00
MHDA- 2017/03/14 06:00
CRDT- 2017/03/07 06:00
PHST- 2016/09/03 [received]
PHST- 2016/10/09 [accepted]
AID - S1876-2018(16)30400-2 [pii]
AID - 10.1016/j.ajp.2016.10.003 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Asian J Psychiatr. 2017 Feb;25:106-108. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2016.10.003. Epub 2016
      Oct 21.

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