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Alexithymia in different dermatologic patients.

Abstract Alexithymia is a personality trait characterized by difficulties in differentiating and describing feelings. Research indicates that alexithymia can be considered as a possible risk factor for a variety of medical conditions. The purpose of our study was to compare and assess the prevalence of alexithymia in patients with psoriasis, alopecia areata, vitiligo and acne vulgaris. 120 consecutive subjects referred to dermatologic clinic with psoriasis, alopecia areata, vitiligo and acne vulgaris and 30 subjects selected from hospital staff and relatives of patients were enrolled in patient and control groups of our study respectively. Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) was used to assess the prevalence of alexithymia. Statistical analysis showed significant differences between the vitiligo, alopecia areata, psoriasis patients and the control group in terms of alexithymia score (p≤0.05), but did not find any significant difference between acne patients and control group (p=0.06). This study has demonstrated high score of alexithymia in patients with psoriasis, alopecia areata and vitiligo compared with control group; however, such association was not found in individuals with acne vulgaris. Hence it is proposed that the evaluation and management of alexithymia would better the treatment of skin disorders and improve the quality of life in patients.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

Acne vulgaris

Alexithymia

Alopecia areata

Psoriasis

Vitiligo

Journal Title asian journal of psychiatry
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28262172
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170306
DCOM- 20170313
LR  - 20170313
IS  - 1876-2026 (Electronic)
IS  - 1876-2018 (Linking)
VI  - 25
DP  - 2017 Feb
TI  - Alexithymia in different dermatologic patients.
PG  - 42-45
LID - S1876-2018(15)30062-9 [pii]
LID - 10.1016/j.ajp.2016.10.011 [doi]
AB  - Alexithymia is a personality trait characterized by difficulties in
      differentiating and describing feelings. Research indicates that alexithymia can 
      be considered as a possible risk factor for a variety of medical conditions. The 
      purpose of our study was to compare and assess the prevalence of alexithymia in
      patients with psoriasis, alopecia areata, vitiligo and acne vulgaris. 120
      consecutive subjects referred to dermatologic clinic with psoriasis, alopecia
      areata, vitiligo and acne vulgaris and 30 subjects selected from hospital staff
      and relatives of patients were enrolled in patient and control groups of our
      study respectively. Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) was used to assess the
      prevalence of alexithymia. Statistical analysis showed significant differences
      between the vitiligo, alopecia areata, psoriasis patients and the control group
      in terms of alexithymia score (p</=0.05), but did not find any significant
      difference between acne patients and control group (p=0.06). This study has
      demonstrated high score of alexithymia in patients with psoriasis, alopecia
      areata and vitiligo compared with control group; however, such association was
      not found in individuals with acne vulgaris. Hence it is proposed that the
      evaluation and management of alexithymia would better the treatment of skin
      disorders and improve the quality of life in patients.
CI  - Copyright (c) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
FAU - Dehghani, Fahimeh
AU  - Dehghani F
AD  - Department of Psychology and Educational Science, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran.
      Electronic address: [email protected]
FAU - Dehghani, Farideh
AU  - Dehghani F
AD  - Department of Dermatology, Yazd University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
FAU - Kafaie, Parichehr
AU  - Kafaie P
AD  - Department of Dermatology, Yazd University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
FAU - Taghizadeh, Mohammad Reza
AU  - Taghizadeh MR
AD  - Department of Industrial Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20161012
PL  - Netherlands
TA  - Asian J Psychiatr
JT  - Asian journal of psychiatry
JID - 101517820
SB  - IM
MH  - Acne Vulgaris/epidemiology/*psychology
MH  - Adult
MH  - Affective Symptoms/epidemiology/*psychology
MH  - Alopecia Areata/epidemiology/*psychology
MH  - Comorbidity
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - Psoriasis/epidemiology/*psychology
MH  - Vitiligo/epidemiology/*psychology
MH  - Young Adult
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Acne vulgaris
OT  - Alexithymia
OT  - Alopecia areata
OT  - Psoriasis
OT  - Vitiligo
EDAT- 2017/03/07 06:00
MHDA- 2017/03/14 06:00
CRDT- 2017/03/07 06:00
PHST- 2015/11/09 [received]
PHST- 2016/05/15 [revised]
PHST- 2016/10/10 [accepted]
AID - S1876-2018(15)30062-9 [pii]
AID - 10.1016/j.ajp.2016.10.011 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Asian J Psychiatr. 2017 Feb;25:42-45. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2016.10.011. Epub 2016
      Oct 12.

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